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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
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Clinical Results of Arthroscopic Repair of Full-thickness Rotator Cuff Tear Using Suture Bridge Technique
Seo, Jae-Sung ; Park, Sung-Hyuk ; Kim, Won-Ho ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 181~187
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.181
Purpose: To determine clinical results for arthroscopic repair of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear using a suture bridge technique. Materials and Methods: Between November, 2007 and October, 2008, we evaluated 90 cases of arthroscopic middle, large rotator tear cuff repair. The mean follow-up period was 15 months (range, 12-23 months). Forty-three cases had medium-sized tears; 47 cases had large-sized tears. At the preoperative stage and again at last follow-up, functional results were assessed by the KSS, ASES, UCLA and the PVAS (Pain visual analogue score). Results: Pain score improved from 2.56 preoperatively to 0.96 at final follow-up; movement scores improved from 6.94 to 1.70. At. final follow-up, the average UCLA score improved from 17.08 to 31.17 with 31 excellent (34%), 49 good (54%) and 10 poor results (12%). The final UCLA score was 31.47 in the group less than 60 years of age and 30.69 in the group over 61 years of age (p=0.344). The UCLA score was 31.23 in those with medium-sized tears and 31.11 in those with large-sized tears (p=0.924). The UCLA score was 31.10 in non-trauma patients and 31.23 in trauma patients (p=0.929). Conclusion: Arthroscopic repair of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear using a suture bridge technique can produce excellent clinical results. These outcomes are not affected by age or trauma history.
Treatment of Acromioclavicular Dislocation by Modified Phemister Operation Augmented with Coracoclavicular Sling
Kim, Deok-Weon ; Kim, Sung-Tae ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 188~193
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.188
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of a modified Phemister method reinforcing the 4 strands of an Ethibond sling for acromioclavicular joint dislocation. Materials and Methods: Between September 1999 and May 2007, 30 acromioclavicular joint dislocation cases underwent a modified Phemister method reinforcing the 4 strands of an Ethibond sling. The average follow-up period was 28.2 months (range: 24~33 months). Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Weitzman classification; the state of coracoclavicular space reduction was done using radiologic findings. Results: According to the Weitzman classification, there were 24 excellent, 4 good and 2 fair case outcomes. The average coracoclavicular distance improved from 16.9 mm to 7.3 mm immediately after surgery. The average ratio of coracoclavicular distance comparing to the contralateral side at the final follow-up was 1.24 (range: 0.68~1.71). Complications included retraction of K-wires in 5 cases and restriction of joint motion in 4 cases. Conclusion: The modified Phemister operation using augmentation of the coracoclavicular ligament by 4 strands of Ethibond is an effective treatment modality in acromioclavicular joint dislocation.
The Necessity of Coracoclavicular Ligament Repair in Open Reduction for the Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocations
Kim, Eu-Gene ; Shin, Hun-Kyu ; Jeong, Haw-Jae ; Choi, Jae-Yeol ; Park, Se-Jin ; Choi, Kyu-Bo ; Lim, Jong-Jun ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 194~201
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.194
Purpose: We evaluated clinical and radiological results for open reduction and internal fixation of acromioclavicular dislocation without coracoclavicular ligament repair after removal of implants. Materials and methods: Clinical and radiological results were obtained for 53 patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation of an acromioclavicular joint dislocation between 1998 and 2007. A total of 21 patients were treated with a modified-Phemister method and 32 patients were treated with a Hook plate method. All subjects were surveyed after removal of their implants. The Constant scoring system was administered postoperatively to evaluate clinical results. Radiologic outcomes were evaluated by both coracoclavicular intervals on plain films. Results: Constant scores were
in the Phemister group and
in the Hook plate group. For both groups, the mean coracoclavicular interval at preoperative radiography was 15.9 mm at the injured site and 8.0 mm at the opposite site. After metal removal, the mean difference between coracoclavicular distances between normal and injured sites were 1.0 mm for the Hook plate group and 1.2 mm for the modified Phemister method group (p>0.05). Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation of an acromioclavicular joint without coracoclavicular ligament repair shows good long-term clinical and radiological results.
Minimal Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis in Proximal Humerus Fractures
Shin, Sang-Jin ; Do, Nam-Hun ; Song, Mi-Hyun ; Sohn, Hoon-Sang ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 202~208
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.202
Purpose: In this study we introduced minimal invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and analyzed clinical outcomes to determine the effectiveness of this intervention in proximal humerus fractures. Materials and Methods: We studied 27 patients including 16 cases with a 2-part fracture, 10 cases with a 3-part fracture, and 1 case with a 4-part fracture. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using UCLA score, KSS score and recovery of range of motion. Time to union and humerus neck-shaft angle change were estimated by radiologic assessment. The average follow up period was 19 months. Results: UCLA scores were "excellent" for 15 patients, "good" for 12 patients. The mean KSS score was 91.4 at final follow-up. The average shoulder range of motion was
in forward elevation. Bone union occurred by 14.1 weeks postoperatively. Humerus neck-shaft angle recovery was "excellent" in 24 patients and "moderate" in 3 patients. There were no complications such as axillary nerve paralysis, deep infection, or subacromial impingement of the plate. Conclusion: MIPO for proximal humerus fractures is an effective procedure if performed with sufficient understanding of the anatomical structures. MIPO leads to minimized dissection of soft tissue, low complication rates and early recovery of range of motion.
Evaluation of the Surgical Treatment for Chronic Acromioclavicular Joint Injury; Weaver and Dunn Method Versus Acromial Bone Block Transfer
Park, Jin-Young ; Kang, Seung-Wan ; Lhee, Sang-Hoon ; Seo, Jung-Bae ; Lee, Seung-Jun ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 209~216
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.209
Purpose: The purpose of our study was to compare treatment results of two different surgical techniques for chronic acromioclavicular joint dislocations. Materials and Methods: Fifty consecutive patients diagnosed as chronic acromioclavicular joint dislocations between January 1997 and June 2009 were included in the study. Patients were randomized into two different groups. Patients in the first group (n=20) were treated using a modified Weaver and Dunn method using a simple coracoacromial ligament transfer method. Patients in the other group (n=30) were treated with acromial bone-block transfer containing coracoacromial ligament. Mean follow-up times for the two groups were 13.1 and 14.9 months, respectively. Results: At 1 year postoperatively, mean coracoclavicular distance, the VAS score and the ASES score for the Weaver-Dunn method group; for the bone block transfer method group were 3.8 mm (-3 to 6 mm), 3.5 (1.0 to 7.0) and 91.1 (81.66 to 95); 3 mm (-2 to 6 mm), 4.2 (1.0 to 7.5) and 79.6 (31.66 to 95). There were no significant differences in radiologic (p=0.377) and functional (p=0.093) results between the two groups. Failures in the former and latter group were, respectively, two and one. Conclusion: The bone block transfer method shows a tendency to maintain coracoclavicular distance and appeared to yield similar results as the modified Weaver Dunn method.
The Surgical Treatment of Type V Acute Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation Using Suture Anchor and Kirschner Wire
Jung, Gu-Hee ; Cho, Chyul-Hyun ; Jang, Su-Jin ; Jang, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Jae-Do ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 217~222
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.217
Purpose: We wanted to evaluate the clinical outcomes after operative treatment using two suture anchors and Kirschner wire for treating acute Rockwood type V acromioclavicular joint dislocation Materials and Methods: Between May 2006 and May 2009, 10 patients underwent surgical treatment for acute Rockwood type V acromioclavicular joint dislocation using two suture anchors and Kirschner wire and they were followed for a mean of 12.0 (range: 7-31) months. We analyzed the functional results by the Korean shoulder score, the Constant-Murley score and the reduction state of the acromioclavicular joint at the last follow-up. Results: All the cases achieved a satisfactory outcome. The mean Korean shoulder score was 89.9 (range: 81-100) points and the mean Constant-Murley score was 87.8 (range: 82-93) points. According to the radiologic findings, 8 patients achieved anatomical reduction of the acromioclavicular joint: there was a slight loss of reduction in one patient and a partial loss of reduction in one patient. None of the patients had deep infection or re-dislocation. Conclusion: The operative treatment using two suture anchors and Kirschner wire may be used for acute Rockwood type V acromioclavicular joint dislocation, and it has an advantage in that it can prevent chondral injury of the joint.
The Correlation Between Clinical Features and Radiographic Grades in Massive Rotator Cuff Tear Patients
Moon, Eun-Sun ; Kim, Myung-Sun ; Choi, Min-Sun ; Kim, Hyung-Won ; Lim, Keun-Young ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 223~229
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.223
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between the radiographic and clinical findings of massive rotator cuff tears. Materials and Methods: Forty-five diagnosed cases (35 patients) of massive rotator cuff tears were investigated in this study. Grade of arthritis in the massive rotator cuff tears was classified based on plain radiographs using the method of Hamada et al.. And we clinically evaluated cases using the UCLA scoring system. Results: No statistically significant correlation (
=0.220, p=0.151) was found between arthritis grades in massive rotator cuff tears and clinical features. Dominant arm involvement appeared to be related to a higher rate of surgical treatment and a lower UCLA score. Conclusion: In massive rotator cuff tear patients, radiographic findings of arthritis may not always correspond to clinical features relevant in daily life. Therefore, we suggest that treatment strategies should be carefully considered when considering treatment modalities.
Percutaneous Mini-open Reduction for Mason II or III Radial Head and Neck Fracture
Lee, Jeong-Gil ; Koh, Il-Hyun ; Kim, Hyung-Sik ; Choi, Yun-Rak ; Kim, Sung-Jae ; Kang, Ho-Jung ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 230~236
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.230
Purpose: We wanted to evaluate the result of percutaneous, mini-open reduction for the treatment of Mason II or III radial head and neck fractures. Materials and Methods: 13 patients (8 male, 5 female) with Mason II or III radial head and neck fractures were treated by 1 cm percutaneous mini-open reduction under fluoroscopy. The average age of our subjects was 29 years. Follow up duration was 18 months. Results: Union was noted in all cases. Mean radial neck angulation was decreased from 33.2 degrees to 7.8 degrees. The mean change in angulation between the immediate post-operative and last follow-up was 0.7 degrees. The mean range of motion at the elbow joint was at last follow up, 133.1 degrees in flexion, 7.3 degrees in extension, 80 degrees in pronation and 84.3 degrees in supination. Postoperatively, mean Mayo Elbow Performance Index, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons elbow score, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score were 96.2, 97 and 1.2. Temporary posterior interosseous nerve palsy (1 case) and minimal cubitus valgus deformity (1 case) were noted. Conclusion: Selected Mason II or III radial head and neck fractures can be treated satisfactorily with percutaneous mini-open reduction.
Anchor Hole Augmentation with Bone Cement in Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair
Lee, Ho-Min ; Tae, Suk-Kee ; Park, Jeong-Min ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 237~243
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.237
Purpose: In arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, the crucial step is secure fixation of Anchor to bone. However, osteoporosis of the tuberosity is frequently encountered in old patients, and can cause insecure fixation of anchors. The Aim of our study was to introduce a technique for anchor hole augmentation with bone cement when fixation failure of an anchor occurs, and to investigate the outcome. Materials and methods: Among 223 rotator cuff repairs performed between 2005 and 2009, anchor hole augmentation with polymethylmethacrylate was performed in 15 cases (all females; mean age of 65 years: range 49~77). Bone cement was injected into the anchor hole in a thick fluid state and the procedure was repeated to make a pot-like cement mantle. The anchor was inserted into the cement mantle while the cement hardened. The outcome was investigated, on average, at 16 months (6~32). Results: Radiographs showed cystic changes of the tuberosity. On follow-up radiographs and MRI, a change in the cement mantle was not noted. The final average UCLA score was 31 (28~35); 6 had excellent, 8 good and 1 fair results (p=0.008). Age-sex matched Constants score was 90 (74~98) (p=0.008). Conclusion: Anchor hole augmentation with bone cement is useful when fixation failure of an anchor is encountered due to bone atrophy. Anchor hole augmentation with bone cement does not negatively influence the outcome.
Evauation of Injury Mechanism and Clinical Outcome Between Non-Traumatic and Traumatic Type II Slap Lesions
Kim, Yong-Ju ; Jeong, Hoon ; Ha, Jong-Kyoung ; Lee, Kwan-Hee ; Choi, Sung-Hyun ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 244~249
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.244
Purpose: Our goal of this study was to compare the mechanism of injury and the clinical outcomes between the non-traumatic and traumatic type II SLAP lesions. Materials and Methods: From January 2007 to May 2009, the sunjects of this study were 27 patients who had undergone operations for isolated type II SLAP lesions. The lesions were classified according to Burkhart's method. The lesions that were located on the anterior-superior labrum were classified as type I, those lesions located on the posterior-superior labrum were classified as type II and those lesions located on the anterior-posterior labrum were classified as type III. The clinical outcomes were evaluated by the UCLA score and the KSS score preoperatively and postoperatively. Results: Of the 27 cases, 16 cases were traumatic and eleven cases were non-traumatic. In the traumatic group, there were 12, 2 and 2 cases of type I, type II and type III, respectively (p=0.013). In non-traumatic group, there were 2, 6 and 3 cases of type I, type II and type III (p=0.026). Anterior lesions were more frequent in the traumatic group and posterior lesions were more frequent in the non-traumatic group. For the clinical outcomes, the mean preoperative UCLA score and KSS score were 18 (range: 14~23) and 48 (range: 32~76), respectively, and the postoperative UCLA score and KSS score were 32 (range: 28~33) and 86 (range: 71~92), respectively, in the traumatic group, and the preoperative UCLA score and KSS score were 21 (18~25) and 58 (41~68), respectively, and the postoperative UCLA score and KSS score were 29 (26~31) and 81 (68~89), respectively in the non-traumatic group. There was no significant statistical difference of clinical outcomes between the two groups (p=0.317, 0.405). Conclusion: In this study, the anatomical feature of type II SLAP lesion was associated with a trauma mechanism. Therefore, a trauma mechanism must be considered when planning the surgical treatment for type II SLAP lesions.
The Evaluation for the Usefulness and Clinical Results of Arthroscopic Double Row Repair with UU Stitch for Massive Sized Full Thickness Rotator Cuff Tear
Ko, Sang-Hun ; Jeon, Hyung-Min ; Shin, Seoung-Myung ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 250~259
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.250
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness and clinical results of arthroscopic double row repair with UU stitches for massive, full-thickness, rotator cuff tears. Materials and Methods: Between January 2007 and July 2009, we consulted on 36 massive tears in which it was possible to repair the middle area of the greater tuberosity by arthroscopy. One group consisted of 11 cases that had a double row repair with UU stitches. A second group consisted of 20 cases that had a single row repair with simple stitches. We compared the 2 groups for pain, Activities of Daily Living, UCLA score, and KSS score. We did this pre operatively, and at 6 months, 1 year and final follow-ups. Statistical analysis included Student's t test and a paired t est. Mean age was 59 (48~70); mean follow-up was 28 (12~43) months Results: VAS scores decreased from 7.5 pre operatively to 1.5 post operatively at the last f/u in the
group (p<0.05). In the
group, the score decreased from 7.6 in pre op to 1.8 post operatively at the last f/u (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05). Mean ADL increased from 11.5 to 25.1 at the last f/u in the
group (p<0.05); in the
group the ADL score increased from 11.3 to 27.5 (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05). The UCLA score increased from 13.9 to 31.6 in the
group (p<0.05), while in the
group the score increased from 13.8 to 30.1 (p<0.05); there was no significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05). Comparing MRIs at 3 and 6 months post op, there were retears in 3 of 9 cases in the first group, and in 8 of 15 cases in the second group; there was no significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: Arthroscopic double row repair with UU stitches for massive, full-thickness rotator cuff tears showed no differences in clinical results. However, it was associated with a significant difference in the incidence of retears.
The Volar Plating of Fracture of the Coronoid Process - Report of Two Cases -
Jung, Gu-Hee ; Cho, Chul-Hyun ; Jang, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Jae-Do ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 260~265
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.260
Purpose: To report the clinical results of two cases of coronoid process fractures that were treated with volar plating through a medial approach. Materials and Methods: Two fractures of the coronoid process that needed to be fixed were managed with open reduction and internal fixation through a medial approach using 2.4 mm locking compression plates (Compact Hand set
, Synthes, Switzerland). The patients were followed up for 14 months and 17 months and were evaluated using the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS). Results: The MEPS was 95 for Case 1 and 100 for Case 2. Active elbow joint motions were
(Case 1) and
(Case 2). Supination and pronation fully recovered. Conclusion: Satisfactory results can be obtained in cases of coronoid process fractures because volar plating through a medial approach allows sound fixation and early mobilization of the elbow joint.
Neglected Elbow Dislocation Occurred 3 Years Ago: Open Reduction and Hinged External Fixation - A Case Report -
Kim, Bo-Kun ; Kim, Kyung-Cheon ; Park, Jun-Yeong ; Shin, Hyun-Dae ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 266~269
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.266
Purpose: We report case of neglected elbow dislocation for three years. Material and method: A 45 years old female patient presented with neglected elbow dislocation for three years. Since the patient had contracture in both lateral and medial collateral ligament of elbow, dissection was done. After total separation of posterior articular capsule and incision of anterior articular capsule, by manual manipulation, reduction of radiohumeral and ulnohumeral joints were obtained. We applied modified Morrey type hinged external fixation in the elbow and done early elbow exercise. Result and Conclusion: Since we have experienced a satisfactory result in the case with neglected elbow dislocation for 3 years by using open reduction and hinged external fixation, we report it with the literature.
Tardy Ulnar Nerve Palsy Secondary to the Anconeus Epitrochlearis Muscle - 2 Case Report -
Kim, Bo-Kun ; Shin, Hyun-Dae ; Kim, Kyung-Cheon ; Park, Jun-Yeong ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 270~274
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.270
Purpose: Here we present tardy ulnar nerve palsy cases that were caused by the anconeus epitroch-learis muscle. Materials and Methods: A 37 year old female patient presented with tardy ulnar nerve palsy findings for the elbow. During surgery, an atypical anconeus epitrochlearis muscle was observed, which originated from the triceps aponeurosis and inserted into the medial intermuscular septum. Muscle resection, nerve decompression and ulnar nerve anterior transposition were done. A 35 year old male patient presented with tardy ulnar nerve palsy findings for the elbow. During surgery, a typical anconeus epitrochlearis muscle was found. Muscle resection, nerve decompression and ulnar nerve anterior transposition were done. Results and Conclusion: Tardy ulnar nerve palsy can be associated with and caused by either an atypical or a typical anconeus epitrochlearis muscle.
Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis of the Shoulder Associated with Rotator Cuff Tear - A Case Report -
Ha, Sung-Sik ; Hong, Ki-Do ; Sim, Jae-Chun ; Kim, Tae-Ho ; Cho, Hye-Jae ; Kim, Jong-Hyun ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 275~279
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.275
Purpose: Here we report a case of pigmented villonodular synovitis of the shoulder associated with a rotator cuff tear. Materials and Methods: A 52 year-old female who had suffered from pigmented villonodular synovitis of the shoulder associated with a rotator cuff tear was treated with arthroscopic synovectomy and subacromial decompression. Results: Pain was reduced and the patient achieved a good functional outcome after surgery. Conclusion: The current authors report a case of pigmented villonodular synovitis of the shoulder associated with rotator cuff tear and a review of literature.
Treatment of Painful Rotator Interval Widening After Subcoracoid Decompression in Elite Archer - Case Report -
Park, Jin-Young ; Lee, Seung-Jun ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 280~285
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.280
Purpose: Coracoid impingement syndrome refers to subscapularis impingement between the coracoid process and lesser tuberosity of the humerus, and pain may occur when the arm is positioned in forward flexion, internal rotation and adduction. This position is common for archers. Material and methods: A female archer with coracoid impingement syndrome that was uncontrolled by conservative therapy underwent arthroscopic subcoracoid decompression. At the 20th postoperative month of follow up, she complained of painful rotator interval widening and so she underwent arthroscopic rotator interval plication. Results: At the postoperative 6th month of follow up after the second operation, she showed no pain and good functional results, and she returned to competing as an archer. Conclusion: We have reported here on a case of successful treatment of painful rotator widening after subcoracoid decompression in an elite archer.
Pathophysiology of Stiff Elbow
Song, Hyun-Seok ; Yoon, Hyung-Moon ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 286~292
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.286
Purpose: Stability of joints and maintenance of range of motion are needed for optimum function. The most common complaint about the elbow joint is joint stiffness. Recent articles have reported good outcomes in the treatment of stiff elbow joints. However, deciding which procedure to use is always difficult. Materials and Methods: Morrey et al. reported that the functional range of motion of the elbow joint is
of flexion-extension and
of supination and pronation. About 90% of daily activities are done using this range of motion. Stiff elbow joints can be classified according to the traumatic events that caused the problem or the location of the main pathology. Intraarticular pathology includes severe articular mismatch, intraarticular adhesions, loss of articular cartilage, mechanical blockade by osteophytes, loose bodies, and hypertrophied synovium. Extraarticular pathology includes severe capsular adhesion due to the trauma or to dislocation, contracture of the collateral ligaments or muscles, bony bridge. Results and Conclusions: The main pathology underlying the loss of extension is the fibrous contracture of the anterior capsule. In this pathology, an anterior capsulectomy would be helpful. The main pathology underlying the loss of flexion is the contracture of the posterior band of medial collateral ligament.
The Open Surgical Treatment for Stiff Elbow
Lee, Ji-Ho ; Ra, In-Hoo ; Jeon, In-Ho ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 293~298
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.293
Purpose: Since an injured elbow joint can disturb the activity of daily life by limiting motion, especially if the motion is restricted over 40 degree of flexion contracture and under 105 degree of further flexion, it is imperative to select the best method and the timing of treatment of the elbow stiffness. Therefore this review will discuss open surgical techniques for stiff elbows based on the literature. Materials and Methods: It is important to take sufficient clinical examination of the patient, including history taking. And, a surgeon should select appropriate procedure after accurately understanding about the status and cause of the stiff elbow with radiographic methods. Surgical methods include arthroscopic release open release, distraction arthroplasty, total elbow replacement and there are four approachs in the open release - anterior approach, medial "over the top" approach, limited lateral approach: column procedure, posterior extensile approach-. Results and Conclusion: Although at present the arthroscopic technique is emphasized for the treatment of elbow stiffness, a surgeon should know conventional open techniques.
Arthroscopic Treatment of Stiff Elbow
Moon, Young-Lae ; Nam, Ki-Young ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 13, issue 2, 2010, Pages 299~303
DOI : 10.5397/CiSE.2010.13.2.299
Purpose: Management of the stiff elbow by arthroscopic procedure is an effective but technically demanding. Our purpose was to review the specific arthroscopic maneuver which can be useful for the stiff elbow. Materials and Methods: A stiff elbow that is refractory to conservative treatment can be treated surgically to remove soft tissue or bony blocks to motion. The olecranon or coronoid osteophyte and loose bodies have been removed arthroscopically with good results and rare complications. Results and Conclusion: For the successful arthroscopic management of elbow stiffness, it need to knowledge and skills for debride contracted tissue and preserve vital anatomic structure.