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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
Editor in Chief :
Seong Wan Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 24, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 24, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 24, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 24, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Korean Environmental Standards for Beneficial Use of Dredged Materials
Yoon, Gil-Lim ; Lee, Chan-Won ; Jeong, Woo-Seob ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 5~13
This paper proposed an environmental standard far beneficial use of dredged materials currently considered as waste materials. In Korea, even though chemical analysis of sediments are carried out frequently, their analysis results were not interrelated with the effects of biological lives due to a shortage of data, which may result in difficulty to develope Korean standards for reusing dredged materials. For these, this paper first searched existing foreign standards, analyzed local contaminated sediment data, identified their main components of contaminations and then compared clean-up standards of sediments consisting of lower and higher level. From these analyses new environmental standards considering Korean domestic circumstances are proposed. It is judged that newly proposed standards are appropriate in terms of both Korean national sedimental environments and economical recycling aspects because environmental standard levels proposed are higher than background level of sediments in Korea and foreign country's standards, where many experiences and environmental monitoring works have been already performed.
Assessment of Contamination of Harbor Dredged Materials for Beneficial Use
Yoon, Gil-Lim ; Jeong, Woo-Seob ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 15~25
Contamination level assessment of harbor dredged materials is carried out for beneficial use, which generated annually due to port construction and maintenance of harbor channel. The basic purpose of environmental risk assessment was a scientific approach to susceptibility of hazard risk to human's health from different dredged materials. And this paper proposes a guideline of safely beneficial use of dredged materials at both industrial area and residental area, generated from major port execution throughout a sound investigation of their contamination levels. Newly proposed guidelines were in general higher levels compared to both current guidelines of treatment and use of dredged materials and soil environment protection levels. Finally, environmental assessment results of dredged material contamination generated in major ports of Korea for beneficial use based on pre-assessment environmental levels show that some port's dredged materials contain heavy metals such as Cd, As, Cr and Zn, more than base levels which requires more precise contamination investigation. Others were found to be very appropriate for beneficial use.
Characteristic Values of Design Parameters for Geotechnical Reliability Design
Yoon, Gil-Lim ; Yoon, Yeo-Won ; Kim, Hong-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 27~35
Geotechnical characteristic values for reliability-based design were analyzed using domestic marine clays. Analysis results indicate that there were close to mean values in oder of Student/Ovesen, Schneider and EN 1990's approach. However, it was found that the EN 1990's approach is inappropriate far estimating geotechnical characteristic value due to low reliability of estimation results. Four approaches had a trend of evaluating characteristic value conservatively with increasing of soil variability. Also, stability and settlement of breakwater subjected to nominal stress with unimproved soft grounds were computed to investigate the effects of estimated characteristic values. In case of using the Schneider's approach, the ratio of allowable bearing capacity/acting loads suggested 65% of that obtained from using the arithmetic mean approach, and showed underestimated value of 13.6% of the settlement obtained from the latter. The comparison of case designs using a representative value from arithmetic mean approach with the proposed approaches, using characteristic value showed that the former was mostly overestimated.
Bearing Capacity of SDA Augered Piles in Various Grounds Depending on Water-Cement Ratio of Cement Milk
Hong, Won-Pyo ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Chai, Soo-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 37~54
The standard construction manual of the SDA (Separated Doughnut Auger) piling method was proposed so that the resisting capacity of the augered piles could work effectively. 438 dynamic pile load tests were performed on 379 test piles, which were installed at 36 sites in Korea by the SDA piling method with application of various water-cement ratio of cement milks. The dynamic pile load test results showed that the bearing capacity of the SDA augered piles depended on the water-cement ratio of cement milks. And couple of the formulas were presented according to water-cement ratio and various grounds to estimate quantitatively both the unit end bearing and the unit frictional capacity of the SDA augered piles. It was also considered that the water-cement ratio of cement milks exerts an influence on the bearing capacity of the SDA augered piles. The presented formulas were compared with the existing formulas, which were presented by several standard design codes to design the augered piles.
The Immediate Settlement Estimation of the Improved Soft Ground Using Bamboo Mats
Kim, Woo-Jin ; Kim, Yoon-Ha ; Kang, Jin-Tae ; Choi, Yong-Hwan ; Kim, Jong-Ryeol ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 55~64
When the structure is constructed on the soft ground, the embankment is settleed into the soft ground. At this time, the settlement of the structure is needed to predict. We are using bamboo mats construction only as a way of test construction. Under this circumstance, using the equation of Janbu and Perloff, we calculated the settlement, and analyzed the problem, suggesting proper theoretical equations showing the settlement of soft ground using bamboo mat. Using this equations the settlement was calculated and compared with the result of FEM. The result of the application was very close to the numerical value and the trend of theoretical equations. Using the existing equations, the settlement in Janbu's and Perloff's methods were calculated to be 40% of the actual settlement.
A Study on Jointed Rock Mass Properties and Analysis Model of Numerical Simulation on Collapsed Slope
Koo, Ho-Bon ; Kim, Seung-Hee ; Kim, Seung-Hyun ; Lee, Jung-Yeup ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 65~78
In case of cut-slopes or shallow-depth tunnels, sliding along with discontinuities or rotation could play a critical role in judging stability. Although numerical analysis is widely used to check the stability of these cut-slopes and shallow-depth tunnels in early design process, common analysis programs are based on continuum model. Performing continuum model analysis regarding discontinuities is possible by reducing overall strength of jointed rock mass. It is also possible by applying ubiquitous joint model to Mohr-Coulomb failure criteria. In numerical analysis of cut-slope, main geotechnical properties such as cohesion, friction angle and elastic modulus can be evaluated by empirical equations. This study tried to compare two main systems, RMR and GSI system by applying them to in-situ hazardous cut-slopes. In addition, this study applied ubiquitous joint model to simulation model with inputs derived by RMR and GSI system to compare with displacements obtained by in-situ monitoring. To sum up, numerical analysis mixed with GSI inputs and ubiquitous joint model proved to provide most reliable results which were similar to actual displacements and their patterns.
Correlating Undrained Shear Strength and Density of Silt with Shear Wave Velocity
Oh, Sang-Hoon ; Park, Dong-Sun ; Jung, Jae-Woo ; Park, Chul-Soo ; Mok, Young-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 79~87
Recently, a new seismic probe, called "MudFork", has been developed and can be utilized for accurate and easy measurements of shear wave velocities of cohesive soils. To expand its use to estimate undrained shear strength and density, a preliminary investigation to correlate these properties with shear wave velocity was attempted. Cone penetration tests and a seismic test, using MudFork, were performed at a silty soil site near Incheon, Korea. Also, undisturbed samples were obtained using thin-wall tube samplers, and the shear wave velocities and undrained shear strengths of the samples were measured in the laboratory. A simple linear relationship between shear strength and shear wave velocity was obtained, and a tentative relationship between density and shear wave velocity was also defined.
Values and Shear Strengths under
Consolidated Triaxial Test According to Matric Suction for an Unsaturated Soil
Kim, Tae-Kyung ; Oh, Se-Boong ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 89~98
In this study, the behaviour of an unsaturated soil was analyzed by performing
consolidated triaxial tests. Unsaturated triaxial tests were performed with matric suctions for weathered soils and stress paths under consolidation and stress-strain relationships under shear were obtained. As a result, the
value decreased as the matric suction increased. Besides, both isotropic and
conditions had similar shear strength envelopes at the same matric suction. Especially, strength parameters could be obtained by stress variables used in the critical state theory more reasonably than by those of Mohr circles at failure.
Performance of a Chimney Drain in Reinforced Earth Wall for Reduction of Pore Water Pressure During Rainfall - a Numerical Investigation
Yoo, Chung-Sik ; Kim, Sun-Bin ; Jung, Hyuk-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 99~106
This study is concernsed with the effect of a chimney drainage system installed at the back of reinforced soil block on preventing the pore water pressure development. A series of finite-element analyses based on transient seepage analysis were performed for a number of cases with different patterns of the chimney drainage system. The results were thoroughly analyzed to get insight into the mechanism of pore water pressure reduction effect of the chimney drainage system. It is shown that a vertical drainage system installed at the back of reinforced zone can be an effective means of maintaining the wall stability during rainfall by preventing pore pressure increase in the reinforced as well as the backfill zones. Also shown is that the optimum height of the chimney drain is 50% of the wall height. Practical implications of the findings were discussed.
An Analysis of the Settlement Behavior of Soft Clayey Ground Considering the Effect of Creep during the Primary Consolidation
Baek, Won-Jin ; Matsuda, Hiroshi ; Choi, Woo-Jung ; Kim, Chan-Kee ; Song, Byung-Gwan ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 107~115
This paper is performed to examine the effect of creep during the primary consolidation and the applicability of the Yin's EVP (Elasto-Visco-Plastic) model. In ordinary consolidation theories using the elastic model, the primary consolidation process can be expressed but the secondary consolidation process cannot. It is due to the viscosity, which can express the secondary consolidation, and is sometimes related to the scale effect (difference of the thickness of clay layer between laboratory sample and field condition) such as hypotheses Type A and Type B shown by Ladd et al. (1977). Usually, the existence of the creep during the primary consolidation has been conformed and the Type B is well acceped. On the other hand, from the large-scaled consolidation tests the intermediate characteristic between Type A and Type B was proposed as Type C by Aboshi (1973). In this study, to clarify the effect of creep on the settlement-time relation during the primary consolidation in detail, Type B consolidation tests were performed using the separate-type consolidation test apparatus for a peat and clay. Then the test results were analyzed by using Yin's EVP Model (Yin and Graham, 1994). In conclusion, followings were obtained. At the end of primary consolidation, the compression for the subspecimens should not be the same because of the difference of the excess pore water pressure dissipation rate. And the average settlement measured by the separate-type consolidometer coincides with the analyzed one using the Yin's EVP model. As for the dissipation of the excess pore water pressure, however, the measured excess pore water pressure dissipates faster compared with the Yin's model.
Development of VPPE-BE Testing System to Evaluate Modulus under Post-Compaction Variation in Matric Suction for Unsaturated Compacted Soils
Lee, Sei-Hyun ; Seo, Won-Seok ; Choo, Yun-Wook ; Kim, Dong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 117~127
The volumetric pressure plate extractor (VPPE) was modified for the measurement of shear wave velocity (
) at various levels of matric suction as well as soil water characteristic curve (SWCC). A non-destructive technique with a pair of bender element (BE) was employed in order to measure the
and the corresponding maximum shear modulus (
) of unsaturated soil specimens. Three types of soil were collected from different road construction sites in Korea. For all test soils, the variations in
with the various levels of water content and matric suction were investigated using the developed apparatus. Compared with the preceding results from the suction-controlled torsional shear (TS) testing system and in-situ seismic tests, the feasibility fur evaluating modulus characteristics of unsaturated compacted soils with the developed VPPE-BE system was assessed. It was confirmed that the newly developed system would be potentially helpful in modeling seasonal variation of modulus.
The Effect of Pile Distallation on the Reduction of Cumulative Plastic Settlement
Lee, Su-Hyung ; Lee, Il-Wha ; Lee, Sung-Jin ; Kim, Dae-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 5, 2008, Pages 129~137
An active application of concrete track is being expected far the future constructions of Korean railroad. In comparison with the existing ballasted tract, a concrete track is very susceptible for the settlement, since its rehabilitation requires much time and cost. When a concrete track is constructed on fine-grained subgrade soil, excessive cumulative plastic settlements due to repetitive train road may occur. In this case, the settlement of the concrete track may be effectively reduced by installing a small number of small-diameter piles beneath the track. This paper presents the effect of pile installation on the reduction of cumulative plastic settlement of concrete track. A method combining experiential equation and numerical method is proposed. Using an existing experiential equation and the estimated earth pressure distribution, the cumulative plastic strain was calculated. From the results, it is verified that the effects of the pile installation is significant to effectively reduce the cumulative plastic settlement of concrete track. The reduction effects of the cumulative plastic settlement according to the pile number and pile arrangement are presented.