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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
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2.5D Quick Turnaround Engraving System through Recognition of Boundary Curves in 2D Images
Shin, Dong-Soo ; Chung, Sung-Chong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 369~375
Design is important in the IT, digital appliance, and auto industries. Aesthetic and art images are being applied for better quality of the products. Most image patterns are complex and much lead-time is required to implement them to the product design process. A precise reverse engineering method generating 2.5D engraving models from 2D artistic images is proposed through the image processing, NURBS interpolation and 2.5D reconstruction methods. To generate 2.5D TechArt models from the art images, boundary points of the images are extracted by using the adaptive median filter and the novel MBF (modified boundary follower) algorithm. Accurate NURBS interpolation of the points generates TechArt CAD models. Performance of the developed system has been confirmed through the quick turnaround 2.5D engraving simulation linked with the commercial CAD/CAM system.
Performance Analysis of the Rubber Belt type CVT System
Kim, Sung-Mo ; Zheng, Chun-Hua ; Lim, Won-Sik ; Cha, Suk-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 376~381
CVT(Continuously Variable Transmission) is one of the most promising candidates for the future automobile transmission because of its continuously variable gear ratio and reduced shift shock. It is also possible to operate the power source at its high efficiency region with CVT. The CVT system consists of thrust plate, driving pulley, belt, driven pulley, and preload spring of output shaft. In this paper, the dynamic modeling of a CVT system is completed to obtain the static performances of CVT system. A simulator is implemented on Matlab(Simulink), which can analyse the static performances of a CVT system. The methods for improving the total efficiency of a motorcycle system are also proposed based on the simulation results. In this study we increase the capacity factor of CVT up to the three times of default specification.
An Experimental Study of Ultra-Precision Turning of Optical Glass(BK7)
Kim, Min-Jae ; Lee, June-Key ; Yun, Yeong-Gon ; Lee, Hyeon-Sung ; Hwang, Yeon ; Kim, Hye-Jeong ; Kim, Jeong-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 382~385
There is an immense need to obtain nanometric surface finish on optical glass owing to the advantage of improved performance of the components. But owing to brittleness and hardness, optical glass is one of the materials that is difficult to ultra-precision turning. According to the hypothesis of ductile mode machining, regardless of their hardness and brittleness, will undergo a transition from brittle to ductile machining region below a critical undeformed chip thickness. Below this threshold, it is suggested that the energy required for plastic formation. Thus, plastic deformation is the predominant mechanism of material removal in machining these materials in this mode. An experimental study is conducted diamond cutting for machining BK7 glass. The investigation presents the feasibility of achieving nanometric surface and the understanding the mechanism of cutting glass, proving the cutting edge radius effect.
A Study on the Practicality of Vision Control Scheme used for Robot's Point Placement task in Discontinuous Trajectory
Son, Jae-Kyeong ; Jang, Wan-Shik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 386~394
This paper is concerned with the application of the vision control scheme for robot's point placement task in discontinuous trajectory caused by obstacle. The proposed vision control scheme consists of four models, which are the robot's kinematic model, vision system model, 6-parameters estimation model, and robot's joint angles estimation model. For this study, the discontinuous trajectory by obstacle is divided into two obstacle regions. Each obstacle region consists of 3 cases, according to the variation of number of cameras that can not acquire the vision data. Then, the effects of number of cameras on the proposed robot's vision control scheme are investigated in each obstacle region. Finally, the practicality of the proposed robot's vision control scheme is demonstrated experimentally by performing the robot's point placement task in discontinuous trajectory by obstacle.
Nanomachining on Single Crystal Silicon Wafer by Ultra Short Pulse Electrochemical Oxidation based on Non-contact Scanning Probe Lithography
Lee, Jeong-Min ; Kim, Sun-Ho ; Kim, Tack-Hyun ; Park, Jeong-Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 395~400
Scanning Probe Lithography is a method to localized oxidation on single crystal silicon wafer surface. This study demonstrates nanometer scale non contact lithography process on (100) silicon (p-type) wafer surface using AFM(Atomic force microscope) apparatuses and pulse controlling methods. AFM-based experimental apparatuses are connected the DC pulse generator that supplies ultra short pulses between conductive tip and single crystal silicon wafer surface maintaining constant humidity during processes. Then ultra short pulse durations are controlled according to various experimental conditions. Non contact lithography of using ultra short pulse induces electrochemical reaction between micro-scale tip and silicon wafer surface. Various growths of oxides can be created by ultra short pulse non contact lithography modification according to various pulse durations and applied constant humidity environment.
Numerical Study on the Stress Safety of a Cylinder for an Injection Molding Machine
Kim, Chung-Kyun ; Kim, Kyung-Seob ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 401~406
This study presents the stress safety analysis of a cylinder, which is manufactured by a tempered ASTM D2, tempered SM45C and normalized SM45C materials, respectively. The inner diameter of three cylinder models are 85mm, 95mm, and 11 Omm and the total length of a cylinder is 2,365mm for a high pressure injection molding machine. The FEM computed results show that the inner diameter of 85mm with a thick thickness of 62.5mm may produce the injection pressure of 325MPa and the inner diameter of 110mm with 50mm thickness reduces up to the injection pressure of 220MPa because of a reduced thickness of a cylinder. These injection pressures are enough for a high pressure injection molding machine assembled by ASTM D2 cylinder. And also, an injection cylinder manufactured by a tempered SM45C material in which is low priee may produce 225MPa injection molding pressure and this may sufficiently endure stress safety compared to that of ASTM D2 cylinder material. Thus, this study recommends that tempered SM45C cylinder is appropriated for a mild injection molding machine as an alternative cylinder material when the safety strength and low prices are considered. But the normalized SM45C cylinder material does not meet a stress safety of yield strength in general.
The Characteristics of Line Heating Using Hydrox Gas
Kim, Hong-Gun ; Kwac, Lee-Ku ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 407~411
The technology of line heating has evolved in various methods. Among them, fossil fuels like ethylene gas and LPG(Liquid Petroleum Gas) are widely used due to their simple utility. In the meantime, the technology implementing high frequency for line heating has also been developed continually, but its manufacturing technology or application includes lots of problems by now. One of the main characteristics of line heating using conventional technolob'Y is the quenching effect followed by heating process. On the other hand, hydrox gas which is mixed by hydrogen and oxygen is a prominent candidate for an application without above shortcomings. Especially, it is found that line heating using hydrox gas is tremendously effective taking low cost as well as low noise. In this paper, a small cell with high efficiency which can minimize installing space is developed to deal with the problem installing in narrow place. Experiments to prove the validation, efficiency and effectiveness is carried out by characterizing in the line heating of steel. It is found that the energy saving of using hydrox gas for line heating is significant and that the deviation performance is reduced by 78~89%. Furthermore, the noise is also reduced as amount of 18.3% though the heating time is not too different.
Comparative Study on Reliability-Based Topology Optimization
Cho, Kang-Hee ; Hwang, Seung-Min ; Park, Jae-Yong ; Han, Seog-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 412~418
Reliability-based Topology optimization(RBTO) is to get an optimal design satisfying uncertainties of design variables. Although RBTO based on homogenization and density distribution method has been done, RBTO based on BESO has not been reported yet. This study presents a reliability-based topology optimization(RBTO) using bi-directional evolutionary structural optimization(BESO). Topology optimization is formulated as volume minimization problem with probabilistic displacement constraint. Young's modulus, external load and thickness are considered as uncertain variables. In order to compute reliability index, four methods, i.e., RIA, PMA, SLSV and ADL(adaptive-loop), are used. Reliability-based topology optimization design process is conducted to obtain optimal topology satisfying allowable displacement and target reliability index with the above four methods, and then each result is compared with respect to numerical stability and computing time. The results of this study show that the RBTO based on BESO using the four methods can effectively be applied for topology optimization. And it was confirmed that DLSV and ADL had better numerical efficiency than SLSV. ADL and SLSV had better time cost than DLSV. Consequently, ADL method showed the best time efficiency and good numerical stability.
An analytical Machining models based on Flow Stress Properties for Non-Heat Treated and Heat Treated AISI 4140 Steel
Lee, Tae-Hong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 419~426
In this study, an experimental and theoretical program were carried out to determine the cutting forces and chip formation at different cutting speeds using a 0.4mm nose radius ceramic insert and -7 rake angle for non heat-treated AISI 4140 (27HRc) and heat-treated AISI 4140 (45 HRc) steel. The results obtained were compared to show the hardness differences between the materials. The secondary deformation zone thicknesses when comparing the two materials show different physical structure but similar size. These results were also discussed in light of the heat treatment and the effects it had on the machining characteristics of the material. In addition, the Oxley Machining Theory was used to predict the cutting forces for these materials and a comparison made. The predicted cutting performances were verified experimentally and showed good agreement with experimental data.
Strength and Fatigue Analysis of Universal Joint
Cho, Jae-Ung ; Han, Moon-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 427~433
Chassis part in automotive body is affected by fatigue load at driving on the ground. Universal joint on this part is influenced extremely by the fatigue load. Fatigue life, damage and natural frequency are analyzed at universal joint under nonuniform fatigue load. The york part at universal joint is shown with the maximum equivalent stress and displacement of 60.755 MPa and 0.21086 mm as strength analysis. The possible life in use in case of 'SAE bracket' is the shortest among the fatigue loading lives of 'SAE bracket', 'SAE transmission' and 'Sine Wave'. The damage at loading life of 'SAE transmission' is the least among 3 types. The frequency of damage in case of 'Sine Wave' is 0.7 with the least among 3 fatigue loading life types but this case brings the most possible damage as 80% at the average stress of 0. Natural vibration at this model is analyzed with the orders of 1'st to 5'th and maximum frequency is shown as 701.73 Hz at 5'th order. As the result of this study is applied by the universal joint on chassis part, the prevention on fatigue damage in automotive body and its durability are predicted.
A Study on Welding of Dissimilar Materials for Van-Ramp Design and Production
Lee, Jung-Hyun ; Kim, In-Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 434~439
There are about 2.4million disabled in Korea, 2009. Also, Korean society entered into an aging society. Therefore disable and elderly are getting more involved in our society. This study proposes simple ramp design for wheel chair users and welding method and condition for manufacturing. In the middle of ramp, screw jack and motor are installed so that ramp can be moved left and right side. To make the ramp moves easily, ramp was fixed by installing LM guide on both sides. Ramp production for using Nd:YAG laser certain dissimilar welding in stainless steel sheet and cold reduced carbon steel. The output was fixed by 3kW, the speed was increased to 2~7m/min, Argon was used as shielding gas and the flow rate was changed to 10~30L/min. The proper welding condition is the output 3kW and welding speed 2~5m/min.
Kinetic Energy Recovery System for Electric Vehicles
Shin, Eung-Soo ; Bang, Jae-Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 440~445
This paper presents a new regenerative brake system of electric vehicles that employs a continuous variable transmission(CVT) and a flywheel. The developed device has advantages over existing regenerative brakes from a standpoint of reliability and versatility in actual driving conditions. The system consists of a CVT, two wheels, a flywheel, a coupling and auxiliary powertrain components. The CVT is designed as a combination of two cones and a roller, which causes the velocity difference between the wheel and the flywheel. The power flow of the flywheel system is controlled by the CVT roller and the coupling through step motors. A prototype has been developed and then its performance has been investigated for various operating conditions. Results show that the storage efficiency of the flywheel is much affected by the vehicle's velocity and it is reduced below 20% for high speed, as compared to the 25% efficiency for an ideal condition. The CVT is a primary factor for lowering the flywheel efficiencies due to large friction and slipping between the cone and the roller.
Vibration Analysis for a Feeding Unit of Vision Inspection System of Precision Screws
Seo, Ye-Rin ; Park, Keun ; Kim, Seong-Keol ; Ra, Seung-Wu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 446~451
Recent trends for the miniaturization and weight reduction of portable electronic parts have driven uses of subminiature components. Assembly of the miniaturized components requires subminiature screws of which pitch sizes are micrometer scale. To produce such subminiature screws with high precision threads, not only a precision forming technology but also a high-precision measurement technology is required. The present study covers the development of a vision inspection system for precision screws for the automatic measurement of subminiature screws with high speed and reliability. In this study, the feeding unit that transfers the subminiature screws to the inspection unit is investigated through finite element(FE) analysis. The vibration characteristics of the feeding unit are predicted through FE analyses, from which we can determine whether the subminiature screw can be stably fed into the inspection unit or not. The effects of several design parameters on the vibration characteristics are also discussed.
The Optimization of an Operating Dental LED Light Source Module
Jung, Yeon-Oh ; Hong, Gi-Tae ; Kim, Jae-Yeol ; Kim, Sung-Hyun ; An, Young-Jin ; Han, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 452~457
The internal temperature of an operating room had to keep within
. However, the doctor who is wearing operating gown and mask caused to rise temperature because of the thermal occurrence of dental LED light source. At first, the surgery environment is getting worse. And then last, it would increase bleeding rate by the expansion of patient's exposured blood vessel. A surgical operator can distribute the patient's tissue through such surgery environment, exactly. It can do accurate surgery. So, it gave to effect that surgical operator's eye condition is getting better and it could keep a mutual assistance system. For this research, we develop the LED dental light source module of high color rendition. It performed simulation for replacing established the method of Halogen lamp and Plazma lamp of light source. We analyzed intensity of illumination and the change of viability by changing the height of light source module.
Structural Modeling and Characteristic Analysis of Container Handling System
Kim, Young-Sang ; Maeng, Hee-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 458~463
A CHS(Container Handling System) is a system to load and to unload ISO 2000 or ISO 4000 standard containers which is widely used for various industrial transport purpose. A new light type of CHS is introduced in this paper, in order to reduce weight of cargos and to give the convenience in cargo loading and unloading without additional lifting equipments. The structural models of this system are created to assemble the smooth integration of system and to interface the each composing units with the specification of truck chassis to be mounted. These models are applied to find the suitable design parameters under the condition of force restrictions of each units. Finally, the stability of this system are investigated by analyzing the dynamic simulation using Visual NASTRAN 4D, and it could be recommend the good design parameters for the manufacturing purpose.
A Study on the Acoustic-Field Analysis of the Suction Housing using the Reverse Engineering
Yang, Jeong-Jik ; Lee, Dong-Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 464~471
We tried to analyze sound field of the interior of housing installed with an impeller using the Boundary Element Method (BEM) with the Kirchhoff-Helmholtz integral equation. In order to increase the accuracy of our analysis, reverse engineering technology, which has been developed in recent years. We measured and treated geometrical data with 3D scanning of the practical research object. After modeling by the reverse engineering, we analyzed variation of the BPF as adding vibration frequency and variation of the sound field of the interior of housing by changing the number of impeller blades. We also tried an analysis of free degree variation. Then, we proposed the analysis accuracy and noise reducing method by analysis result.
Fabrication of Micro-Lens Array with Long Focal Length for Confocal Microscopy
Kim, Gee-Hong ; Lim, Hyung-Jun ; Jeong, Mi-Ra ; Lee, Jae-Jong ; Choi, Kee-Bong ; Lee, Hyung-Seok ; Do, Lee-Mi ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 472~477
This paper shows the method of fabrication of a micro lens array comprised of a Nipkow disk used in a large-area, high-speed confocal microscopy. A Nipkow disk has two components, a micro lens array disk and a pinhole array disk. The microlens array focuses illumination light onto the pinhole array disk and redirects reflected light from a surface to a sensor. The micro lens which are positioned in order on a disk have a hemispheric shape with a few tens of micron in diameter, and can be fabricated by a variety of methods like mechanical machining, semiconductor process, replication process like imprinting process. This paper shows how to fabricate the micro lens array which has a long focal length by reflow and imprinting process.
Influence of Nickel Alloy Weld on the Mold Surface Cracks
Jeong, Hyae-Dong ; Lee, Ji-Hoon ; Hong, Min-Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 478~483
Cast mold has low wear-resistance comparing with other alloyed molds which result in lower production rate and high cost of products. Recently, various weld methods are being applied to increase the wear-resistance of molds and to extend mold life. Among them, nickel alloy weld process increases the hardness irrelevant to its machinability and creates very uniform structures. In addition, it causes better wear-resistance and reduces shrinkage defects. In this paper, we analyze the mold surface cracks welded by nickel alloy and propose the methods to improve the mold surface and its wear-resistance. It has been found that nickel alloy weld does not affect the inside crack of mold but has an influence on the surface crack seriously. Results show that the start and growth of fatigue cracks have been delayed about 3 times and reduced approximately 75%, respectively, and the mold surface cracks are decreased about 5.7 times.
Development of eco-environmental Aluminium Fuel Filler Neck using Laser welding
Lee, Byung-Jin ; Jeong, Sang-Yeong ; Hwang, Hyun-Tae ; Jeong, Hak-Soon ; Choi, Hung-Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 484~489
Nowadays, the automobile manufactures make a great efforts to reduce manufacturing cost, body weight and to develop eco-environmental parts in order to be more competitive and solve global warming. For these reasons, materials of automobile's parts are changed over from general carbon steel and stainless steel to plastic and Aluminum. And, laser welding technology is introduced to apply welding between aluminum parts. In this paper, the data of laser welding parameters is collected through lots of the experiment according to the material, welding speed and laser power to apply laser welding in Aluminum fuel filler neck assembly. After manufacturing prototype of aluminum fuel filler neck, vibration durability test, tensile strength test and salt water test are applied to verify product's satisfied function.
A Study on the Strength Evaluation of Thin Wall Molding
Kim, Ok-Rae ; Woo, Chang-Ki ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 490~494
In this paper, using by rapid heating and cooling systems for injection molding and temperatures to changes. In the process of molding temperature and pressure inside the mold was found. In addition, the tensile strength of test specimens were molded, mechanical properties of injection molded parts were identified on mold temperature. Copper could withstand more tensile force than NAK. Therefore, it can be concluded that materials with high heat conductivity must be used in thin walled products.
An Evaluation of Factors on the Influence Roundness in Turning Based on the Taguchi Method
Kang, Shin-Gil ; Lee, Chang-Ho ; Jang, Sung-Min ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 495~501
The purpose of this study is to improve the roundness of CNC turning so that helps the operator to choose the right turning conditions to produce a product with the given parameters. This paper focuses on determining the optimal levels of machining factors for circular shaft with CNC turning. For this purpose, the optimization of factors is performed based on experimental design method. A design and analysis of experiments are conducted to study the effects of these factors on the roundness by using the SIN ratio, analysis of ANOVA, and F-test. Factors, namely, fixed pressure, wall thickness, depth of cut, and feed rate are optimized with consideration of the roundness. The boring tool used in this study is a tungsten carbide coated. The material of workpiece is Al6061 and the machining method is dry cutting.
Development of A Feeding Device for Screw/Bolt Using the Sliding Method
Kim, Yong-Seok ; Jeong, Chan-Se ; Yang, Soon-Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 502~508
In this paper, we proposed vertical feeding mechanism for a slide parts feeder using the slide type method. This parts feeder of the slide type method have been proposed to suppress the dust generation from the feeding objects. The proposed parts feeder mechanism is composed with the casing hopper, the vertical feeding unit, the in-line feeder and linear shooter unit. And, these mechanisms did modularity through optimum design by means of mechanical and dynamical analysis using the RecurDyn(multi-body dynamics) analysis module. Also were carried out the virtual prototype using the 3-D CAD program. And it had been manufactured as the prototype of the slide parts feeder. The field test for validation of performance was performed directly at the inspection line of bolt and screw. In the field test, this slide parts feeder showed an efficiency of about 1.2 times the bowl feeder. It also showed an epoch reduction in the dust generation compared to the vibration bowl feeder. So this slide parts feeder will be applied useful in the vision inspection system for a screw and bolt.
Economic Assessment and Application of AHP for Determining the Design of Assembly Line for the Lens Module of Mobile Phone
Moon, Dug-Hee ; Lee, Geun-Hyun ; Song, Jun-Yeob ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 509~515
When a manufacturing system is designed, various kinds of evaluation methods are used for selecting the best alternative. Net present value, inner rate of return and payback period are popular quantitative measures for the economic assessment, but other qualitative measures should be considered for evaluation. The analytic hierarchy process(AHP) has been used as the popular method for the multi criteria decision making problem that considers both quantitative and qualitative criteria. This paper explains the process of economic assessment, and how to use the AHP for evaluating the designs of the assembly lines for lens module installed in mobile phone.