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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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Design of Adaptive-Neuro Controller of SCARA Robot Using Digital Signal Processor
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 7~17
During the past decade, there were many well-established theories for the adaptive control of linear systems, but there exists relatively little general theory for the adaptive control of nonlinear systems. Adaptive control technique is essential for providing a stable and robust performance for application of industrial robot control. Neural network computing methods provide one approach to the development of adaptive and learning behavior in robotic system for manufacturing. Computational neural networks have been demonstrated which exhibit capabilities for supervised learning, matching, and generalization for problems on an experimental scale. Supervised learning could improve the efficiency of training and development of robotic systems. In this paper, a new scheme of adaptive-neuro control system to implement real-time control of robot manipulator using digital signal processors is proposed. Digital signal processors, DSPs, are micro-processors that are developed particularly for fast numerical computations involving sums and products of variables. The proposed neuro control algorithm is one of learning a model based error back-propagation scheme using Lyapunov stability analysis method. The proposed adaptive-neuro control scheme is illustrated to be an efficient control scheme for implementation of real-time control for SCARA robot with four-axes by experiment.
A Basic Study on the Monitoring of Grinding Burn by Grinding Power Signatures
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 18~26
Grinding burn formed on the ground surface is related to the maximum temperature of workpiece surface and wheel tempertaure in the grinding process. The thermal characteristics of workpiece and grinding conditions on the surface tempertaure of the oxidation growing layer after get out of contact with the grinding wheel. The assumption used in grinding power signatures leads to the local temperature distribution between grinding wheel and workpiece, i.e., a single curve determines temperatures anywhere within the grinding wheel at anytime. This information is useful in the study of the grinding burn penetration into the wheel and thus provides an presentation of grinding trouble monitoring for the burning. On the basis of grinding power signatures in the wheel, thermally optimum grinding conditions are defined and controlled. To cope with grinding burn, the use of grinding power signatures is an effective monitoring systems when occurring the grinding process. In this paper, the identified parameters suggested in this study which are derived from the grinding power signatures are presented, and prediction model by grinding power utilized a linear regression algorithm is applied.
A Study on Development of Automatically Recognizable System in Types of Welding Flaws by Neural Network
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 27~33
A neural network approach has been developed to determine the depth of a surface breaking crack in a steel plate from ultrasonic backscattering data. The network is trained by the use of feedforward three-layered network together with a back-scattering algorithm for error correction. The signal used for crack insonification is a mode converted 70
transverse wave. A numerical analysis of back scattered field is carried out based on elastic wave theory, by the use of the boundary element method. The numerical data are calibrated by comparison with experimental data. The numerical analysis provides synthetic data for the training of the network. The training data have been calculated for cracks with specified increments of the crack depth. The performance of the network has been tested on other synthetic data and experimental data which are different from the training data.
A Study on the Cycle Time Reduction of Cylindrical Plunge Grinding Process with Recursive Constraint Bounding Method
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 34~44
This study presents the recursive constraint bounding(RCB) method to reduce the cycle time in internal cylindrical plunge grinding process. This method can cope with process noise as well as modeling bias. The main features of RCB method are its utilization of measurements at the end of each cycle and its use of monotonicity analysis for determining the extremes of bias and noise. This method is investigated in simulation and evaluated by experiment in internal cylindrical plunge grinding operation. The results from simulation and experiment show that it is effective in reducing cycle time in spite of modeling uncertainty in the forms of process noise and modeling bias.
Evaluation of Fatigue Strength and Characteristics of Fatigue Crack Closure in SM35C Steel
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 45~50
It is not clearly known how surface defects or inclusions of a medium carbon steel affect a fatigue strength. In this study, we used SM35C specimens with spheroidized cementite structure to eliminate dependence of micro structure of fatigue crack. The investigation was carried out by behavior of crack closure at non-propagation crack and effect of the fatigue limit according to the artificial defects size. Experimental findings are obtained as follows : (1) Fatigue crack initiation point of medium carbon steel with spheroidized cementite structure is at the surface defects. (2) Non-propagating crack length of smooth specimen is equal to the critical size of defect. (3) Considering the opening and closure behavior of fatigue crack, the defect shape results in various crack opening displacement, while it does not affects the fatigue limit level of medium carbon steel with spheroidized cementite structure. (4) The critical length of the non-propagation crack of smooth specimen is the same as critical size of defect in transient area which determines threshold condition in steel with spheroidized cementite structure.
Verification of STL using the Triangle Based Geometric Modeler
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 51~58
The verification of the STL file is essential to build the confident parts using a RP machine, because the STL file obtained from the CAD software has many errors-the orientation of triangle does not coincide with adjacent triangles or some triangles are omitted, overlpped and so forth. Especially, the STL file translated from the surface model has more errors than those translated from the solid model. In this study, all possible errors were classified with the most general from and the causes of errors were analyzed to verify and correct errors. Using the triangle based non-manifold geometric modeling, these errors were corrected. Especially, this study took the notice of the problem about the intersected triangles and non-manifold properties overlooked in the previous studies. But this study has a penalty on computing time of
Evaluation of Static Strength on Ceramic /Metal Bonded Joints Considering Stress Singularity
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 59~68
Recently, the cases of using bonded dissimiliar materials which have each of the different components tend to increase for the purpose of developing new materials and using the special objects in the field of industry. Among the cases the strength evaluation of the joining materials of vehicle engine and the structural materials with ceramic/metal bonded joints becomes more important. But the residual stress occurs, because the joining of ceramics and metals is performed in extremely high temperature. It becomes a dominant cause to reduce the strength of the ceramic/metal bonded joints. In this paper, strength evaluation method of ceramic/metal bonded joints considering stress singularity was investigated by boundary element method and 4-point bending test. An advanced method of quantitative strength evaluation for ceramin/metal bonded joints is to be suggested.
Machinability of Sintered Carbon
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 69~76
This paper deals with the machinability based on turning and drilling tests. The main conclusions obtained were as follows. (1) Turning : The roughness of Machined surface decreases with the increase of the rake angle of tools, and the tool wear becomes smaller with the decrease of the rake angle. When the feed rate becomes larger, the fracture of work material in the vicinity of the cutting edge occurs on a larger scale, eventually decreasing tool wear. (2) Drilling : Considering both tool life and productivity, it is reasonable to cut with the high cutting speed and feed rate. The tool wear increases with the increase of feed rate, and the tendency of feed rate on tool wear becomes stronger at the cutting speed
A Study on the Metrial Charcterisitics of Material Quality and Milling of Axle Materials for a Automobile
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 77~83
In this paper, we have studied internal quality including chemical compositions, microscopic structure and nonmetalic inclusion of test materials. We have analyzed dynamic characteristics of cutting force of milling including tensile strength value, hardness etc. Test materials are used in the tempered carbon steel and the non-tempered carbon steel. The obtained results are as follows: 1. In analyzing internal quality, the tempered carbon steel have typical martensite structure and the non-tempered carbon steel have ferrite + pearlite structure. 2. Yield strength, tensile strength and hardness value are in the non-tempered carbon steel but elongation is maximum value in the tempered carbon steel. 3. Cutting force is smaller non-tempered carbon steel than tempered carbon steel when feed speed and depth on cut is constant. 4. Cutting force is smaller non-tempered carbon steel than tempered carbon steel when cutting speed and depth of cut is constant.
The Effects of Discharge Condition on Mechanical properties of Injection Moldings
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 84~91
In producing moldings by using an injection mold, several variables such as the metal mold and the condition of injection molding should be selected properly in order to obtain good quality of moldings. In this study, focussed are the mechanical properties of injection moldings, since many researches on injection have been focussed mainly on the molding quality, injection pressure, and bulk temperature but the properties of injection moldings have not been studied extensively. The mechanical properties of present injection moldings can be improved simply by changing the molding material and the injection conditon without changind the metal mold. To have the final products meet the specified molding quality and mechanical properties at the same time, the bulk temperature of injection, pressure variation, volumetric shrinkage, stress, and cooling should be analized by CAE(computer aided engineering) after injection mold design. In this paper, the effects of dischare condition on mechanical properties of injection moldings are studied by testing the moldings which are injected by varying injection conditions.
Vibration Analysis of Loudspeaker by Using Electronic Speckle Pattern interferometry
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 92~99
Nowadays, Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry is a well-established measuring technique with a wide range of industrial applications, particularly in the fields of deformation measurement and vibration analysis. Comparing with holographic interferometry, it has some attractive features, which are rapid recording and reconstruction, satisfiable automation etc. The Time-Average ESPI is used to provide vibration mode shape of an object whose vibration amplitude is given as a fringe pattern. Its merit is rapid and simple measurement for vibrating object. However, it is not possible to determine the direction of motions of a point on the object at any given time, because it does not give any information about the phase of vibration. But, Stroboscopic ESPI can measure the amplitude and phase of vibrating surface. In this paper, loudspeakers were tested by these two methods. As a result, we can assume that these techniques will be applied directly in the loudspeaker industry.
Development of the Software for Layout Design of Elecrostatic Precipitator
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 100~108
Electrostatic precipitator is the equipment that separates dust particles from the gas in which they are suspended. Specially, for the construction of industrial electrostatic precipitator, the corporations would send the layout design to a customer to accept an order. Therefore, it is made a detail drawing after accept ance. Since the layout design of electrostatic precipitator is very complex, it takes time and design errors are included. Thus, for competitiveness in these industries, the development of software for the layout design of electrostatic precipitator is important. In this study, the developed software deals with technical concept and layout design of industrial electrostatic precipitator. By using the software, design time was very short, design errors reduced largely, and the standardization of design could be carried out.
A Study on Research and Development Strategies for Measuring Instrument
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 1, 1997, Pages 109~114
In the past few decades, the measuring instrument industries have made rapid progress with increase on the demand in industries such as precision instrument, chemistry, electronics, industrial measurement and automobile. Thus, development strategy and technical advancement are required for both securing the competitiveness on products in the world market and industrial development. Intensifying competitiveness of measuring instrument is needed in the world market. It can be achieved by development of measuring instrument holding comparative priority. A development strategy should be drawn up in the long-term point of view for coping with the increasing demand of measuring instrument and securing competitiveness in the world market.