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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
A Qualitative Design methodology for Model-based Monitoring System
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 9~15
The Effect of Optimum In-process Electrolytic Dressing in the Mirror-like Grinding of Die steel by Superfind Abrasive wheel
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 16~25
In recent years, grinding techniques for precision machining of brittle materials used in die, model and optical parts have been improved by using superfine abrasive wheel and precision grinding machine. The completion of optimum dressing of superfine abrasive wheel makes possible the effective precision grinding of die steel(STD-11). In this study, a new system and the grinding mechanism of optimum in-process electrolytic dressing were proposed. This method can carry out optimum in-process electrolytic dressing of superfine abrasive wheel. Therefore, the optimum in-process electrolytic dressing is a good method to obtain the efficiency and mirror-like grinding of STD-11.
A Study on the Determination of 3-D Object's Position Based on Computer Vision Method
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 26~34
This study shows an alternative method for the determination of object's position, based on a computer vision method. This approach develops the vision system model to define the reciprocal relationship between the 3-D real space and 2-D image plane. The developed model involves the bilinear six-view parameters, which is estimated using the relationship between the camera space location and real coordinates of known position. Based on estimated parameters in independent cameras, the position of unknown object is accomplished using a sequential estimation scheme that permits data of unknown points in each of the 2-D image plane of cameras. This vision control methods the robust and reliable, which overcomes the difficulties of the conventional research such as precise calibration of the vision sensor, exact kinematic modeling of the robot, and correct knowledge of the relative positions and orientation of the robot and CCD camera. Finally, the developed vision control method is tested experimentally by performing determination of object position in the space using computer vision system. These results show the presented method is precise and compatible.
A Study on the Selection of Controller for Position of a Pneumatic Cylinder
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 35~42
This paper concentrates on the position control of a pneumatic cylinder under parameter variation. A closed-loop control is proposed to design the different controllers(P, PI, PID, PD controller) in order to choose the best con-troller based on the fast and accurate control of the system. It is shown that the control algorithm, is robust and effective in attaining the fast and accurate position control of system under time-dependent parameter variation. Experimental results showed that PD controller law is effective to obtain the fast response and to increase that sta-blity of the system The method is a useful control algorithm which always automatically adjusts the position con-trol in accordance with the error using carrier wave of triangle type regardless of changes on the operating condi-tion and physical differences between components.
Thermal Analysis of Continuous Casting Mold
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 43~49
This study is object to thermal analysis of continuous casting mold. A two-dimensional transient finite element model was developed to compute the temperature distribution and stress behavior for continuous casting mold. For thermal analysis using analysis result from FEM code. In order to thermal analysis of continuous casting mold, many variables such as casting speed, cooling condition, film coefficient, convection and load condition are considered.
THE DESIGN ON A WHEEL BALANCER BY THE LOAD HANDLING GUIDELINES
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 50~54
In the process of designing a wheel balancer an ergonomic evaluation model has shown that manual tire handling onthe machine was often the major problem, The root of the problem lay in the design of machine's shaft which is influenced by the opeative handling task. Several methods were reviewed for determining the correct shaft' sizes but the Revised NIOSH Equation and the Lifting Stress Calculator were found to be the only suitable models for this study. An application of these mathematical models has shoed that the shaft length and the shaft height were the most critical measurement By analyzing these conclusion s the correct shaft size parameters became clearly defined.
A Study on the Measurement for Table Deflection using Laser Interferometer and Simulation
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 55~63
The acceleration of the performance of machine tools influences the development of the semi-conductor and optical technology as the development of NC and measurement technology. Because the measurement has been done to unload condition without considering of mechanical stiffness in the case of machining center as we measure the quasi-static error of machine tools on general study people who works on the spot has many problems on the data value. Also there are no satisfiable results until now in spite of many studys about this because the deflections of the table and the shaft supporting a workpiece influence, influence the accuracy of the table and shaft supporting a workpiece influence the accuracy of the workpiece. And there is doubt about the inspection method of measured error. In this paper Therefor we will help working more accurately on the spot by measuring analyzing displaying the defoec-tion of the table and support shaft when we load on the table and the support shaft of machining center using laser interfer-ometer. Also we try to settle new conception of the measurement method and more accurate grasp of the deflection tenden-cy by verifing the tendency of the error measured through the comparison of the simulated error measured through the comparison of the simulated error using ANSYS a common finite element analysis program which is able to measure heat deformation material deformation and error resulted from this study.
Flow Analysis to Determine Runner Balance in Family Injection Molding
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 64~70
Family injection molding of plastic is widely used to enhance productivity. Runners for molded products in fami-ly injection molding have to be balanced so that each of the producs is filled completely at the same time,. In this study computer simulations were performed to determine balanced circular section runners in family injection molding with two cavities where each of he cavity shapes is like a case. It was found from the computer simula-tions that runner balance could be fulfilled only by modifying runner diameters. But in order to get more quality molded products other process factors such as flow length flow resistance shapes of products and etc, should be taken in to consideration for the design of a family injection molding process.
In-Process Detection of Flank Wear Width by AE Signals When Machining of ADI
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 71~77
Monitoring of Cutting tool wear is a critical issue in automated machining system and has been extensively studied for many years. An austempered ductile iron(ADI) exhibits the excellent mechanical properties and the wear resistance. ADI has generally the poor machinability due to the characteristic. This paper presents the in-process detection of flank wear of cutting tools using the acoustic emission sensor and the digital oscilloscope. The amplitude level of AE signal(AErms) is mainly affected by cutting speed and it is proportional to cutting speed. There have been the relationship of direct proportion between the amplitude level of AE signals and the flank wear width of cutting tool. The flank wear with corresponding to the tool life is successfully detected with the monitor-ing system used in this study.
A Study on the Development of Image Processing Measurement System on the Structural Analysis by Optical Non-contact Measurement
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 78~83
This study discusses a non-contact optical technique, electronic speckle pattern interformetry(ESPI), that is well suited for in-plane and out-of-plane deformation measurement. However, the existing ESPI methods that are based on dual-exposure, real-time and time-average method have difficulties for accurate measurement of structure, due to irregular intensity and shake of phase. Therefore, phase shifting method has been proposed in order to solve this problem. About the method, the path of reference light in interferometry is shifted and added to least square fitting method to make the improvement in distinction and precision. This proposed method is applied to measure in -plane displacement that is compared with the previous method. Also, Used as specimen AS4/PE따 [30/=30/90]s was analyzed by ESPI based on real-time to determine the characteristics of vibration under no-load and tension. These results are quantitatively compared with those of FEM analysis inmode shapes.
The tress Analysis in the Fine-blanking deformation zone by the application of the FEM
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 84~91
The goal of this study is to analyse the stress and the strain occurring within the work piece at the fine-blanking process and hence to assume the size direction and a distribution chart of the shearing stress as the penetration of the punch is being increased trough the application of the FEM. For this analysis we introduced the piece-wise linear method in the non linear structural analysis program for large deformation sheet metal forming and we defined it as the problem of the non linear contact. Therefore we modeled the above problems as quadratic-nodded axi-symmetrical elements for the character-istics of the work piece. From the result of this analysis it was found that the shearing stress is a great deal occurred on the surface of the work piece during the beginning process of the punch penetration and it's effect is expected to influence importantly for the formation of burnish because the deeper is the penetration of the punch in the narrow clearance zone. the greater is the degree of the strain stress.
The Correction of Fluid Temperature for Hot-wire Anemometer
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 92~97
This paper reports by simple method that is quickly corrected the effects of fluid temperature for the hot wire anemometer. We are concerned with a variable output of hot wire anemometer on arbitrary fluid temperature. Hot wire by measuring boundary layer of turbulent flow has been calibrated by arbitrary temperature lower than 10
, and velocity lower than 20m/s. As a result, we could pick up the temperature factor affected by output of hot wire anemometer from related in output of arbitrary temperature to output of room temperature. By using temperature factor on the output of hot wire anemometer, we also obtained that the relationship of velocity was of no effect by temperature of fluids. About results of calibrated hot wire, uncertainly of velocity is 2.15% at room temperature and 3.1% at arbitrary temperature.
A Study on the Positioning Accuracy and table Deflection by Load
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 98~104
As the accuracy of manufactured goods needed high accuracy processing has made the efficiency of NC and measurement technology development, the innovation of machine tools has influence the development of the semi-conductor and optical technology. The movement errors can be expressed in terms of yaw, roll an pitch etc. In the case of expanding the error range, static, dynamic and servo gain errors can be included. Machining center might have twenty-one movement errs including three types of joint errors. Those errors have been measured on the condition of just loading of standard table. Regarding these measuring methods, the mechanical compliance of the structure has not been considered. In this paper, therefor, the influences of the additional load on the positioning accuracy are investigated. The results and the techniques proposed in this study can be considered very effective and useful to compensate more correctly the positioning motion.
A Study on the Tool Interference Detection and Tool Path Correction in Compound Surface Machining
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 105~112
In this paper we deal with tool interference problem in the case of compound surface machining. A new tool interference detection and correction method based on the envelope of the tool path is suggested to identify and correct the tool interference - not only within the local path of tool movement, but also outside of the tool path. Therefore, the developed strategy can be used to check the possible interference in any region of the surface. In order to analyze quantitatively the milled surface error produced by the tool interference, improved surface prediction model is also suggested in cutting process by general cutters. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated through simulation study.
Evaluation on the Properties of Strain Distribution of the sopt welding specimen under tensile-shear load
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 113~118
In order to evaluate strength of spot welded joint, at first it is importent that we should know strain distribution near nugget zone. During loading, in HAZ, compressive strain increase with Increase of load, but in nugget zone tensile strain increase. During unloading, on the other hand, even through the decreases, the strain variation is not almost appeared in nugget zone and HAZ. In nugget boundary zone, the strain range increases continuously along with load increase on outer surface, but the strain increases continunously and decreases rapidly beyond yield strength on inner surface. In this paper, strain distribution are measured in inner and outer surface with variation of thickness and load under tensile-shear load. Tensile-shear strength increased as with increase of specimen thickness. As for thickness increase rates are 25%, 50%, 100%, and 150%, tensile-shear strength in crease rates are 40%, 81%, 130% and 228%.
Vibration Reduction or the Gear Box of an NC Machine
Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 119~125
This article proposes the analytical and experimental approaches for the reduction of vibration generated in the gear box of an NC machine. The lateral critical speed of main spindle and torsional natural frequencies were analyzed and the impact testing of gear box was performed. These results were compared with the forced operating speeds, The vibration was much diminished by redesign of gear module and reinforcement of box structure.