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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 1992
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jun 1992
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A Validation Study on the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment in Elementary Children
Lee, Ju-Lie ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study was to validate the Elementary HOME(Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment) with korean elementary children. Subjects were 536 mothers 1st-5th graders in the elementary schools in the Seoul. Pearson's r, pearcentage(%), phi($\phi$/), Cronbach's $\alpha$/ ware conducted for the statistical analysis. The major findings were as follows. 1) The item pass rate(percentage) were ranged 16~98. 2) The discriminant coefficients($\phi$/) of the item were ranged 0.06~0.58. 3) The reliability coefficients of the scale were that the split-falf was 0.84, and Cronbach's $\alpha$/ was 0.88. Considering the length of the scale, these reliability estimates appear to be at an acceptable level 4) The factor analysis and the correlations between HOME and SES indices and children's school schievement to test construct validity were conducted to test construct validity. Eight factors were extracted from the factor analysis and coefficients(r) were ranged 0.16~0.45 and -0.08~0.37.
Theoretical Review for The Development of Self-efficacy in Children
Woo, Hee-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 15~25
This article introduces the conceptual framework of self-efficacy and reviewes recent research articles which are related to development of self-efficacy in children. Self-efficacy means personal judgement about one's capability to organize his behavior in a specific situation. Perceived efficacy can have diverse effects on behavior, thought patterns and affective arousal. People acquire their efficacy information from their performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion and their physiological states. In this paper, I argue that two factors, psychological and environmental factor, contribute to the development of children's self-efficacy. Specifically reward, attributional feedback, social comparision and goal setting are classified to psychological factor and home environment, school environment and social environment belong to environmental factor. Since not many studies have been done in this area, in this paper I also suggest some directions for future research.
A Study on Amount of Information Search and Consumer's Post-purchase Satisfaction according to Consumer Information Sources
Lee, Il-Kyoung ; Rhee, Kee-Choon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 27~42
This study focused on consumer information search activity and consumer's post-purchase satisfaction. For these purpose, a survey was conducted suing questionaires on 430 homemakers that lived in seoul. Statistics used for data were Frequency Distribution. Percentile, Mean, One-way AAANOVA., Scheffe-test, T-test, Pearson's correlation. Multiple Regression Analysis and Multiple Classification Analysis. The major findings were ; 1) The level of each amount information search was lower than average. And the level of consumer's post-purchase satisfaction was a little higher than average. 2) On amount of "noncommercial-personal" information search, the influencing variables were desire to seek information, education, brand royalty in turn. These three variables explained 7% of dependent variable's variance. 3) On amount of "noncommercial-media" information search, the influencing variables were desire to seek information, amount of internal information, education, occupational status in turn. These variables explained 14% of dependent variable's variance. 4) On amount of "commercial-personal" information search, the influencing variable was desire to seek information, and this variable explained 3.1% of dependent variable'a variance. 5) On amount of "commercial-media" information search, the influencing variables were desire to seek information, education, amount of internal information in turn. These three variables explained 12.1% dependent variable's variance. 6) Resulting from multiple classification analysis, influencing variables on consumer's post-purchase satisfaction were amount of noncommercial-media information search and printed media search, and brand royalty. These three variables explained 9% of dependent variable's variance. Furthermore, througout all the subareas of consumer's satisfaction, the amount of noncommercial-media information search was the most influencing variable.
The Impacts of managerial Behavior on the Satisfacton with Management
Lee, Yon-Suk ; Too, Kyong-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 43~51
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impacts of managerial behaviors on the satisfaction with management. The data were collected by means of questionnaire distributed to a stratified sample of 560 housewives in Seoul. The questionnaire consisted of 107 items was developed by the researchers. Frequency, percentile, mean, and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. The results of stepwise multiple regression analyses indicate that the wives who had more reality in planning and higher standards tended to more satisfy with managerial behaviors. The elements of inplementing such as facilitating conditions and checking behaviors were positively related with managerial satisfaction. The recommendations for the ways to increase satisfaction with management and future research were suggested.
A Study on Marital Conflict and Life Satisfaction -As Related to Establishment Family and Expanding Family-
Kim, Jae-Kyeong ; Moon, Sook-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 53~74
The purpose of this study was to analyse the factors that influence marital conflicts and family life statisfaction, and to predict the future stage of establishment family and extending family, bsed on the theretical model by system approach. For this pourpose, 336 couples of urban households in Seoul were selected. The data were analysed through statistical methods such as, Frequency, percentile, T-test, F-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis. The results were as follow : The Martial Conflict and family life satisfaction of surveyed couples were above middle level. It had significantly differences according to family life cycle, husband and wife's educationed levels, husband and wife's occupations, and family income. And Family life satisfaction had significantly differences according to marital conflict. The marital conflict is higher, life satisfaction is lower. In this study, it were appeared that the amount of marital conflict and life satisfaction had differences according to life cycle stages, husband and wife's educational level, husband and wife occupations, and family income, and so that the conflict of phsycho-social system was more affected on family life satisfaction that of managerial system. Such results were indicated that the birth of children was the critical family event affecting on family life satisfaction on and the marital conflict. But the conflict by family's given resources and situational differences also as an environment affection on the family system.
A Study on the Home Management Behavior in Employed Wives' Families Based on a System's Approach
Choi, Ho-Sook ; Moon, Sook-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 75~94
The purpose of this study was to provide for the appropriate conflict management strategies to employed wives by investigation casual relations of conflict, resources, home management behavior and managerial satisfaction by applying a system's approach. The data were collected through the questionnaire whose respondent were 388 employed wives. The data were analyzed by various statistical methods such as Frequency, Percentage, ANOVA, F-test, T-test, Pearsons' correlation analysis, Multiple Regression analysis, Path analysys. The results of this study are as follows : 1) Input variables, throughput variables, output variables had differences significantly according to the family life cycle. The employed wives' families which are former term of the family life cycle used more appropriate conflict management strategies than latter term of FLC. That is, the employed wives' families which are former term of FLC had more abundant resources such as cohesive power of family, interaction with relatives, social support, had higher planning score, used more frequent structural management strategies. But, the managerial satisfaction had no differences. 2) For the relation of input variables and throughput variables, the more resources, the lower conflict is the higher planning, implementing score, structural management score. For the relation of throughput variables, the higher planning, implementing, structural management score is the higher managerial satisfaction score. For the relation of input variables and output variables, the more resources, the lower conflict is the higher managerial satisfaction, besides objective and material resource, subjective and psychological resource had influence. 4) among all variables affecting the managerial satisfaction, the commition of housework, cohesive power of family, wives' occupational level had indirect effect on managerial satisfaction through structural managemenet. Only the income had direct effect on managerial satisfaction.
A Study on the Marriage Costs and First Housing Costs of Urban Establishing Families
Lee, Kee-Choon ; Cho, Eun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 95~113
The purpose of this study was to figure out the urban establishing families' marriage costs and first housing costs. For the purpose 274 establishing families in Seoul and its metropolitan area were interviewed through the stadardized questionnares. Finally 264 questionnares were analyzed. The major findings were as follows ; 1) The total marriage costs of urban establishing families were very high and the contents were very ritualistic. In higher education group, the total costs were high relatively. This was the case in first housing costs. 2) Their marriage costs were very dependent on their parent, the dependency were stronger in high education group compared to the low. This ware the case in first housing costs. 3) The total marriage costs were higher than the first housing costs. This tendency was stronger in low education group compared to the high.
A Study on Family Life Problem and Stress-level Percived by Urban Homemakers
Lee, Jeong-Woo ; Choi, Duck-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 115~130
The purpose of this study is ; 1) to identify the overall levels of family problem and stress perceived by urban homemakers, 2) to investigate the relations between them. For the purpose of this study, the samples were chosen among 369 homemakers living in Seoul. These data were analyzed by Frequency, mean, t-test, F-test, Duncan's Multiple Rang test and pearson's correlation. The significant results are as follows : 1) urban homemakers perceive 'economic problem' as the highest level, 'children problem' as the second one and 'health problem' as the lowest one in family life problem. There is significant difference in family problem perception according to education level, husband's job, children's numbers, and living level. 2) There is not sigificant difference in stress level according to independence variables. 3) There are positive correlations between the family problem perception and stress level of urban homemakers. In conclusion, we come to know every field of family life effects homemakers as stressors. According, it is necessary for us to understand and prevent family life problem in order to release stress perceived by homemakers.
Application of Logit Model in Qualitative Dependent Variables
Lee, Kil-Soon ; Yu, Wann ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 131~138
Regression analysis has become a standard statistical tool in the behavioral science. Because of its widespread popularity. regression has been often misused. Such is the case when the dependent variable is a qualitative measure rather than a continuous, interval measure. Regression estimates with a qualitative dependent variable does not meet the assumptions underlying regression. It can lead to serious errors in the standard statistical inference. Logit model is recommended as alternatives to the regression model for qualitative dependent variables. Researchers can employ this model to measure the relationship between independent variables and qualitative dependent variables without assuming that logit model was derived from probabilistic choice theory. Coefficients in logit model are typically estimated by the method of Maximum Likelihood Estimation in contrast to ordinary regression model which estimated by the method of Least Squares Estimation. Goodness of fit in logit model is based on the likelihood ratio statistics and the t-statistics is used for testing the null hypothesis.
A Study on the Problems of the Occupants on the Purchasing Housing
Cho, Hyeon-Kyeong ; Kang, Soon-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 139~156
The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for the solution of occupant problems related to the house purchasing. For the purpose, the content of problems and actual conditions of house purchasing are examined. Also the structural analysis of occupant's evaluation of housing purchasing is executed. For these purposes, a survey was conducted using questionnaires. Data analysis was conducted from 263 house owners in Seoul. Major findings of this study can be summarized as follows ; 1) The frequency and the contend of occupation's problems with house purchasing are studied. The rate of housing problem occurrence is 71.2%, so the majority of respondents experience problems. The most common problems are the difference from supplier's description(53.2%). The rate of housing problems occurrence is qenerally high with the houses of mult-housedhold houses and mult-family houses type. 2) There is a significant difference in housing satisfaction extend according to the existence of an housing problem experience. Therefore, it can be inferred that experience of housing problem has an important effects upon the housing satasfaction extent. 3) Occupants' countermoves to the housing problems are examined. Occupants make active regotiation with house suppliers only on the direct damages such as an economical loss or a living difficulty. However, they usually make no countermove at all on the other indirect troubles. House suppliers make correction only when occupants' countermove actively, but refuse to do when occupant's reactions are not active. 4) As a means of countermove, most occupants depend on direct personal regotiation with house suppliers. The rate of using a specialist or public and private consultant is extremely low. 5) Problems with house purchasing and the countermove process of both occupant and house supplier are displayed in the figure(Fig. 4-4).
A Study on its Relationship between Self-disclosure and Perceived Self-disclosure in Married Couples
Park, Jung-Hee ; Yoo, Young-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 157~170
The main purpose of this article was to examine the general tendency of self-disclosure and perceived self-disclosure in married couples, and to study the effect of demographic variables on them. and to find out how dyadic trust affects on self-disclosure in married couples. Considering those purposes, the following research questions have been raised : 1) What is the general tendency of self-disclosure in married couples? 2) What is the general tendency of perceived self-disclosure in married couples? 3) Does perceived self-disclosure affect on self-disclosure in married couples? 4) How do the demographic varibles affect on self-disclosure in married couples? 5) Does dyadic trust affect on self-disclosure in married couples? To solve these questions, a questionnaires which consisted of 8 items for demographic variables, of which 8 questions are for dyadic trust, and 36 questions for self-disclosure in married couples was made. This reserch 몽 been conducted from April 4, 1990 to April 15, 1990. which surveyed 560 married men and women who are living in Seoul. Only answers from 432 married men and women were analysed out of them. The analytic methods adopted in this study were the frequency, the perentage, t-test, oneway ANOVA, DUNCAN -tst, and pearson's r. Especially SPSS/
program was used in order to promate the feasibility in statistical analysis. The major findings of the study are as follows : 1) Self-disclosure in married couples in generally higher than expected(M=40.4) : wife's self-disclosure(M41.5) is higher than husband's self-disclosure(M=39.4) 2) Between self-disclosure and perceived self-disclosure in married couples correlated considerably high(husband r=0.67, wife r=.75) 3) Self-disclosure in married couples are affected by the variables such as age, length of marriage, everage family income a month. 4) Self-disclosure in married couples correlated relatively low with dyadic trust(husband r=0.21, wife r=.31)
A Study on Space Planning for Children's Room -Special Reference to Preschool
Oh, Hye-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 171~190
The purpose of this study was to set up the objective standards of a space design for preschool children's room. In order to perform the above purpose, this study was organized into three sections. First, literature review to understand the relationship between preschool children's development and children's room, design elements and correlated variables of children's room. Second, survey research to seek a standard of children's room size, necessary furnitures, prefeerred colors and motifs. Third suggestions of objective and concrete alternative plan through the literature review and survey research. The major findings from the survey research were summarized as follows : 1) The mean size of contempory preschool children's room was 3.1 pyong and that of ldeal room was 4.7 pyong. 2) Necessary Furnitures with which more than two-thirds of parents want to furnish were bed, wardrobe, chest of drawers, toy shelves, toy boxes, book cases, chalkboard. Necessary furnitures for different ages were found to vary. For the age 2-5, the funitures for play were major, where as for the age 5-6, the furnitures for study were major. 3) The colors of contemporary preschool children's room were red, yellow, pink, blue, those of parent's favorites were Light colors(pink, skyblue, lemon yellow, Light green, Light purple). The rooms for boy were found with more cold colors, those for girl with more warm colors. 4) The motifs of contemporary preschool children's room were plants, lines, figures from cartoons of fairy tales. Boy's parents prefreerd space science and vehicles, while girl's parents preferred sky scenery and plants for their children's room.
A Study on the Planning Styles of Urban Wives and Related Variables
Koo, Hye-Ryoung ; Cho, Young-Hee ; Lee, Ki-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 191~205
The purpose of this study was to investigate the planning styles and the differences of the level of planning styles according to individuals, family related variables and perceived adequacy of resources. The subjects of the study were 560 wives living in seoul and Daejeon. Survey methods were questionnaire. Data analysis strategies were percentile, frequency, Pearson's correlation, factor analysis, oneway analysis and multiple classification analysis. The major findings were as follows : 1) Planning styles were categorized into three factors. They were labeled resource-centered, goal-centered, constrained planning style. 2) wives tended to more frequently use a goal-centered planning style. 3) The perceived adequacy of health resource, the perceived adequacy of inter-personnal resource and occupation of husband were significant predictors of the level of resource-centered planning style. 4) The perceived adequacy of money resource was significant predictors of the level of constrained planning style. 5) The perceived adequacy of money resource and the age of youngest child were significant predictors of the level of goal-centered planning style.
The Impact of the Personality on the Adjustment in Mid-Life
Kim, Hyun-Wha ; Cho, Byung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 207~228
This study investigated the relationship between personality characteristics of individual and adjustment in the mid-life. The subjects of the study consisted of 374 married persons(185 men and 189 women) who live in Seoul and are 40 to 50 years old and whose last child is in middle school. Bem's short form BSRI, Rotter(1966)'s Internal-External Scale and Hayes & Stinnett(1977)'s MYLSS were used as measurements tools. The major results of the study were summarized as follows ; 1) While sex-role identity of middle aged men appeared in the follwing order ; Androgynous, masculine, undifferentiated, feminine, sec-role identity of middle aged women appeared in the following order ; Undifferentiated, androgynous, feminine, masculine. Both men and women had the moderate scores on the locus of control. The middle aged expressed a moderate level of life satisfaction with middle aged men reporting significantly a higher life satisfaction than did women. 2) Socio-demographic variables such as age, education, occuption and income have turned out to be significant on the life satisfaction of middle aged men. As for the life satisfacton of middle aged women, age, education, husband's occuption and religon had significant influences However, employment status of women, family structure, marital duration, number of child, status of last child, status of first child had no significant influences on Mid-life satisfaction. 3) Mid-life satisfaction of men and women was influenced significantly by sex-role identity and internal-external locus of control. Those men described as masculine and those women androgynous in the sex-role identity had the highest life satisfaction. On the other hand those of undifferentiated in the sex-role identity had the lowest life satisfaction. High levels of internal control were associated with high levels of life satisfaction. 4) The variables affecting the life satisfaction of middle aged men and women were education, income, sex-role identity, internal control. These 4 variables explained 27% of the life satisfaction of middle aged men and 24% of the life satisfaction of middle aged women.
Understanding and Valuation on the Community as a Kind of Alternative Family ; With Emphasis on the Kibbutz and the Amercian Commune
Cheong, Hae-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 1, 1992, Pages 229~238
According as the modern form of the family becomes nuclearized, inevitable is the isolation of the family. The relationship of the neighborhood and the kinsmen are being dissolved, making the isolated and unsteady nuclear family. We need a community in the modern society, for we are facing a lot of social problems as the nuclear family. The problems are as follows ; the rearing of the children, the alienation of a woman and the woman's roles in the society. In addition to those problems, there are also such some other problems as the alienation of the old man and the social roles of them. That is to say, the community appeared as a kind of attempt to overcome the above-mentioned problems, Kibbutz may be itself called and enlarged family to function as one family even though it is not just a blood relationship. The American commune is a large family community as a group to overcome the alienation and solitude of the nuclear family. On the other hand, the urban community is the small-scaled and cooperative family to solve the problem that the modern nuclear family is a unit living solitarily and unsteadily. But in fact, even in such a community, there are much tension and conflict against its establishing purpose. In my opinion, if those communities have to surmount the tension and conflict which are derived from the process in a bid to overcome the troubles like the alienation and solitude of the nuclear family. The bond of family must be consolidated among all the members of the community. And then community may be co-existed with the traditional family as the alternative family in the future, which can supply the deficiency of the unsteady unclear family.