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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Labor time and Labor Division of the rural couples cultivating rice and barley
Kim, Hee-Soon ; Choe, Hyun-Cha ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 1~14
This study was to find out the status of labor division between rural husband and wife by measuring the labor time for tasks, the ratio of relative contribution toward work, and work segregation. Data used in this study were collected fro 424 persons of 212 farm households mainly cultivating rice and barley. The results of this study were as follows : 1) In the case of work directly related to farming, working hours of husband were significantly longer than those of wife during the farming and off-farming season. In contrast working hours of wife for housekeeping were significantly longer than those of husband during both seasons. 2) The ratio of relative contribution toward farming work of husband was a little higher than that of wife during farming and off-farming season. But this toward housekeeping work was less than that of wife. 3) The degree of gender segregation in farming was 0.33 during the farming season and 0.01 during the off-farming season. The kinds of work and time distribution were relatively same. The degree of gender segregation in housekeeping was 0.79 during the farming season and 0.72 during the off-farming season. These values showed inequality of work segregation in the kind of work and time distribution.
Family, Work Experiences and Phychological Well-being among Employed Wives
Lee, Hyong-Sil ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 15~24
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between family, work experiences and psychological well-being among employed wives. Data were collected from 258 full-time employed wives in dual-earner families. 63.6% of respondents were in their 30s and 36.4% in their 40s. Educational and income level was above average. Employed wives experienced higher levels of stress and satisfaction in parenting than in marital relationships and work. The findings of this study indicated that higher levels of marital stress and parenting stress were negatively related to work satisfaction for employed wives in dual-earner couples. Work stress had negative effects on parenting satisfaction. However, marital satisfaction was not influenced by parenting stress and work stress. The results of the regression analysis revealed that marital, work and parenting satisfaction were significant predictors of psychological well-being of employed wives. The size of effects were found to be greater for marital and work satisfaction than for parenting satisfaction.
The Effect of Family Stress on Psychological Distress in Unemployed Female Head: The Interactions with Family Solidarity and Coping
Cho, Hee-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 25~38
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of family stress, coping, family resources on psychological distress and the interactions with family solidarity and coping in unemployed female head. The sample was 101 unemployed female heads(without husband) who are living in Seoul. The results of this study showed that family solidarity had significant buffering effect to moderate relationship between family stress and psychological distress. But the effect of coping on psychological distress was not significant. This means that the family solidarity was very important to decrease the psychological distress(somatization, anxiety, depression) of unemployed female head.
A Study on the Attitudes toward Market Goods Characteristics and the Market Goods Substitution of Housework
Koo, Hye-Ryoung ; Lee, Ki-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 39~52
The purposes of this study were to identify the attitudes toward of market goods characteristics and to investigate the relationships between attitudes toward market goods characteristics and the level of market goods substitution of housework. For empirical analysis, the data of the study was collected from 572 married women living in Seoul. A questionnaire was used as a survey method. Data was analysed using SPSS/WIN8. The major findings of the study were as follows: 1) Wives had negative attitudes toward quality characteristics in the domain of food, but positive attitudes in the domain of clothes. They had positive attitudes toward time/labor saving characteristic, especially ready-made side dishes and dining-out, whereas negative attitudes toward money saving characteristic in the domain of food and clothes. 2) The level of market goods substitution of housework was influenced by the attitudes toward market goods characteristics.
Household's Optimal Consumption by age of reference person and occupation
Yang, Yon-Sun ; Im, Jeong-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 53~70
This research was tried to understand the income, consumption expenditure with the family lifecycle stage of urban workers and on the basis of this to pull out the optimal consumption line and to provide the basic data for long term management of household finance. As a whole, it ti revealed that real consumption both in the period of establishment and reduction is lower than optimal consumption, whereas real consumption in the extension period is far higher than the optimal consumption in the same period. The reason amy come from that the educational expenditure of children in the middle age reaches the climax and in addition household in the same time tends to add the marriage costs supporting his children.
An Ethnographic Case Study on the Early Motherhood
Noh, Young-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 71~84
The purpose of this study is to analyze the structure of maternal experiences. This study applies ethnographic case study, interview data were collected through in-depth interviews of 10 key interviewees. Findings were as follows: (1) Experiences of the body were about creating a new being through the pain of giving a birth and differed according to woman's self-evaluation of identity. (2) Child-rearing experiences marked a shift of position from a child to a parent. Interviewees experienced the hardhsip of life as a mother, its meanings differed according to the social context of interviewees. Child-rearing experiences meant a process of personal maturity. (3) Mother-child relationship shaped by child-rearing experiences, is a process of building meanings. It led to empathy and reinterpretation of her mother's life
A Study on the University Student's Stress and Relationship Satisfaction with their Mother
Lee, Su-Jin ; Kim, Myung-Cha ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 85~98
The purpose of this research is to examine the university students' stress and relationship satisfaction with their mother. For this purpose , 420 students were selected in Seoul area, and data were analyzed by the statistical methods, such as the Cronbach'a coefficient, Frequency, Percentile, Arithmetic Mean, Standard Deviation, One-Way ANOVA, Peason's Corelation and stepwised Multiple Regression Analysis though SPSS win PC+. The main results are as followed: (1) University students experience stress some extent through all the areas such as communication, dating, choosing occupation, daily activity, or pocket money. But the level of stress shows lower tendency relatively. (2)Students with the lower self-differentiation perceive more stress from mother. When using avoidance coping and personnel dependence coping, the level of stress is high. (3)Several variables(problem-focused coping, self-differentiation of emotional independence, avoidance coping, communication stress, daily activity stress, and sentimental self-differentiation) significiently influence relationship satisfaction with their mother. These variables explain 52% of the satisfaction with mother.
Interaction effects of Parent-child Relationship and School Adjustment on adolescent self-concept
Shin, Na-Na ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 99~114
This study investigated the relations among parent-child relationship, school adjustment and self-concept in adolescence. In addition, interaction effects of parent-child relationship and school adjustment on adolescent self-concept were examined. The major results of this study were as follows: 1. Parent-child relationship and school adjustment were positively associated with self-esteem. The better parent-child relationships they perceive, the higher self-concept they have. The better school adjustment they experience, the higher self-concept they have. 2. There were interaction effects of parent-child relationships and school adjustment on self-concept. Adolescents whose parent-child relationships were poor had higher self-concept when they adjusted to school well. There were little differences in self-concept as a function of the school adjustment when their parent-child relationships were good. These findings indicate that experience in the family and school domains interact in their associations with adolescent self-concept.
Education Investment Behavior of Mothers about Children of the Lower Greades in Primary School
Min, Soon-Sun ; Lee, Ki-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 115~128
The purpose of this study was to investigate investment behavior of mothers who have children of the lower grades in primary school and the effects of the variables. The subjects of this study were 454 mothers who have children of lower grades in primary school in Seoul. Statistics used for data analysis were frequency, mean, percentage, multiple regression. The households which paid their money for private education investment cost was 182.543 won a month and the mean of time use of mother for child education was 125 minutes a day. The most influencing variable on money investment to private education investment behavior was family income and on time investment to it was influence of reference group
Generational transmission of household work from mothers to married daughters and related variables
Lee, Yon-Suk ; Park, Kyung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 129~146
The purpose of this study was to investigation the variables that affected the generational transmission of household work form mothers to their married daughter. The subjects were 415 married daughters and their mothers living in Seoul and metropolitan areas. Statistical techniques used for this study included descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows : First, married daughters; value of household work was significantly affected by total periods of marriage of daughters, daughter's perceived similarity to their mothers' household work. Second, married daughters' preference for household work was significantly affected by mother's occupation (managerialㆍprofessional), mother's perceived similarity, daughter's experience of living with mother-in-law, daughter's sex-role attitude, and daughter's perceived similarity. Third, married daughters' ability to do household work was significantly affected by total periods of marriage for mothers, mother's perceived similarity, and daughter's perceived similarity. Fourth, married daughters' standard of household work was significantly affected by mother's perceived similarity, daughter's occupation (techniciansㆍclerk), daughter's monthly income, and daughter's perceived similarity. Fifth, married daughters' usage level of home equipments was significantly affected by mother's birth order, mother's education, mother's occupation (managerialㆍprofessional), daughter's birth order, daughter's education, and daughter's monthly income. Sixth, Mother related variables had greater power than daughter related ones in explaining daughters' values and preference for household work value and preferences and usage of home equipments. In conclusion, married daughter's consciousness and performance of household work were significantly influenced by their mothers. It was especially so in daughter's usage level of hoe equipments. Accordingly, the results of this study support the existence of generational transmission of household work from mothers to their married daughters with regard to its consciousness and performance. Findings of this study have implications for counsellors, practitioners and educators.
The Review & study of reformative model in Korean sacrificial rite
Doo, Kyung-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 147~170
The purpose of this study is to review Korean sacrificial rite and reform it to be fit for modern life, the research method is to review literatures such as ancient writings and various references for the sacrificial rite. The new model of Korean sacrificial rite is as follows; 1. New year's and chusok's sacrificial rite should be omitted and only the anniversary rite be left. 2. Time of anniversary rite should be convenient hour that all attendants can meet and the extent of attendants should be limited into the deads sons & daughters. 3. Subject of anniversary rite should be limited into the parents. 4. Foods and liquor offered to the dead should be omitted 5. Supervisor of sacrificial rite should be not only the eldest son but also dead's sons and daughters, so the anniversary rite should be rotated among brothers and sisters.
Effects of SES, Psychological Environments, Stress Coping Method on High School Student's Stress in Choen-buk
Song, Soon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 18, issue 3, 2000, Pages 171~187
The purpose of this study is to research high school students' stressful life events, to examine effects of SES, psychological environments, stress coping methods on stress. Data were collected by 965 high school students in Cheon-buk. Data were analyzed with the frequency, percentage, factor analysis, reliability, ANOVA test, Multiple Regression in use of SPSS WIN 7.5 Program. The main results are as follow: 1. High school students; stressful life events are ① comparingㆍinterferenceㆍscolding ② having a bad at their study. ③ educational environments ④ ability ⑤ apearance. Peoples stressed me are ① her(him)self ② friend and ③ teacher. Stress coping behaviors are it's ① speak ill a person. ② listen to the music. ③ sleep. ④ be patient. ⑤ keep still or take breath deeply. 2. SES, Psychological Environments, Stress Coping Methods are related to stress. Especially hopeless in future, parental not affections and parental interference are related to stress highly. Also the stress by sex discrimination are related to gender intimately. 3. Effects of SES, Psychological Environments, Stress Coping Method on high school students' stress are very different. So it must to be differentiated the support on the high school students' stress.