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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 24, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 24, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 24, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 24, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Laboratory Evaluation of Soil Permeability for Sand Using Biot's Acoustic Wave Propagation Theory
Kim, Jin-Won ; Song, Chung-Rak ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 5~12
Biot proposed the frequency dependent formulation for the propagation of elastic waves in saturated media based on the coupled theory mixtures. Based on Biot theory, a special frequency called 'the characteristic frequency' contains unique information of the permeability of soils. The characteristic frequency is measured from I/Q (inverse quality factor) versus frequency curve by an acoustic sweep test, and the permeability of soils is computed from Biot equation. In this paper, laboratory tests are performed at The University of Mississippi using a large test box. The measured characteristic frequency is consistently obtained at 3500 Hz for mortar sands. The computed permeability of mortar sands based on Biot equation turned out 2.01
, while the permeability from the laboratory constant head test turned out 1.49
. This paper addresses the theoretical background and experimental procedure of this technique.
Development of Non-Destrutive Pile Soundness Test Using HWAW Method
Park, Hyung-Choon ; Kim, Dong-Soo ; Cho, Sung-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 13~23
The evaluation of soundness of pile is very important for the safety of super structure. In this paper, the HWAW(Harmonic Wavelet Analysis of Wave) method which is developed to determine phase and group velocities of waves is applied to evaluate integrity of pile non-destructivly. The proposed method can evaluate a soundness of pile and pile end condition which is very important factor for pile behaviour. To verity the applicability of HWAW method in non-destructive test for pile, the numerical simulation test using ABAQUS was performed. And the model pile was made and the proposed non-destructive pile tests were applied to evaluate soundness and end boundary condition of model pile in the air and soil box. Through a numerical simulation and model tests, it is shown that the HWAW method has good potential of applying to the evaluation of pile integrity.
Evaluation of Consolidation Properties in Soft Soils Using Elastic and Electromagnetic Waves
Lee, Chang-Ho ; Yoon, Hyung-Koo ; Kim, Joon-Han ; Lee, Jong-Sub ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 25~34
A new hybrid oedometer cell is designed and manufactured to investigate a behavior of soft soils by using elastic and electromagnetic waves during consolidation test. Bender elements, which generate and detect shear waves, are placed in the top cap and the bottom plate and mounted on the oedometer wall. Double wedge type electrical resistance probe, which measures local void ratio change, is positioned onto the top cap of the oedometer cell. The bender elements and the electrical resistance probe are anchored into a nylon set screw with epoxy resin. The nylon set screw with epoxy resin minimizes directly transmited elastic waves through the oedometer cell due to impedence mismatch and allows for easy replacement of defected bender elements and electrical resistance probe. Primary consolidation time can be estimated from the slope of electrical resistance versus log time curve and the evolution of shear wave velocity. The shear wave velocity can be used to assess inherent anisotropy when disturbance effects are minimized because particle alignment affects the shear wave velocity. The void ratios evaluated by the electrical resistance probe are similar to those by the settlement during consolidation. This study suggests that the shear wave velocity and the electrical resistance can provide complementary imformations to understand consolidation characteristics such as primary consolidation, anisotropy, and void ratio.
Numerical Evaluation of Boundary Effects in the Laminar Shear Box System
Kim, Jin-Man ; Ryu, Jeong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 35~41
Laminar-shear-boxes are widely used to simulate free-field seismic ground response by using a l-g shaking table or geo centrifuge in geotechnical earthquake engineering. This study numerically modeled and compared the ground responses in the free field, rigid box, and laminar shear box by using a 3-D FEM program. It is found from the numerical simulations that the laminar shear box can simulate the free field ground movement more precisely than the rigid box. However, the laminar shear box underestimated the surface acceleration of the free field ground. It also showed low-frequency characteristics probably because the stiffness and inertia effect of surrounding ground are neglected.
Field Pull-out Test and Numerical Analysis for Multi-rebar Nail
Jeon, Sang-Soo ; Kim, Doo-Seop ; Jang, Yang-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 43~52
In this study, the verification test and creep test for both a single-rebar nail and a multi-rebar nail are carried out to investigate a tensile strength for both nails. The adhesion effects between a rebar and a cement grout, a mobilized frictional force induced by pull-out load, and load transfer characteristics are examined. The results obtained from the field pull-out tests and from the numerical analysis using
which is one of the programs developed based on the finite difference method are analyzed and compared for a single-rebar nail and a multi-rebar nail. The field pull-out test results for a multi-rebar nail relative to a single-rebar nail show that a tensile failure load is relatively large and the pull-out loads are well transferred to the ground in deep depth.
Behavior of Back Ground of the Laterally Loaded Single Pile
Bae, Jong-Soon ; Kim, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 53~60
In this study, various kinds of behavior characteristics such as deformation area zone of back ground, failure angle and rotation point are examined on the laterally loaded single pile in the homogeneous ground through a model test. The main obtained conclusions are summarized as follows; In the back ground of single pile to which the lateral load is applied, failure surface shows almost linear movement characteristics and it is inclined to converge to constant values no matter how the length of pile and the pile head displacement.
Estimating Maximum Past Pressures for Dredged and Reclaimed Ground
Baek, Won-Jin ; Lee, Song ; Jeong, Yong-Eun ; Noh, Tae-Gil ; Yang, Tae-Seon ; Kim, Ju-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 61~79
Consolidation settlements on marine dredged clays are often greatly and potentially damaging to structures. Currently, large-scale projects are in planning or progressing in Korea. These projects have been performed on thick and soft clay layers. So, the evaluation of consolidation characteristics for dredged and reclaimed ground is very important in design and construction. Therefore, in this study, a series of conventional consolidation tests were performed to investigate the consolidation characteristics of marine dredged clays near Gwang-yang Port. Preconsolidation pressures were evaluated by applying previously proposed 8 methods for the conventional tests results in order to evaluate the legitimacy of these methods. In these methods, when estimating maximum past pressures for dredged and reclaimed ground, it was proved that Becker (1987), Silva (1970), Sridharan (1991)'s methods are excellent in legitimacy.
A Case Study on AHP Technique Application for the Reinforcing Method Selection on a Cut-Slope
Han, Jung-Geun ; Lee, Jong-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 81~88
In this study, to determine the priority of the effect factors and the preferences of commonly used reinforcing methods for the cut-slope, the reasonable analysis using AHP technique was performed. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique is the most widely used method out of all existing decision making methods. On choosing the methods, the most important factor is analyzed to be the stability and durability. Stability, durability and environmental compatibility took up over 50% of the total contributing factors. Cut-slope reinforced method preference with increasing stability method confirmed that concrete retaining wall, reinforced-soil wall and cutting method showed the highest preference rate. Also, in practical field conditions, the cutting method out of four methods was chosen to be the most effective method. This reflected that the methods that are equally superior in all aspects of evaluation factors are more important than the methods with superiority in highly prioritized evaluation factors.
A Study on the Behaviour of Jacket Anchor
Kim, Dong-Hee ; Kim, In-Chul ; Kong, Hyun-Seok ; Lee, Woo-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 89~97
A series of field tests were performed to investigate the behavior of jacket anchor and to evaluate the ultimate bond stress of jacket anchor. From twelve sets of field tests on the jacket anchor and general type ground anchor, it was observed that the pullout resistance of jacket anchor is significantly larger than that of the ground anchor and that the plastic deformation of jacket anchor is significantly smaller than that of general ground anchor at the same loading cycle. Especially in gravel layers, the jacket anchor provides more than 250% increase in ultimate resistance and more than 600% reduction in plastic deformation, compared with the general ground anchor. Finally, the relationship between the injection pressure and overburden pressure is proposed to determine the optimum injection pressure, based on additional field test results.
A study on the Consolidation Characteristic of Cohesive Soil by Plastic Index
Kim, Chan-Kee ; Cho, Won-Beom ; Lee, Seung-Lun ; Choi, Woo-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 99~109
The standard consolidation tests using the incremental loading technique test (IL) were performed on remolded normal consolidation and undisturbed clay samples to find out the effects of plastic index and loading period on consolidation in this study. The remolded samples used were prepared by mixing Gunsan-Samangum clay with bentonite so that they may have plasticity indexes of 15, 30, 45, and 60%, respectively. The undisturbed clay samples were collected from Inchon, Kwangyang, and Uoolsan. The samples were tested at the condition of 4 different loading periods (1, 2, 4, and 8 days). Settlement, coefficient of consolidation, compression index, secondary compression index, and pore water pressure characteristics were investigated from the plastic index and loading period aspects, and the compression index, coefficient of consolidation, and secondary compression index were formulated in terms of the plastic index and loading. To verify the applicability of proposed equations, the settlements obtained from Terzaghi's theory, modified Cam-Clay model (elasto-plastic model), and the Sekiguchi model (elasto-viscoplastic mode) were compared with the test results. The comparison indicates that the Sekiguchi model incorporating the secondary consolidation characteristic well predicts the results.
A Study on the Probabilistic Analysis Method Considering Spatial Variability of Soil Properties
Cho, Sung-Eun ; Park, Hyung-Choon ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 111~123
Geotechnical engineering problems are characterized by many sources of uncertainty. Some of these sources are connected to the uncertainties of soil properties involved in the analysis. In this paper, a numerical procedure for a probabilistic analysis that considers the spatial variability of soil properties is presented to study the response of spatially random soil. The approach integrates a commercial finite difference method and random field theory into the framework of a probabilistic analysis. Two-dimensional non-Gaussian random fields are generated based on a Karhunen-
expansion in a fashion consistent with a specified marginal distribution function and an autocorrelation function. A Monte Carlo simulation is then used to determine the statistical response based on the random fields. A series of analyses were performed to study the effects of uncertainty due to the spatial heterogeneity on the settlement and bearing capacity of a rough strip footing. The simulations provide insight into the application of uncertainty treatment to the geotechnical problem and show the importance of the spatial variability of soil properties with regard to the outcome of a probabilistic assessment.
Characteristics of Rigid-Soft Particle Mixtures with Size Ratio
Lee, Chang-Ho ; Yoon, Hyung-Koo ; Kim, Rae-Hyun ; Lee, Woo-Jin ; Lee, Jong-Sub ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 125~135
Rigid-soft particle mixtures, which consist of sand and rubber, are investigated for the understanding of the stress-deformation and elastic moduli. Specimens are prepared with various size ratio sr between sand and rubber particles, and different volumetric sand fraction sf. Small strain shear waves are measured under
-loading condition incorporated with the stress-deformation test by using oedometer cell with bender elements. The stress-deformation and small strain shear wave characteristics of rigid-soft particle mixtures show the transition from a rigid particle behavior regime to a soft particle behavior regime under fixed size ratio. A sudden rise of
factor and the maximum value of the
are observed at
regardless of the size ratio sf. Transition mixture shows high sensitivity to confining stress. The volume fraction for the minimum porosity may depend on the applied stress level in the rigid-soft particle mixtures because the soft rubber particles easily distort under load. In this experimental study, the size ratio and volumetric sand fraction are the important factors which determine the behavior of rigid and soft particle mixtures.
A Study on the Dynamic Lateral Displacements of Caisson Quay Walls in Moderate Earthquake Regions
Park, Keun-Bo ; Sim, Jae-Uk ; Cha, Seung-Hun ; Kim, Soo-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 137~148
In this study, 28 earthquake records with magnitudes from 5.3 to 7.9 are selected for dynamic analysis in order to assess applicability of the earthquakes for domestic seismic design. The assessment is performed using the seismic spectrum analysis of energy and acceleration. Based on results of the analysis, four acceleration time histories, which satisfy the Korean design standard response spectrum, are proposed. From the dynamic analysis using earthquake magnitudes from 6.4 to 7.9, it is found that horizontal displacements corresponding to earthquake magnitudes greater than 7 are two times larger than those with magnitude 6.5. Therefore, it can be stated that use of strong earthquakes, such as Miyagiken-ken-oki earthquake (Ofunato,
) and Tokachi-oki earthquake (Hachinohe,
), for the seismic design in Korea is not applicable, and may prove to be excessively conservative due to overestimated seismic force. From the dynamic analyses using the proposed acceleration time histories, effects of caisson quay wall dimension and the subsoil condition are investigated as well. The simplified design charts to evaluate horizontal displacements of caisson quay wall are also proposed based on earthquake magnitude 6.5 that is appropriate in Korea.
Undrained and Drained Behaviors of Laterally-loaded Offshore Piles
Seo, Dong-Hee ; Jeong, Sang-Seom ; Kim, Young-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 24, issue 8, 2008, Pages 149~160
Offshore pile foundations are prone to lateral soil pressures resulting from embankment construction for the reclamation on deepwater soft clay. Since the 1990s, offshore reclamation has actively progressed in Korea, connecting with the development of Songdo newtown, Incheon newport, and Busan newport representatively. Special attention has been given to lateral soil-structure interaction problems related to passively-loaded offshore pile foundations. Based on a plane strain large deformation finite element (LDFE) approach, this paper presents the results of investigation into undrained (short-term) and drained (long-term) behavior of passively-loaded offshore pile foundations. This study examines the effects of major factors, such as soil profile, pile head boundary condition, magnitude of embankment load, and average degree of consolidation. The results allowed quantification of differences in the magnitude of lateral soil pressure acting on the piles between undrained and drained phases.