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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Geotechical Society
Editor in Chief :
Seong Wan Park
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 26, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 26, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 26, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 26, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 26, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Application of Kriging and Inverse Distance Weighting Method for the Estimation of Geo-Layer of Songdo Area in Incheon
Kim, Dong-Hee ; Ryu, Dong-Woo ; Choi, Young-Min ; Lee, Woo-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 5~19
Geo-layer information is important to determine pile length and estimate residual settlement in the construction site. An overall spatial distribution of geo-layers in the entire construction site can be predicted using drill-log information. In this study, the geo-layer distribution at Song-do area was estimated by kriging and inverse distance weighting methods, and a cross validation was adopted to verify the reliability of estimation results. The analysis results indicate that the best fitted theoretical variogram model to the experimental variogram does not always provide the most reliable estimation in the kriging method. The proper
value of inverse distance weighting method must be determined by types of geo-layer, because the
value is affected by types of geo-layer. Results of the kriging method show more reliable results than those of inverse distance weighting method, and the structure of geo-layer distribution could be evaluated by variogram in the kriging method.
Consolidation Characteristics of Songdo Area in Incheon
Kim, Dong-Hee ; Hong, Sung-Jin ; Lee, Woo-Jin ; Ko, Seong-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 21~33
In this paper, the consolidation and the permeability characteristics of Songdo were evaluated based on the laboratory and field tests. The test results indicate that silty clay layer above approximately E.L-15 m are consolidation layer, and sand layers embedded in consolidation layers are drainage layers. Consolidation layer was overconsolidated state before the reclamation work; however, it transferred to normalized state after the reclamation work. In addition, the average and the range of consolidation properties and magnitude of anisotropy of coefficient of consolidation were evaluated according to the soil types such as clay, silty, and clayey silt since these properties are sensitive to soil types. These analysis results can be used as preliminary design parameters of consolidation and permeability m Songdo area.
Load-Settlement Characteristics of Concrete Top-Base Foundation on Soft Ground
Kim, Jae-Young ; Jeong, Sang-Seom ; Kim, Soo-Kwan ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 35~43
The behavior of the Top-Base foundation was investigated by carrying out 3D finite element method. Special attention is given to the settlement behavior of concrete Top-Base foundation due to the consolidation settlement of the embedding depth and the effect of footing dimensions which are not included in the practical design. To obtain the detailed informations, a series of numerical analyses were performed for different pile configurations. It is shown that as the number of piles in a group increases, the calculated settlement also increases. However, for the
group, there is no further increase in settlement. Based on this study, it is found that the total settlement of Top-Base foundation is highly influenced by the consolidation settlement and footing configurations. It is also found that the current design method overestimates the settlement, and thus, needs to be modified and supplemented.
Prediction of the Natural Frequency of Pile Foundation System in Sand during Earthquake
Yang, Eui-Kyu ; Kwon, Sun-Yong ; Choi, Jung-In ; Kim, Myoung-Mo ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 45~54
It is important to calculate the natural frequency of a piled structure in the design stage in order to prevent resonance-induced damage to the pile foundation and analyze the dynamic behavior of the piled structure during an earthquake. In this paper, a simple but relatively accurate method employing a mass-spring model is presented for the evaluation of the natural frequency of a pile-soil system. Greatly influencing the calculation of the natural frequency of a piled structure, the spring stiffness between a pile and soil was evaluated by using the coefficient of subgrade reaction, the p-y curve, and the subsoil elastic modulus. The resulting natural frequencies were compared with those of 1-g shaking table tests. The comparison showed that the natural frequency of the pile-soil system could be most accurately calculated by constructing a stiffness matrix with the spring stiffness of the Reese (1974) method, which utilizes the coefficient of the subgrade reaction modulus, and Yang's (2009) dynamic p-y backbone curve method. The calculated natural frequencies were within 5% error compared with those of the shaking table tests for the pile system in dry dense sand deposits and 5% to 40% error for the pile system in saturated sand deposits depending on the occurrence of excess pore water pressure in the soil.
Prediction of Penetration Rate of Sheet Pile Using Modified Ramberg-Osgood Model
Lee, Seung-Hyun ; Kim, Byoung-Il ; Kim, Zu-Cheol ; Kim, Jeong-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 55~62
Dynamic soil resistances were simulated by modified Ramberg-Osgood model in order to predict penetration rate of sheet pile installed by vibratory pile driver. Various factors which characterize modified Ramberg-Osgood model were determined considering the shapes of dynamic soil resistance curves obtained from field test and standard penetration value (N value) was used as parameter that relates field test results to the suggested model. Penetration rates calculated by analytical model were smaller than those of field test and penetration times were vice versa. Therefore, predicted penetration rate and penetration time by analytical model are more conservative than those of filed test.
Engineering Characteristics and Pilot Test of Pohang Area's Tertiary Mudstone as Earth Filling Material
Lee, Kyu-Hwan ; Jung, Dae-Suck ; Kim, Sung-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 63~73
The supply of high quality filling materials for pavement base course or reclamation is getting harder. So, there is an attempt to use soft mudstones as an earth filling material in Pohang area. But the engineering properties of the soil deposit placed with soft mudstones have not been clearly evaluated yet. We investigated the water absorption and softening, the slaking behavior and the geological mechanism in order to obtain an effective way of estimating the magnitude of land subsidence and the reduction of soil strength. The applicability of soft mudstones is examined by a variety of laboratory tests and pilot-scale field tests. In addition, it is necessary to consider the environmental characteristics of soft mudstones as a reclaiming material, Consequently, the results from the current study can be used to prevent any construction defects due to the careless use of soft mudstones for the pavement base course or reclamation.
Characteristics of Uncofined Compressive Strength and Flow in Controlled Low Strength Materials Made with Coal Ash
Kong, Jin-Young ; Kang, Hyoung-Nam ; Chun, Byung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 75~83
Controlled low strength material (CLSM) is a flowable mixture and does not need to be compacted. It is produced by mixing portland cement, fly ash, fine aggregates, water and chemical admixtures. Sand is the most commonly used fine aggregates in the conventional CLSM, but it is getting more and more difficult to obtain sand in Korea. In this study, the characteristics of unconfined compressive strength, flow and applicability of a new CLSM that is produced by mixing of pond ash, fly ash, water, cement are examined. An unconfined compressive strength satisfies the standard unconfined compressive strength (0.5~1.0 MPa) were obtained when the mixture ratio of pond ash and fly ash is 30:70~70:30, cement ratio is 3.0~5.0%, and water content is 31~34%. The results of flow test indicate that the mixture ratio of pond ash and fly ash which satisfy the standard How value (0.2 m) is 30:70~70:30.