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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
Editor in Chief :
Seong Wan Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 24, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 24, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 24, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 24, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Determination of Bearing Capacity of Soft Silty Ground and Polluted Silty Ground with Wastewater and Factory Waste Oil
Ahn, Jong-Pil ; Park, Sang-Bum ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 5~13
Laboratory model test with soft silty ground (ML) and polluted silty ground with wastewater and factory waste oil (
) was conducted and the applicability of changes of bearing capacity from the increase of pollutants was compared and analyzed with existing findings. As silty ground polluted with wastewater and factory waste oil had increased contents of pollutants, plasticization of ground was fostered compared to soft silt ground due to the influence of pollutants, and characteristics of ground strength decreased. Critical surcharge value of soft silty ground
, ultimate bearing capacity value
, critical surcharge value of silty ground polluted with wastewater and factory waste oil
and ultimate bearing capacity value
. Critical surcharge and ultimate bearing capacity of silty ground polluted with wastewater and factory waste oil were less than those of soft silty ground. It meant that shearing resistance due to the increase of pollutants decreased and rather a smaller value was obtained.
A Long Term Characteristics of Hydraulic Conductivity and Tensile Strength of Natural Fiber Drain with respect to Installation Conditions
Jang, Jin-Young ; Jang, Yeon-Soo ; Cho, Sam-Duck ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 15~21
Long term changes of hydraulic properties and tensile strength of natural fiber drain (NFD) are analyzed and compared with those of intact NFD's. NFD was buried in distilled water, two types of seawater and clay soils obtained in southern and western parts of Korea, Kwang-Yang and Si-hwa. Specimens are taken out in 0, 3, 9 and 18 month intervals, and durability tests of the NFD are performed. Hydraulic conductivity of the NFD samples decreased compared with that of intact NFD samples, because clay particles easily passed to coarsened mesh of filters and clogged the porous stone below and reduced hydraulic conductivity. Tensile strength of drains from the soil bucket is reduced larger than those in the seawater and the distilled water. Strength reduction was higher in summer than winter.
A Study of Rectangular-shaped Passive Row Piles in Horizontal Sand-ground under Lateral Soil Movement by Model Test
Bae, Jong-Soon ; Kwon, Min-Jea ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 23~36
This study describes model tests on instrumented rectangular-shaped passive row piles embedded in horizontal sand-ground undergoing lateral soil movement. We tried to find the property of row piles dependent on the shape of pile, including the position of the pile in row, pile spacing, and soil movement. The results of test are as follows. The lateral earth pressure diagram variously appeared to be triangle, trapezoid and rectangular by shape and position of pile. The outer pile has a larger bending moment than the inner pile in the case of B-type, the inner piles has larger one than outer pile in case of H-type.
(the ratio of resistance to lateral soil movement) was found to increase with increasing pile spacing irrespective of pile-shape. Y/L (location of action of lateral resistance force) for
(displacement of soil) and
(spacing of pile) appeared to be nearly regular position, and H-type is higher than B-type.
Normalized Subgrade Analytical Model Considering Stress-Dependency and Modulus Degradation
Kim, Ji-Hwan ; Kang, Beong-Joon ; Lee, Jun-Hwan ; Kweon, Gi-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 37~46
Application of resilient modulus, representing mechanical behavior of pavement materials, has become general concept for pavement design, analysis and maintenance after '86 AASHTO selected it as a basic input property of subgrade. It is known that resilient modulus of domestic subgrade soil is affected greatly by material factors, such as water content and dry weight unit, and stress components, such as deviatoric stress and confining stress, while effects of loading frequency and loading repeat were regarded negligible. If design based on resilient modulus is to be successfully implemented, design input variables of relevant models should be able to reflect local conditions. In this study, generalized mechanical model for subgrade is proposed. Model parameters are estimated from test results. Verification of the model was performed through finite element analysis using the proposed model, which showed good agreement with measured results of pavement deflections.
A Fundamental Study for Proper Maximum Size of Coarse Aggregate of Ready-mixed Shotcrete
Ma, Sang-Joon ; Choi, Hee-Sup ; Kim, Dong-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 47~55
This study was carried out to investigate and analyse the influence of maximum size of coarse aggregate and quality control of aggregate on the properties of shotcrete through the laboratory and field test. From the results of the test, as the maximum size of coarse aggregate decreased from 13 mm to 8 mm, plasticity property declined and compressive strength and dynamic modulus of elasticity of hardened concrete increased remarkably, so it was found that the aggregate size 8 mm was superior to 13, 10 mm in fluidity, constructability and durability. Therefore, it was advisable for well maximum size of coarse aggregate to apply to the 8mm aggregates through the Ready-mixed Method for quality control and minimum segregation.
A Comparative Study on the Tensile Strength of Frozen Soil according to Test Methods
Seo, Young-Kyo ; Kang, Hyo-Sub ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 57~66
In this study, the blast-induced vibration effects on the structural stability of the adjacent tunnel and the stability were estimated with respect to the allowable peak particle velocity (PPV). The blasting distance from the tunnel satisfying the allowable PPV was estimated based on the analytical solutions, United States Bureau of Mines (USBM) suggestions, and the equations used in the subway in Seoul. The allowable blasting distance was estimated by using finite difference analysis (FDA) and the behavior of the concrete lining and rock bolts was examined and the stability of those was estimated during the blast. Research results show that the blast-induced vibration effects on the structural stability are negligible for the concrete lining but relatively large for the rock bolts.
Estimation of Compressive Strength for Cemented River Sand
Jeong, Woo-Seob ; Yoon, Gil-Lim ; Kim, Byung-Tak ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 67~78
In this study, artificial cemented sand made of a few portland cement and Nak-Dong river sand was researched closely to investigate cementing effect quantitatively through unconfined tests and triaxial tests. The peak strength and elastic modulus increased and dilation of cemented sand was restricted by the cementation, but after breakage of the cementation, dilation and negative excess pore water pressure increased. In stress-strain curve, strain-softening behavior appeared in drained condition but strain-hardening behavior was appeared in undrained condition as a result of the increase of effective stress. The test was quantitatively analyzed by multiple regression models, correlating each response variable with input variable. The equations are valid only over the range investigated. Its adjusted coefficient of determination was
, and dry density is important factor for estimating strength of cemented sand.
Wetting-Induced Collapse in Fill Materials for Concrete Slab Track of High Speed Railway
Lee, Sung-Jin ; Lee, Il-Wha ; Im, Eun-Sang ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Cho, Sung-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 79~88
Recently, the high speed railway comes into the spotlight as the important and convenient traffic infrastructure. In Korea, Kyung-Bu high speed train service began in bout 400 km section in 2004, and the Ho-Nam high speed railway will be constructed by 2017. The high speed train will run with a design maximum speed of 300-350 km/hr. Since the trains are operated at high speed, the differential settlement of subgrade under the rail is able to cause a fatal disaster. Therefore, the differential settlement of the embankment must be controlled with the greatest care. Furthermore, the characteristics and causes of settlements which occurred under construction and post-construction should be investigated. A considerable number of studies have been conducted on the settlement of the natural ground over the past several decades. But little attention has been given to the compression settlement of the embankment. The long-term settlement of compacted fills embankments is greatly influenced by the post-construction wetting. This is called 'hydro collapse' or 'wetting collapse'. In spite of little study for this wetting collapse problem, it has been recognized that the compressibility of compacted sands, gravels and rockfills exhibit low compressibility at low pressures, but there can be significant compression at high pressures due to grain crushing (Marachi et al. 1969, Nobari and Duncan 1972, Noorany et al. 1994, Houston et al. 1993, Wu 2004). The characteristics of compression of fill materials depend on a number of factors such as soil/rock type, as-compacted moisture, density, stress level and wetting condition. Because of the complexity of these factors, it is not easy to predict quantitatively the amount of compression without extensive tests. Therefore, in this research I carried out the wetting collapse tests, focusing on various soil/rock type, stress levels, wetting condition more closely.
Evaluation of Piezocone Factors Applicable to Soft Ground Around Siwha Lake by Statistical Analysis
Chung, Jin-Hyuck ; Park, Soo-Beom ; Lee, Song ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 89~100
Applying graph and correlation developed in other countries to the domestic field has limits. Therefore, it is necessary that Piezocone factor should be determined by including ground characteristics obtained from various test results in the domestic site for better application. In this study, laboratory tests and field tests were performed to find the characteristics of soft ground which was widely distributed around Siwha lake. A comparative analysis of these tests with Piezocone penetration test was performed and the Piezocone factor was estimated by correlationship analysis of undrained shear strength and cone resistance. Also, an appropriate Piezocone factor in the study site was reestimated by utilizing statistical analysis method for deriving reliable result.
A Study on Pullout-Resistance Increase in Soil Nailing due to Pressurized Grouting
Jeong, Kyeong-Han ; Park, Sung-Won ; Choi, Hang-Seok ; Lee, Chung-Won ; Lee, In-Mo ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 101~114
Pressurized grouting is a common technique in geotechnical engineering applications to increase the stiffness and strength of the ground mass and to fill boreholes or void space in a tunnel lining and so on. Recently, the pressurized grouting has been applied to a soil-nailing system which is widely used to improve slope stability. Because interaction between pressurized grouting paste and adjacent ground mass is complicated and difficult to analyze, the soil-nailing design has been empirically performed in most geotechnical applications. The purpose of this study is to analyze the ground behavior induced by pressurized grouting paste with the aid of laboratory model tests. The laboratory tests are carried out for four kinds of granitic residual soils. When injecting pressure is applied to grout, the pressure measured in the adjacent ground initially increases for a while, which behaves in the way of the membrane model. With the lapse of time, the pressure in the adjacent ground decreases down to a value of residual stress because a portion of water in the grouting paste seeps into the adjacent ground. The seepage can be indicated by the fact that the ratio of water/cement in the grouting paste has decreased from a initial value of 50% to around 30% during the test. The reduction of the W/C ratio should cause to harden the grouting paste and increase the stiffness of it, which restricts the rebound of out-moved ground into the original position, and thus increase the in-situ stress by approximately 20% of the injecting pressures. The measured radial deformation of the ground under pressure is in good agreement with the expansion of a cylindrical cavity estimated by the cavity expansion theory. In-situ test revealed that the pullout resistance of a soil nailing with pressurized grouting is about 36% larger than that with regular grouting, caused by grout radius increase, residual stress effect, and/or roughness increase.
Development of Advanced Data Analysis Method Using Harmonic Wavelet Transform for Surface Wave Method
Park, Hyung-Choon ; Cho, Sung-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 115~123
The dispersive phase velocity of a wave propagating through multilayered systems such as a soil site is an important parameter and carries valuable information in non-destructive site characterization tests. The dispersive phase velocity of a wave can be determined using the phase spectrum, which is easily evaluated through the cross power spectrum. However, the phase spectrum determined using the cross power spectrum is easily distorted by background noise which always exists in the field. This causes distortion of measured signal and difficulties in the determination of the dispersive phase velocities. In this paper, a new method to evaluate the phase spectrum using the harmonic wavelet transform is proposed and the phase spectrum by the proposed method is applied to the determination of dispersion curve. The proposed method can successfully remove background noise effects. To evaluate the validity of the proposed method, numerical simulations of multi-layered systems were performed. Phase spectrums and dispersion curves determined by the proposed method were found to be in good agreement with the actual phase spectrums and dispersion curves biased by heavy background noise. The comparison manifests the proposed method to be a very useful tool to overcome noise effects.