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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 1992
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jun 1992
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of the Household Consumption Expenditure Structure by the Korean Economic-Development Plan Years
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 1~18
The purpose of this study is to consider the socio-economic development and policy in each five-year economic development plan influences of urban households and to seek a plan of household stability and reasonable consumption expenditure on the aspect of Family economics. Data is based on the "Annual Report on the Family Income and Expenditure survey" of the National Bureau of Statistic Economic Planning Board, Republic of Korea and analyzed as follows: First, in analysis to the structure of consumption expenditure, the averaged percentage of each item to total consumption expenditure is estimated by each Economics Development Plan year. Second, in order to analyze the relative importance value of household consumption expenditure, priority correlation order is derived from comparison of characteristics of household consumption expenditures by multiple regression analysis. Third the patterns of consumption expenditure of salary and wage earner's households in all cities are estimated by the household consumption function, marginal propensity to consume, and income elasticity, according to socio-economic variable, and demographic variable. In the recent Korean economy, income level of household is increased and consumption expenditure level is largely increased because of the execution of economic development plan. But the improvement of income derives the increasment of the consumption needs and over-consumption trend is spread due to the import liberization. And above all, the reasonable household management and economic life are needed.
Analysis of consumption expenditure in urban household budgets -Using time series data-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 19~36
The purpose of this paper is to analyze empirically the tendency of household consumption expenditure according to the change of social and economical condition, and the factor which influences consumption expenditure of urban household. The data used in analysis are time-series. The data are statistic form Urban Household Economy Survey published by the Economic Planning Board, dating form the first quarter of 1970 to the fourth quarter of 1989. The income of household and consumption expenditure materials were deflated as consumer price index to exclude the influence of prices and the influence of household composition are considered to deflated as the size of the household under assumption of homogeneity. The consumption expenditure items were categorized to 12 relatively large range items. The time-series data were analyzed by using the Two Stage Least Squares and the Ordinary Least Squares. The following is the result of analysis. 1) Rather than the income increase of previous years. the average income increase for two years influences more significantly on consumption expenditure of household. In the case of influence on consumption expenditure for each item by increase in disposable income, such categories as furniture and utensils. clothing and footwear, housing, medical care, culture and recreation, and transportation and communication have significant influence. 2) Among consumption expenditure categories, the increasing factors were furniture and utensils, and clothing and footwear. And the decreasing factors were housing, medical care, culture and recreation ,and transportation and communication. The relative prices, however, had significant influence on categories such as housing, furniture and utensils, medical care , culture and recreation, and transportation and communication and all of them were the decreation factors. 3) Among with changes of social and economical conditions, miscellaneous showed the highest increase in marginal propensity to consume and foods was the lowest. Also culture and recreation and housing brought up a great change of the income elasticity of demand,
The Influence of Knowledge of Smoking and Attitude of Smoking on Smoking Behavior
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 37~49
The purpose of this study is to examine the realities of knowledge and attitude about smoking among high school students, to analyze the relation among knowledge of smoking attitude about smoking, and smoking behavior. For the data, 1,522 boys' high school students living in Pusan were selected. The data were analyzed with the SPSS PC+ statistical package using t-test, multiple regression and path analysis. The main results are as follows; First, smoking group has lower knowledge of smoking than non-smoking group. Second, smoking group has more positive attitude about smoking than non-smoking group. Third among the demographic variables pecket money, scholastic attainments, grade, SES, and religion influence on smoking behavior directly and indirectly. Fourth, among the smoking environmental variables parents' smoking, sibling's smoking. the number of smoking family. close friends' smoking, the number of smoking friends, family's thought about smoking, knowledge of smoking attitude about smoking influence on smoking behavior directly and indirectly.
Marriage, Sex Role, and Mortality : A Comparison Between Korea and the United States
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 51~59
Previous studies indicated that unmarried persons are subject to higher mortality than the married, and that the differentials are more marked for male than for females. There are two major approaches to explaining the marital status differentials in mortality ; selection function and protection function of marriage. Following protection fucntion, this study develops the new "instrumental / expressive sex-role" hypothesis in order to explain why marriage protects males more against death. The hypothesis expects that male's instrumental role and female's expressive role have direct effect as well as indirect effect through social integration on sex differential mortality by marital status. for the hypothesis testing, Korea and US vital statistics and census data are used to compute age-specific , age-adjusted mortality rates and their ratios for persons in different marital status. Major findings are as follows. 1)For both Korea and US being married is more advantageous to males than females, ad being widowed, divorced, and separated is more disadvantageous to males, while being never-married is more disadvantageous to females, 2) For Korea, the never married men and women have the highest mortality rates, 3) For US the never married women have the highest mortality rate, while the divorced, separated, and widowed men have the highest mortality rate. Fro both Korea and US data, selection function is rejected, but instrumental/expressive sex-role hypothesis succeeds in accounting for the sex and marital status differential in mortality.
A Typology of Urban Married Women's Leisure Activities
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 61~74
The purpose of this study is to identify a typology of urban marred women's leisure activities based on participation data. The survey of this research was conducted by means of interview with 606 married women in Seoul. The instruments of the survey sere questionnaire including a leisure participation scale. Data were analysed by means of the statistic of frequency. percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation and factor analysis ,using the SPSS-X and SPSS/PC+ programs. The result was that the leisure activities of urban married women could be grouped into 5 factors; self-developing , family-oriented. religious-social, sociable, and time-spending activities For further researches, we suggested several proposals.
A comparative study of Locus of Control in children and Their parents
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 75~85
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between children's locus of control and their parents. In addition, this study investigated socio-demographic variables of locus of control in children and their patents. The subjects of this study were 269 elementary school children in the 5th and 6th grade and their parents. To assess children's locus of control, the inter -external locus of control scale developed by H.K. Lee(1980) was used. The locus of control scale designed by J. W. Jo(1989) was administered to parents. The data of the study were analysed with t-test, one was ANOVA and Scheffe's test. Also, Pearson's correlation coefficient was computed. The results of this study were as follows. 1)There were significant differences in children's locus of control according to the children's sex, parent's educational background and family income. Boys were more internal than girls. Children with parent who had higher educational backgrounds were more internal than others. Also, children in higher family income were more internal those in lower educational background and family income. Also parents with religion were more internal than those without religion. 3)children's locus of control was significantly correlated with their parents . Paternal locus of control was significantly correlated with their daughter's and maternal locus of control with their sons'
The Effect of Residential Stressor on The housing Management.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 87~97
The resulting rapid urbanization in Korea in several decades caused the problem of housing shortage and the various residential stressors. In spite of the seriousness of the problem. there have been very few studies that analyses systematically the effects of residential stressors on the housing adjustment attitudes and housing management behavior. The purpose of this study is to analyse such effects by identifying, on the basis of a comprehensive theoretical model. For this purpose, 822 housewives were sampled form the household in Seoul and Chonju-City. The main results obtained are as follows. 1) Higher tendency to housing adaptation tan housing adjustment attitudes. The lower level of stress is observed in housing adjustment than housing adaptation. 2) The higher level of housing management behavior is observed in the loser level of residential stress, the smaller level of living space, the higher level of family adaptation ability and social support.
Work/Family Role Conflicts and Coping Strategies of Employed Wives.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 99~112
This research was designed to illuminate that work domains and family domains are not separated but interacting spheres and to suggest efficient coping strategies than alleviate work/family role conflicts. The subjects of this study were 395 employed professional wives living in Seoul. Korea. Survey methods were questionnaires. Data analysis strategies were percentile, frequency, one-way-anova and multiple classification analysis. The results were as follows; 1)Employed wives experienced time-based conflicts and strain-based role conflicts. This finding supports the scarcity approach that multiple roles inevitably create strain. 2) Individual, family and work-related variables were predictors of work/family role conflicts. This findings indicate that work domains and family domains cannot be regraded as separated spheres. 3) Employed wives tried to meet all the given roles demands not by reducing role responsibilities, but by increasing the efficiency of role performance. This finding reflects the characteristics of employed wives who try to perform successfully all the responsibilities. 4)The negative correlation of coping strategies and work/family role conflicts suggests that strategies can function effectively in alleviating the work/family role conflicts.
A study of Marital conflict perceived by Wife
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 133~143
The Purpose of this study is to investigate the marital conflict degree, and find out how demographic variables have and effect on marital conflict. For the data , 521 Married woman living in pusan were selected. The data were analyzed with the SPSS PC+ statistical package using M.SD. Factor analysis. Pearson's correlation, one-way ANOVA, scheffe-test, multiple regression. The main results are as follows: First, items were loaded eight resource categories such as character, sexual, children, communication, husband' family, spousal digression, economic difficulties and financial affairs problem. Second, the degree of marital conflict is relatively middle. Taking a look at each conflict factor, conflict of character problem is the highest, the next is communication problem and the third is children problem. Third, among family environmental variables level of education, income, job of husband and husband's dissatisfaction with job hove influence on the marital conflict.
A Study on Urban housewives' Motivation of leisure Activity
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 145~161
The purpose of this study are to identify dimensions of leisure motivation of urban housewives. to segment hose wives according to their leisure motivation type and to find out the characteristics of each group. Sample of survey are 574 married women under age 60 living in Seoul. data collected by questionnaire and interview were analyzed through statistical method including factor analysis. ANOVA, Duncan test, MCA and cluster analysis etc. Major finding are as follows; 1) Urban housewives' motivation for leisure activity is composed of self-developmental, relaxatonal, social, family-oriented and imitational dimensions. 2) Main determinants of wives' leisure motivation are their age, education, job, stage in family life cycle. number of family members and household income. Their Sex role personality traits also have effect. 3) The urban housewives' leisure motivation is strongly correlated with their participation in leisure activity. 4) According to the factor scores of each motivation dimensions, subjects can be grouped to 4 typed by use of cluster analysis technique. They were named as Leisure-Indifferent type, Little-Leisure-Seekers. Passive-Leisure-Seekers and Active-Leisure-Seekers. Each of these groups showed different features in socio-demographic factors. different personality traits, and different leisure behavior. For and urban housewife, the most important need for leisure is developing herself. Rest. social life and family are important for leisure, too. Imitation is another reason. Groups with different combination of leisure motivation seem to have different resource and personality. These results have implication for futuer leisure plan for them.
The Relationship Among the Components of family Resource Management System.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 163~178
This study is focused on causual relationship analysis among the components of family resource management system based on a theory of Deacon and Firebaugh. The system of family resource management is consisted for the component of input like on objective resource and level of resource perception, the component of throughput like a behavior pattern of the family resource management, and the component of output like a degree of the family life satisfaction. The instrument for resource perception level, behavior pattern of family resource management and degree of life satisfaction were developed for this study, and main investigation was executed through 1st and 2nd pre-test. The 800 questionnaire were distributed by cluster sampling to the homemakers in Seoul. The final data used in this study were 703, and analyzed by Cronback's coefficient, factor analysis. frequency. percentage, regression analysis and path analysis, and teated with SAS PC+. Consequently , the findings of this study were accepted hypothesis I, II, II, IV.
A study of Consumer information -Focused on the Importance of personal information
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 179~190
The purpose of this study was to investigate the importance of personal information at family purchasing behavior. For this purpose, 300 questionnaires were distributed to the housewives in Seoul. The data were analyzed by Frequency. Percentage, Mean , x2-Test, t-Test, Anova, Duncan's Multiple Range Test. The results were as follows; 1) According to the age of respondent. the content and number of information sources had differences significantly. 2) According to the employment status of respondent and family income, the evaluation of goods had differences significantly. 3) According to the content and number of information sources. the evaluation after purchase had differences significantly. Through these result, the availability of personal information as a house hold resource was identified.
Perception of Family financial Security and Satisfaction with Quality of Family Life - For Urban husband and Wives.-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 191~208
The study is focused on the perception of husbands and wives family financial security and satisfaction with quality of family life. Data was collected from the husbands and wives in Seoul. Eligibility was limited to family units with husband, wife, and at least one child. 852(Husbands:432, Wives: 420) out of 1200 respondents were finally selected as datum sources. The data was analyzed by Frequency, OneWay-ANOVA, t-test, Pearson' correlation and regression analysis. The major findings are the following: 1) In regard to the perception of family income adequacy, wives' perception was higher than husbands'. On the family financial problem, husbands had more experienced the financial problem than wives. 2) Marriage education, family income, husbands and wives education , and savings effected satisfaction with quality of family life. and husbands are more satisfaction with quality of family life than wives. 3) Determined the impact of the perception of family financial security on the satisfaction with quality of family life was 41% for wives and 33% for husbands, respectively.
A Study on The Family Life Education(II) -special Reference to marital life education-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 209~229
The purpose of this study is to develop Family Life Education program for Marital education in Korea. In order to realize the about research purpose, this study is divided into three sections. First, nature conception and contents f Family Life Education, second, patterns and models for Family Life Education Program in USA and Korea, and Third, the future of Family Life Education. Family Life Education (FLE) is an education originated in reaction to changing social conditions, industrialization and urbanization, it deals with the perceived inadequacies of families to cope with these changes, thereby reduction social problems involved with, and improving family life. With and assumption that the studies about FLE have not been so active in Korea, the present thesis examines the FLE in Korea. The necessity of marital education in Korea Is based upon the theories of FLE in the United States of America. Also, it atempts to formulate a tentative plan for the promotion of a FLE program in Korea. The concept of FLE in Korea was manifested in the social educational law and life-span education. specified as 4th among ten presidential regulations. It is defined as " the Life-span developmental education to enhance the quality of human life, to solve family problems, to develop an individual's potentiality and to strengthen the family relations. of the FLE programs, the marital education is considered one of the furcial wubjects becaused it is the core of the family life. With this premise, FLE tries to wupport the healthy mrital relations. subsequently helping to explore the family potentiality and to strengthen family ties. The objects of the FLE program are unmarried, pre-marred , and married persons. For the married persons, the FLE program should be arranged in accordance with their rrital status divided by the family life cycle so that they may prevent possible family problems at each stage of the family life. Also, to prevent the problems occurred in the course of carrying out family functions, the FLE program should be provided with on the basis of a family unit, thereby improving the quality of the family functions. The FLE is to hep persons begin smoothly the adaption process for a successful marital relations. For the FLE to be practised more widely systematically, research on family education--that is basic study, research and production and evaluation or the FLE to be carried out by research institute wholly responsible for it-- should be done first.
A Study on the Effect of Marital Satisfaction to the degree of Marital Commitment
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 231~243
The purposed of this study is to examine the general tendency of the degree of marital commitment and its relationship with marital satisfaction by comparison level , and to find out the factors which affect the marital commitment. For these purposed, a questionnaire was consisted of 35 items, of which 22 questions are for marital satisfaction and 13 questions for the degree of marital commitment(3 of instrumental commitment, 4 for moral commitment , 6 for affective commitment) The analytical methods adopted in this study were frequency, t-test, oneway-ANOVA, Duncan test, and Multiple Regression Analysis. The major findings of this study are follows; 1)The degree of marital commitment is high as a whole. 2)Marital satisfaction affects on the degree of marital commitment significantly. The more Marital satisfaction, the more the degree of marital commitment. 3) The degree of marital commitment is affected by the variables such as age the number of children. husband' job, wives' employment, and marriage type. 4) The factors which ha a especially strong relationships with marital commitment are marital satisfaction husbands' job, and the number of children.
Relationship among information motive and management behavior of using credit card
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 245~261
The Purpose of this study is to find out ;Which is the recognition of housewives abut the credit cards as a financial tool\ulcorner by what kind of motive is the use made\ulcorner How important the using credit card in the financed to household\ulcorner For this purpose, a survey was conducted by interview using questionnaire. The data were analyzed by frequency , percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, x2 -test, ANOVA, correlation, multiple regression using SPSS/PC+ linear structural relationship using LISREL VI program. the conclusion deduced through result of data analysis and the discussion are as follows; First, in the respondent housekeeping, monthly average repayment of credit card is about 1/3 of the living expenses. Second, the knowledge of respondents about credit card was low generally Third, respondents use credit card by the motive of circulating money rather tan the motive of convenience. Fourth , generally respondents are not overdue the charge of credit card, but the smaller the cost of living is or the larger the motive of using credit card, the more overdue the charge of credit card. Fifth, as a result of linear structural relationship among the information credit card, motive of use and management behavior, the motive of using credit card effect on the management of credit card more directly than the knowledge of credit card. Sixth, as credit card is spread widely on the future, the information of credit card will be important variable on the personal credit and the management of credit card will be more important in the household financial management.
A study on the Depression of the Middle aged Woman
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 263~276
The middle aged woman today have met discord of unbalance in gender role identity due to change in cultual situation and view of value of our country since 1960. Under the promise that there is a relationship between depression which is a psychological characteristic and gender role traits of middle aged woman, and in consideration that the depression of middle-aged woman may be differentiated depend upon the expressive manner of gender role, this research was trying to find out the relationship between the gender role traits and the depression of middle aged women. The purpose of his research is to provide data to be helpful for marital hygirne of middle-aged women by presenting a plan to reduce depression of middle-aged woman by the desirable gender role. In order for such studying purpose, the gender role, physical symptom and socio-demographic feature were researched using the scale which was by this researcher. The questionnaire sheets of 327 use form middle-aged woman of 39 years to 59 years old in full with their last child is 10 years or order. The summerized results of study are as follows. In consolidation of the foregoing it have known that the socio-economic position and recognition of physical symptom and the masculinity feature has shown less depression as she feels less physical symptom due to there is relationship between recondition of physical symptom and he masculity feature, and also, it has known that the depression of middle-aged women may be reduced when such extroversive and expressional gender role features are developed as 'aggressiveness and ' fraternity, and the depression may be prompted due to such introvert and easy to be impacted by grudge as 'impression'
The Development of Young Children's Musical Abilities and Musical Conservation Concepts by Their Sex and Age.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 277~292
The purpose of this study was to investigate developmental of young children's musical abilityes and musical conservation concepts. Two kinds of test were administered to 117 children aged 5-to 7-year-old. The musical ability test consisted of 30 tape-recorded questions regarding 5 musical ability domains, while the musical conservation test consisted of 17 questions regarding 4 musical conservation concept domains. The major findings of the study were as follows: 1)there was a significant difference in young children's musical abilities according to their sex and age. Girls developed their musical abilities better than boys did. Older children noticeable improved their musical abilities, especially, in such three domains as listening musical and rhythmic activities and playing musical instruments. 2)There was a significant difference in young children's musical conservation concepts according to their age, but not according to their sex. Older children improved musical conservation concepts specifically, in rhythm ,number of notes and duration conservation concepts. 3) the results of stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that the most influence in variable on the musical conservation concepts was musical ability, then followed by children's age and sex. Some suggestions for future research and for the ways to increase musical abilities were discussed.
The Effects of Music Lesson and musical and Rhythmic Activities on Young Children's Musical Abilities and Musical Conservation Concepts
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 293~312
The purpose of the present study was to investigated the effects of music lesson and musical and rhythmic activities on young Children's musical abilities and musical conservation concepts. Two kinds of tests aiming to measure musical abilities and musical conservation concept were administered to 117 children aged 5- to 7-year-old. The amount of music lesson at home was investigated. and musical and rhythmic activities at two preschools were observed and them evaluated in terms of their quality . The major findings were as follows ; 1)The individual music lessons at home played a significant role in developing young children's musical abilities and musical conservation concepts. 2) Young children's musical abilities and musical conservation concepts were significantly affected by the quality of musical and rhythmic activities. Especially, the quality of musical and rhythmic activities had significant effects on listening, rhythmic activities, and musical creativity among musical abilities. As to musical conservation concepts. only tempo conservation concept was affected by the quality of musical and rhythmic activities. The balanced activities in the five domains of music education were discussed. some suggestions of improving the quality of music education were provided.
한국가정관리학회 제 15차 총회 및 학술대회
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 10, issue 2, 1992, Pages 313~334