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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
A Study on The Relations between the perceived Social support and Adjustment of Children
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study were i)to investigate children's perceived social support and satisfaction with level of social support and ii) to investigate the relations between children's social support and their adjustment. Subjects of this study were 412 children from the 5-6th grades of elementary school and the data were analyzed by GLM analysis canonical correlation analysis using SAS. The results were as follows: 1)Children's perceived social support levels differed across support providers and support types. 2) A canonical correlation analysis of the children's social support and the children's adjustment demonstrated that perceived maternal and peer support levels were most highly correlated to children's adjustment and satisfaction with the social support of providers in this study was highly correlated to children's adjustment.
Development and evaluation of enrichment program for the relationship of young daughter-in-law with their mothers-in-law
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 13~26
Based on the conceptual framework of Double ABCX model of family stress and adaptation this study developed the enrichment program for the relationship of young daughters-in-law with their mothers-in-law. Results of empirical research concerning the relationship between them also provided for the basis of designing this program. Consisting of 6 sessions this education program was delivered to 20 young daughters-in-law in a rural area of Kyunggi-do province. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated through one-group posttest design and follow-up interview. Overall most participants in the program reported that the relationship with their mothers-in-law was enhanced in terms of understanding mothers-in-laws psychology and roles of improving communication and problem-solving skills self-control and of blaming.
A Study on the Measure of purchases Savings According to the Market price dispersion. -by Food Market basket Construction Methods-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 27~40
The wide range of price found in food market allows consumer reduce the cost of food purchases through comparison shopping into one more stores. Littles known however about how much can be saved by comapring price for a whole market basket of food items. This paper present evidence relating to the comparison shopping through the theories on price is dispersion and show validity constructing methods of food market basket. It is found that the savings of comparison shopping to consumers are likely to be gains in food Markets and three market basket on foods suggest in study found to be validity.
The relationship of this study is to investigated the relationship between child's participational degrees in householdworks and his personality traits. -On the theory of Dewey for works-
Doo, Kyung-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 41~54
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between chikld's participational degrees in householdworks and his personality traits. The guestionnaires used were two scales. One was the measurement of child's participational degrees in householdworks which related food clothing shelter. especially the shelter was included household everyworks besides food and clothing because of child's young age. The other was the measurement of child's personaliyt traits such as General Activity Dominance Emotional Stability Impulsiveness Reflectiveness and Sociability standardized by Korean Testing Center which is pedagogical pschology institute in Seoul University The subjects of this research were 345 4th graders of elementary schools living in Seoul. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows. 1. There were not significant differences in mother's work mother's education and the residence type excepting the distinction of sex according to the degrees of c ild's participation in householdworks. 2. The child's personality traits were revealed significant differences according to the degrees of child's participation in householdworks. 3 The higher the degrees of child's participation in ioseholdworks are the higher the scores of his personality traits such as Reflectiveness Sociability Dominance and General Activity are and the lower the scores of Impulsiveness are.
A study on Provlem Recognition of Middle-aged Wives in Buying Townwears
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 55~70
Followings are the aims of this study: 1) To search various motives of middle-aged wives to buy townwears and subseqent problems as well as to examine socio-demographic variables physical variables and psychological variables and their influences on. 2) To set up theoretical foundation for further studies on this field. The data used in this study included 374 housewives living in Seoul and Pusan. Statistics used for data analysis were frequencies means standard deviation pearson's correlation factor analysis and regression analysis. The findings can be summarized as follows. 1. Middle-aged wives' recogntion of probloms in buying townwears was divided into two : deficiency motive and sufficiency motive. 2. Variables that affect recognition of problem to purchase townwears are three : Sensitivity to fashion preference for well-kinown lables identity of interpersonal relationship. 3 Recognition of problems for middle-aged wives to purchase townwears proved less than averaged and deficiency motive marked higher than that of abundancy.
The life satisfaction and sociodemographic backgrounds of family types clustered based on the intra system dynamics
Lee, Yon-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 71~84
The purposes of this study were to classify the family types based on the intra system dynamics and to examine sociodemographic backgrounds and the life satisfaction of these families. The data were collected by means of questionnaire distributed to a stratified sample of 544 housewives in Seoul who lived with housbands and children. The questionnaire included FACES II and III Communication Scale managerial behavior scale and life satisfaction Scale. Frequency percentile mean correlation factor analysis cluster analysis one-way ANOVA with scheffe test and chi-square test were used to analyze the data. This study had resulted in four major findings. The first was that highly positive relationships were found among four intra system dynamics elements. The first was that highly positive relationships were found among four intra system dynamics elements. The second finding was that families were clustered by four types named personal-oriented enervated dynamic and managerial-orien ed family. The third finding was that the four types of family were influenced by education level and job of husbands and family income. The last one was that the differences in life satisfaction were found among four types of family. The housewives of dynamic family type showed the highest level of satisfaction whereas the lowest level of life satisfaction was found among housewives of enervated family type. The recommendations for future esearch and better ways to educate and counsel families were suggested.
A Study on the Perceived Economic Well-being of the Elderly: Comparative analysis betweem metropolitan and nonmetropolitan
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 85~106
The effects of family solidarity and locus of control on the perceived economic well-being of the elderly were examined in a sample of 433 metropolitan and nonmetropolitan elderly. The major findings were as follows: 1. The higher family solidarity the higher would be perceived economic well-being of the elderly. 2. Internally oriented elderly tended to have a high level of perceived economic well-being 3. Family solidarity was significantly associated with perceived economic well-being was positively affected by family solidarity and locus of control for both metropolitan and nonmetropolitan elderly. 6. family solidarity was found to affect perceived economic well-being directly and also indirectly by enhancing locus of control for the whole and metropolitan elderly. 7. Family solidarity and locus of control has direct effects on perceived economic well-being for nonmetropolitan elderly.
The Consumer Information Needs according to Information Sources Varing with Elderly Consumers' Purchasing Problems
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 107~128
This study is conducted to examine elderly consumers' information needs according to information sources. And the relation with related variables purchasing problems of the elderly consumers and their needs according to information sources is investigated. The data was collected from 782 elderly consumers ages range from 55 to 74 and major findings are as follows: (1) Their needs according to information sources are relatively high and followed by neutral information source department store personnels and advertisements (2) The more esperiences they have and the more seriously they perceive their purchasing problems in a relatively poor conditon of a market the more information they want from department store personnels. (3) How many experiences they have and how much they perceive seriously in purchasing problems are the major intervening variables which have strong positve effects on the needs. The experiences show the strongest effects on the needs. The level of the percept on is strongly related to the needs and neutral information source is the major effect among the information sources.
A Study on Influential Factors Related to the Level of life Satisfaction of the Elderly Residents at Paid Facilities
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 129~144
The purpose of this study was to illuminate the ways to im-prove the level of life satisfaction of the elderly who chose or happened to live at paid facilities by examining some of factors such as individual family social support and facility related el-ements that would influence their life satisfaction. The interview outcomes came out in three main discussions. First the general characteristics of the participating elderly appeared to be that most of them were ver7y elderly relatively highly educated females and religions and the rate of being ill was high. And a half of them considered themselves as heal- thy people and the other half as unhealthy. Secondly in view of statisticsal results the level of their life satisfaction was influnced by their individual family and facillity related factors. As far as their individual related factor are concerned the level of one party's life satisfaction was relative-ely higher than that of other's when the person is female had religio presumed oneself as in healthy and good physical condition. And when participating member keeps good relation-ship with his or her own children the level of the person's life satisfaction was only slightly higher than other elderly group who did not have good relationship with their children. There were no other significant statistical differences on the level of their life satisfaction related to the social support factors between those two group. Thirdly the level of the elderly's life satisfaction was influe- nced in the order of folldwing factors: (1) the quality of facility living condition 2) the commitment of ownership of the organization (3) the elderly residents' own education level (4) the elderly's own subjectivel health condition and (5) the sex of the individuals.
A Comparison of the Time use of Urban Husbands and Their Wives in Korea and Japan
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 145~162
The purpose of this study was to compare time use pattern of Korean working couples with those of Japanese counterparts. The data for240 Korean couples living in Seoul and 162 Japanese couples living in Tokyo were collected using structured questionnaire and time diary. The time use patterns of couples were analyzed according to employed status of wives. The results were as follows. The similar time use patterns were found between couples of two country. However the amount of time allocated for daily activities was found to be somewhat different. The amount of time spent by husbands on paid and house work was found to be different according to their wives employment status. The orean husbands of full-time employed wives and the Japanese husbands of part time employed wives spent the longest time on paid work. The Japanese husbands of full-time employed wives spent much more time on housework than those of Korean counterparts did. The social-cultural time of Korean couples was enerally longer than that of Japanese couples. The Korean couples spent more time on watching TV whereas the Japanese couples used more time doing family activities hobbies and moving for social-cultural activities.
The Effect of Role Ply by Animation on Young Children's Self-Concept
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 163~174
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of children's role play by animatino on self-concept formation, The subjects of this study were 20 children of a kindergarten located in Gunpo City. the mean age were 5.5 years. Children were assigned to the study group and the control group. The children in the study group had role play of which the main themes were positive self-comcept formation but the children in control group did not have any role play by animation. The result showed 1. Role play by animation influenced on children's positive self-concept. 2. There was a difference in self-concept test score: The self-image attitude to the kindergatrten and attitude to the group of peer. Role play by animation influenced on the self-image and attitude to the group of peer. But attitude to the Kindergarten score was not increased significantly. 3. Role play by animation influenced on chikren's catharsis of emotion.
Financial Events Coping Strategies and Family Financial Satisfaction of Urban Households
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 175~190
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of resource financial events coping strategies and family financial satisfaction. The data were collected from 499 housewives in Seoul. The major findings: 1. The financial events were categorized into 6 factors. The factors were named as related to 'Family' 'Health' 'Money' 'Car & durables' 'Job', 'Housing'. Among these events respondents who had exprienced housing-related event reported the highest level of financial stress. 2. The coping strategies were categorized into 4 factors: 'Delaying payment' 'Borrowing' 'Economical purchasing' 'Using Worth' The most frequently used 'Economic purchasing' strategy. 3. Various coping strategies were differently used depending on financial events. For example the housewives used 'Economical purchasing' strategy to cope with family-related events and used 'Borrowing' strategy to housing-related events. Housewives who had less income and less net-worth used ' Economic purchasi g' strategy. 4. Job-related events were negatively effect to family financial satisfaction but car & durables-related event were positively effect to family financial satisfaction. Housewive who the more income and the less age had the high satisfaction. 'Delaying payment' and 'Economical purchasing' strategies were negatively related to family financial satisfaction.
Three generations of mothers and daughters: attachment patterns and psychological well-being
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 191~202
This research applied an attachment theory to the study of three generations of women. Questionnaire and semistructured interview techniques were employed to collect the data on intergenerational mother-daughter relationships from 140 triads of adolescent daughters middle-aged mothers an old-aged grandmothers. The focus of the study had been on the characteristics of attachment patterns which is measured by sense of attachment and autonomy across and within generations and their effects on personal well-being. Women in each their three generations perceived a high and seminilar level of attachment across and within the generations. On the other hand the level of autonomy differed by the generations with middle-aged mothers showing a higher level of perceived sense of autonomy than other two generations. Although the levels of attachment and autonomy were related to psychological well-being the level of autonomy was slightly more related to it. The results also showed that not nly one's own attachment toward mother/daughter but attachment of others toward herself were associated with the personal well-being. Overall this study reflects and supports the basis concepts of mother-daughter attachment: its continuity reciprocity and personal development in adulthood.
Value Patterns Planning Styles and Family Life Satisfaction of Urban Homemakers
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 203~218
This study analyzed the relationships among the components of home management system. Through this it make to explain relationship between values and planning exactly and partially to test empirically system model to home management 650 housewives were adapted as data. Cluster analysis
2 and ANOVA were used as statistical analysis. The resultes are summarized as follows 1) Goal-centered planning level was higher than that of resource-centered By 2 plannings subjects were classified into 4 planning styles : active morphogenic resource-reorganized demand-reorganized passive morphostatic style. 2) A difference between terminal value patterns and planning styles was no significant but a difference between instrumental value patterns and planning styles was significant. Family life satisfaction showed significant differences by not value patterns but planning styles. Because of high family life satisfaction as output of management active morphogenic style was successful. For succ ssful planning, it was suggested that homemarkers should possess values related broadminded loving and forgiving.
A Study on the Perceived Level of Stress of Adolescence and the Methods of Coping to Stress
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 219~232
This study was investigated the perceived level of stress and the coping method which the adolescent were confronting. The subject of this investigation was high school students who resided in the City of Pusan. Life Event Scale and Coping Methods Scale were used as the methods for examination. The data were analyzed using M, SD, t-test one-way ANOVA scheffe-test and Pearson's correlation related with this study problem were tested. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The perceived level of teenager's stress was little low with M=1.65 When dividing sphere of perceived level the stress by school problem was the highest and the circumstance problem personal one family one and a companion one are followed in regular sequence. 2. It was found that degree of stress made a difference according to the sex course grade school year religion parents's presence or absence SES the satisfactory degree of school life the satisfactory degree of school life the satisfactory degree of home life and the rearing attitude of parents. 3. As the coping score of teenager's stress was M=2.54. The short-term coping method was higher compared with the long-term one regarding coping methods. 4. It was found that the coping method of stress differed from each other according to variables of sex school year the satisfactory degree of school life and the satisfactory degree of home life. 5. It was found that the perceived level of stress had negative correlation with the coping method and especially long-term coping method had higher negative correlation.
Housing consumption and the propensity of residential mobility over family life cycle
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 233~248
The purpose of this study were 1) to identify housing consumption over family life cyle and 2) to analyze the propensity of residential mobility and its contributing factors over family life cycle. For these purposes the 1993 KHPS data was used. The sample in this study consisted of 2,796 couple households. Satistics employed for the analysis were frequencies means and logistic regression analysis. As the number of children and the children's age increased the housing consumption increased. There were many factors such as husband's education satisfaction of health and family relations monthly income wealth debt owning a car home ownership duration of residence and the satisfaction with housing contributing to housing consumption and propensity to move. Those with home ownership higher wealth higher satisfaction with health higher expenditure, longer duration of residence and higher satisfaction with housing tend to move more frequently. However those with low educational attai ment less satisfaction with family relation less income and having no debts were likely to move.
The Educational Program of Family Time Use: Development of the Computer Software Program for the Expert in the area of Family Resource Management
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 249~262
To give additional assistance in education for family time use and time management a computer program based on the time-related theories was developed. For this purpose the study consisted of three main stages. First various theories of family time use time management strategies and household work time were investigated and the assumptions were suggested. Second the module for predicting family time use was designed and the program using the module was developed. Third to evaluate the program's benefits the program was used at introductory class of undergraduate course. As the results the sophisticated software program could be used as an educational instrument to help not only students but also individual and family member to become knowledgeable about managers of family time resource. furthermore this program could be useful for the educators and counselors to help individuals and households with time use problems.
Stress and psychological Distress as Determinants of Parenting Practices among Poor Single Mothers
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 263~276
The purpose of this study is to explore various environmental factors that explain parenting practices. Those factors considered are stress and characteristics of single-mother/child together with psychological distress experienced by the single mother. A total of 285 poor single mothers with a child attending elementary school or junior high school completed a structured questionaire. The relationships among the variables were analyzed by the path analysis. The results showed that poor single mothers rely on affectiv
portive involvement more frequently then punitive/inconsistent discipline. It is also confirmed that the enviromental factors such as financial stress living environmental stress and job status play important roles in determining the quality of parenting practices with the mediating role of psychological distress.ss.
The Patterns of attachment between mother and child related to the child's Problem Behaviors
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 14, issue 4, 1996, Pages 277~292
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between infant's attachment and maternal parenting attitudes of 12 months infants and to verify the child's problem behaviors according to the patterns of attachment. There was no statistical significant difference between the maternal parenting attitudes and the patterns of infant's attachment. But the latter infants had been fed the more they showed secured attachment. Infants fostered under mothers having a good relationship with brother's family husband, and having a satisfaction of environmental factors had more secured attachment. There was the statistical significant difference between the patterns of attachment and child's problem behaviors. In securely attached children showed more immature insecure antisocial behaviors and habit disorders. As the results the maternal parenting attitude influenced infants's patterns of attachment to their mothers. And childern's problem behaviors were influenced by the patterns of attachment.