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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
Rotating Flows in Eccentric Cylinders
Sim, Woo-Gun ;
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 9~16
A numerical method based on the spectral collocation method is developed for the steady rotating flows in eccentric annulus. Steady flows between rotating cylinders are of interest on lubrication in large rotating machinery. Steady rotating flow is generated by the rotating inner cylinder with constant angular velocity. The governing equations for laminar flow are simplified from Navier-Stokes equations by neglecting the non-linear convection terms. Integrating the pressure round the rotating cylinder based on the half Sommerfeld method, the load on the cylinder is evaluated with eccentricity. The attitude angle and Sommerfeld variable are calculated from the load. It is found that those values are influenced by the eccentricity. The attitude and Sommerfeld reciprocal are decreased with eccentricity. As expected, the effect of the annular gap ratio on them is negligible.
Study on Grinding Force and Ground Surface of Ferrite
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 17~25
This paper aims to clarify the effects of grinding conditions on the grinding force, ground surface and chipping size of workpiece in surface grinding of various ferrites with the resin bond diamond wheel. The main conclusions obtained were as follows: In a constant peripheral wheel speed, the specific grinding energy is fitted by straight lines with grinding depth coefficient(
) in a logarithmic graph. The effect of both depth of cut and workpiece speed on grinding energy becomes larger in the order of Mn-Zn, Cu-Ni-Zn and Sr. When using the diamond grain of the lower toughness, the roughness of the ground surface becomes lower. The ground surfaces show that the fracture process during grinding becomes more brittle in the order of Sr, Mn-Zn and Cu-Ni-Zn. The chipping size at the corner of workpiece in grinding increases with the the increases of the depth of cut and workpiece speed, and the decrease of peripheral wheel speed. The effect of both depth of cut and workpiece speed on chipping size becomes more larger in the order of Sr, Mn-Zn and Cu-Ni-Zn.
A study on the drawing characteristics of circular drawbead by the Finite Element Method
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 26~35
In this study, the drawing characteristics of circular drawbead are examined with the plane strain elastic-plastic FE Method. Both the clamping load and the drawing load investigated by varying the process variables such as drawbead radius, closing depth and friction condition. The effective strain induced by the draw bead is also investigated. In order to verify the results, the computed results are compared with the existing experimental results. It has been found that both the clamping load and drawing loads are related with the geometry of the bead rather than the lubrication conditions.
Condition Monitoring of Tool Wear and Breakage using Sound Pressure in Turning Processes
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 36~43
In order to make unmanned machining systems with satisfactory performances, it is necessary to incorporate appropriate condition monitoring systems in the machining workstations to provide the required intelligence of the expert. This paper deals with condition monitoring for tool wear and breakage during turning operation. Developing economic sensing and identification methods for turning processes, sound pressure measurement and digital signal processing technique are proposed. The validity of the proposed system is confirmed through the large number of cutting tests.
Analysis on the Thermal Characteristics of Spindle of a High Precision Lathe
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 44~51
Unsteady-state temperature distributions and thermal deformations of the spindle of a high precision lathe are studied in this paper. Three dimensional model is built for analysis, and the amount of heat generation of bearing and the thermal characteristic values including heat transfer coefficient are estimated. Temperature distributions and thermal deformations of a model are analyzed using the finite element method and the thermal boundary values. Numerical results are compared with the measured data. The results show that the thermal deformations and the temperature distributions of the dpindle of a high precision lathe can be reasonably estimated using the three dimensional model and the finite element method.
Evaluation on the Influence and Measurement of Strain in Spot Welded Joint
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 52~57
Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry(ESPI) using the Model 95 Ar. laser, a video system and an image processor was applied to the in-plane displacement measurements. Unlike traditional strain gauges or Moire method, ESPI method requires no special surface preparation or attachments and can be measured in-plane displacement with no special surface preparation or attachments and can be measured in-plane displacement with no contact and real time. In this experiment specimen was loaded in parallel with a loadcell. The specimen was the cold rolled steel sheet of 2mm thickness, which was attached strain gauges. The study provides an example of how ESPI have been used to measure strain displacement in this specimen. The results measured by ESPI compare with the data which was measured by strain gauge method in tensile testing.
A Micromechanical Analysis on the Elastic Behavior in Discontinuous Metal Matrix Composites
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 58~64
A micromechanics model to describe the elastic behavior of fiber or whisker reinforced metal matrix composites was developed and the stress concentrations between reinforcements were investigated using the modified shear lag model with the comparison of finite element analysis (FEA). The rationale is based on the replacement of the matrix between fiber ends with the fictitious fiber to maintain the compatibility of displacement and traction. It was found that the new model gives a good agreement with FEA results in the small fiber aspect ratio regime as well as that in the large fiber aspect ratio regime. By the calculation of the present model, stress concentration factor in the matrix and the composite elastic modulus were predicted accurately. Some important factors affecting stress concentrations, such as fiber volume fraction, fiber aspect ratio, end gap size, and modulus ratio, were also discussed.
Corrosion Fatigue Characteristics of A106-GrB Steel Weldments in NaC1 solution
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 65~72
The horizontal corrosion fatigue tester has been developed for investigating environmental strength. Using this tester, we investigated about corrosion fatigue caracteristics for A106-Gr B steel weldments in 3.5% synthetic seawater and room temperature. Considered parameter is only frequency of 1, 3 and 5Hz.. and Corrosion fatigue crack length was measured by DC potential difference method. From the results, we could find that the horizontal corrosion fatigue tester could be well applied to estimation of fatigue strength. and, In case of 5Hz., corrosion fatigue crack growth pate of A106-Gr B steel weldment was transgranular, and of 1 and 3Hz. showed that transgranular and interfranular was mixed. Also, Material constants of corrosion fatigue crack growth estimated in each frequency were C=9.33
and m=2.93 in 1Hz., C=9.77
and m=3.47 in 3Hz., C=1.02
and m=4.05 in 5Hz
Joining of Polyethylene Polymer by the Ultrasonic Welding
Lee, Chul-Ku ;
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 73~81
This study was to find the best adhesive condition comparing mechanical property in case of hot-melt adhesion using glue-gun, ultrasonic welding with adhesion and only ultrasonic welding in order to adhere thermoplastic resin of polyethylene (PE) in which reliable adhesion was resulted in case of ultrasonic welding with same materials of PE. The best welding condition were acquired at welding time 1 second, welding pressure 250kPa for PE-PE where welding time and welding pressure were increased in accordance with the increase of material strength. At the best ultrasonic welding conditions, bonding strength of PE-PE welding was about 21MPa of which material have tensile strength of 24MPa. Through the analysis of microscophic test for ultrasonic welding structure, it was distinguished between well welded structure with higher intermolecule flow and bad welded structure with lower flow, of which result is mostly correspond with the result of tensile strength test.
Prediction of Dynamic Characteristics of Continuous Structures due to the Modification of Stiffness
Lee, Jung-Youn ;
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 82~88
This paper derives the generalized stiffness to find dynamic characteristics and its derivatives of a continuous system. And a new sensitivity analysis method is presented by using the amount of change of generalized stiffness and vibrational mode caused by the variation of stiffness. In this paper, to get or detect appropriate results, cantilever beam and stepped beam and stepped beam are used. Deviations of sensitivity coefficient, natural frequency, and vibrational mode are calculated as result, and compared with the theoretical exact values.
An lnvestigation of the thermoelastic Behavior in Short Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 89~95
A simulation to investigate the thermal behavior in short fiber or whisker reinforced composite materials has been performed for the application to the thermoelastic stress analysis using Finite Element Method (FEM). To obtain the internal field quantities of composite material, the procedure of micromechanical modeling and the principle of virtual work were implemented. For the numerical illustration, an aligned axisymmetric single fiber model has been employed to assess field quantities. It was found that the proposed simulation methodology for thermoelastic stress analysis is applicable to the complicated inhomogeneous solid for the investigation of micromechanical thermoelastic behavior.
Vibrational analysis of driveline for reducing differential gear vibration
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 96~102
Eigenvalue analysis of vibration mode and an analysis by frequency response among the methods of predicting gear noise are related with transmitting sound of vibration. In this study we intended to reduce the vibration noise of differential gear by reducing torque fluctuation of drive pinion shaft which causes vibration noise of differential gear in rear wheel drive vehicles. For this we developed multi-degree of freedom analysis model in which mass moment of inertia and torsional spring combined and we examined the influence of torsional vibration of driveline elements by performing forced vibration analysis of engine excitation torque. We studied the methods for reducing torsional vibration of driveline according to the design factor of propeller shaft and examined the effects reducing vibration in differential gear by applying flexible coupling.
A Effect of Cutting Resistance by Setting Angle According to the Cutting Condition in Turning
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 103~110
This study provides the useful actual data instead of the experience data using in industrial fields. Especially, values of each components of cutting force are effective in the rake angle, setting angle and cutting area. Many researches have been made on the work piece materials, kinds of bite materials, rake angle, nose radius and depth of cut, but a few on the bite setting angle. In order to select optimal cutting speed, it was summarized the following results are achieved; A chieved that an affect of cutting resistance on the setting angle is a little under giving experimental conditions and therefore a worker can be choose the value of it randomly.
A Study on Residual stress at Cutting work
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 6, issue 3, 1997, Pages 111~117
The sudden-stop apparatus is made to measure the residual stress of the infinitesimal area at the turning work surface by using the X-ray stress apparatus. This study is trued to make the cutting work the instantaneous stopping state in the normal working state. The behaviour of work material near the tool is estimated. The estimation method is that the distribution of residual stress can be also measured. The object is to clarify and control the mechanism to leave the adequate stress of the finishing surface. It's beginning is due to observe the occurrence state of the residual stress at the cutting work. The result obtained by this study is as follows. The chips are not separated from the work materials at all the cutting experiments of built-up edges or the shearing areas etc. which can be precisely observed by using the sudden-stop apparatus. The strain of movable system which can be seen at the part of working layer means the size of strain. This experiment proves that the working strain should be lessened to make the size of strain control the residual stress happened at the cutting surface.