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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Single Elderly's View on Remarriage
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~12
This study is about understanding the single elderly's view on remarriage and finding factors that affect the remarriage which should provide basic data for the future research on the single elderly's view on remarriage. 251 single elderly men and women (divorced or widowed) were asked to answer the survey questionnaire which also involved individual interviews. A brief summary of the results of this study is as following. The elderly's view on remarriage significantly varies according to the factors like sex age and the number of children of the elderly cause of being single degree of loneliness need for remarriage degree of satisfaction out previous marriage prior remarriage experience. The degree of satisfaction out of previous marriage is high when they maintain cordial relationship with their children and the cause of breakup of marriage is death and the degree of loneliness is high and the period of the previous marriage is long while the period of being single afterward is short. Women's expectation level of remarriage is significantly different in most variables. But that of men's is not different significantly different in most variables. But that of men's is not different significantly in most variables. The satisfaction of the first marriage and the expectation level of remarriage are in positive correlation.
The Housework Time Management Strategies on the Employed Wives
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 13~26
The study was to explore the housework time management strategies and time spent in housework of employed wives and to understand the variables influenced on them. The samples were composed of 271 employed wives living in Chunlabuk-Do. The results were as follows: 1) The employed wives spends average 4.5 hours a day on the housework. The significant differences were ground in the housework time related to all demo-graphic variables. 2) The level of the housework time management strategies of employed wives was lower than the average. The most influential variable on the housework time management strategies of employed wives was the level of education the monthly income and employment types. A employed wives with the higher work status education level and income level utilized more efficient time strategies. 3) The major strategy which influences the housework time is that of simplification. Especially occupation of housewives and type of house interact with the strategy of sim lification. That is as the housewives with the jobs of blue-collar production-technology and clergycal technology use the simplification strategy much their amount of housework time was reduced.
Environmentally responsible consumer disposal behavior and related variables
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 27~40
This article focuses on the environmentally responsible consume disposal behavior and the effects of socio-demographic variables and the ecologically concerned. consumer attitudes on it. Data was collected from 458 housewives who live in Ulsan city. The results indicated as follows. First the ecologically concerned. Second the environmentally responsible consumer disposal behavior of household durables and semi-durables differs significantly according to wife's religion and occupation. Third the ecologically concerned consumer attitudes was positively correlated with the environmentally responsible consumer disposal behavior. Fourth as the ecologically concerned consumer attitudes was controlled the effects of wife's religion was disappeared.
Why the states has no housework policy\ulcorner : The political issue on housework
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 41~52
This paper explored the public issue on housework analyzed the policy and the law associated housework and developed the theorical model for its political program. This idea is dependent that the policy has priority over change of the social ideology. That policy contains a campaign and a education to be aimed to share of housework in order to make responsibility of men as well as women on family and work. Also it contains economic value estimates to quantify and value the non-wage work(childcaring homemaking etc.) in order to confirm its productive activity. It would assume the lawful form as like a social security or a pension. For example the Family Rights Law Tax Law and Social Security Act have to be reflected on the value of housework and to be secured the social status of provider. After all this work was useful to improve a wage and a social status of all women. As consistent policy and operation associated housework are poor in Korea it is difficult to develop theoric l model on this theme. On the range a political proposal on housework would be bound by family policy(evaluation of housework) and women's labor policy(housework support). So the policy intend to secure a family life to improve welfare of women and to equilibrate the family and the work.
Needs Assessment of the Married Women for Financial Management Education
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 53~70
The purpose of this study was to (1) assess the perceived needs of the married women for financial management education and (2) to identify individual and family variables that influence needs on each content of financial management education. Data were collected from questionaires with 603 married women who were residents of jeonju. The major findings were as follows; (1) The level of financial management education needs were high. (2) The priority order on each content perceived by the married women was 'saving' 'insurance' 'housing' 'tax' 'expenditure planning' and 'debt management & credit' (3) The needs on contents area of the married women group classified by characteristics were significant according to age education level job family life cycle monthly family income asset and financial need variables.
The Model of Parent-Child Relationship Program for the Adolescents' Parents
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 71~82
This paper concerns with parent-child relationship program for the adolescents' parents(PCRP). The purpose of this paper is to develop a model for the strength of the relationship between parents and their children as well as to prevent adolescent's individual and social problems The contents of PCRP based on the theoretical background consist of our parts: understanding adolescent physical and psychological development understanding adolescent sexuality developing effective communication skills and developing conflict solving skills. Implicationsh for the program evaluation methods and further development of family life education are discussed.
The Effect of Household Technology on Housework
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 83~94
The purpose of this study was to review the technological deterministic debate that the development of household technology would decrease housework. For the purpose this study made use of all sorts of literature and the interview resources obtained from 86 housewives above 30 years old. It was expected the household capital goods would save housework time and labor. The total time spent in housework and fatigue however seemed not much lessened during the diffusion period. Household capital goods were also expected to enhace the housework satisfaction and increase much housework participation of husband and children; yet neither of them appeared much high during the diffusion period.
A Study on The Needs in The Family Life Education Among The Middle Aged Employed Wives and House Wives
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 95~110
This study is to find out whether the family life education can help the middle aged wives to resolve their problems and to keep their lives healthy. For this purpose self-administered questionnaires were used for 628 persons whose ages between 40 to 59 residing in the Metropolitan Area of Soul. Deta collected were analyzed by statistical methods such as the factor analysis frequency distribution percentile mean t-test chi-square Anova and Duncan's multiple range test through the SAS program package. Major results obtained are as follows; 1) The most demanding education content in the are of the spousal relationship was the helping program for the role change from parent-child relationship to spousal relationship. Employed wives demanded conflict resolution skill training program between parents and children while house wives showed the highest interest in guiding their children's future. 2) There are significant differences between employed wives and house wives in the areas f parent-child relationship communication and home managment of the need assessment. In detail employed wives showed higher interest in education the children more independent than house wives. Employed wives also showed higher interest than house wives in the education content about the factors for communication problems in the communication area. 3) About the application method in the family life education there was no significant difference between employed wives and house wives in terms of the necessity of the problem solving methods of follow-up meeting in the family life education while there was a significant difference in the past education program participation intention to participate in the future education program and the education setting between employed wives and house wives.
The value orientation home management strategy and home management satisfaction of the unemployed urban housewife
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 111~128
This study mainly deals with the housewife's value orientation home management strategy and home management satisfaction,. The major results are as follows; 1) The degree of communication and communication frequency in household prove the predictable variables to influence the housewife's value orientation home management strategy and home management satisfaction. 2) Among the value orientation fate control orientation predicts home management strategy. 3) Material orientation shows the negative influence on her home management satisfaction. 4) Among home management strategy the fact that household financial management strategy and housework organization strategy are the important variables in the home management satisfaction suggest that household financial management and everyday repeated housework management cause the deep influence on her life satisfaction. 5) The higher her material orientation and gender equilibrium orientation are the higher housework socialization stra egy frequency is the lower her home management satisfaction is.
A Study on the Degree of Importance of Medical Service Sector and Consumer Satisfaction of Service Quality
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 129~146
The purpose of this paper was to discover the importance and degree of satisfaction toward medical service perceived by clients and analize some characteristics and any siginificant difference by deomographic and social variables. In addition the subjects were divided into groups(i. e. satisfied and dissatisfied groups) and tested significant difference between two groups, The results can be summerized as follows: 1,. While the importance of over attributes of medical services percevied by customs was higher the degree of satisfaction was relatively low. 2. According to our analysis the degree of satisfaction toward hospital facilities and staff appeared to have relatively have relatively heavy weights compared to total satisfaction scores. 3. As far customers' quality evaluation about medical service is concerned the importance and degree of satisfaction could not be discriminated by demographic variables except education and income level. 4. The discrepancy of satisfaction s ore between satisfied and dissatisfied group was the highest in hospital facilities compared to other three sectors.
The Relationship between Child Abuse and Children's Social Competence
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 147~160
The Effects of Sex, Age, and Social Support on Self-Esteem of the Aged.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 161~172
The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of the sex, age, degree of social support on self-esteem of the old aged and to provide information for finding out ways of developing their self-esteem. The subject of this study were 504 old aged in Kwang-ju and Jun-nam. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency percentage mean standard deviation reliability ANOVA stepwise and multiple regression analysis through the SAS package program, . The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows; 1) The self-esteem of old aged was 27, 2 which was above the median 22.5 2) According to the results related to the old aged the effect were by sex, age, social support, . There were also significant interaction effects by
age it was shown that influencing variable on their self-esteem was sex social support
The Analysis of Living Environment of the Elderly Households in Chungbuk Province and Suggestions from the Perspective for the Well-being of the Elderly -Focused on Social Relationship and Housework Implementing-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 173~190
The purpose of this study is to investigate social relationship and housework implementing of the elderly households in Chungbuk and to provide suggestion s from the perspective for the well-being of the elderly. The data of this study are collected through questionaire and the data of 244 respodents are analyzed using Frequency Contingency analysis one-way ANOVA. The results are as follows: firstly most elderly tend to have a close relationship with their neighbors in their houses. The activity of social relationship is routine behavior and the satisfaction of social relationship with their neighbors is high, The older the age the lower the education level and the poorer in physical health the more frequently they meet their neighbors and friends the more frequently they go to establishments for elderly and tend to play games such as a flower cards game. Secondly the average time implementing housework by elderly women is about 3.63 hours. The attitude toward housework is a l ttle negative. The average housework eqipments owned by them are 4.8 The older the poorer in physical health the lower level of owning housework equipments the shorter is the time implementing housework and the more negative is the attitude toward housework.
The Examination of Direct and Indirect Transmission Processes of Intergenerational Marital Instability
Peter Martin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 191~200
The purpose of this research was to test a model of intergenerational transmission of marital instability. An important aspect of the present study was to test the direct and indiect intergenerational transmission processes of marital instability. This study revealed four very important findings. First the effects of parental divorce on children's marital instability were both direct and indirect through mate selection risk factors marital quality and marital commitment. Second premarital backgrounds such as socioeconomic status of parents and relative heterogeneity between spouse before marriage were important to explain one's marital relationship. Third the higher the barriers the higher the marital commitment. Fourth marital quality and marital commitment were important predictors of marital instability. Taken together this study supports the intergenerational transmission perspective that exposure to conflict marriage in one's own childhood would forecast lower marital sat sfaction higher conflict and higher marital instability in the marital relationship. The findings from this study also underline the importance of predisposing marital characteristics such as parental socioeconomic status and relative heterogeneity in explaining marital relationship.
The Usefulness of Beavers Systems Model on Adolescent Adjustment
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 201~212
The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of Beavers Systems Model on adolescent adjustment. For this study adolescents' perceptions of family health/competence family style and adolescent adjustment were utilized. The 443 subjects were selected randomly from the second grade of middle schools and high schools in the city of Taegu. The instruments of measurement were SFI II State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Depression Scale Self-Esteem Scale and Delinquency Scale. Factor Analysis Cronbach's a, MANOVA and Scheffe test were conducted for the data analysis. The conclusion of this research findings was as follows: There is significant differences I nadolescents' anxiety depression global self-esteem social-peer self esteem property predatory behaviors and school-norm avoidant behaviors by the family functioning types of BSM. Therefore the group classification by BSM was generally useful in evaluating adolescent adjustment.
Emergency Fund Level of Households
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 213~224
Emergency funds are usually identified as liquid assets because they are easily and quickly converted to cash for the needs of unexpected expenses. Empirical studies spplirf got American Households have found that most households do not have recommend levels of liquid savings and an analysis of the 1990 survey of consumer expenditures confirms revious findings. Family Income and Expenditure Survey in Korea is the data base for this study and the level of emergency fund as a flow asset is investigated. A three period model of optimal consumption is presented. The results suggest that many consumers who do not have the recommend levels of liquid assets may be acting rationally. The results may be useful for financial counselors and educators. as well as for insight into empircial patterns of savings.
The Relations Between Children's Perceptions of Parental Childrearing Behaviors Family Support and Their Interpersonal Problem-Solving Behaviors
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 15, issue 1, 1997, Pages 225~237
The Purpose of this study was to examine how children's perceptuions of parental childrearing behaviors and family support were related to their interpersonal problem-solving behaviors. 580 subjects of the 5th 6th grades filled out questionnaires concerning the three research variables. The data were analyzed through correlation analyses and regression analyses. The results were as follows: The significant correlations were found between parental warmth·acceptance and children's interpersonal problem-solving behavior and between family support and problem-solving behaviors. Problem-solving behaviors showed higher correlations with maternal warmths·acceptance than paternal behaviors and with opposite-sex parents behaviors than with same-sex parents behaviors. Family support predicted children's social problem-solving behaviors better than parental warmth·acceptance especially among boys.