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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
A Comparative Study of Working Hours between Korean and Japanese Full-Time Working Couples
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study is to compared the length of working hours and its effects on family life for Korean and Japanese full-time working couples. For this study, the survey used structured questionnaires and time diaries(one weekday and holiday), and the data were collected in the fall of 1995. A subsample of full-time working couples, 82 couples from Seoul and 79 couples from Tokyo, was used for the purpose of this study. The major findings are as follows; 1) On average, the weekday working hours of Korean husbands were longer than Japanese husbands(11 hours 31 minute, 10 hours 52 minutes a day, respectively). Wives in both countries worked almost identical lengths of time (9 hours 2 minutes in Korea and 8 hours 42 minutes in Japan). Working hours of husbands were longer than those of wives in both countries. Husbands' overtime. Almost (90%) of our Korea sample worked 6 days or 5 1/2 days per week, however the majority (69%) of our Japanese sample worked only 5 days per eek. 2) More Korean husbands and wives reported that their family life was constrained by wives working hours than their Japanese counterparts did. 3) All wives in both countries reported that the husbands long working hours has effects on quality family time. Korean wives perceived that their working hours had effects on time spent on child care, however Japanese wives perceived that their working hours affected their personal time and housework time. Korean husbands agreed with their wives working hours negatively affected their personal leisure time. Japanese husbands reported that their working hours negatively affected their sleeping time.
A Study on Clothing Recycling Disposition Behavior -Focusing on the Unmarried Women Workers-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 15~27
This study puts an emphasis on the importance clothing and its reuse, dealing with the unmarried women workers who will be main domestic consumers. Questionnaire survey method was used in this research. The sample was taken from 546 unmarried women workers. The major findings are summarized as follows, it was found that Factor I was the cause of unplanned clothing management, Factor II was the cause of clothing modification and body type changes and Factors III was the cause of fashionmongering. Second, it was shown that as for experiences in hoarded clothing recycling disposition behavior subjective social strate had the high level, the group of sale and technical jobs / self-employed jobs had the higher level than the group of specialized skil / management jobs, the group in office-going and leaving clothing had the higher level than the group of people in separate uniform as working dress and the group of those experienced in environmental education had the high level.
Generational transmission of household works from mothers to married daughters
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 29~44
The purpose of this study was to investigate how household work was transmitted from mothers to their married daughters. The results of this study were as follows: First, mothers reported generally higher scores than their married daughters regarding the consciousness and performance of household work an exception in the usage level of home equipments. Second, married daughters' consciousness and performance of household work were positively correlated with those of mothers. The highest correlation was found in the usage level of home equipments and the lowest correlation was in the amount of time using household work helper. Third, married daughter's consciousness and performance of household work were significantly influenced by their mothers. It was especially so in daughter's usage level of home equipments. Accordingly, the results of this study support the existence of generational transmission of household work from mothers to their married daughters with regard to its c nsciousness and performance.
A Simultaneous Analysis on the Relationship Between Household Productivity and Market Productivity
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 45~60
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between household productivity and market productivity of the married men in their early adulthood. Proxy variables of the household productivity were housework time, family cohesion·adaptability and family economic resource. Also proxy variables of the market productivity were job performance, job satisfaction and wage. The main result were as follows: First, men's housework time is insignificantly related to men's job performance, job satisfaction, and wage. But men's housework time is reduced as men's wage. Second, family cohesion·adaptability is significantly and positively related to the married men's job performance. The married men's job performance is significantly and positively related to the family cohesion·adaptability.
Wife's Emotional Support and Husband's Marital Satisfaction
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 61~76
In an effort to better understand the relationship between husband and wife in the family, this study investigated wife's emotional support and husband's marital satisfaction. Subjects were 232 husbands in Seoul. Results indicated that the level of wife's emotional support to their husbands and husband's marital satisfaction were generally high. And wife's emotional support to their husbands had the strongest positive effect on husband's marital satisfaction. In addition, husband's income and wife's employment were negatively related to husband's marital satisfaction. It was suggested the importance of the emotional support to their husbands had the strongest positive effect on husband's marital satisfaction. In addition, husband's income and wife's employment were negatively related to husband's marital satisfaction. It was suggested the importance of the emotional support in the spousal relationships.
Work and Family Characteristics of Family Business in Germany -based on the interview with female business manager in the family businesses-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 77~91
The purpose of this study is twofold: to document the current research trends, significance, and actual situation of family business in Germany, and to describe the characteristics of family business work, workers, and interactions influencing work and family functioning in Germany. For this purpose, this study reviewed the sate of family business in Germany through out theoretical approach and secondary national data. In addition, this study collected in 1998 data through face-to-face interviews with female family business managers in Germany. Results of the present study indicate that family business plays a very important role in the economy of Germany. More than 85% of all companies are family businesses, which produce over 60% of GDP in Germany. The notable characteristics of family business households were the high proportion of home owners, high education level of the family business manager, high involvement of family members in family business. Also the high work sati faction among the family members who worked in family business, the effect of family business work on family life, and effect of the family on business success were extremely positive.
A Comparison of Consumption Expenditure Patterns between working-wife families and nonworking-wife families
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 93~108
This study examines difference in expenditure patterns between working-wife families and nonworking-wife families. The data used in the study is 4,506 husband-wife families take National Survey of family Income and Expenditure in 1996. Of the sample, 42.3% are working-wife families. Consumption expenditure patterns are analyzed in two ways. One is the budget share of each given expenditure and the other is elasticity of those expenditure. The main results of this study are as follows: First, there are the differences between working-wife families and nonworking-wife families in the budget share of each given expenditure. In the budget shares of each given expenditure, nonworking-wife families share more than working wife families for food and medicine. And working-wife families allocated more on public transportation than their counterparts. Second, there are also differences between working-wife families and nonworking-wife families in income elasticities.
Study on Decision Making Style & Task Management of Urban Homemakers
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 109~123
The purpose of this study is to investigate decision making styles task management of urban homemakers. This study focuses on the following aspects: 1) to find out which variables of background variables (ie. age of couple, education of couple, duration of marriage, income, family life cycle, number of children) have effect on decision making styles & task management of urban homemakers. 2) to find out the relationships between decision making styles and task management of urban homemakers. 3) to find out independent influcene of background variables on task management. major findings are as follows; First, it is general tendency that decision making styles were human oriented in urban homemakers. Importance & Urgency of the task, age of homemakers, education of homemakers, family life cycle were significant variables to have influcence on task oriented decision making styles. Importance & urgency of task were variables to have influences on human oriented decision making styl s. Second, the tendency of dealing with task at once is the highest in the task management, on the other hand, the tendency of dealing with task in the next session is the lowest. Income is a variable to influence on dealing with task in delegation to others, education of homemaker is a variable to influence on dealing with task in next session and importance & urgency of the task and the number of children were variables to influence on dealing with task immediately. Third, human oriented decision marking style was a variable to influence on dealing with task in delegation with task in delegation to others, in the next session, and in suspending/ in neglecting. Task oriented decision making style was a variable to influence on dealing with task immediately. Fourth, The urgency of task & income were variables to have direct influence on dealing with task in delegation with task in next session, and the urgency of the task, age & education of homemaker and family life cycle were varia les to direct influence on dealing with the task immediately. The urgency & importance of the task and age of homemaker were variables to have indirect on dealing with the task urgency of task & the number of children were variables to have indirect influence on dealing with the task in suspending/in neglecting through the medium of the human oriented decision making styles.
Patterns of commitment to Work Role and Fathering and the Level of Life Satisfaction among Married Men
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 125~139
The main purpose of this study is to examine the relation between different patterns of commitment to work role and fathering and the level of life satisfaction. 272 fathers, whose oldest child is under 12 years old with professional, managerial and clerical jobs, were selected. The major findings of this study were as follow: 1) Married men with the oldest child under 12 years old were more likely to be committed to fathering than to work role. 2) The significant variables that affected the level of commitment to fathering were the age of the oldest child, the frequency of participation in the meeting after work, parental satisfaction, and how they perceive the spousal support. And the significant variables that affected the level of commitment to work role were type of job, parental distress, work satisfaction, work distress. 3) Patterns of commitment to fathering and work role were categorized into four groups. The names were given as positively balanced commitment pattern, positive fathering commitment pattern, negative fathering commitment pattern, and totally negative commitment pattern. 4) The significant variables important in classifying the patterns of commitment to work role and fathering appeared to be the age of the oldest child, work distress, the frequency of participation in the meeting after work, parental satisfaction, how they perceive the spousal support, work satisfaction and weekend total working hour. 5) The balanced positive commitment to work and fathering was associated with the highest level of life satisfaction.
The Exploration of Model and Application for Family Life Welfare Service in Korea
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 141~153
The purpose of this study is to explore the model and application for family life welfare service in Korea. In order to explore the characteristics of family life welfare service, the object, the extent and approach for family life welfare service is examined. The model for family life welfare service is constructed on the base of definition for family life welfare-subsistence of family life, personal formation and development, the creation of community culture-, family life cycle and demand for family life welfare service. Lastly, the contents and politic supports for family life welfare service are examined.
The effect of family strengths and wives' self-esteem on depression among married women
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 155~174
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of family strengths and self-esteem on depression among married women who have adolescents in middle and high school of their first child in Korea. To measure of depression using the CESD(the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale), the degree of husewives' depression was relatively higher than that of employed married women. As for the related variables, educational degree, S.E.S(socio-economic status), self-esteem turned out significant in housewives' depression. But, in the case of employed married women, these were not significant. Therefore, we are confirmed that the etiologic model of this study was more proper to housewives than employed married women. Finally, in both cases of housewives and employed married women, the effects of family strengths were mediated or moderated by self-esteem in predicting depression. The results of this study called for the encouraging of married women's self-esteem, the parti ipation of various social programs for housewives, and the programs to strengthening of their family relationships.
Variables Affecting on the Rationality of Consumption Behavior of Adolescent Consumers
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 175~190
The purpose of this study is to investigate variables affecting on rationality of consumption behavior of adolescent consumers. The findings from data analysis can be summarized as follows: 1) The degree of the rationality of whole consumption behavior, buying behavior, using behavior and disposing behavior is not so high. Especially the degree of making a buying plan before they buy gathering information according to buying plan and applying gathered information is low but presenting a claim for inferior goods is high. Adolescent consumers don't tend to use products to the end and to exchange or donate disusing products. 2) According to the result of multiple regression analysis, sex, grade, application of advertisement, influence of parents, saving value, conspicuous value, pro-environmental value, aesthetic value, enjoyable value are variables affecting on the rationality of consumption behavior of adolescent consumers.
A Study on the Wall Components of Sarang-taechong in the Upper Class houses of Chosun Dynasty
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 191~202
The purpose of this study was to clarify the wall components of Sarang-taechong in the upper class houses of Chosun dynasty. Physical trace method was used for this study. The samples were taken from the Sarang-taechong of 6 traditional Korean houses; Yunkyungdang, the ancient Chusa estate, Sunkyojang, Chunghyodang, Yangjindant, Unjorn. The makor findings were summarized as follows; 1) The common components of each wall were pillars, sanginbangs(upper horizontal beams), hainbangs (lower horizontal beams), door and windows. Changbangs(wood eave pieces that suported decoration blocks), changyos(a pice of wood fitted between the tops of pillars and upper tori cross beams), and morums(the top wainscot board laid horizontally between the bottom beam and the bottom portion of a window frame) were additional. 2) The composition of every south wall was symmetrical and the other threes were mixed symmetrical and asymmetrical. 3) The image of wall was classified-fine, strong, and modera e, according to the symmetry or asymmetry of wall composition, the width of each components, the kind of window.
The Influences of Functinal Impariment and Personal Characteristics of Demented Elderly, and Related Variables of Housewives on Caregiving Stress
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2000, Pages 203~216
The purpose of this study was to explore the degree of caregiving stress in housewives according to functional impaiment and personal characteristics of demented elderly, and related variables of housewives. The subjects of this study were 141 housewives who had cared for dementia elderly. A questionnaire was used as survey method. The data was analyzed by means of t-test, ANOVA, and Scheffe test. The main findings were as follows: First, there was significant difference in the degree of stress in caring for dementia elderly according to functional impairment of demented elderly. Third, the degree of stress in caring for dementia elderly differed significantly according to education, income, and housework time per day of housewives, and relatinship demented elderly with housewife.