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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 2000
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jun 2000
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The Mid-term Results of Inferior Capsular Shift Procedure for Multidirectional Instability of the Shoulder
Rhee Yong Girl ; Cho Chang Hyun ; Lee Jae Hoon ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 3, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~9
Purpose: To report the mid-term results of the inferior capsular shift procedure for the multidirectional instability, and to analyze whether the bilateral laxity, the generalized ligamentous laxity and the voluntary instability can influence upon the final outcome. Material and Method: We reviewed 95 patients with 96 shoulders treated by the inferior capsular shift procedure for multidirectional instability through an anterior approach. In total, 49 shoulders(51%) showed generalized ligamentous laxity, 56 shoulders(58%) bilateral laxity, and 65 shoulders(68%) voluntary subluxation. Mean follow-up was 27 months(11-60 months). Result: The final Rowe score was 75 points in patients who had had at least one of the bilateral laxity, generalized ligamentous laxity, or the voluntary subluxation and 84 points without any of these in each element. Seventy-five percent of the bilateral laxity and 87% of the unilateral instability continued to function well without any pain and instability postoperatively. Those with a voluntary(74%), those with an involuntary instability(83%), those with a generalized ligamentous laxity(73%) and without laxity(84%) could do well a daily living activity without instability Eighty-six percent who had had the voluntary instability was eliminated completely the voluntability. Eighty-four percent of the patients stated that they were subjectively satisfied with the status of their shoulder. Nine shoulders(9.4%) had recurrence of symptomatic and disabling instability and theses patients had had at least voluntary instability preoperatively. Seven patients(7.3%) suffered from the stiff shoulder after the inferior capsular shift procedure. Conclusion: The inferior capsular shift procedure in multidirectional instability provided satisfactory results both in objective and subjective terms. Nonetheless, a patient who has a bilateral laxity, a generalized ligamentous laxity or a voluntary instability could be expected less favorable results compared to those with neither of these. A careful selection of the inferior capsular shift procedure for the multidirectional instability is needed before surgery. But our results suggests that a voluntary instability is not always poor candidate for the inferior capsular shift procedure.
Inferior Capsular Shift for Multidirectional Shoulder Instability in Contact Sports Athletes
Choi Chong-Hyuk ; Yun Kyung-Hwan ; DJ Ogilvie-Hanis ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 3, issue 1, 2000, Pages 10~19
The aims of this retrospective study were to evaluate the results of inferior capsular shift operation which were approached anteriorly or posteriorly according to a main instability direction in contact sports population who had multidirectional shoulder instability. Fifty-three shoulders in 47 athletes who engaged in contact sports underwent an anterior or posterior inferior capsular shift procedure for the correction of multidirectional instability of the shoulder joint. The surgical approach was selected according to the predominant direction of the instability. Follow up was average of 42 months(24∼73 months). After anterior inferior capsular shift, anterior dislocation was recurred in three shoulders, posterior dislocation in one, and inferior dislocation in two shoulders. After posterior inferior capsular shift, one dislocation occurred anteriorly, one inferiorly and one posteriorly. The excessive tightening of capsule or improper diagnosis could be causative factors for the development of dislocation in the opposite direction to the preoperative major instability. Of six patients who could not return to their sports, five had bilateral repairs. Successful repair based on the criteria of the American shoulder and elbow association was achieved in 92% of anterior repairs, and 81 % of posterior repairs.
Hemiarthroplasty for Fractures or Fracture-Dislocations of the Proximal Humerus
Kim Young Kyu ; Eom Gi Serk ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 3, issue 1, 2000, Pages 20~25
Purpose : To evaluate functional results and study factors influencing results after humeral hemiarthroplasty for comminuted fractures of the proximal humerus. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 12 patients with average follow-up period of 23 months(12 to 42). The proximal humeral fractures consisted of one anatomical neck fracture, five three-part and six four-part fractures or fracture-dislocations. Constant score and Compito et al' evaluation system were used for clinical assessment. Statistical analysis was done with the Wilcoxon test. Results: Six cases of anatomical neck, three-part fractures or fracture-dislocations showed 61 points on the average Constant score and three unsatisfactory results on the Compito et al' evaluation; Six of four-part fractures or fracture-dislocations showed 51 points and three unsatisfactory results. There were 59(two unsatisfactory) for five non-associated dislocation and 53(four unsatistactory) for seven associated dislocation; 66(one unsatisfactory) for three under 60 years and 41(five unsatisfactory) for nine over 60 years; 67(two unsatisfactory) for seven tuberosity union and 41(four unsatisfactory) for five tuberosity non-union or resorption; 58(four unsatisfactory) for ten early operation within two weeks and 43(all unsatisfactory) for two delayed operation; and 18(unsatisfactory) for one case of a accompanied rotator cuff tear. Conclusion: We concluded that tuberosity union was important factor influencing the results. Also, we thought that age, timing of operation and accompanied rotator cuff tear could be influenced to results.
Percutaneous Pinning in Unstable Two-parts Fracture of Surgical Neck in Humerus
Park Jin-Young ; Rho Han-Jin ; Kim Myung-Ho ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 3, issue 1, 2000, Pages 26~32
Purpose : The aim of this study is the assessment of the clinical outcomes after percutanous pinning of unstable two-parts fracture of surgical neck in humerus. Materials and Methods: This study was based on thirteen cases of non-comminuted unstable surgical neck fracture of humerus among 19 cases, which followed-up more than one year. Follow-up averaged 29 months. We treated with percutaneous pinning techniques and assessed clinical outcomes. Functional evaluation was performed using the standard method of research committee of American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES). Results: Last follow-up ROM of shoulder joint were 142 degrees of forward elevation, 57 degrees of external rotation, 72 degrees of external rotation in 90 degrees abduction, and T8 of internal rotation. Pain scale was l(range : 0∼3). ASES scores was 86.2(range : 63.3~98.3). Patient satisfaction based on ASES were excellent in 6 cases, good in 5 cases, fair in 1 case, poor in 1 case. A case of fair result was caused by limitation of motion in shoulder joint and poor case was paraplegia patient after traffic accident. Conclusion : Percutaneous pinning is recommended for non-comminuted unstable fracture of surgical neck in humerus.
Intraarticular Finding and Clinical Result of Arthroscopic Diagnosis after Manual Manipulation in the Frozen Shoulder
Moon Young Lae ; Park Joon Kwang ; Kim Chan Sang ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 3, issue 1, 2000, Pages 33~38
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to grading the severity of intra-articular lesions and evaluate the effects of arthroscopic surgery after manipulation of the resistant frozen shoulder. Materials and Methods : Forty-eight cases from 44 subjects, median age of 53, who underwent arthroscopic surgery after manipulation with minimum follow-up of 12 months were chosen. The UCLA shoulder rating scale was applied, and average scale was 18.2 points. Results: Twelve cases out of our series showed as rotator cuff tear which could produce secondary frozen shoulder. In postoperative follow up, 34 subjects complained of no pain or noctalgia, 5 showed mild degree of pain, 8 with mild degree of remained limited range of motion, and only 1 with no improvement. When viewed with UCLA shoulder rating scale, the most improved aspect was pain, and satisfaction of patient was following. And final average scale was 31.9 points. Conclusion: Our study revealed that arthroscopic surgery after manipulation showed favorably high final scale and patient's satisfaction. Therefore, we recommend this modality for treatment of resistant frozen shoulder in a point of view that the diagnosis and treatment can be done simultaneously.
Pseudowinging Scapula Caused by Subscapula Osteochondroma - A Case Report -
Lee Byung-Ill ; Min Kyung-Dae ; Chu Sung-Ok ; Kim Jin-Ill ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 3, issue 1, 2000, Pages 39~43
Osteochondromas, the most common tumor of the scapula, are one type of bone abnormality that may cause symptomatic scapula pseudowinging. This type of scapula winging is structural and maybe associated with significant scapula crepitus. We describe a case of a scapular solitary osteochondroma, arised from the ventral surface of the scapula in a 15-year-old boy, produced pseudowinging and scapula crepitus. The winging and scapula crepitus are alleviated with resection of the bony abnormality.
Reconstruction of Coraco-clavicular Ligament with Hamstring Tendon after a Failed Weaver-Dunn′s Operation - A Case Report -
Tae Suk-Kee ; Jung Yonug Bok ; Yoo Tae Yeul ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 3, issue 1, 2000, Pages 44~48
Weaver-Dunn's operation for acromioclavicular injury yields satisfactory results in most cases. Although clavicular prominence can recur, it is not frequently symtomatic, but it can cause serious impairment of shoulder function in young and active patients. The authors performed reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament with an autogenous hamstring tendon graft in a 31 years old electrician with recurrence of clavicular prominence accompanied by pain and limitation of overhead activity. The hamstring tendon and two coracoclavicular sutures looped under the coracoid process were passed through holes in the clavicle and around the clavicle in overreduced position. Even though clavicular prominence recurred somewhat, the modified UCLA score by Rockwood improved to 17 from 11/20 at 2 years after operation and the patient had no restriction in working as an electrician. Symptomatic patient with recurrent clavicular prominence after Weaver-Dunn's operation can benefit from reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament with a hamstring tendon.
Glenoid Labral Cyst with Anterior Labral Tear in the Shoulder - A Case Report -
Kim Young Kyu ; Song Min Ho ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 3, issue 1, 2000, Pages 49~53
There are few case reports of glenoid labral cysts related to the labral tear in the shoulder. Glenoid labral cyst is often overlooked in the diagnosis of shoulder pain. We are reporting a case of a glenoid labral cyst accompanying with anterior labral tear in the right shoulder of a 42 years old woman with the history of trauma. The cyst and anterior labral tear was successfully treated with arthroscopic excision and repair.
Decompression and Medial Epicondyloplasty in Ulnar Nerve Entrapment Syndrome at Elbow
Lee Dong Wha ; Shin Kyoo Seog ; Kim Jong Soon ; Kim Jung Seok ;
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow, volume 3, issue 1, 2000, Pages 54~60
As a surgical treatment of ulnar nerve entrapment syndrome includes simple decompression, medial epicondylectomy, and anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve into a subcutaneous or submuscular bed have been widely used. Despite many reports of these surgical procedure, there is little to guide the choice of one surgical technique. The purpose of our study is to analyse clinical and electrodiagnostic result after minimal invasive decompression by decompression and medial epicondyloplasty(deepening of ulnar groove). We have experienced 9 cases of ulnar nerve entrapment syndrome who were treated with decompression and medial epicondyloplasty. Male were five and female were four. The mean age at operation was 36 years ranging from 23 to 47 years. Operative procedure was to incise the medial intermuscular septum and aponeurotic arch of flexor carpiulnaris and to deepen the ulnar groove. Patients are allowed to do range of motion(ROM) exercise on the average 5days. All patient were relieved pain and improved motor and sensory function, and this procedure allows early ROM exercise after operation because the muscle have not been detached.