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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 2008
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 2008
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Controversy in Pathophysiology of Rotator Cuff Tear: Degenerative Tear
Kim, Young-Kyu ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 71~76
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.071
The pathophysiology of rotator cuff tears and the progression of asymptomatic tears to symptomatic tears are yet unclear and much controversy. It is likely to involve a number of factors such as a genetic predisposition, extrinsic impingement from structures surrounding the cuff and intrinsic degeneration from changes within the tendon itself. Degenerative changes in the rotator cuff with aging seem to be related to the anatomic and mechanical environment of the rotator cuff. The histopathologic appearance of rotator cuff tendon rupture specimens demonstrates a consequence of degenerative changes at the site of tendon insertion into bone. It weakens the tensile strength of the tendon. Is the process of degeneration intrinsic or extrinsic in nature? I suggest that degeneration is intrinsic and not caused by extrinsic factors. Even though, rotator cuff tear may be secondary to multiple factors, I believe that primary cause of rotator cuff tears is preexisting degenerative change.
Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair by Single Row Technique
Yum, Jae-Kwang ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 77~81
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.077
The goal of rotator cuff repairs is to achieve high initial fixation strength, minimize gap formation, maintain mechanical stability under cyclic loading and optimize the biology of the tendon-bone interface until the cuff heals biologically to the bone. Single row repairs are least successful in restoring the footprint of the rotator cuff and are most susceptible to gap formation. Double row repairs have an improved load to failure and minimal gap formation. Transosseous equivalent repairs (suture bridge technique) have the highest ultimate load and resistance to shear and rotational forces and the lowest gap formation. Even though the superior advantages of double row and transosseous equivalent repairs, those techniques take longer surgical time and are more expensive than single row repairs. Therefore single row repairs can be useful in bursal side partial thickness or small size full thickess rotator cuff tear.
Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: Double Rows & Suture Bridge Technique
Shin, Sang-Jin ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 82~89
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.082
Ideal rotator cuff repair is to maintain high fixation strength and minimize gap formation for optimizing the environment of biologic healing of tendon to bone. Among the current repair techniques, the suture bridge technique is superior to single- or double-row repair in ultimate load to failure, gap formation, restoring anatomical footprint and achieving pressurized contact area. The suture bridge technique also minimizes gap formation and has rotational and torsional resistances allowing early rehabilitation. However, despite superior biomechanical characteristics of the suture bridge technique, there is no evidence that these mechanical advantages result in better clinical outcomes. Furthermore, there is no difference in failure rates between the double-row repair and suture bridge techniques. An appropriate repair technique should be determined based on tear size and pattern and tendon quality.
Efficacy of Ultrasonogram for the Diagnosis of Biceps Tendon Pathology
Seo, Joong-Bae ; Lee, Jee-Young ; Bahng, Seung-Chul ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 90~95
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.090
Purpose: We wanted to assess the accuracy of ultrasound for detecting abnormality of the long head of the biceps tendon in patients with rotator cuff disorders. Materials and Methods: Between January 2006 and March 2007, we reviewed the arthroscopic findings of biceps tendons in 67 patients with rotator cuff disorder and who underwent ultrasonography pre-operatively. The patients` average age was 58 years and there were 41 males and 26 females. The statuses of the biceps tendons were described as `normal`, `dislocation`, `subluxation`, `partial or complete tears`, and `tendinopathy`. We investigated the correspondence between the arthroscopic and ultrasonographic findings. Results: On ultrasonography, the biceps tendons were `normal` in 37 patients and `abnormal` in 30 patients. On arthroscopy, 5 biceps tendons turned out to have partial tears, which were `normal` on ultrasonography. On the other hand, 8 biceps tendons were `normal` which were `abnormal` on ultrasonography. Three dislocations and 4 complete tears of biceps tendons were identified on arthroscopy, and all of them were detected by ultrasonography. Of the 20 cases of `tendinopathy` seen on ultrasonography, 15 patients had partial tears and the remaining 5 patients were normal on arthroscopy. Conclusion: Ultrasonography is accurate for detecting some biceps pathologies, such as dislocation or complete tear, but it is not accurate for the detection of partial tear.
MRI Follow-up Study After Arthroscopic Repair of Multiple Rotator Cuff Tendons
Tae, Suk-Kee ; Kim, Jin-Young ; Park, Jae-Sik ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 96~103
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.096
Purpose: This study investigated the rate of retear and related factors after arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff tears involving more than one tendon. Materials & Methods: Arthroscopic repair of 22 rotator cuff tears (average size 3.2cm: average age 58 years old) involving the supraspinatus and part or all of the infraspinatus were investigated using MRI on average 10 months after repair. The status of the repaired cuff was investigated using Sugaya`s classification, and the change in muscle was evaluated with Goutallier`s classification. Results: Retear (Sugaya grade IV, V) was found in 7cases(32%). Tears larger than 3cm had a higher retear rate(67%) than smaller tears(8%). Retear cases had Goutallier grade II or higher muscle changes preoperatively and showed aggravation of muscle atrophy postoperatively. Even without retear, reversal of muscle change was not seen Conclusion: Rotator cuff tears not confined to the supraspinatus had a 32% retear rate after arthroscopic repair. The size of the tear was the most crucial factor influencing retear. Retear was frequent in tear over 3cm. Atrophy of the cuff muscle worsened when the repair failed but did not improve even without retear.
Mid-term Results of Biceps Incorporating Suture Without Deteaching the Biceps Tendon from the Flenoid in the Large or Massive Cuff Tear
Ji, Jong-Hu ; Park, Sang-Eun ; Kim, Young-Yul ; Kim, Weon-Yoo ; Kewon, Oh-Su ; Jang, Dong-Gyun ; Moon, Chang-Yun ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 104~111
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.104
Purpose: The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical results of using the technique of rotator cuff repair without parting the biceps long head from the glenoid for large or massive tear of the rotator cuff. Material and Methods: Form January 2005 to January 2007, we performed the arthroscopic biceps repair with incorporating suture to the rotator cuff for 21 patients with large or massive rotator cuff tear. The mean follow up period was 23 months (range: 6-48months). The number of males and females was 9 and 13, respectively. The age distribution ranged from 47 to 73 years with a mean age of 60.3 years. We compared the preoperative score with the postoperative scores using the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) score, the shoulder index of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) and a simple shoulder test (SST). Results: The improvement in the VAS, ASES and the UCLA and SST scores was statistically significant at the final follow up (average follow-up 23 months) (p>0.05). Two of nine cases were found to have partial tear with continuity but seven cases were found to have complete tear according to the ultrasonography and MRI. Conclusion: The technique of rotator cuff repair without parting the biceps long head from the glenoid for large or massive tear of the rotator cuff is considered to be recommendable.
Short-term Outcomes of Arthroscopic Transtendinous Repair in Partial Articular Side Tears of the Rotator Cuff
Shin, Sung-Ryong ; Yoo, Yon-Sik ; Kim, Do-Young ; Lee, Sang-Soo ; Jeong, Un-Seob ; Choi, Hyun-Seok ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 112~117
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.112
Purpose: This study prospectively evaluated the outcome of arthroscopic transtendinous repair as a treatment for partial articular side tears of the rotator cuff. Materials and Methods: Fifteen patients with symptomatic, partial articular side tears of the rotator cuff underwent modified transtendinous repair. The patient`s mean age was 52.5 years and the mean duration of symptoms was 33.7 weeks. The visual analogue scale (VAS), the ASES score, the active ROM of the shoulder and the patient`s satisfaction were evaluated both preoperatively and postoperatively. The clinical results were analyzed using the Wilcoxon`s signed rank test. Results: The mean VAS was
before treatment and
at 6 month, and the ASES scores for all the patients were significantly better over the six-month period of follow-up (p<0.05). The mean active ROM in abduction was
at 1 month (p
Clinical Result of Arthroscopic Capsular Release and Repair for SLAP II Lesion with Stiffness
Ahn, Gil-Yeong ; Nam, Il-Hyun ; Lee, Yeong-Hyun ; Lee, Jung-Ick ; Moon, Gi-Hyuk ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 118~122
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.118
Purpose: We assessed the clinical results after the operative treatment of type 2 SLAP lesion with stiffness. Materials and Methods: 13 patients who had SLAP lesion with stiffness were treated with arthroscopic capsular release, SLAP repair and treatment of the associated lesion. The average follow-up period was above 12 months. Results: The postoperative mean VAS was scored 1.5 and the postoperative ROWE score was 92.3, which showed a significant improvement after the operation (P<0.001). The mean range of motion was a significantly improved after the operation (P<0.001). The ROWE score was excellent for all the cases. Conclusion: Arthroscopic capsular release and SLAP repair and treatment of the associated lesion in patients with type 2 SLAP lesion with stiffness are effective treatments for the increasing the range of motion and decreasing the pain.
Operative Treatment of Symptomatic Os Acromiale
Ji, Jong-Hun ; Kim, Weon-Yoo ; Park, Sang-Eun ; Kim, Young-Yul ; Moon, Chang-Yun ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 123~130
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.123
Os acromiale is the rare shoulder disease and its treatment is controversial. Despite conservative treatments for 6 months include medication, exercise, physical therapy and subacromial steroid injections, operative treatment for uncontrolled symptomatic Os acromiale is considered the treatment of choice. Operative treatment includes excision, arthroscopic or open reduction and internal fixation with a bone graft. Open reduction with tension band wiring and a bone graft is now the preferred treatment. We experienced 8 patients with symptomatic Os acromiale from March, 2001 to March, 2006. The average patient`s age was 45 years and the man and women ratio were 2: 6. All 8 cases of symptomatic Os acromiale of the mesoacromion were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using tension-band wiring. The preoperative ASES(
) and UCLA (
)scores were improved to
, respectively, at the 2 year follow up. The overall UCLA score showed 1 excellent result and 7 good results. We think that symptomatic Os acromiale is a specific disease entity, and open reduction and internal fixation using tension-band wiring with K-wire is a good treatment modality.
Clinical Features of Parsonage-Turner Syndrome
Oh, Joo-Han ; Jo, Ki-Hyun ; Choi, Hye-Yeon ; Gong, Hyun-Sik ; Oh, Chung-Hee ; Yoon, Jong-Pil ; Kim, Tae-Woo ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 131~136
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.131
Purpose: Parsonage-Turner syndrome is a rare disorder with sudden onset of severe pain around the shoulder girdle, followed by weakness of the shoulder muscles. The purpose of the current study was to describe the clinical features associated with this condition and to review the literature. Materials and methods: A retrospective study of the Parsonage-Turner syndrome was carried out for 6 patients seen from December 2005 to July 2008. The clinical and radiographic data was collected by medical records and telephone interviews. Five patients were males and one was female with ages ranging between 20-68 years (mean, 43.5). The mean follow-up period was 19.1 months (range, 14-27 months). Results: The intense pain around shoulder continued for 1 day to 3 weeks and decreased spontaneously at a mean of 3.3 weeks (range, 2-5 weeks) after onset of pain. Weakness in the involved muscles had developed at a mean of four weeks (range, 2-7 weeks). At the end of follow-up, five patients had an improvement of their strength and one patient had regained full strength. Electromyography was the most helpful in diagnosis. Conclusion: Parsonage-Turner syndrome is a self-limited disorder with a good outcome. Understanding of the course will assist in the diagnosis and treatment.
Operative Treatment with Locking Compression Plate (LCP) in Proximal Humerus Fracture
Ha, Sung-Sik ; Kim, Jae-Young ; Hong, Ki-Do ; Sim, Jae-Chun ; Kang, Jung-Ho ; Park, Kwang-Hee ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 137~142
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.137
Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of the treatment of a proximal humerus fracture with a locking compression plate(LCP). Materials and Methods: This study reviewed the results of 24 cases of a proximal humerus fracture treated with a LCP from January 2005 to April 2007, after a follow up of more than 12 months. There were 8 males and 16 females with a mean age of 68.9(33-90) years. The clinical results were evaluated using the Neer`s evaluation criteria, and the radiographic results were evaluated using the bone union time and Paavoleinen method. Results: The mean time for bone union was 11.9 weeks. Using the Neer`s functional evaluation, 21 cases of the 24 patients (87%) showed excellent or satisfactory results. Twenty two cases (91%) showed good results according to the Paavoleinen method. The complications encountered were metal failure (1 patient), AVN of the humeral head (1 patient) and joint stiffness (1 patient). Conclusion: The LCP demonstrated good results in the treatment of a proximal humerus fracture and has relatively fewer complications than other internal fixators.
Comparison of Radiologic and Clinical Results between Locking Compression Plate and Unlocked Plate in Proximal Humerus Fractures
Kim, Jae-Hwa ; Lee, Yun-Seok ; Ahn, Tae-Keun ; Choi, Jung-Pil ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 143~149
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.143
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the results of using a locking compression plate and an unlocked plate for treating proximal humeral fractures. Materials and Methods: This study was based on 20 patients who underwent plate fixation for proximal humeral fractures out of the 87 patients with proximal humeral fractures and who were admitted from 2003 to 2007 in our hospital. Of the 20 patients, 10 were treated with a locking compression plate and the other 10 were treated with an unlocked plate. Each group was evaluated according to the humeral neck shaft angle, the period until bony union, the complications and the Constant score. The humeral neck shaft angle was based on plain x-rays taken immediately after the operation and at 6 months postoperatively. The Constant score was evaluated on the last visit to our clinic. Results: There was no significant statistical difference between the two groups in terms of the neck shaft angle, the period until bony union and the Constant score. Yet, there were three cases of screw migration in the unlocked plate group. Conclusion: There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the neck shaft angle, the period until bony union and the Constant score. The locking compression plate is considered to achieve more effective fixation for proximal humerus fractures because there were less complications such as screw migration.
Surgical Treatment of the Fracture of the Scapular Body
Rhyou, In-Hyeok ; Suh, Bo-Gun ; Chung, Chae-Ik ; Kim, Kyung-Chul ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 150~157
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.150
Purpose: We wanted to evaluate the results of surgical treatment for fracture of the scapular body. Materials and methods: The subjects of this study were seven patients with fracture of the scapular body and all these patients were managed surgically. We considered the operative indications as being 100% translation of the lateral border, or
of angular deformity of the glenoid, or 1cm medialization or the variant of the double disruption of the superior scapular suspensory complex. There were five males and two females, and their ages ranged between 40 and 58 years (mean age: 49) with average follow up of 11 months (6~24 months). Two patients sustained multiple fractures of the ribs and spines. The surgical results were evaluated according to the subjective satisfaction, the UCLA score and the Korean shoulder score. Results: The mean UCLA score was 29 (17~33) and the mean Korean shoulder score was 86 (63~94). The self assessment for subjective satisfaction was 7.7 (4~9). There were two complications; one case of screw pull-out without the loss of the fracture fixation and the other case with screw penetration of the glenoid cavity. Conclusion: Surgical treatment may be effective for the management of severely displaced fracture of the scapular body in order to prevent the impairment of the shoulder function caused by the altered glenohumeral and scapulothoracic kinematics.
Outcomes after Arthroscopic Repair of Anterior Shoulder Instability after Metal Anchor to Biodegradable Anchor Fixation
Choi, Chang-Hyuk ; Kim, Shin-Kun ; Han, Bo-Ram ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 158~164
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.158
Purpose: We compared the results of arthroscopic Bankart repair using metal and biodegradable anchor fixation. Materials & Methods: We reviewed 26 patients with anterior shoulder instability treated by arthroscopic Bankart repair from October, 2006, to March, 2007, 15 patients with metal anchors and 11 patients with biodegradable anchors. The average age was 27.4 years old (range: 17~55) and mean follow-up was 14 months (range: 12~17 months). Functional outcome was evaluated using the Korean Shoulder Score for Instability (KSSI), Rowe`s Bankart Grading scale (RBGS), ASES score, and UCLA scores. Results: In the metal-anchor group, the improvements of mean KSSI, ASES, UCLA score, and RBGS were 20.6, 24.0, 4.0, and 45.5, respectively. In the biodegradable anchor group, improvements of mean KSSI, ASES, UCLA score, and RBGS were 21.0, 23.6, 4.6, and 48.9. The improvements in final outcomes were not significantly different (p>.05). One metal problem and one traumatic redislocation occurred in the metal group. Conclusion: Both techniques produced satisfactory outcomes in the treatment of traumatic anterior instability. The biodegradable anchor group could also avoid problems with metal anchors.
Coracoclavicular Ligament Augmentation Using TightRope
for Acute Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation : Surgical Technique and Preliminary Results
Cho, Chul-Hyun ; Sohn, Sung-Won ; Kang, Chul-Hyung ; Oh, Geon-Myeoung ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 165~171
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.165
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to introduce a new surgical technique and to evaluate the preliminary results after operative treatment with using TightRope
for treating acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation. Material and Methods: We studies 10 patients who were followed up for more than 6 months after operative treatment with using an TightRope
. A longitudinal incision approximately 4cm in length was made from 1cm medial to the acromioclavicular joint to the coracoid process, and then coracocalvicular ligament augmentation using TightRope
was done after splitting the deltoid. For postoperative stability, two 1.6 mm Kirschner wires were inserted temporarily across the acromioclavicular joint in all cases. The radiologic results on the serial plain radiographs and the clinical results according to the UCLA score were analyzed. Results: Radiologically, 7 cases showed anatomical reduction, 2 cases showed a slightly loss of reduction and 1 case showed partial loss of reduction. Clinically, 6 cases were excellent, 3 cases were good and 1 case was fair. Conclusion: Coracoclavicular ligament augmentation using TightRope
for treating acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation is a minimally invasive, safe procedure that provides satisfactory radiologic and clinical preliminary results. Yet the long-term results have to be analyzed to determine the final results of this procedure.
Arthroscopic Stabilization of Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation using TightRope
Choi, Sun-Jin ; Park, Jong-Hoon ; Lee, Hyeong-Seok ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 172~176
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.172
Purpose: The proper surgical methods for treating acromioclavicular joint dislocation is still controversial. New methods should provide better early motion with sufficient strength. Materials and Methods: We performed arthroscopic stabilization using TightRope
(Arthrex, Inc, Naples, FL) in 10 cases of acromioclavicular joint dislocation between April, 2007, and December, 2007, and followup for a minimum of 10 months. We performed radiologic evaluation by comparing the clavicle anteroposterior radiograph with the contralateral one. Clinical evaluation was made for pain, function, and range of joint motion by Imatani`s methods. Results: In clinical evaluation, 6 cases were excellent, 3 cases were good, and 1 case was poor. In radiologic evaluation, 9 cases were excellent and 1 case was poor. Redislocation occurred in 1 case. Conclusion: During short-term followup, 9 of 10 patients who underwent arthroscopic stabilization using TightRope
had excellent results in Imatini tests and radiologic evaluation, except 1 patient with redislocation.
Plate Fixation for Fractures of the Coronoid Process of the Ulna
Shin, Dong-Ju ; Byun, Young-Soo ; Cho, Young-Ho ; Park, Ho-Won ; Youn, Hee-Min ; Han, Jae-Hui ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 177~184
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.177
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of eight cases of coronoid process fractures that were fixed with a plate. Materials and Methods: Eight coronoid process fractures were treated by plating and these cases were reviewed retrospectively. Six patients were men and two were women. The average age was 41 years (range: 22-79) at the time of injury. According to Regan`s classification, there were five type 2 and three type 3. According to O`Driscoll`s classification, there were five anteromedial type and three base type. Open reduction and internal fixation with a plate were performed through a medial approach by splitting of the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris. The patients were follow-up for a mean of 15.8 months (range: 6-25). We evaluated the clinical outcomes with using the Mayo Elbow Performance Score. Results: The average active motion of the elbow joint was
. The average Mayo Elbow Performance Score was 86.9. There were 5 excellent results, 1 good result and 2 fair results. Summary: Plating through a medial approach of the elbow provided stable fixation and satisfactory union for treating displaced coronoid process fractures with the unstable elbow.
Neglected Type IV Acromioclavicular Joint Injury - 2 Cases Report -
Kim, Do-Young ; Shin, Sung-Ryong ; Yoo, Yon-Sik ; Lee, Sang-Soo ; Jeong, Un-Seob ; Park, Keun-Min ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 185~188
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.185
Acromioclavicular joint injuries usually occur as a result of direct trauma to the superolateral aspect of the shoulder. Roockwood Type IV injuries are relatively uncommon, and they are easily misdiagnosed or neglected in patients who have suffered multiple traumas. Therefore, to correctly treat a patient with type IV injury, we need to take a careful physical examination and conduct proper radiologic evaluation for the acromioclavicular joint. We report here on two cases of modified Weaver-Dunn reconstruction for neglected type IV acromioclavicular joint injuries that were associated with multiple rib fractures.
Primary Sternoclavicular Septic Arthritis in a Healthy Adult - A Case Report -
Lee, Woo-Seung ; Kim, Yeub ; Kim, Taik-Sun ; Yoon, Jung-Ro ; Lee, Jun-Ho ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 189~192
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.189
Sternoclavicular septic arthritis is a rare condition and it is usually related to predisposing conditions like intravenous drug abuse, diabetic mellitus, trauma and so on. A delayed diagnosis of this disease may cause severe complications like mediastinitis and chest wall abscess. Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is needed to evaluate the complications. If the above complications are present, then joint resection should be considered. We report here on a case of a 52-year-old man who was diagnosed with primary sternoclavicular septic arthritis and he had no predisposing conditions. The pathogen on the aspiration-culture was S. aureus and it was susceptible to cefminox. The patient was cured with administering only antibiotic therapy for 6 weeks; intravenous cefminox therapy for 4 weeks followed by oral cefminox therapy for 2 weeks.
Cystic Tuberculosis in Olecranon, Mimicking the Bone Tumor - A Case Report -
Moon, Myung-Sang ; Bae, Tae-Yong ; Kim, Jun-Beom ; Chon, Je-Gyun ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 193~195
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.193
Authors report a case of cystic tuberculosis of left olecranon in a 44 year-old woman, which mimicked the bone tumor at initial presentation. She complained mild discomfort in the left elbow over a month. On examination there were no local redness, swelling, tenderness and deformity. There was no limitation of left elbow motion. After open curettage of the lesion, bone tuberculosis was confirmed by histological study. Postoperative triple chemotherapy of 12 months (Rifamcpicin, ethambutal, INH) could cure the disease.
Kimura`s Disease of the Distal Arm - A Case Report -
Yoon, Jong-Pil ; Jo, Ki-Hyun ; Min, Hak-Jin ; Yoon, Ui-Seoung ; Seo, Jae-Seong ; Kim, Jin-Soo ; Baak, Cheol-Hee ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 196~200
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2008.11.2.196
Kimura`s Disease is a very rare, chronic inflammatory disorder with an unknown etiology, and this illness is primarily seen in young Asian males. The typical clinical features consist of painless subcutaneous masses in the head or neck region, and especially in the salivary gland and submandibular region. It is often accompanied with a regional lymphadenopathy, peripheral blood eosinophilia and elevated serum IgE levels. Histologically, it is characterized by prominent germinal centers in the involved lymph nodes, together with eosinophilic infiltration in these lymph nodes. The treatment modalities for this disease are steroid therapy, radiation therapy and surgical excision. Its clinical course is of a benign nature. We report here on a case of a 28 year old man who had a soft tissue mass in his left arm. We excised this mass and the microscopy confirmed that he suffered from Kimura`s disease on microscopic examination in his left distal arm.