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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Consumer Ability on the Conspicuous Consumption of Adolescents consumers
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 1~10
This study purpose to know the degree of adolescent consumer's conspicuous consumption how difference do adolescent consumers' conspicuous consumption have by socio demographic variables socio-psychological variables consumer ability. Therefore we suggest the adolescent consumer's sound consumption to consumer education. To approach to above purpose the research question are as the followings. 1) The average level of conspicuous consumption a little low median point. This implies that comsumer education is necessary for the adolescent consumer in order to reduce the level of conspicuous consumption. 2) Theadolescent consumers' consumption differs significantly according to the sex(p<0.05) monthly mean income of family(P<0.01) degree of taking in massmedia (P<0.01) subjective status on oneself(P<0.01) consumer socialization(P<0.01) 3) According to the results of the regression analysis examining the relative influences of variables affecting for conspicuous consumption the rela ive importance of the variables ; degree of taking in massmedia sex consumer knowledge communication with peers consumer attitude and the amount of allowance.
A study on the domestic labor-with emphasis on the reproduction of labor power
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 11~22
The purpose of this study is to contribute to the theoretical understanding of the nature of domestic labor in relation to the capitalist economic system. In this study I adopted the reproduction of labor for the analytical term. Also I owed theoretical basis to the political economy to analyze the relation between domestic labor and capitalist economy. The family is a very important place which functions to maintain and change both the present and future labor what is called the reproduction of labor power. It also has a close relationship with the total society. The reproduction of labor power is divided by 'gender division of labor' which allocates the responsibility to one gender(women) and exempts it to another gender(men). In conclusion the domestic labor is the very basis of capitalist economy and it is also the preliminary condition to its system. SO we can fully understand the capitalist economy with the 'visible' labor part and the 'invisible' domestic labor part inc usively. And we can also understand the interrelationship between family and labor market which constitutes one economic system and fuctions in it.
A Study on Paternal Role-Behavior of Married Men
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 23~40
The purpose of this study was to identify the paternal role-behavior. Data were collected from questionnares with 270 fathers at the thirties-forties residing in Seoul. The data were analyzed with the SPSS WIN 7.0 package. The major findings were as follows: (1) The general trends of paternal role-behavior showed relatively high(mean=3.60) (2) Paternal role-behavior differed significantly according to their age education level occupation among the demograpic variables (3) Paternal role-behavior differed significantly according to age of oldest child number of sons number of daughters among the family-environmental variables. (4) Paternal role-behavior was correlated with the perceptions on this own father's ways of rearing marital satisfaction job satisfaction experience of bringing up child (5) The result of the regression analysis for the paternal role-behavior the seven variables most affected were as follows; father's role perception(β=3.6) age of oldest child (β= -1.9) experience of bringing up child(β=.19) perception on his own father's nurturance(β=.16) number of child(β=-.16) number of sons(β=-.13) level of income(β=.12)
The Examination of gender differences in the process of intergenerational transmission of marital instability
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 41~52
The purpose of this research was to assess gender differences in the processes of intergenerational transmission of marital instability. This study revealed gender differences in the intergenerational transmission of marital instability. The fit indices suggest that the hypothesized model fit better for the female sample. Parental divorce marital quality and marital commitment were significant predictors of marital instability for both genders. Parental divorce was a strong predictor of marital quality for women only. While the path between age difference and marital quality for females was strong the same association disappeared for their male counterparts.
A Study on the Reform Plicies of Consumer Support Administration in Pucheon City
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 53~70
This study asserted the need and reasonableness to enforce the consumer support administration especially in local government and also examine the area of service to help consumer the service providing system and the current situation. Based on this literature review survey on consumer need current situation in Pucheon city and case study of two other city this study propose the strategies on how the local government of Pucheon city can improve the service to support consumer.
Needs for the Housing Consultation and Information about Housing in Seoul Area
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 71~82
This study aimed to aimed to obtain some basis data for the housing consultation and information about housing through survey of needs for the housing consultation. Respondents were housewives from 395 households living in Seoul area. Questionnaire was used for survey and the collected data were classified by two items such as types of residence and age of housewives. The survey was performed during two weeks in September 1997 and analyzed by frequency mean and percentage using SAS program The finding are as follows; (1) According to the actual conditions of housing consultation the main source of information related to housing was a newspaper Those who had experience detached house had much more opportunities than those of multi-family house. The most frequent agency for housing consultation was a realty dealer showing 65.8%. However the percentage of visiting permanent housing exhibition centers was high among the people aged 20 to 30, noted 20.4%. (2) Level of understanding housing consultation showed 3.45 points among 5. This result indicated that the service system of housing consultation were required. Architects and interior designers were most preferred as specialists whom the respondents wanted to consult with . As to the contents of consultation the most required item was changing of interior space(22.6%). In case the housing information leaflet is sold the respondents were willing to pay 523 won for each of it. (3) Among leaflets related to various information leaflets about housing purchase were most preferred(21.0%) According to the result of the survey the need for the information about housing purchase indicated higher preference than about housing management. The fact could be thought that consumers' consciousness of housing should be changed. Therefore it is desirable to lead consumers to lengthen the expected life span of their house and value happiness of the house by providing them with consulting systems about housing management throug housing consultation materials and development of its programs.
An Evaluation of Farm Households' Financial Status Using Financial Ratios
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 83~96
The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of assets and liabilities of farm households and to evaluate the financial status of rural middle-aged and old-aged household using financial ratios. For these purposes an empirical survey data was gathered from rural middle-aged and old-aged households in 8 provinces using structured questionnaires. 877 households data were used in final analysis. The statistical methods used for data analysis are frequency percentile mean The statistical methods used for data analysis are frequency percentile mean median standard deviation
2 and t-test using SPSS/PC WIN program. Among financial ratios 64.7% of total households could meet the guideline of consumption to income ratio 5.9% of total households could meet the appropriate level of short-term and long-term liquidity. In the case of debt burden ration 82% of total households could meet the guideline. And 28.5% of total households could meet the guideline of capital stock ratio .
A study on the labor Experience of Women in Pre-Industrial Society
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 97~106
This study was carried out to clarify the labor experience and to understand the labor burdon of women in pre-industrial society. For the purpose This study made use of literature review and narration from 20 elders above 70 years old. It was founded that women in pre-industrial society had participated in public labor which had related to nation and household economy. Especially the participation in textile manufacture was evaluated that had produced lots of economic value. The labor burdon of married women in pre-industrial society was founded great.
A Study on the Development of the Scale for Measuring Perception of Equity in Marital Relationship
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 107~122
It has been suggested that equity theory a social psychological theory concerned with the fairness in casual relationships should be applicable to marital relationships. This study describes the development of the scale for measuring perception of equity which measure the level of equity in marital relationships among Korean couples. PES(Perception of Equity Scale) is composed of two subscales; detailed measure of equity(DME) and global measure of equity(GME). The PES which include items from two areas of concern for intimates-pschological-emotional concern day-to-day concern-are describes. As results of test reliability of areas of DME range from .86 to .88 and reliability of GME is .92. And there are primarily evidences of construct validity of PES. Therefore PES is very reasonable scale to measure of equity/inequity perception in married couples. Finally analyzing of the level of equity in this sample husbands and wives has generally equitable relationships with their partn rs. Another findings suggest that husbands are overbenefited of their patners through marriage whereas wives are not.
A Study on the Time Shared with Parents and Children
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 123~136
The purpose of this study is to define the structure and characteristics of the time shared with parents and children. The three specific questions are asked. (1) How much time do parents and children share with? (2) What kind of effects do the demographic factors and the psychosocial factors have on the time shared with parents and children? (3) And how can the families be classified into different types according to the time shared with parents and children? For the empirically proved answers the 161 full0time housewife couples and the 174 wife employed couples in Seoul and Kyoungki-do are surveyed with a self reported time diary and a structured questionare. Such statistical methods as frequency percentage mean tobit analysis cluster analysis oneway ANOVA and Ducan's multiple range test are used to analize the data Main findings from this empirical study can be summarised like this. First the two largest parts of the time shared with parents and children are eating and TV atching. Second the eldest child's age degree of wife's education the number of children wife's employment status family income degree of the family cohesion the couple's attitude toward marriage and role salience are significantly related to the various kind of time shared with parents and children. Third the families are classified by the time shared with parents and children into three types. type 1: the family shared least time with type 2: the family shared passive leisure with type 3: the family shared active leisure with. Type 3 has very distinctive characteristics. This type of family's eldest child is youger than any other family's and this type of family has a full time housewife. And their family cohesion is higher and their couple's relationship is oriented more companionship.
A Cross-Cultural Study of Father's gender role attitudes and Father's Involvement Behaviors in Korea an Japan
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 137~150
This study in investigated differences between father's involvement Behavior perceived by their children which consisted of both qualitative and quantitative behavior and Father's gender role attitude in korea and Japan. The research sample consists of 240, 4-5th grade Korean children and their fathers and 215, 5-6th grade Japanese children and their fathers in Seoul and Tokyo respectively,. Results showed that (1) Korean fathers exhibited more affectionate child rearing behavior than Japanese fathers. On the other han Japanese father exhibited more father's involvement behavior than Korean fathers (2) Korean fathers tended to show more traditional gender role attitude than Japanese fathers do. (3) In the both countries father's affectionate child rearing behavior are greatly affected by non-traditional gender role attitude whereas father's involvement are affected by length of time the that fathers devot to child care.
Differences of Quality of Life between Korean and British married couple
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 151~164
This study was to investigate differences of quality of life between Korean and British married couples. For the data set 136 married couples living in London Plymouth United Kingdom and 208 married couples living in Pusan Korea were chosen. The data were analyzed using M, D, t-test multiple regression and path analysis,. The findings of this study are as follows; First the level of quality of life are higher for British married women than Korean married women. Second for Korean and british married women influence on quality of life are higher subjective variables than objective variables. Third for Korean married women wife's level of education religion marital satisfaction have significant direct effect on quality of life. Besides wife's age and husband's housework participation are indirectly associated with quality of life. For British married women marital satisfaction has significant direct effect on quality of life. Besides number of children income and religion are ind rectly associated with quality of life. Among the variables marital satisfaction is the strongest predictor variable.
The effects of Family and Employment Characteristics on the Psychological Well-being of Men in the Early/Middle Adulthood
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 165~178
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of family and employment characteristics on the psychological well-being of Korean men in their early/middle adulthood. For this purpose total-sample of 415 married white collar male workers in Seoul were selected. Major findings were as follows; First There was no significant difference between early adulthood and middle adulthood in the level of psychological well-being of married male workers. Second marital satisfaction parental role satisfaction and th employment rate of their spouses were higher among men in the early adulthood whereas the rate of specialized and managerial jobs and job flexibility were higher among men in the middle adulthood. Third parental status parental role satisfaction work flexibility job security and job satisfaction significantly affected the psychological well-being in the early adulthood whereas parental status parental role satisfaction the quality of relationship with colleagues and job s tisfaction had significant effects on it in the middle adulthood.
Rewards Costs and Adjustment Perceived by Adult Children in Three Generation Family
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 2, 1998, Pages 179~193
the purpose of this research was to investigate rewards costs and adjustment perceived by adult children in three generation family. Data were collected from 132 marital couples in three generation family in Seoul area. The results of this study showed that there were significant differences in the levels of rewards costs and adjustment variables (self-esteem depression family life satisfaction and marital satisfaction)between husbands are wives. It was also found that wives's costs and husbands' rewards were significantly different across three different types of three generation family. It addition the results of multiple regression analyses indicated that reward was the most powerful variable affecting wives' depression and family life satisfaction and that cost influenced husbands' family life satisfaction and marital satisfaction.