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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Indentification of the Mechanical Aspects of Material Removal Mechanims in CMP
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 7~12
Flexible Disk Grinding Process
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 13~24
High Precision Grinding Technology Using Electrolytic Dressing Method
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 25~33
A Study on Ultra-precision Lapping of Ceramics with In-Process Electrolytic Dressing
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 34~39
Application of ceramics has grown considerably due to significant improvement in their mechanical properties such as light weight, chemical stability and superior wear resistance. Despite these character, the use of ceramics has not increased because of poor machinability. The method of using of super-abrasives metal bond wheel was proposed. But it is difficult that super-abrasives metal bond wheel can be dressed. Recently, the technology of in-process electrolytic dressing is developed to solve this problem. If this method is applied, loading and glazing are disappeared apparently. The aim of this study is to determine the machining characteristics in terms of lapping wheel speed, machining time, pressurized weight to the workpiece and peak current using in-process electrolytic dressing applied to the CIB-diamond lapping wheel to achieve ultra-precision lapping machining technique.
Prediction of Modified Structural Natural Frequencies and Modes using Interative Sensitivity Coefficient
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 40~46
This study predicts the modified structural eigenvector and eigenvalue due to the change in the mass and stiffness of 2-dimesional continuous system by iterative calculation of the sensitivity coefficient using the original dynamic characteristic. The method is applied to examples of a crank shaft by modifing the mass and stiffness. The predicted dynamics characteristics are in good agreement with these from the structural analysis using the modified mass and stiffness. The predicted dynamic characteristics are in good agreement with these from the structural analysis using the modified mass and stiffness.
Analysis of Stress Intensity Factors for Interacting Two Growing Cracks
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 47~57
In this study, a fundamental approach to make clear the mechanism of the mutual interference and coalescence of stress fields in the vicinity of two crack tips on the process of their slow growth, using boundary element method. Automatic generation of quadratic discontinuous elements along both of the crack boundaries which can be defined by an arbitrary piece-wise straight geometry. The direction of the crack-extension increment is predicted by the maximum principal stress criterion, corrected to account for the discreteness of the crack extension. Along the computed direction, the crack is extended one increment. Automatic incremental crack-extension analysis with no remeshing, computation of the stress intensity factors by J-integral. Numerical stress intensity factors for two growing cracks in plane-homogeneous regions were determined.
Determination of Electrical Discharge Machining Parameters from the CMM data of a Electrode
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 58~64
This paper proposes a method for determining optimal EDM parameters based on discharge area from the physical model of a tool electrode. Main parameters, which affect the EDM performance, are peak value of currents, pulse-on time, and pulse-off time. Such parameters are closely dependent on the discharge area in EDM process. In this paper the discharge area is estimated from the CMM scanning data to the tool electrode. The method is very useful when any geometric information to the tool electrode is not provided from tool modeler or producer. The method consists of following four steps. First a triangulation mesh is constructed from the CMM data. Secondly, the z-map is modeled from the triangulated mesh. Thirdly, the discharge area is estimated from intersection between the z-map model and a z-height plane. Finally, the machining parameters are easily calculated by some known EDM equations to the discharge area. An example is introduced to show that the machining parameters are calculated from the CMM data to a tool electrode.
Tension Control in a Nonlinear Web Transfer System
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 65~72
This paper presents the study of the tension control in a web transfer system. In this study the sliding mode controller is applied to a time-varying nonlinear mathematical model. The model was derived to consider the effects of changing the roll radius in tension variation during winding and unwinding. The uncertainty in modeling may be due to unmodelled dynamics, on variations in system model. Designed sliding mode controller made the system error always staying in the suggested surface from the beginning. Through this, system is maintained to be robust against a disturbance and uncertainty. To verify the designed controller has a good performance, various inputs such as desired velocity, step input, and trapezoidal input are applied. When the sliding mode controller was used, the system(the tension control) performance was improved comparing to the PID controller. The robustness of the controller with respect to an estimation error was verified through simulations.
Behaviour of Fatigue Crack Propagation under Mixed Mode(I＋II) with variation of Angle and Crack Length
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 73~79
The applications of fracture mechanics have traditionally concentrated on cracks loaded by tensile stresses, and growing under an opening or mode I mechanism. However, many cases of failures occur from growth of cracks subjected to mixed mode loading. Several criteria have been proposed regarding the crack growth direction under mixed mode loadings. This paper is aimed at investigation of fatigue crack growth behaviour under mixed mode(I＋II) with variation of angle and pre-crack length in two dimensional branched type precrack. Especially the direction of fatigue crack propagation was predicted and effective stress intensity factor was calculated by finite element analysis(FEA. In this paper, the maximum tangential stress(MTS) criterion was used to predict crack growth direction. Not only experiment but also finite element analysis was carried out and the theoretical predictions were compared with experimental results.
Study on the Failure Criterion for Finite Element Analysis of Precise Shearing
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 80~86
The Tailor Welded Blanks(TWB) are using various materials (different thickness, strength and different materials) can be welded together prior to the forming process. Therefore, TWB applications have become little by little important in automobile industries, because it has more light weight and process reduction. A burnish area is very important for TWB using laser welding. In this paper, evaluated failure criterion, effect of clearance and distance of between pad and punch by computer simulation. We used element separation method for fracture. And applied a plastic strain to failure criterion. According to the analysis results, we obtain failure criterion, when plastic strain is 2.0. The burnish area and clearance were inverse proportional.
A Study on the Design of Flow Control Valve Attached to Vane Pump for Power Steering
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 87~95
The numerical analysis and the experiments are carried out to develop the design program for the flow control valve attached to the vane pump for power steering. The factors affecting the flow rate characteristics are analyzed by the experiments and the numerical analysis. The results are summarized as follows; (1) the main factors affecting to the first and second control flow rate are the diameter of big and small rod of the spool. (2) the cut off is mainly affected by the main spring constant, the initial displacement of main spring and the small diameter of the spool. (3) the dropping slope characteristics are decided by the chamfer of spool and the dynamic characteristics of the spool
A Study on Analysis of Heat Transfer and Residual Stress on the Weld Zone using FEM
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 96~104
This paper represents to develop a computer software system which is capable to analyze the phase transformation of high strength steel(BV-AH32) and to predict heat transfer and welding residual stress due to phase transformation during Gas Metal Arc(GMA) welding. The developed model was considered temperature dependent properties such as young's modules, coefficient of thermal expansion and yield stress as well as the double ellipsoidal heat distribution by the moving arc. From the results, it was found that the longitudinal and transverse residual stresses calculated by the coupled analysis of heat transfer, residual stress and phase transformation showed good agreement with the experimental data. In addition, the temperature distribution as well as longitudinal and transverse residual stresses of weldment by the 1-pass and 2-pass of welding were also determined.
Analysis of the Temperature Distribution at Micromachining Processes for Microaccelerometer Based on Tunneling Current Effect
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 105~111
Micronization of sensor is a trend of the silicon sensor development with regard to a piezoresistive silicon pressure sensor, the size of the pressure sensor diaphragm have become smaller year by year, and a microaccelerometer with a size less than 200~300
has been realized. Over the past four or five years, numerical modeling of microsensors and microstructures has gradually been developed as a field of microelectromechanical system(MEMS) design process. In this paper, we study some of the micromachining processes of single crystal silicon(SCS) for the microaccelerometer, and their subsequent processes which might affect thermal and mechanical loads. The finite element method(FEM) has been a standard numerical modeling technique extensively utilized in structural engineering discipline for component design of microaccelerometer. Temperature rise sufficiently low at the suspended beams. Instead, larger temperature gradient can be seen at the bottom of paddle part. The center of paddle part becomes about 5~2
higher than the corner of paddle and suspended beam edges.
Comparative Study on Element Removal Methods for ESO
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 112~118
In case ESO(evolutionary structural optimization) which is one of topology optimization methods, the element removal ratio is fixed throughout topology optimization by 1 or 2%. As a result it has no flexibility for various types of structures and thus the rate of convergence might not be efficient. Thus various element removal methods were developed in order to improve the efficiency of ESO. In this paper, various element removal methods for ESO are compared with each other for a bracket and a short cantilever. In addition, a new improved bi-directional element removal method is suggested in order to obtain much better optimized topology. From the comparative results of the examples, it is verified that all of the developed various element removal methods are very effective, and the suggested element removal method is the most effective.
Tool Path Generation of Multi-Patch Sculptured Surface with Reparameterization
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 119~126
Recently, according to the various taste of consumers, the design of a product is changed variously and complicatedly. The complicated product is not usually constructed with one path but multi-path. By the way, in machining, higher precision and the reduction of leading and machining time is required. But, for the multi-patch sculptured surface, the amount of machining data becomes large. This means the increase of leading and machining time. In this study, the tool path generation method with reparameterization is proposed for multi-patch sculptured surface and variable step size using NURBS is used to satisfy the precision and to reduce leading and machining time.
Performance Characteristics of Seat Damper Using MR Fluid
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 127~134
This paper presents the development of a semi-active seat damper using MR fluids and the performance analysis of seat suspension system with a MR seat damper. An annular orifice type MR seat damper is proposed for a seat suspension of a commercial vehicle. After formulating the governing equation of motion, then an appropriate size of the seat damper is designed and manufactured. Following the evaluation of field-dependant damping force characteristics, the controllability of the damping force is experimentally demonstrated in time domain by adopting PID controller. A semi-active seat suspension with the proposed MR damper is constructed and its dynamic model is established. Subsequently, vibration control capability of the semi-active suspension system is investigated by employing the sky-hook controller.
A study on the development of dimension inspect Program for the vehicle axle casing nut welding part using digital image processing
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 135~143
The vision system is easy to use the exclusive use as a independent computer system but it is not much popularization by reason of expensive and difficult to adapt to the various fields, because it is easy to the existed computer system, the price is cheap and also it can use to the various measurement purpose which user wanted and programed. The measurement method of the vehicle axle casing nut welding part is that measure the value of the welding part to adapt the actual operation program from using the ratio between the actual length of the standard specimen and the length of image, to measure the ratio between the actual product and the camera image. A defect is found by the assembled visual inspection system. The inspection algorithm which estimates the quality of welded product is developed and also, the software program which processes the automatic test function of the inspection system. We make the foundation of the inspection automatic system and we will help to apply other welding machine.
A Study on the System Identification for Detection of Tool Breakage
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 144~149
The demands for robotic and automatic system are continually increasing in manufacturing fields. There have been many studies to monitor and predict the system, but they have mainly focused upon measuring cutting force, and current of motor spindle, and upon using acoustic sensor, etc. In this study, time series sequence of cutting force was acquired by taking advantage of piezoelectric type tool dynamometer. Radial cutting force was obtained from it and was available for useful observation data. The parameter was estimated using PAA(parameter adaptation algorithm) from observation data. ARMA(auto regressive moving average) model was selected for system model and second order was decided according to parameter estimation. Uncorrelation test was also carried out to verify convergence of parameter.
Behavior Analysis of Laminated Composite Cylindrical Shells with Prebuckling
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 150~156
The objective of this study is to investigate effects of prebuckling on the buckling of laminated composite cylindrical shells. Axial compression and lateral pressure are considered for laminated composite cylindrical shells with the ratios of length to radius. The shell walls are made of a laminate with several symmetric ply orientations. The study was made using finite difference energy method, utilizing the nonlinear bifurcation branch with nonlinear prebuckling displacements. The results are compared to the buckling loads determined when membrane prebuckling displacements are considered. Review the influence of nonlinear prebuckling for the buckling loads, the difference between the actual and classical buckling loads are increased as the increments with the ratios of length to radius, for which is applied the axial compression, but almost same for the lateral pressure.
Monitoring of Chatter Vibration by Frequency Analysis of AE Signals
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 157~164
A machine tool generally has some serious stability problems in the form of tool chatter during the cutting process. Chatter vibration deteriorates the surface finish, reduce tool and machine life, accelerates machine tool system component wear, and may lead to an unacceptable noise sound in the working environment. In this study, the behavior of spectral density of AE signal and principal cutting force signal in order to monitor the chatter vibration in the cutting process has been investigated. From the results, the reliability of proposed monitoring method has been confirmed.
A study on the grinding characteristics of the workpiece using the laminated grinding wheel in the cylindrical grinding process
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, volume 9, issue 5, 2000, Pages 165~171
To get smoother ground surface, it is required to replace the grinding wheel with a finer-grit wheel. When the operator replaces the grinding wheel, the balancing and dressing of the wheel surface are necessary. So this replacement has a lot of problems like inconvenience to operators, delays in the operation time, and ineffectiveness in the production process. Therefore, a laminated grinding wheel, which consists of three layers, is provided. The side layers are coarse grits and the middle layer is made up of fine grits. To show the effectiveness of the laminated grinding wheel, experiments on the surface roughness and the material removal rate were performed respectively. As a result, it was found that the grinding process using a laminated grinding wheel can generate smoother ground surface in shorter time.