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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
Editor in Chief :
Seong Wan Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 22, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 22, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 22, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 22, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 22, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 22, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Application of Electrokinetic Injection Method for Increasing Shear Strength of Low Permeable Soil
Kim Soo-Sam ; Han Sang-Jae ; Kim Ki-Nyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 22, issue 5, 2006, Pages 5~12
In this study a series of tests (bench scale test) are carried out for increasing the strength of clayey soil by EK-Injection method. In addition, the effects of strength increase in the treated sample are measured by operating the vane shear test device during 25 days at 5 days intervals in order to estimate the effect of ground improvement caused by diffusion. Also, the effects of strength increase in the treated sample are measured by operating the vane shear test device to estimate the effect by treatment durations (5, 10, 15, 20, 25). The test results show that the strength increase was developed approximately 2 to 7 times in comparison to initial shear strength, and outstanding strenfth increase was created as much as 7 times while injecting the sodium silicate and phosphoric acid in anolyte and catholyte. In addition, the measured shear strength with the influence of diffusion and reduction of water-content had a tendency to converge in constant value in proportion to elapsed time. As a result of this study, strength increment developed by the influence of EK-Injection and diffusion rather than the reduction of water-content was 1000% high on average. In case of changes of treatment duration, strength increment developed by the influence of treatment durations rather than the reduction of water-content was 3 to 4 times high on average.
A Study on the Evaluation of the Effect of the Ground Improvement of Reclaimed Land Based on Dynamic Compaction Method
Kim Jong-Kook ; Chae Young-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 22, issue 5, 2006, Pages 13~26
The purpose of this study is to examine the method of liquifaction potential occuring at the reclaimed land in Incheon district and to compare the result obtained by the method based on the earthquake of 6.5 magnitude. In addition, the effects of ground improvement and liquifaction potential were evaluated on the basis of SPT and CPT, which have been performed before and after the compaction pilot test. As a result, we realized that the bigger the energy of dynamic compaction test was, the better effect we got. After the dynamic compaction test, as the strength of ground increased, the safe factor also increased. It was evaluated that the method of dynamic compaction improved the seismic performance. Accordingly, the method of the quality control of reclaimed land based on dynamic compaction method was presented.
Laboratory Mix Design of C.S.G Method
Kim Ki-Young ; Jeon Je-Sung ; Kim Yong-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 22, issue 5, 2006, Pages 27~37
Cemented Sand and Gravel (C.S.G) method has become increasingly popular in Japan and throughout the world as a construction method and material. This method is favorably used for cofferdam and large dam because a quarry and aggregate plant facility can be diminished. Also, this method can reduce construction cost, work duration and destruction of environment. In this paper, a methodology for C.S.G mix design based on so-called soil mechanics approach is proposed for trapezoid-shaped dam. The methodology consists of selection of a suitable aggregate, introduction of compaction method, processing to prepare standard specimens, and determination of mix portions. Also, unconfined compressive strength tests and large triaxial compression tests are performed. From the results of the test, correlation equation among strength, elastic modulus and unit cement is proposed.
Behaviour of Geobag Well System Using Recycled Waste Concrete
Kim Jin-Man ; Lee Dae-Young ; Joo Tae-Sung ; Lee June-Keun ; Paik Young-Shik ; Han Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 22, issue 5, 2006, Pages 39~45
A field instrumentation for a recycled waste concrete geobag wall was performed to investigate the performance of the geobag wall, and uniaxial compression tests for a recycled waste concrete geobag were executed in laboratory. The strength of a recycled waste concrete geobag, the lateral earth pressure of a geobag wall, the horizontal deflection of a geobag wall, and the deformation of a backfill in geobag wall are mainly evaluated in this study. Based on the results of analysis on the measurements, it was found that the geobag wall displacement was within the recommendation for mechanically stabilized earth walls. It was also found that the use of a recycled waste concrete in geobag wall provides economical benefit, construction easiness, and good performance.
Principles and Considerations of Bender Element Tests
Lee Jong-Sub ; Lee Chang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 22, issue 5, 2006, Pages 47~57
The shear wave velocity is related with the stiffness of granular skeleton and mass density. The shear stiffness of the granular skeleton remains unaffected by the presence of the fluid. Bender elements are convenient shear wave transducers for instrumenting soil cells due to optimal soil-transducer coupling. This study addresses the principles of the shear wave, the design and implementation of bender elements including electromagnetic coupling prevention, directivity, resonant frequency, detection of first arrival, and near field effects. It is shown that electromagnetic coupling effects can be minimized using parallel-type bender elements. Thus, the in-plane S-wave directivity is quasi-circular. The resonant frequency of bender element installations depends on the geometry of the bender element, the anchor efficiency and the soil stiffness. One of the most cumbersome parts in the bender element test is near field effects, which affect the selection of arrival time. The selection of the first arrival within the near field Is effectively solved by the multiple reflection technique and signal matching technique. Bender elements, which requires several considerations, may be effective tools for the subsurface characterization by using S-wave.
Comparison of 1-g and Centrifuge Model Tests for Similitude Laws
Kim Sung-Ryul ; Hwang Jae-Ik ; Kim Myoung-Mo ; Ko Hon-Yim ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 22, issue 5, 2006, Pages 59~67
The centrifuge and 1-g shaking table tests were performed simultaneously to compare the dynamic behaviors of loose sands of the same geotechnical properties. The prototype soils were 10 m thick liquefiable loose sands. The geometric scaling factors were 20 for 1-g and 40 for centrifuge tests. The excess pore pressure, surface settlement, and acceleration in the soil were measured at the same locations in the 1-g and centrifuge tests. The total excess pore pressure from development to dissipation was measured. In the centrifuge test, viscous fluid was used as the pore water to eliminate the time scaling difference between dynamic time and dissipation time. In the 1-g tests, the steady state concept was applied to determine the unit weight of the model soil, and two different time scaling factors were applied for the dynamic time and the dissipation time. It is concluded that the 1-g tests can simulate the excess pore pressure of the prototype soil if the permeability of the model soil is small enough to prevent dissipation of excess pore pressure during shaking and the dissipation time scaling factor is properly determined.
An Experimental Study on the Reinforcement Effect of Installed Micropiles in the Surround of Footing on Dense Sand
Lee Tae-Hyung ; Im Jong-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 22, issue 5, 2006, Pages 69~81
The micropile, which is a kind of the in-situ manufactured pile with small diameter of
, is constructed by installing a steel bar or pipe and injecting grout into a borehole. The application fields of micropile are being gradually expanded in a limited space of down-town area, because the micropile has various advantages with low vibration and noise in method and compact size in machine, etc. Mostly, the micropile has been applied to secure the safety of structures, depending on the increment of bearing capacity and the restraint of displacement. The micropile is expected to be used in various fields due to its effectiveness and potentiality in the future. The model test, focused on the interaction between micropile and soil in this study, was carried out. The micropile is installed in a soil adjacent to footing (concept of 'soil reinforcement'). With the test results and soil deformation analysis, the reinforcement effect (relating to bearing capacity and settlement) was analysed in a qualitative and quantitative manner, respectively. Consequently, it is expected that we nay demonstrate the improvement of an efficiency and application in the design and construction of micropile.
Analysis on the Rainfall Driven Slope Failure Adjacent to a Railway : Flume Tests
SaGong Myung ; Kim Min-Seok ; Kim Soo-Sam ; Lee In-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 22, issue 5, 2006, Pages 83~91
Recently, the intensive rainstorm possibly induced by global warming plays a key role on the instability of railway adjacent slopes. The instability of slopes results as covering and loss of railway lines induced by slided soil mass. According to the site investigation on the failed slopes triggered by rainfall, low types of slope failure were observed: shallow, intermediate, gully erosion, and soil-rock interface failures. The observation reveals the different characteristics of slope failure depending on the thickness of soil layer, morphological features of slope, etc. Based upon the observations, flume tests were conducted to analyze the sliding mechanism of each failure. The variables of flume test are soil layer thickness, rainfall intensity, and morphology of slope under the constant condition of the percentage of fine, initial soil moisture content, slope angle and compaction energy. Test results show that shallow failure was mostly observed from the surface of the slope and caused by the soil erosion; in addition, compared to the other types of failure, the occurrence of initial erosion is late, however, the development of erosion is fast. In gully erosion failure, the collected water from the water catchment area helps erosion of the upper soil layer and transfer of residual corestone, which impedes the erosion process once the upper soil layers are eroded and corestone are exposed. The soil-rock interface failure shows the most fast initial erosion process among the failure types. Interestingly, the common feature observed from the different types of failure was the occurrence of the initial deformation near the toe of slopes which implies the existence of surbsurface flow along the downslope direction.