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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
Adult attachment style and related variables: Focused on internal working models of housewives
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 1~16
this study examined the correlates of adult attachment focused on internal working models of 201 housewives. Findings indicated that 68.3% of subjects were classified as secure whereas 27.5% as avoidant and 4.2% as anxious. Greater security was associated with slightly less avoidance while greater anxiousness was associated with slightly greater avoidance. That is subjects who possessed more security tended to be less avoidant while subjects who possessed more anxiousness tended to be more avoidant. The primary characteristics classifying subjects into those three attachment styles were feelings about closeness dependence and anxiousness in relationships with others. Adult attachment was related in theoretically expected ways to one's history of attachment and parenting. Secure subjects were more likely to report warm/responsive parental caregiving style than insecure styles. Insecure subjects in comparison with secure subjects perceived their mothers as cold inconsistent and ot very responsive. Anxious subjects dscribed their fathers as cold and rejecting. The secure attachment style in comparsion with insecure styles was associated with positive mental models of self and social world indicating greater self-esteem positive beliefs about self and others positive relationships with their children greater marital satisfaction and greater secure attachment to their husbands. These results suggest that internal working model offers a useful perspective on adult attachment.
The Right to Women's Body and Sexual violence
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 17~28
The objective of this study was to investigate the experience and perception of sexual violence based on the right to women's body. For empirical analysis the data on 376 female students and 320 male students on two universities were collected. The major findings were as follows; Most of male students usually did sexual violence to women and lots of female students easily were invaded her right to body. The range of conception which the students perceived as sexual violence was wider than that of related laws Thus in order to secure sexual equity this study proposed that laws should reflect widely the right to women's body and that male students should be educated to respect it.
A study of Social Support Daily Hassles and maladjustment perceived by Adolescents
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 29~40
The purpose of this study is to analyze a relationship among the social support daily hassles and maladjustment of adolescents. Questionnare survey method was used in this research. The sample was taken from 434 mothers and their children in the middle school in Kwangju. Statistical methods used in this study were Frequency, Percentage Anova and Regression. The major findings are summarized as follows; 1. Daily hassles was found significantly different according to family support. 2. Maladjustment was found significantly different according to all social support subscales. 3. The variables signficantly affecting maladjustment were marital satisfaction of mother family support self-esteem support and daily hassles.
A study on the Economic Status of Rural Women
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 41~54
The purpose of this study is to analyze the compensation of rurul women receive instead of their physical participation and contribution to their households. I am specifically concerned with the rural women's economic status in relation to their decision making power on household and agricultural economic issues as well as property held in their names. The data of 166 rural men and women in Jyungpook Province are collected by using questionnaires in June 1998. The findings of this study are as follows; 1) Rural women contribute average 53% of their husbands' contribution to agricultural labor which is on average 43.0% of total annual household income. 2) The decision making power on major economic issues remains still very low among rural women. Rural women are still excluded from the possibility of actually owning assets such as property,. Only 189% had assets under their names for assets. 3) The significant factors concerning the rural women's decision making power on econo ic issues are gender-role attitudes of rural women and the husband's judgement of how much their wives contribute to the annual household income. 4) the major factors which influence rural women owning household assets are the decision making power on economical matters contribution to the annual household income and each woman's education level.
Family Life Education: Some Issues & Perspectives -From the Review of Family Enrichment Programs-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 55~68
Family life education and marriage enrichment are seen as a rapidly developing new approach for serving marriages and families in Korea. This paper compares and contrasts the concept of marriage enrichment & family life education. Especially historical development theoretical orientation and ethics process methods and techniques of marriage enrichment are critically reviewed. The direction of future research theoretical and practical implications are added.
An Analysis of Housing Information on Internet Provided by U. S. University CES
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 69~82
As a way to serve housing information providing on internet will be a useful method in the near future in Korea. This study was planned to review the housing information on internet network which provided by U. S. .University CES(cooperative extension service) Comparative analysis was used as a Research method in terms of contents and items about housing information on internet provided by U. S. university CES during two weeks each in August 1997 and July 1998. Findings are as follows; Universities providing housing information and information items had been remarkably increased during one year since August 1997. Most of housing informations except one university CES were free to use in 1997 but three university CES among 12 universities showed only the title of items with charge amounts in 1998. Informations about 'Housing Management' and 'Environment' items were the large parts of the housing information in 1997. In 1998. 'Environment' items were remarkably increased. Items bout insects and mildew removing were large portion of the 'Housing Management'. Items about energy saving water and air quality were large portion of the 'Environment' These findings will be useful to develop items of housing information on internet network with Korean language which should be compensated by the survey research.
Interpersonal support, Tension in life changes & Life satisfaction in Urban Housewives
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 83~83
The purpose of this study is to investigate interpersonal support, tension in lifechanges & satisfaction. The selected sample is composed of 387 housewives in ChongJoo city. SAS pc program was used for the statistical analysis of the data. Data was analyzed by frequency, F-test, percentage, mean, Duncan's Multiple Range Test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Regression Analysis. Major findings as follows: 1)At wedding & funeral ceremony, kin networks of her parents & parents-in law side were variables to have influence on tension in life changes. And the number of social organization participated were a variable to have influence on the satisfaction. The age of couple, education of couple, duration of marriage, income, family lifecycle, the number of children, pattern of family were variables to influence tension in life changes, but were not variables to influence on the satisfaction. 2) At usual or wedding & funeral ceremony, kin networks of her parents side were variables to influence on instrumental & companionship support. And the number of friends was a variable to influence on companionship & informational support. The number of neighbors was a variable to influence on instrumental, companionship & informational support. The number of social organization participated was a variable to influence on companionship & emotional support. The age of couple, education of couple,income, duration of marriage, family life cycle, number of children, family size, family type were variables to influence on interpersonal support. 3)The relationship between tension and satisfaction in life changes was negative, and between instrumental support and satisfaction was negative also. But between companionship support and satisfaction was positive relationship and between tension of personal &social life and instrumental support was positive relationship. The relationship between tension of marriage life and companionship support was negative and between tension of family life and information support was negative relationships. The received companionship support was lower tension in life changes than not received it. But the received instrumental support was higher tension of personal & social life. The received companionship & informational support was higher satisfaction than not received them. But the received instrumental support was lower satisfaction than not received it. 4) Instrumental & companionship support, at usual kin network of her parents in taw side, at wedding & funeral ceremony kin network of her parents side,were variables to influence on tension in life changes. Instrumental, companionship& informational support, at wedding & funeral ceremony kin network of her parents side, were variables to influence on the satisfaction
Single Mother Family's Family Stress and Psychological Well-being
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 107~124
The purposes of this study were to find the general trends of single mothers' and adoescents' family resources stress perceptions coping and psychological well-being to examine the differences and correlations among single mothers' and their adolescents' variables and to analyze the effects of socio-demographic variables and family stress influencing psychological well-being. The subjects were the 568 single mothers and their adolescents living in Kwangju. The major findings were as follows; 1. Scores of single mothers' and their adolescents' family resources stress perceptions were lower than median but their stressors problem solving-focused coping life satisfaction and depression were higher than median. Single mothers' stressors coping stress perceptions were significantly higher than their adolescents' 2. Single mothers' family rsources stressors stress perceptions coping life satisfaction and depression were positively related to adolescents' 3. Single mother family's l fe satisfaction were influenced by stress perceptions problem solving-focused coping family strengths. Single mother family's depression were influenced by stress perceptions emotion-focused coping.
Adolescents' Perception about the Positive-and Negative Function of Friendship and Their Adjustment to School
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 125~138
The purpose of this study was first to investigate the positive-and the negative function of friendship perceived by adolescents second to examine the difference of these two function s by adolescents' gender and grade and third to evaluate adolescents' adjustment to school according to the positive-and the negative function of friendship. For these purposes and empirical survey data was gathered from 988 junior higher- and high school students in Inchon city. Three factors of the positive function and three other factors of the negative function of friendship were constructed as results of factor analyses. There six factors were correlated one another and were significantly different by adolescents' gender and grade. Lastly adolescents' adjustment to school was significantly different by the positive function of friendship.
Changes of marriage expense after the IMF crisis according to the social classes
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 139~154
This study investigates the change of marriage expense after IMF crisis according to the social classes. The dta were gathered in Taegu city about marriage expense from newly-married people and parent peneration during April 1998. Through the analysis of that dta we identified the reducing of the 'bubble' in marriage consumption after the IMF crisis. but that change was different according to the classes. The most steep drop of marriage expense was fall to upper-middle classes while upper classes revealed a rising tendency and lower-middle & lower classes' stable tendency in marriage expense. These results were interpretered as the 'polarization of consumption' and 'the collapse of middle classes' after IMF crisis.
Development of Behavior Problem Scale for Children and Adolescence
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 155~166
The purpose of this study was to develop ' the Behavior Problem Scale for Children and Adolescence' The 518 subjects were selected from 5th and 6th grades of elementary schools and first and second grades of middle schools in Pusan. Statistics used for data analysis were χ2 cramer's V, factor analysis multi-regression Pearson's r, Cronbach's a. The major finding of this study were as follows 1) 80 items of the 159 item scale were acceptable through item discriminant method The discriminant coefficients of the items(Cramer's V) ranged from .48 to .81. 2) 6 factors(shyness aggression hyperactivity withdrawal anxious immature) extracted from factor analysis,. Multi-regression analysis conducted to reduce the length of scale have drawn 42 items for 'the Behavior Problem Scale Children and Adolescence' 3) Reliability coefficients(Cronbach's a) of this scale was 94.
A study on the Adaptation of Traditional Interior Elements in Modern House
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 167~182
The purpose of this study was to investigate actual condition of the modern adaptation of interior elements (wall floor ceiling door & window) in traditional house. The examined objects were 316 pictures of residential interior spaces from the 5 different monthly magazines between Jan. 1993 to Dec. 1997 The results of this study were as follows; 1. Mostly they were either parital adaptation from the original or partially transformed adaptation rather than entire adaptation of the original 2. Of the traditional interior elements adapted in residential space only specific elements were being adapted. For example. partial adaptation from the original were oiled paper flooring(Jangpan) rice papered wall (Hanji) a ceiling finish that left the rafters and beams exposed (Yondunt-chonjang) and window or door frame which is vertical lattices accented with horizontal lattices grouped into three sections(Ttisal-mun)And partially transformed adaptation were wood flooring(Chang-maru) rice apered wall(Hanji) Yondung-chonjang wind or door frame of Wan character(Wanja-mum) 3. In regard to space the mostly adapted spaces were bedrooms rather than living or dining rooms.
The Discretionary Consumption Expenditure of Korean Urban Housewives
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 183~196
The purpose of this study was to investigate the discretionary consumption expenditure of Korean urban housewives and the factors contributing to the discretionary consumption expenditure. 535 housewives living in Seoul and Gyungki district were selected and frequencies percentile means standard deviation and multiple-regression analysis were utilized. The results of this study were as follows: First the monthly discretionary consumption expenditure of Korean urban housewives was 592,500won. Particularly the level of clothing expenditure for urban housewives of 135,700won was found to be the highest expenditure among other discretionary expenditures while the level of transportation expenditure of 68,100won was found to be the lowest expenditure. Second educational attainment employment status conspicuous tendency of consumption and contribution to household economic of urban housewives husband's job the number of children monthly income debt ownership and home ownership were ignificant variables on each category of discretionary consumption expenditure while age future economic expectation egion and total asset were not significant variables. Third employment status conspicuous tendency of consumption husband's job the number of children monthly income and debt ownership were related to discretionary consumption expenditure of Korean urban housewives.
Consumption Life and Recycling(II) -Focusing on Recycling of Food Wastes In the Cooking-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 197~220
This study is conducted to examine the ways to reduce the garbage amount by effective recycling food wastes in the cooking. The data is collected from 864 housewives who live in Seoul/Sungnam/Choongju by using questionnaires from 24 November 1997 to 5 January 1998. The results are as follows; The level of their needs of reusing food wastes in the cooking is high but the level of their participation and its satisfaction to reuse housewives is low. Especially they take part in reusing the garbage in pre-treatment less than edibile plate wastes. These factors result from lacking of their consciousness and knowledge of methods to reuse food wastes. Therefore it is said that consumer should make an effort themselves to participate in reusing food waste researcher should search the way to efficiently reuse the food waste and government should found the policy to provide information and education program for reusing food waste. The more seriously they perceive food waste reuse the mo e they want the way to accelerate food waste reuse by consumer researcher and government.
Family Asset Management and The Marital Role Strucuture
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 221~232
The purpose of this study is to understand asset management behaviors and unearth the equity in marital relations examining empirically the tendency and characteristics of marital role-structure in the process of asset management. The dta of this study was collected from 370 housewives living in Seoul. The findings are as follows. 1) Marital role-structure was proved different according to the stage of asset management 2) Considering all stages of asset management process marital role structure are classified into 7 types. The 7 types was differently shown according to wives' age occupation of husbands income of husbands real estates wives' marital role-attitude and asset management knowledge.
Development of Scale on Soundness of Family Life in Korea
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 16, issue 4, 1998, Pages 233~250
This study describes the development of the scale for measuring soundness of family life in Korea. The scale developed by this study was composed of 52questions in 7categories selected from 110sentences,. Advertges by using this scale hereafter are as follows : This scale make itself useful as a guidline for managing family life in view of prospect to carry out the specifical and practical management behavior as a test materials for designing and bringing up the family life and finally first of all useful of describing and measuring the conditions and soundness of family life in view of Korean