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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Dec 1983
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A Study on the Planning of the Urban Families II-An analysis of the Planning Dimensions According to Homemaker's Age and Education-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 1, issue 2, 1983, Pages 1~20
The purpose of this study is to analyze the planning dimensions according to homemaker's age and education. In this study the dimensions of planning are participation, time span , significance, specifity and flexibly. The subject areas of planning are family economy, household activities, child rearing and purchasing. Questionnaires were given to the selected 181 homemakers living in Seoul and Incheon. Data were analyzed by frequency, percent, x2 -test, F-test. The result are as follows: 1) There are significant differences in planning dimensions according to homemaker's age and education in some subject areas. 2)The younger the homemaker is and the higher her educational level is, the more cooperatively the couple plan in family life. 3)The family of which homemaker is younger and more educational tends to plan significantly, specifically and flexibly in family life.
A Study on Homemaker's Consciousness to the Management of Apartment house
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 1, issue 2, 1983, Pages 21~42
This paper aims to present basic data in order to improve the management of apartment house through grasping homemaker's concern about the management of apartment house satisfaction and dissatisfaction with it, and , furthermore, to suggest the best way to enjoy pleasent life of apartment house. The date collected through the questionnaire were analyzed, using the analysis of variance, chi square, and Pearson product moment correlation coefficient. The conclusion of this are as follows: 1) The homemakers are concerned with the management of apartment house, but they seem to dissatisfy with it. 2)The apartment house of the management of self-government contains may factors of dissatisfaction than of commission, expecially in the management of inside facilities. 3)When homemakers in the apartment house of the management of the self-government are very concerned with the management of the area, they are satisfied with. For the management of it's facilities, however, the more they show concerns with it, the less they satisfy with it. But for the case of the management of commission, they are interested in the management of inhabitants and satisfied with it. 4) The homemakers in the apartment house of the self-government are satisfied with the management of the whole if they gave friendship and trust on the manger, and get accustomed the life of the apartment house and enjoy it. While those who have friendship and trust on the manger in the management of commission have concern and satisfaction with the management.
A Study on managing Electric Application in Family-Mainly Refrigerator-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 1, issue 2, 1983, Pages 43~57
The purpose of the study, was to investigate Housewives behavior on how to buy refrigerators and how to use them. Besides, their knowledge and keeping ability of electricity and refrigerator is estimated according to regional differences, their ages, their educational courses, and their income. In the report, W e can see if it is related to the years of married life, numbers of the family, having jobs or not, and numbers of marketing a week. The subjects were 675 mothers of the students in the selected schools, at Seoul, Cheongjoo, and Kwesan gun. They answered to the questionnaire devised for the study. their answers were analyzed in percent to grasp their general trend of electricity and electric Appliance. Chi-square test and F-test are chosen to grasp the Cor-relationships between the related variables. The results are as follows: 1) The average rate of possesing the refrigerators is 84.06%. It shows us that the housewives in Seoul possess the more refrigerators than those in other areas. At ages, form 30 to 40 aged women gave the most refrigerators than any other ages women. It reveals us the high income and high educational housewives have high rate of possessing refrigerators. 2) They answered that they purchased the refrigerators by necessity. we can see their motivation of purchasing them is very reasonable. However, we can see that they do not manage the refrigerators well, because the rate of using them during four seasons is only 12.34%, An age of 20year old housewives mostly purchased the refrigerators at the time of marriage. The women who bought them after marriage answered that they mostly took a consultation with their husbands when they bought the refrigerators. They regarded the trade marks of the manufactures and size of the refrigerators, as they bought them. And most of them bought the refrigerators for cash. 3)At homes in Seoul, the kinds of retained foods in the refrigerator are more than those of the house in the city and in the agricultural town. The high income and high educational housewives tend to retain the more kinds of foods. But there are no significant differences between the essential variables such as the numbers of the family, the housewives having jobs or not, and the numbers of marketing. 4)Generally their knowledge on electricity and the refrigerator is very low. However, it shows the statistically significant differences. the housewives in Seoul have more information about refrigerator than the housewives in agricultural town. At ages , the women less than 29 years old have more information about the refrigerator, and the woman who had university education and high income tend to know much about the refrigerator. 5) The keeping ability of the refrigerator is very good, and there are no significant differences among variables. And also it shows that there is no correlationship between their knowledge and their keeping ability.
The Analysis of household Income and Expenditure For Family Economic Planning -for the Housewives in Busan-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 1, issue 2, 1983, Pages 59~73
The purpose of this study is to establish the family economy planning in the side of economic welfare and to discuss its problems. Hypothesis testing and survey analysis whether nuclear family have been formed in the urban communities or not are investigated. Also, survey of family economic period are classified in the following manner. First, as the beginning of family, they are interested in savings, children's education and investment of an estate. Third, as the contracting period of family, they rely upon other's financial supports. Therefore, it is desirable for each family to establish family life cycle planning. As the results of hypothesis testing, 1) Nuclear family have been formed in urban communities. 2) The age of housewives is not concerned with whether their husband's parents live in the same house or not. 3)The age of housewives is not concerned with whether their parents lived with them or not. 4) The relationship between the age of housewives and monthly income is not significant. 5) The relationship between the age of housewives and monthly expenditure is significant. 6)The relationship between the age of housewives and monthly savings is not significant.
A Study on the Post-Purchase Behavior of Durable Goods in Korea Rural Household
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 1, issue 2, 1983, Pages 75~88
This study intends to examine the relations between the demographical and the socioeconomic variables on the post-purchase behavior of durable goods in rural household . Several concrete hypothesis in the above study were set as follows: 1) The evaluation on the post-purchase of rural household might be differently made in accordance with sex, age, resident district, education level, income level, family type and user's own purchasing, etc. 2)There can be differences in the attitude on the post-purchase of rural household in accordance with sex, age, resident district, education level, income level, family type and user's own purchasing, etc. 3) It must be of necessity to habe correlation between the evaluation and the attitude of the post- purchase. To examine these hypothesis, the study used the 27 questionnaires which are composed of 7 subject for general characteristics and 10 subjects respectively for the post-purchase evaluation and attitude of 285 rural households in Chon Nam Province. They were interviewed for 11days from Apr. 1st, 1983 to Apr. 11 the, 1983. Statistical methods such as frequency, percentage, Chi-Square test, arithmetical mean, t-test, F-test and Pearson's correlation coefficients, etc. are used for the data analysis. The summary and the conclusion resulted form such analysis are as follows; First, high significances are shown on the age the resident district the education level and the family type as significant variables affecting on the post-purchase evaluation of the rural house hold. Second, high significances are shown on the education level, the income level, the family type and the users own purchasing, etc. as significant variables affecting on the post-purchase attitude of rural household. Third, correlations between the post-purchase evaluation and the post-purchase attitude are very close. Therefore the hypothesis 1)and 2) of this study were accepted partially and the hypothesis 3) was confirmed wholely.
Study on family Consciousness of unmarried Man
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 1, issue 2, 1983, Pages 89~106
After accepting the modernized western culture, we, the Koreans, had traditionally patriarchal valuation on the family life, which has been changed into modernize on in these days. Under these circumstances, we examined into family consciousness of workmen, office workers and student of universities in Pusan with questioning papers by inquiring their general views of family, marriage, family planning , and inheritance. The results obtained can be summarized as follows. 1. General views of family 1)Most of them prefer nuclear family to gross one in structure of family. In decision of family's affairs, the lower educated persons want an unilateral relationship, which means unconditional obdience to their parent's opinion. they are more concerned about the profit of the family than that of individual. on the other hand, they want 2-generations nuclear family system. 2) Concerning children's future affairs, they want compromising method. 2. Views of Marriage 1) Date with the other sex motivated their desire to improve social adaptation and social association. 17-19 year old students regard date as a preparatory stage of marriage. They consider it most desirable date to enjoy free conversation each other. They hope their date partners are high educated. 2) The conditions of mate selection are in order character, health, vitality in living, appearance and education. The less educated placed an emphasis on vitality in living. 3) They are not much interested in marital harmony. If parents are against their marriage an account of bad marital harmony, they will take into consideration about it. 4) They wish to keep purity before marriage, as possible. They want engagement period of 6 months. Any agreeable reasons shall compel them to break off their appointment. 5) they consider it ideal for mate's age to be 26-30 years old, and also think it affirmative to follow their parent's agreement in marriage. It is considerable that they put off their marriage only because they have lots of work to do before marriage. 6)Marriage declaration is to be made on the wedding day. It still exists that they don't want to marry when they are inth same surname and family tree. But it is clear that they don't regard it as the reason of breaking off the betrothal. 3. Family Planning 1) They are willing to agree to the campaign "just two is enough". They want a son and a daughter. Even though they have two daughters, they won's bear child to get son. 2) the lower educated persons are ignorant of the method of birth control. 4. Inheritance 1)Most of them say householder inheritance is to be kept up continuously. It is reasonable that anyone who can afford to perform religious service should bear it responsibility. 2)They don't want the difference in inheritance as the conscious to the conscious of the equality of the sexes spread widely into our society, but it is worthy of notice that some of them still don't mind unequal treatment. 3) When they have no child, the property inheritances are in order his wife and his parents. According to above mentions, we conclude like this: Their consciousness of marital harmony, marriage, family planning and inheritance shows definitely passive rationism in the transitional stage which is mixed with western individualism and traditional feudalism. On account of being lack of steady fast self-conscience, they can not make their positive reaction on anything. Finally, we should make every possible efforts to have our firm self-conscience through the re-education.
A Study on Mate Selection and Sexual Consciousness(I) -Investigation for Unmarried Japanese Women College Students-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 1, issue 2, 1983, Pages 107~125
This study aimed to clarify the attitude toward marriage, mate selection and sexual consciousness of japanese unmarried women students whom are believed in drastic change in a overall social value system and norm due to the introduction of western civilization, so as to provide some information of the same subject of our young women in similar situation. Survey was carried out for 177 unmarried Japanese women students of 3 Universities located in Osaka prefecture situation. Data were collected by means of Questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS BATCH SYSTEM. Result are as follows; 1) Pattern of mate selection- An increasing tendency of love match is recognized 2) Attitude to marriage-94.0% of correspondences want to marry and proper age of marriage, they think, is between 22-25 years. 3) Love-marriage relation- most correspondences answered that love is a prior condition for marriage, however, 32.8% of correspondences think, love can be built after the marriage. 4) Dating- most correspondences want free dating, however, they fell that they are lacking for opportunity and they are not confident in the selection of proper mate. 5) Premarital sexual intercourse-most correspondences show a very generous attitude toward premarital sexual intercourse if they are in love and this attitude becomes more remarkable among love match makers. 6) Equality of sexes-most correspondences answered that as women are different in physiological function from men, distinctive social roles of both sexes and the inequality of sexes are inevitable.
A Study on The Family Values and Marital Satisfaction of Housewives -focused on the Seoul and Andong Area-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 1, issue 2, 1983, Pages 127~138
The purpose of this study is to investigate the family values and the factors of satisfying family life. Throughout the study the changes of family values and marital satisfaction were examined. The results of the study are as follows; 1) Whereas the family values of people living in urban community were modernized to a great extent- in position of wife, role of husband and wife, preference between son and daughter, view on filial piety- the family values of people living in rural community were remained its traditional form. Form both areas modernization of family values was found in support of old parent. 2) Both Seoul and Andong showed the significant difference on family values according to subjects' education and age. In Seoul, the socio-economic level was influential factor in determining subjects' family values. 3) Marital satisfaction was found higher among people living in rural community than in people living in urban community. Since its very important not only to the individual but also to the society for a human being to be content in his surrounding , the reestablishment of the housewives family values should be followed so that other family members may approach the modernized family values.
A Study on the Relationship between the Sex-role Attitude and Marital Satisfaction -With Special Reference to Urban Wives Seoul.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 1, issue 2, 1983, Pages 139~150
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between wive's sex-role attitude and their marital satisfaction for understanding a part of marital relations. For this purpose, a questionnaire was constructed and administrated to 626 married women. the sex role attitude scale was a modified version of the sex-role attitude scale constructed by Osmond and Martin, and the marital satisfaction scale was developed basing upon the scales used by Terman and Hayes & Stinnett. The result of this study are summarized as follows; The majority of wives have relatively modem attitude toward their sex role in the extra familial roles. Wives have relatively modem attitude toward their sex role when the couples are younger, more educated, on a higher income level and working or a job (especially or a professional job). Wife's education level, husband's education level and family income make significant difference in their marital satisfaction specifically, a wife would be relatively more satisfied when she has more education and the family income level is higher. It is founded that wives sex role attitude has significant relationship with their marital satisfaction. A wife tends to be more satisfied when she has a traditional sex role attitude . A professional wife who has a traditional attitude shows most satisfaction and one who has a modern attitude and not having a job tends to be most dissatisfied with her marriage. It is also founded that a wife who has traditional attitude and received college education are above shows most satisfaction while the wife who has modern attitude and received high school education or below shows most dissatisfaction with their marriage lives.