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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
A Simultaneous Analysis on the Relationship Between Housework and Market Work
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~10
Researchers have largely overlooked the direct effects of household responsibil-ities on earnings in stead focusing attention the effect of woman's employment on the division of household labor or on family life. Given that a substantial proportion of married women already work outside the home and their numbers are likely to be increae to some extent those concerned with the well-being of employed-married women and of their households may focus their attention on how best to provide good policy to manage woman's dual roles. The purposes of the study are as follows; 1) To find out factors which affect women's housework time. 2) To examine the relationship between housework and market work. Data are obtained from 259 households with employed-married women living in Seoul. The results of this study are as follows: 1) women's wages are reduced by time spent on housework. Women's housework time is insignificantly related to women's wages. 2) women's occupation statues is signific ntly positively related to their wages. 3)women's age and other family income are generally negatively related to their housework time,. The results of this study indicate that housework has a direct effect on wages by reducing the amount of energy and efforts available for market work lowering economic status of women.
An Exploratory Study on the Approaches to the Statistical Yield and Analysis of Family Data
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 11~20
When data collected from more than one family member are utilized family researchers must take the correlation of family member's perception behavior or attitude scores into account viewing the couple or family as a unit of interdependent members. This paper presents a framework for categorizing family data based on the unit of analysis and several alternatives for the statistical analysis of family variables using individual- dyadic- and family-level data.
An Analysis on the Recognition of Husband and Wife about the Husband's Authoritarian Communication
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 21~34
The purposes of this study are to investigate the degrees of husband's and wife's recognition and the difference between those degrees about the husbands' authoritarian communication to develop the typology of recongnition of husband and wife and also to find group differences caused by the personal variables spousal variables family-environmental variables. The subjects of this research were 328 married couples living in Seoul. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows: 1) The degrees of husband's and wife's recognition about the husbands' authoritarian communication were not high and there was no significant difference between husband's and wife's recognition. 2) The recognition of husband and wife about the husband's authoritarian communication is classified into 5 types; type of high agreement of both husband and wife(34 married couples) type of middle agreement of both husband and wife(167 married couples) type of low agreement of both husband and wife 26 married couples) type of disagreement with husband's high recognition(51 married couples) type of disagreement with husband's high recognition(51 married couples) are type of disagreement with wife's high recognition(50 married couples) 3) The variables which have significance on the types of recognition of husband and wife about the husband's authoritarian communication were husband's educational level husband's birth order husband's self-esteem husband's alienation husband's sex-role attitudes wife's self-esteem wife's alienation the rights of decision-making between couples household income subjective social class authoritarian behavior of father of husband.
Study on causal Relationships among Intergenerational Solidarity Self-Esteem and Psychological Distress of Aged Mothers
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 35~46
This study was designed to investigate causal relationships among related variables that determined psychological distress of aged mothers. In this study questionaires were used to measure and subjects were 244 mothers aged over 60 and lived in K city. 221 answers were analyzed by SAS and covarince structure analysis. The results were as follows: it was found that pocketmoney and health had direct effects on objective solidarity education level pocketmoney and activity on subjective solidarity marital status and health on psychological distress between exogenous variables and endogenous variables. Among endogenous variables objective solidarity had direct effects on subjective solidarity and self-esteem subjective solidarity on self-esteem and self-esteem on psychological distress respectively. Subjective solidarity was found to be most effectable variable on psychological distress.
Type of Emotional Self-disclosure and Marital Satisfaction of Husband and Wife Has Adolescent children
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 47~64
This study is for the purpose of helping mutual understanding between husband and wife ad additionally supplying the basic data for establishment of desirable relationship of the two by examining their emotional self-disclosure type and perceived emotional self-disclosure type of spouse. The major findings were as follows: 1) The husband's group revals the order of complete closure type complete disclosure type positive disclosure and negative disclosure but the wife's group shows the order of complete disclosure complete closure positive disclosure and negative disclosure. 2) Emotional self-disclosure type perceived by husband is proved in the order of complete disclosure complete closure negative disclosure and positive disclosure and the type perceived by wife is in the order of complete closure complete disclosure negative disclosure and positive disclosure. 3) There appear significant differences in married couple's emotional self-disclosure type and perceived emotional s lf-disclosure of spouse. It is proved that they perceive their spouse's emotional self-disclosure type in the same way as their type though. 4) There is proved some significant difference in emotional self-disclosure type and marital satisfaction between husband and wife which shows the highest degree of marital satisfaction in the both groups in positive disclosure and it becomes lowered in the order of complete disclosure complete closure and negative disclosure. 5) There is proved some significant difference is perceived emotional self-disclosure type of spouse and marital satisfaction between husband and wife which shows the highest degree of marital satisfaction in the both groups when they perceive in the type of positive disclosure and it becomes lowered in the order of complete disclosure complete closure and negative disclosure.
A Study of Developing the Scale on the Contents of Modern Home Education.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 65~84
This study aims at the extraction of what is universally to be taught in modern Korean Families and its scalization. That is it attempts to provide the criterion by which we can determine what to teach children in the family not in society or school. For this purpose this study firstly reviews the preceeding studies on the subject. As a result of the review we postulate the hypothetical structure consisting of 12 domains. Secdndly we gather the parent's view on the topic by interviewing 192 parents of the students. On the basis of this study we can construct the questionnaire(Likert scale; 5 point) After we conduct an extensive empirical research(518 parents) in order to generalize 179 items of the worked-out questionnaire. We apply factor analsis(principal axis factoring oblique (promax) rotation) in the verfication of the validity. As the consequence we select 87 items consisting 15 factors which explain 71% of common variance. We name the 15 educational factors extracted in the scale as follows; Values & Sociality Training for basic living habits The maintenance of the culture life on the family Religious life Learning guide Economic life Patriotism Independent living Table manners The management of commodity The preservation of family unity Sex & a Frendship with the opposite sex Esteem for a traditional way of life Respect for the Old Filial piety. The reliabiliy of the scale is the cronbach a=.96 which turns out to be satisfactory.
The Study on Psychological Process Home Eniveronment and Family Value Orientations of Students
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 85~96
The purpose of this study is to investigate the psychological process home environment that students perceived and theirs family value orientations. The subjects of this study were 848 students randomly selected from 6 niversities in Pusan area. The collected data was analysed by following methods : T-test Paired T-test One way Scheffe-test MANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficients. The following conclusions are derived from the data analysis in this study: First The psychological process home environment that students perceived is achieved opened attracted and autonomous. And theirs family value orientations are somewhat moderns. Second There were significant differences according to religions sibling order SES mother's jobs in the family value orientations Third There were significant correlations beween the psychological process home environment that students perceived and their family value orientations.
Time-Use Analysis of Urban Employed Husbands
Lee, Ki-Young ; Song, Hye-Rim ; Lee, Seung-Mi ; Min, Sun-Seon ; Seo, Ji-Won ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 97~112
This study is (1) to analyze urban employed husbands' time use applying a framework which classifies a day into public time familial time and individual time in order to demonstrate its disproportion in terms of their and their families' welfare(2) and to identify the related factors to their time use. Data for 280 husbands were gathered through structured questionnaire and time diary. Major findings are as follows; (1) Husband's time allocation is usually concentrated on their individual and public time while they spend relatively very short familial time. (2) Types of occupation age and wives' employment status are all related with husbands; time use but their sex-role attitude shows no significant relation.
The Development of the Marriage Enrichment Program for Middle-Aged Cuouples
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 113~130
This study is an evaluation research which examines the effectiveness of the Marriage Enrichment Program for Middle-Aged Couples(MEPM), This program focuses on the marital dyadic relationship as a family life education The MEPM was developed to strengthen the marital relationships and to improve the potential for individuals and couples. For the effectiveness of the study the author conducted previous survey research with a literature review. The Marriage Enrichment Program was delivered to eight middle-aged couples at Hotel Hilton in Kyung Joo on June 5-6 1995. Through statistical analysis the effectiveness of the MEPM was significant in the areas of couple communication problem solving ability sexual relationship accptance for the value differences and mutual respect. The study also found that changes in thinking is much slower than learning for the new skills and knowledge.
A Review of Studies on Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales(FACES)
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 131~146
The purpose of this study was to review the previous studies that have dealt with and used Family Adaptibility and Cohesion Evaluation Scales(FACES) considered as an effective instrument for measuring family functioning in order to clarify the theoretical meaning the practical applicability the limitation and the problems of this instrument. FACES has considerably contributed in measuring family dynamics in research and clinical fields and been paid attention to by researchers and clinicians since 1979 However the instrument has been also pointed out its limitation due to the conceptual and methodological problems. This study reviews these problems and then presents some implications to help to improve these problems and to explore the application of this instrument as a measure of family functioning.
On the Changes of Marriage Customs Due to Korean Social Fluctuations
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 147~162
This study will attempt to show how the marriage customs is Korea have changed due to fluctuations in Korea society and values related to this fluctuation from the Japanese colonial period to the present. The procedures for marriage consists of preparation union and absorption. Before 1960 these mainly conformed to the old marriage customs of traditional society. Nowadays the processes of preparation in marriage have been eliminated in large part the processes of union have been changed to western style and the processes of absorption have been altered to a adegree. Matching the horoscopes of a prospective bride and groom and the "marriage box" still remain from the procedures of old marriages. The meaning of marriages as familism has changed to a form that emphasizes individualism opportunism and materialism.terialism.
The Social Activities of the Middle-aged Women
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 163~176
This study explores the overall social activities of the middle-aged women. The middle-aged married women of this study are the 40-59 years old and having youngest child above 10 years. Their social activities are categorized into work activities leisure avtivities social network with kin friends and neighbors and religious activities. The results are summarized as follows: (1) The work activities of he middle-aged married women are characterized by stable employment preparation of reentry to the job worries of unemployment and preparation of retirement(2) The leisure activities of the middle-aged married women are devided into two styles; family oriented activities and self developing activities. (3) In social networks especially the social relation with neighbor are increased and the relation with kinship tends to be bilineages. (4) Their religious activities are more supported by families than other activities. From he result this study suggests that : (1) The middle-aged m rried women might accept their midlife as a developmental stage. (2) The volunteer activities might be extended throughout the social activities (3) New social education programs for helping women's growth might be developed.
Child-Mother Attachment and the Self-Perceived Competence in Early Childhood
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 177~186
Bowlby has proposed that child-mother attachment is important in the child's representation of self. In this study the child's self-perceived competence was examined in connect8ion with child-mother attachment in a sample of 40 6-year-olds. Quality of attachment was assessed based on the child's behavior on reunion following a seperation using a system devised by Main and Cassidy. The self-perceived competence was assessed with a pictorial harter's Scale revised by Julie Lee. The results showed significant connections between attachment and the self-perceived competence. Specific areas of self-perceptions were related to particular patterns of attachment.
A Study on the Courtship Violence among Unmarried College Students I
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 1, 1996, Pages 187~197
The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and dynamics of permarital abuse among never-married college students. 21.3% of 497 male and female respondents reported that they had experienced premarital violence at least once. Types of violence most frequently used were pushing or shoving slapping and throwing objects. It is interesting that both victims and aggressors interpret violent acts as expression of love most of all. Behavioral response to violent acts were to try to make up to talk to the partner and to apologize. In general the respondents had negative attitudes toward violence in premarital and marital relationships. Males showed more positive attiutudes toward violence than females. This sex difference appeared to have some inflence on marital abuse, In is suggested that counseling program and shelter for victims of severe violence need to be developed.