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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
Prospects and subjects of the Machine Tool Industry
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 9~14
Micro Deep Hole Drilling Operation Technique
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 15~20
Computation of stress Intensity Factors of Hollow Cylinder with Three Dimension Inclination Cracks
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 21~27
In this study, stress intensity factors KI, KII, KIII are existing at the same time to a hollow cylindrical bar of three dimension inclination crack. In order to investigate by experimentally the effect of the inclination angle
of crack, artificial inclination cracks in the circumferential direction are put in the surface of a hollow cylindrical bar made by the epoxy-resin. Experimentally, stress analysis methods of stress intensity factors were proposed. But, suitable method are the caustic method and the photoelastic stress freezing method. The mixed mode of KI, and KII, were determined by the photoelastic method of the classical approach method and the FORTRAN language program of the used smallest square method.
A Study on the Thermal Behaviro of Machine Tool Spindle System
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 28~34
According to the development of tool material and the improvement of machinability of cutting material like aluminium alloy, the higher spindle speed is needed. However, the higher speed causes the heat generation of bearings, the deformation of spindle unit parts, and the rotational accuracy of spindle to be worse. Therefore, it is essential to analyze and control the heat generation and the thermal behavior of spindle unit in order to have higher speed and better rotational accuracy. This paper shows the analogy between the analyzation of heat generation and thermal behavior of high speed spindle system by finite element method and the test results of actual temperature rise through running test, and shows the necessity of cooling the spindle and inner ring side of bearings for the thermal balance of high speed spindle system.
Evaluation Method of Bonded Strength in Adhesively Bonded Structures of the Aluminum Alloys
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 35~44
In a view point of earth environmental protection and social requirement, adhesively bonded structures of aluminum alloys have become to be employed for the purpose of decreasing fuel ratio by weight reduction and to improve performance in various engineering fields such as aircrafts, automobiles, rolling stocks and so on. In spite of such wide applications in adhesively bonded structures of aluminum alloys, the quantitative fracture criterion and evolution method of its bonded strength have not been established yet. The objective of this paper is to establish fracture criterion considering stress singularity at interface edges in adhesively bonded structures of aluminum alloys. Through the analyses of boundary element method and static fracture experiments with three different types of specimens in the adhesively bonded joints of aluminum alloys, its fracture criterion was proposed and discussed about strength evolution of adhesively bonded structures.
A Study on Improvement of Accuracy of Positioning Induced Thermal Deformation of the Ball Screw in CNC Lathe
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 45~51
Thermal expansion of the ball screw can directly affect the accuracy of positioning along the travel axis in the semi-closed loop type CNC Lathe. In this paper, use of MACRO variables can make the thermal displacement of the ball screw estimated. Also, the estimated displacements of the ball screw are controlled by calculating the interval of pitch error rate in the Numerical Control(NC). Under the constant operating conditions, the thermal expansion of the ball screw was measured to confirm the effectiveness of the compensation method in the CNC Lathe. By using this method the results show that the thermal displacement of the ball screw could be reduced to 20% compared with ordinary method.
Surface Grinding Process by Slot-shaped Grinding Wheel
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 52~59
An experimental study on the grinding temperature, surface roughness and Acoustic Emission(AE) signals was conducted with different shapes of wheel. The grinding characteristics for slotted shapes of wheel changed by width and helical angle, were compared with those by general one. Lower grinding temperature was obtained for 30
helical angle with 10mm width and Root Mean square(RMS) values of AE signals were lower for slotted shapes rather than general one. Surface roughness characteristics of slotted shapes found to be rough but the value of roughness for 45
helical angel with 6mm width, represented to similar tendency general one.
Optimal Design of Vehicle Passenger Compartment
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 60~66
This study is to develop design sensitivity analysis method based on continuum theory for the actual buckling load of vehicle passenger compartment with respect to sizing design variables. For nonlinear structural analysis, both geometric and material nonlinear effects are considered. The total Lagrangian formulation for incremental equilibrium analysis and one-point linear eigenvalue problem for buckling analysis are utilized. Numerical methods are presented to evaluate design sensitivity expressions, using structural analysis results from FEM code. Optical design of vehicle passenger compartment with buckling constraint solved using Gradient projection method.
A Study on the design Optimization of Thickness of Machiningcenter Bed under Dynamic Loading by using Genetic Algorithm
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 67~73
This paper presents resizing design optimization method by utilizing genetic algorithm(GA), which consists of three basic operators : reproduction, crossover and mutation. The fitness and penalty function for resizing optimization problem are defined, and the flowchart of the developed computer program along with the descriptions of each modules is presented. Also, modelling for flexible-body dynamic analysis is presented. The model is composed of bodies, joints, and force elements such as translational spring-damper-actuator. The design objects si to determine the wall thickness for minimum weight under dynamic displacement constraint.
A Study on the Monitoring Technology for the Continuous Detection of Grinding Process
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 74~80
Recently, manufacturing work has been transformed to small scale production form with various types to act up to user's expectation from mass production with a little items required in the past. Then FMS using NC type machinaries has been applied actively also in domestic manufacturing line to meet thus tendency, but there are many machining troubles occured during work process not be settled yet. Nowdays high efficiently has been required no less than high precision in grinding work for the improvement of productivity. In this study, to represent more advance FMS can be adapted to thus situation In-process type monitoring method using AE and Current sensors is suggested to investigate the machining condition in grinding process. As results form this experimental study, it is recognized well that grinding conditions and dressing point of in time cab be estimated effectively using monitoring method suggested. Furthermore, surface shape of grinding wheel on voluntary point of in time can be predicted indirectly through the observation and comparison of AE signal waveform obtained as performance of continuous dressing work.
A study on the Mechanical characteristics of austempered ductile cast iron to hardness and texture variation in drilling
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 81~88
This paper was carried out to know the influence of advanced austempered ductile cast iron (ADI) on the tool life and mechanical properties of drilling machinability. For manufactured method of ADI, the spheroidal graphite cast iron were austenized at 90
for 1 hour and then austempered for 2 hour at 37
in the salt bath. And interrelationship has been investigated between tool life and mechanical characteristics of specimen material on drilling condition when the ordinary and step-feed drilling are carried out to drill holes of specimens. Tensile strength and hardness of ADI decrease and elongation of ADI increases with the increase austempered temperature. It is known that about 2 times of tool life in the case of step-feed decreases compared with ordinary feed due to the high hardness of ADI and hardness ascribed to the fact that retained austenite became to martensite state due to cutting heat in drilling. Under the constant feed rate 0.1mm/rev relation between hardness and length of end tip after drilling can be formularized to Hv=
for the cutting speed 6.1m/min.
Oil Cooler Design Automation on the Cooling of Machine Tool Cutting Oil
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 89~99
The automatic design of shell & tube type oil cooler can be used in real industrial environments. Since the automatic design system is intended to be used in small companies, it is designed to be operated well under environments of CAD package in the personal computer. It has adopted GUI in design system, and has employed DCl language. Design parameters to be considered in the design stage of shell and tube type oil cooler are type of oil cooler, outer diameter, thickness, length of tube, tube arrangement, tube pitch, flow rate, inlet and outlet temperature, physical properties, premissive pressure loss on both sides, type of baffle plate, baffle plate cutting ratio, clearance between baffle plate outer diameter and shell inner diameter and clearance between baffle plate holes. As a result, the automatic design system of shell & tube type oil cooler is constructed by the environment of CAD software using LISP. We have built database of design data for various kinds of shell & tube type oil coolers. The automatic design system have been assessed and compared with existing specification of design. Good agreement with Handbook of heat exchanger and design dta of real industrial environments has been found.
PREVIEW CONTROL FOR EDGE-FOLLOWING USING ROBOT FORCE CONTROL
Yong, Boojoong ;
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 100~111
This paper resents a discrete-time model of an edge-following with accommodation force control. Since an irregular workpiece shape causes disturbances to the system while following an edge, the use of preview control is proposed to improve the system performance. The preview control employs future information of the workpiece contour shape, and it can be developed by LQ-optimal control principles. This study provides a general method how to utilize the local future information obtained by the finite preview to minimize an optimality criterion evaluated over a problem duration. The force controller is designed based on the preview control scheme, and then implemented on a VME-based computer. Experimental results using an industrial robot show that the preview control system achieves faster tracking speed and better force regulation than the conventional nonpreview control system.
A Study on the Optimal Cutting conditions for Mild Materials
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 112~118
Aluminum alloy, which is advantageous to machining and injection, makes a great contribution to shortening in delivery time, infection cycle time and reducing expense. This study presents machining conditions for mild materials and describes the difference between theoretical and practical machined surface roughnesses affected by various machining conditions. Machining results have been evaluated and analyzed under varying machining conditions. Special properties of the mild materials have been presented by the quantitative analysis and the optimal machining condition has been proposed for the mild materials.
Influence of Evaluation Methods for Fatigue Crack Growth Process
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 119~125
The distribution of fatigue crack growth rate is subjected to the measuring interval and calculated method of growth rate. In this paper, in order to establish the method of determining the distribution of fatigue crack growth rate, which ignores those influences, a series of fatigue crack growth experiments and measuring intervals of crack length calculated reasonable are presented. The main conclusions obtained are summarized as follows: 1) As a result of the ΔP constant test and ΔK constant test, it is thought that an approximate measuring interval of 0.3~0.7mm is reasonable, which allows for few errors and is little subjected to the calculated method of crack growth rate. 2) After generally comparing the error estimation by using the experimental data of CCT specimen with the error rating of the CT specimens, it is possible that the fatigue test has few errors within the measuring interval, ξ(Δa/W)=0.0067~0.017, regardless of the dimension of specimen geometry.
An Error Compensation in Rough Surface Measurement by Contact Stylus Profilometer
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 126~134
In this paper, a new error compensating technique for form-error compensation of rough-surface profile obtained by contact stylus profilometer is proposed. By the method, the real contact points of rough-surface and diamond stylus can be estimated and the measured profile data corrected. To verify the compensation effect, the properties(Ra, RMS, Kurtosis, Skewness) of measured profile data and compensated data were compared. And, the cumulative RMS slope was proposed to assess the compensated effect of upper area of profile. The results show that the measuring error could be compensated very well in amplitude parameters and in proposed cumulative RMS slope by the developed form-error compensating technique.
A Study on Suppression of Ultrasonic Background Noise Signal using wavelet Transform
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 135~141
Recently, advance signal analysis which is called "Time-Frequency Analysis" has been developed. Wavelet and Wigner Distribution are used to the method. Wavelet transform(WT) is applied to time-frequency analysis of waveforms obtained by an ultrasonic pulse-echo technique. The Gabor function is adopted as the analyzing wavelet. Wavelet analysis method is an attractive technique for evolution of material characterization evoluation. In this paper, the feasibility of suppression of ultrasonic background noise signal using WT has been presented. These results suggest that ultrasonic background noise ginal can be suppressed and enhanced even for SNR of 20.8 dB. This property of the WT is extremely useful for the detecting flaw echos embedded in background noise.und noise.
A Study on Substitution of Steel structure for Casting Frame
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 142~149
A machine frame has been manufactured by casting. However, due to the development of the industrial society, 3-D duties was refused. Especially, the declination of the casting industry makes it difficult to produce the frame. Many companies still manufacture the small casting products. The large casting products are extremely limited and manufactured for their own use. Therefore, it is difficult to keep the term of order. In this study, the characteristics of steel structure which is produced by welding were identified in the view of mechanical strength of steel structure which is produced by welding were identified in the view of mechanical strength to substitute steel structure for casting frame. But welding structure has the residual stress, HAZ and welding deformation. Residual stress and HAZ especially cause crack growth. The proposed steel structure, based on the simulation and experiment(tensile curve and S-N curve), can reduce not only the producting term but also the weight of the frame.
Development of Loader Equipped with 4Wd and 4WS (II) (4WS System and Construction of Loader)
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 150~157
In this study, the loader was completed that has 4-wheel gear driven drivetrain of study (Ⅰ), the 4-wheel steering with power wheel type, all-wheel traction system, and joy-stick type lever for hydraulic control valve. From driving test of the developed 4WD and 4WS type loader, we obtained that the minimum circling radius and the necessary width in circling motion reduced about 40% and 33% compared with 2WS type loader. Also, all-wheel traction system could keep the tires glued to the ground with greater stability, the power steering allowed a smoother operation, and the joy-stick type lever offered easily to control. Thus, the developed loader having these functions was very fit in a small cattle shed or rugged ground.