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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
The relations between parenting, self-esteem, materialism in adolescents
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 1~13
The main purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting adolescents materialism and the relations between parenting, materialism and self-esteem in adolescents. The subjects were 439 first-grade high school students in Kang-nam area located in Seoul. The main results were as follows; (1) Material value was not significantly different according to gender, SES and parents education; (2) Adolescents whose parents are permissive or inconsistent have higher material value. On the other hand, adolescents whose parents are affectionate have relatively lower material value. And adolescents who communicate openly with their parents also have lower material value; (3) Lower material value was found for the adolescents whose self-esteem was high; (4) The mediating role of self-esteem was found: Adolescents self-esteem mediate the relations between parenting, parent-child communication style and material value of adolescents.
A Study on Familism and Materialism of the Korean-Americans
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 15~29
The purpose of this study was to investigate familism and materialism of the Korean-Americans. A total 370 subject completed structured questionnaires. Major conclusions of this study are as follows: First, the Korean-Americans are found to support familism below average. But subgroup differences (according to age, for example) were discovered. Second, the Korean-Americans are found not to support materialism. But, like familism, subgroup differences by several variables were discovered. Third, among the Korean-Americans, the urban Koreans and the rural Koreans, the rural Koreans are found to support familism most strongly. But theres no difference between the Korean-Americans and the urban Koreans. The Korean-Americans are found not to support materialism.
Classification and Characteristics of Healthy Family Groups of Rural Families in Korea -Especially written about middle school children family stage-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 31~48
The purpose of this thesis is to explore the health characteristics of different groups of rural families in Korea. The subjects of the study were all couples from the selected 40 villages whose eldest childs educational level is at least at a middle school level. The data for 356 people from 178 households were analysed. Groups of healthy family were organized into two classes - the H group, and the L group. The probability to be involved in H group, by logistic analysis, was heightened as the mental health of the family and marital satisfaction increased, and as the seriousness of a couples problems decreased. Also it was heightened as the numbers of family members decreased, as the academic level of couple accorded, as the problems of kinship were no, and as the problems of local society were recognized. The groundwork of this treatise can be used as basic materials to establish a model of a healthy rural family and make programs for the improvement of rural family health.
Review of Communal Housing for the Elderly in the UK
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 49~68
The purpose of this study was 1) to review communal housing in the UK, 2) to consider the policy implications for elderly communal housing in Korea. The research methods used were 1) literature review about communal housing and related policy in the UK 2) field survey in the UK 3) interpretative suggestion for the proper policy implication to develope communal housing for the elderly in Korea. Sheltered housing in the UK had been developed as communal housing for the elderly with special needs since the 1970s. The type of sheltered housing were category 1 and category 2. Very sheltered housing with more facilities and meal services was added in 1980s. Sheltered housing was evaluated as the most humanistic solution for older people in the UK in 1980s. Because of the policy of moving institutional care to community care, sheltered housing became less in demand because of more options for older people including being able to stay in their own home. So new completion of sheltered housing by registered social landlords reduced saliently. Sheltered housing already totalled over half million units in which 5% of all elderly over 65 still lived and a small quantity of private sector for sale schemes emerged in the 1990s. The reason why the residents moved to sheltered housing was for sociable, secure, and manageable living arrangements. In general the residents were satisfied with these characteristics but dissatisfied with the service charge and quality of meals, especially in category 2.5 schemes. The degree of utilisation of communal spaces and facilities depended on the wardens ability and enthusiasm. Evaluation of sheltered housing indicated several problems such as wardens duty as a \"good neighbour\" ; difficult-to-let problems with poor location or individual units of bedsittiing type with shared bathroom ; and the under use of communal spaces and facilities. Some ideas to solve these problems were suggested by researchers through expanding wardens duty as a professional, opening the scheme to the public, improving interior standards, and accepting non-elderly applicants who need support. Some researchers insisted continuing development of sheltered housing, but higher standards must be considered for the minority who want to live in communal living arrangement. Recently, enhanced sheltered housing with greater involvement of relatives and with tied up policy in registration and funding suggested as an alternative for residential care. In conclusion, the rights of choice for older people should be policy support for special needs housing. Elderly communal housing, especially a model similar to sheltered housing category 2 with at least 1 meal a day might be recommended for a Korean Model. For special needs housing development either for rent or for sale, participation of the public sector and long term and low interest financial support for the private sector must be developed in Korea. Providing a system for scheme managers to train and retrain must be encouraged. The professional ability of the scheme manager to plan and to deliver services might be the most important factor for the success of elderly communal housing projects in Korea. In addition the expansion of a public health care service, the development of leisure programs in Senior Citizens Centre, home helper both for the elderly in communal housing and the elderly in mainstream housing of the community as well. Providing of elderly communal housing through the modified general Construction Act rather than the present Elderly Welfare Act might be more helpful to encourage the access of general people in Korea. in Korea.
Constructing Premarital Relationship Enrichment Program and Investigating Its Effects
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 69~83
The purpose of this study was to construct the new premarital relationship enrichment program and to examine the effects of it. Based on the review of the previous research and program, this program was composed. It included the realistic expectations of marriage and sex, understanding of themselves and accepting differences, role expectations and intimacy in the relationship, communication and conflict resolution skills. To perform this program, six sessions of time-limited(100-150 minutes) were carried out. And the subjects were assigned to experimental group(N=4 couples) and control group(N=4 couples). Scales of PREPARE and SEI(Self-Esteem Inventory) were used as the pre-post-follow instruments of this study. Major findings were as follows: 1. Premarital Relationship Enrichment Program had meaningful consequences for the improvement of the participants self-esteem. 2. Premarital Relationship Enrichment Program had meaningful consequences for the improvement of the participants equal role, communication and conflict resolution skills.
After-school activities of rural children
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 85~103
After-school activities were examined for 449 rural children in first through seventh grades. Childrens engagement of after-school activities were significantly different by child and family characteristics, especially childrens age and behavior control ability. Findings showed a decline in amount of time spent studying and reading and a raise in going to a game-room. Childrens school achievement, emotional and social development were also differed by a range of after-school activities. Children spent more time in studying and reading showed higher grades, happiness, school life. Teachers reported greater aggressive behavior and less adjustment of school life among children participating more in game related activities and hanging out. Watching TV, doing house chores and visiting friends were not variables which showed different outcomes.
Preschoolers' understanding of the influence of thinking on emotion
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 105~120
The main purpose of this study was to investigate preschoolers understanding whether thinking influences emotion with cognitive cueing. The subjects were 75 preschoolers of the J, Y, & K kindergartens located in Taegu. They were 4-(12 boys and 13 girls), 5-(12 boy and 13 girls), and 6-years(13 boys and 12 girls) old. The instruments were 4 stories and 11 pictures per a story used in Lagattuta, Wellman & Flavell(1997). The responses given from preschoolers were classified in terms of cognitive cueing response. The major results showed that an initial understanding of cognitive cueing in some preschoolers revealed the evidence of significantly developmental changes during the preschool years. Cognitive cueing responses were significantly different according to thinking prompt which is the question to help preschoolers explanations. This result suggested that the instruments of measurement for preschoolers should be improved as possible as they can understand.
A Diagnoses on the Actual Management States of Small Family Businesses
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 121~135
This study examines the real states of family businesses through the interview to the owners and their family members of 15 family businesses. Contents of the interview are starting process, goal and long-run plan, marketing, human resource management and financial management. Many owners usually start their business because of unemployment or shortage of job opportunity. So they dont have an business experience or management skill. And owners act passively in sales because they think the sales area is restricted and their stores are well-known. Family members, especially housewives, suffer role conflict and dissatisfaction because there are no rules on wage and responsibility. And many owners use the resource of household to business and vice versa. This is an advantage of family business in the viewpoint of effective use of resource, but it is a confusion of resources in the viewpoint of financial management.
An Exploratory Study for Development of Family Life Structure Analysis Scale
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 137~149
The purpose of this study was to develop a scale for analyzing family life structure. For this purpose, family life was divided into 8 areas as to be grasped on the whole at first. Next the items to measure both the subjective and objective sides of each area are selected. At last, to test the reliability and validity of the scale we followed a process of verification. Diagnosing each family and making its problems and weaknesses clear with this scale will offer a base for developing the service which meets that familys needs.
A Study on the Consciousness of Inheritance among Married People of the Middle Aged and the Elderly
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 151~165
The purpose of this study is to determine the inheritance consciousness among married people of the middle aged and the elderly. This study employed two complimentary research methods-survey and in depth interviews which were taken from married people over 50 in Seoul and Miryang, Kyungnam. The findings of this study are following : First, most of the middle aged and the elderly agreed to the necessity of inheritance because it may help to improve childrens household-finances and be a means to promote childrens social position. Second, most of them want to succeed before they pass away and do in accordance with their will. Third, the consciousness of the middle aged and the elderly married people about the son-oriented inheritance and the lineal family-oriented inheritance is medial, and they dont want the equal-divided and the optional inheritance.
An Analysis of the Family/Kinship Rites in Urban Area
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 167~184
The purpose of this study is to investigate actual conditions of family/kin ritual transition and to find out relationships to socio-economic variables. For this purpose, 716 subjects of urban family were interviewed with questionnaires. The results of this study may be summarized as follows: 1. It was discovered the pervasive themes of family/kin ritual transition: westernization, commercialization, socialization, and cultural anomie. 2. In contemporary family/kin rites, traditional structure coexists with external westernized aspects under the influnce of industrialization and commercialization. The rites were continued to provide a place where participants reproduce the ideology of patriarchal family group, especially the strong parent-child ties and narrow kin relationships. 3. Respondents who support traditional ritual style are old, lower class, and Buddhist. 4. Respondents who support westernization and socialization of family/kin rites are young, higher class, and Christian. But family/kin rites are not affected by sex relatively.
Psychological and Sexual Violence in Dating among Male and Female Adolescents
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 185~199
The purpose of this study was to examine the dynamics of psychological and sexual violence in dating among high school students. Subjects consisted of 1,205 male and female adolescents from all parts of the country. 1,092 respondents were included in the final analysis(90.6%). For psychological violence, 13.3%(n=145) reported to have such experiences with a dating partner at least once or more. The most frequently used forms of violence were shouting, insulting language and behaviors, and blaming for a physical appearance. There were no sex differences in frequency of psychological violence between males and females, as an aggressor or a victim. Responses of victims were mostly negotiation and communication, and trying to forget it. For sexual violence, 27.8%(n=303) was found to have such experiences in a dating scence at least once or more. Hugging and kissing, close contact of parts of body, and gazing at parts of body were most frequently used forms. Responses of victims were pretending not to notice it and responding in the same way. There were significantly more male aggressors of sexual violence than females, but no sex difference in the number of victims. Those who reported to have experiences of violence were compared to the counterparts who had no experience in attitudes toward violence between dating partners and married couples, experiences of violence in childhood, school violence, and observations of violence between parents. Those with experience of dating violence reported to have significantly more experiences of violence in childhood and school, and parental violence. Based on the findings of this study, suggestion were made in regard to the need for development of dating violence prevention program for adolescents, and for welfare programs for adolescents in community.
An alternative study on Intervention of "Family Welfare Specialist" on the Domestic Violence Law
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 201~210
The purpose of this dissertation is to examine role and license of family welfare specialist and suggest in the occurrence of domestic violence crime family welfare specialist compulsory intervention rules legislate in the Domestic Violence Law. As for the methodology of the study, by a plan of the role and intervention of family welfare specialist on the Domestic Violence Law. First, role and its license of family welfare specialist, second, intervention for domestic violence defense of family welfare specialist system, third, for support legislation of family welfare specialist on the Domestic Violence Law. Namely, family welfare specialist of role in a report obligation of domestic violence accident, family welfare specialist of intervention in an emergency aid process of police, family welfare specialist of intervention in decision process of a court, family welfare specialist of intervention in the nation obligation in regard to domestic violence accident, family welfare specialist of intervention in the domestic violence counselling center. Finally, for the successful outcome of the role and intervention of family welfare specialist on the Domestic Violence Law, after all, not only the fulfillment of the condition of the system described above but also changes in peoples understanding are important.
Analysis of Financial Ratio Change in Self-Employed Households with Economy Depression -A Comparison between year of 1997 and 1998-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 4, 2001, Pages 211~223
This study analyzed the financial ratio change of self-employed households between 1997 and 1998. The data were drawn from Korean Households Panel Study and utilitze7 descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentile to investigate the differences between two period of time, 1997 and 1998. The sampe size in 1997 was 692 householdsand and 600 households in 1998. The mean of financial asset showed that in 1997, self-employed households had much less in liquidity assets, especially in bank-related income, stock, but had more in real-estate, Gye, and private loan than those in 1998. In cases of debt-owned, the self-employed tended to have more debt in non-bank related and it illustrates that the self-employed may experience the difficulties to access the financial assistance in economic depression. Using guideline of each ratios, for six financial ratios, self-employed could meet less proper level$ in 1998 compared to those in 1997. It proves that the economic crisis affect the stability of income and financial assets of self-employed households and types of financial assets changes because of the stability.