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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Relationships between child’s temperament and behavior problem
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between child’s temperament and behavior problem according to child’s sex. The subjects for this study were children’s mothers of 2nd grade selected from elementary schools in Busan. Han, Sae-Young’s questionnaires(1996) on child’s temperament and Kim, Min-Kyung’s questionnaires(1998) on child’s behavior problem were used. Statistical techniques such as t-test, Pearson’s correlation, multiple regression, canonical were used. The results were as follows : (1) According to sex, there were no significant differences in child’s temperament. But there were significant differences in child’s behavior problem. The boys got higher scores than girls in hyperactive/distractive behavior and in hostile/aggressive behavior. (2) There were significant correlations between child’s emotionality and hyperactive/distractive behavior, between child’s emotionality and anxious/fearful behavior, between child’s emotionality and hostile/ aggressive behavior, and between child’s activity and hyperactive/distractive behavior. (3) The predicted variables for child’s hyperactive/distractive behavior were emotionality and activity. The predicted variable for chid’s anxious/fearful behavior and hostile/aggressive behavior was emotionality. (4) Among three dimensions of boy’s temperament, the effective variable was emotionality. And among three dimensions of boy’s behavior problem were anxious/fearful behavior and hostile/aggressive behavior. Among three dimensions of girl’s temperament, the effective variable was emotionality. And among three dimensions of girl’s problem behavior was anxious/fearful behavior. Implications of this study were discussed in terms of child’s temperament and behavior problem.
The Development of interrelationship improvement program for children
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 15~32
The purpose of this study were to develop family welfare service program on interrelationship improvements of children. For this purpose, programs related to children that is performed by social welfare agency and that is based on group psychotherapy were included. The results were as follows. First. programs related to children that is performed by social welfare agency are insufficient to evaluations of plans, performance and outputs. In particular, speciality of social worker in perform on programs in related to children is absent. Second, programs of interrelationship improvements of children based on group pychotherapy were specialized in evaluations of plans, performance and output. Through out this analysis, the program of interrelationship improvements of children is developed. This program is based on group psychotherapy, include art therapy, sociodrama.
The Effect of Protestant Married Women’s Religious Activity on Family Mamber’s Relational Satisfaction
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 33~49
This study was performed under the need for systematic analysis about the effect of religious activity of a protestant married women in Korea on the relational satisfaction between her and her family members. It was separately analyzed that church-centered religious activity and home-centered religious activity. The purpose of this study are to propose religious activity that could allow for a satisfactory relationship between all family members of a protestant married women, and to contribute to make a harmonious family through recommended activities for a protestant family and church to accept and carry out. The analyses of the results are in case of the pure explanation power that religious activity has on a protestant married women and her family member’s relational satisfaction, the couple relational satisfaction degree from wife is 4.6%, the one from husband is 4.4%, the mother-child relational satisfaction degree from mother is 2.5%, and the one from child is 1.5%. Therefore effect of religious activity on family member’s satisfaction is more couple relational satisfaction than mother-child relational satisfaction, and the significant variable on all the relationships between the protestant married women and her family members are home-centered religious activity.
Changing patterns of marital love constructs among married men and women
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 51~66
This study attempted to examine the changing patterns of marital love constructs among married men and women in Korea. It is based on our prior research that showed each of the 3 dimensions of marital love(intimacy, passion, and commitment derived from Stermberg’s Triangular Theory of Love) shaped U pattern as the marriage continued. We analyzed 1687 respondents’answers by principal axis factoring with contextual point of view including individual, familial, and socio-cultural development. The results are as follows. First, the love constructs of Korean men and women in their marriage show different qualitative patterns as the marriage continued. Second, intimacy is the most powerful indicator of love, coming out the first factor in all the stages of marital relationships. Third we can see marital stability from the locus of commitment with other components of love and it could be apply to marital educational program for promoting marital stability. Forth, passion is found separated behavioral from perceived dimension except the first marital stage. As conclusion, it need to analyze with family life cycle. birth and marriage cohort groups for examining closely the causes of this qualitative changes in marital relationships.
A Study on the Change in the Weaving Labor and the status of Women
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 67~82
This article was carried out to clarify the change in the weaving labor and the status of women from pre-industrial society to industrial society. For the purpose, this study made use of literature review. It was founded that women in pre-industrial society had weaved not only for private use but also for payment taxes and household economy. In this sense the women in pre-industrial society had participated in productive work like the ones of industrial society who participate in labor force market. With this economic activity women had occupied the status not being evaluated low. The major conclusion was as follows. The women in pre-industrial society had maintained their own economic activity with contributed to nation and household economy, but the women in industrial society were deprived of this activity and their status was depreciated.
The influences of Adolescent’s Volunteer Service Activity on Perception toward the Elderly
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 83~99
The propose of this study was to investigate the influences of adolescent’s volunteer service activity on perception toward the elderly. The subjects of this study were 556 students who were selected at random from the second grade of high school in the city of Daegu. A questionnaire was used as survey method. Factor analysis and ANOVA were employed for data analysis and Scheffe test for post-hoc analysis. The main findings were as follow: First Adolescent’s perception toward the elderly was hardly different according to the adolescent’s overall volunteer service activity. The participation attitude, the whole participation time, and the voluntary participation time of the adolescent’s overall volunteer service activity had no effect on the adolescent’s perception toward the elderly. But adolescents who were high in the degree of the participation satisfaction with overall volunteer service activities had a more positive perception on social aspect of the elderly than those who were low in it. Second, adolescent’s who participated in volunteer service activities for the elderly showed a noticeable difference in their perception toward the elderly. adolescents who participated in volunteer service activities for the elderly, those who had a enthusiastic participation attitude over volunteer service activities for the elderly had a more positive perception of the family-relationship and social aspects of the elderly than those who had a passive participation attitude in it. Futhermore, adolescents who were high in the degree of the participation satisfaction over volunteer service activities for the elderly had a more positive perception of the family-relational and social aspect of the elderly that those who were low in it. Also adolescents, who spent a lot of time in whole and voluntary participation over volunteer service activities for the elderly, had a more positive perception of the social aspect of the elderly than those who spentless time.
The Correlates of Coparenting : Marital Quality Mother’s Personality, and Childrens’Initial Temperament
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 101~114
This study examined the relations between coparenting, marital quality, mothers’personality and children’s initial temperament. Subjects were 174 mothers of 4~6 year-old children, and they answered questionnaires regarding coparenting, marital quality, personality, and initial temperatment of their children. For mothers of both boys and girls, positive marital quality wass related positively to warmth, support, and integrity coparenting and negatively to conflict coparenting. Only for mothers of girls, higher warmth and integrity coparenting was shown when they were extroverted. while those who were neurotic showed higher conflict coparenting. For mothers of boys, support coparenting was low when their sons were emotional. Mothers of girls showed lower level of warmth and integrity coparenting when their daughters were avoidant. emotional and sensitive.
A Case Study on Housing Alterations for the Physically Disabled Woman in Sweden
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 115~128
Housing is the most important environment for the disabled because they spend most of this in their housing. However, their housing do not fully support their housing needs. Most of the hoses are designed for the healthy young people. Therefore, the disabled often have accidents in their homes. The physically disabled people want to stay in their homes and familar environment as long as possible. In order for the disabled to live in the housing as long as they want, the housing should support their safe and independent living. For this purpose, the housing is required to be altered to fit their needs. Sweden is one of the best welfare countries in the world. The Swedish government supports all the expenses for the disabled to stay in their housing and familiar environments. The study was to investigate a case on housing alterations for the physically disabled woman in Sweden. In addition, this study suggested the applications and adaptability of the housing alterations for the physically disabled in Korea.
The relationship of marital communication, home management strategy and family life satisfaction of urban housewives
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 129~145
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of marital communication, home management strategy and family life satisfaction, the data were obtained from 463 wives who lived lived in Seoul. The major findings were as follows: 1) The efficiency of marital communication showed a significant difference in their age, education level, work status, monthly income, number of children, internal-external controllabiltiy and perception of life level. 2) Time strategy and housework strategy were differed by their socidemo-graphic variables and psychological variables. But finance strategy was not affected by any variable. 3) Influential variables of family life satisfaction were the efficiency of marital communication, perception of life level and home management strategy.
Attitudes and Preferences about Elderly Communal Housing-focused on developing Elderly Assisted Living in Korea-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 147~166
The Purpose of this study was 1) to analyse the attitudes about Elderly Assisted Living (EAL) among urban Korean 2) to consider the policy implications for elderly communal housing. The research methods used were 1) social survey research with questionnaire to find attitudes and preferences about EAL among potential elderly client in Seoul, Korea 2) interpretative suggestion for appropriate policy implications to facilitate developing EAL in urban Korea. A questionnaire was used to find attitudes/preferences about EAL was adapted from the results of the review about communal housing in the UK. The survey was undertaken from September to October, 2000 in Seoul, Korea. Data was collected from 413 subjects and analysed using various statistical techniques. From the results, location should be differentiated into urban type and suburban type. The urban type would prefer around 5 stories multi-family house style with elevator and suburban type would prefer single detached house style with shared garde. The most preferred characteristics found by factor analysis were factor I named as communal facilities and environment(the items belong to factor I was neighbour environment, communal spaces and facilities, heating system, and elevator). The most important advantages of EAL were social activities and convenience. The most salient disadvantages of EAL were difficulty of family contact. The higher the occupational status and income, the lower the preference for the characteristics of EAL with a preference for finding appropriate living arrangements in present housing market. But the higher the educational level, the higher the degree of preference for the characteristics of EAL.
A Scheme for Standardization of the Apartment Management Expenses Levy in the District of Busan(III)-focused on the apartments of the local heating system-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 167~187
The purpose of this study was to develop a scheme for standardization of the apartment management expenses levy focused on the apartments of the local heating system in Busan. The researcher with apartment managers and executive secretaries of Busan Citizen’s Coalition for Economic Justice performed a scheme for standardization through discussion of 30 times as well as investigation of theoretical literature. This scheme for standardization was based on the Act for Community of Dwelling Houses. It is
to show the scheme for standardization of apartment management expenses levy all-inclusive.
The Effects of Perceived Parents-Adolescent Communication Style on Adolescent’s Self-Efficacy
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 189~202
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of perceived parents-adolescent communication style on adoescent’s self-efficacy. The subjexts of this study were 625 students selected at random from first and second grade of high school in Daegu. A questionnaire was used as survey method. Factor analysis, MANOVA and cluster analysis for data analysis and Scheffe test for post-hoc analysis were employed. The man findings were as follows: Firs, there were significant differences in the degree of adolescent’s self-efficacy according to perceive father-adolescent communication style. In case that adolescents perceived their father’s communication style as reasonable, the degree of self-control, self-confidence and attribution were higher than those of other cases such as non-interferential or impulsive communication style. The adolescents who perceived the father’s communication style as reasonable showed higher preference of difficult task than those who perceived it as non-interferential style. The adolescents who perceived father’s communication style as reasonable and non-interferential showed higher attribution than those who perceived it as impulsive style. Second, there were significant differences in the degree of adolescent’s self-efficacy according to perceived mother-adolescent communication style. In case that adolescents perceived their mother’s communication style as reasonable, the degree of self-control was higher than that of other cases such as non-interferential and impulsive communication style. The adolescents who perceived their mother’s communication style as reasonable showed higher self-confidence than those who perceived as impulsive style.
The Effects of Marital Conflict and Conflict-Coping Method on Coulpe's Marital Satisfaction in Early Stage of Marital Life
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 203~220
The purpose of this study is to investigate how the marital conflict and the conflict-coping method of self and spouse have an effect on the marital satisfaction in the early stage of marital life. The subjects of this study are the 132 couples in the area of Taegu and Pohang city. The instruments of measurement are marital conflict scale, conflict-coping method scale and Kansas marital satisfaction scale(KMSS). The data are analysed through factor analysis, Cronbach's
, frequency, percentile, mean, standard deviation, paired t-test and stepwise regression analysis. The major findings of this study are as follows: Firstly, as a result of figuring out couples' marital conflict, husbands and wives are having the highest conflict in the personality factor. The difference of marital conflict between husbands and wives is shown significant in the relative factor. Secondly, as a result of figuring out couples' conflict-coping method, husbands and wives use mostly the reasonable behavior and leastly physical aggression. The difference of conflict-coping method between husbands and wives is shown significant in the verbal aggression, adjustment renunciation and physical aggression. Thirdly, as a result of figuring out how the marital conflict and the conflict-coping method of self and spouse have an effect on the marital satisfaction, the communication factor of the conflict factors, the wives' verbal aggression perceived by husbands, and the reasonable behavior of the self have much effect on the marital satisfaction in case of husbands. And the personality factor, sexual factor and role factor of the conflict factors and the husbands' verbal aggression and reasonable behavior perceived by wives have much effect on the marital satisfaction in case of wives.
The Relationships between Parental Childrearing Behavior and Personality, and Children’s Emotional Intelligence
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 221~238
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between parental childreating behaviors and parental personality, and children’s emotional intelligence. The subjects included 223 children from kindergarten to 6th grade and their parents. The results were as follows: Firstly, children’s Emotional Intelligence(EI) showed sex difference and age difference between two grade-groups(kindergarten~3rd grade, 4th~6th grade). the age-differences being more distinct in other-related EI than in the self-related : Secondly, parental personality explained parental childrearing behaviors better in higher-grade groups than in lower-grade groups, maternal personality predicting maternal childreating behaviors better than paternal personality predicting the paternal childreaing behaviors; Thirdly, childrearing behaviors explained childern’s self-relate EI better than the other-related : Finally, parental personality revealed greater predictive power of children’s EI in higher-grade groups than in lower-grade groups, better explaining sel-related EI than the other-related. Several suggestions were made concerning future EI studies.
A qualitative analysis on therapeutic factors in group counseling based on family sculpture technique
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 239~258
The purposes of this study are first, to develop the group counseling program based on Satir’s family sculpture technique, second to investigate the therapeutic factors of Satir’s family sculpture in group counseling. To perform this study, 8 session of time limited(3 hours) group counseling were carried out. There were 12 participants in this group. The major findings were as follows: 1) the rank order fro therapeutic factors were university, group cohesiveness, instillation of hope, family reenactment, self-understanding and altruism. 2) through the family sculpture technique, group participants saw their communication patterns. They found out that use communication patterns to hide their low self-esteem. They learned the alternative communication style. 3) the participants developed the sense of self-disclosure, empathy and trust in the group. Self disclosure, empathy and trust facilitated a deeper level of therapeutic group interaction. 4) in observing their group members do their family sculpture, participants found out that every family has some problem that the family conflict is universal thing, 5) the participants had opportunity to share their feelings that were hidden deep inside Intensive emotions following self disclosure led to catharsis, 6) the participants developed a good feeling toward their group and it led to group cohesiveness. 7) through the family sculpture technique, the participants gained a better understanding on their role and position within their families 8) through the family sculpture technique, they gained a better understanding of their family. They found their family members’ psychological positions and unfinished emotional businesses and thus they could restructure their family sculptures. 9) the participants had the opportunity to feel what it is like to become parents themselves, They became to see their parents as individuals. 10) the participants acted out what they wanted to do but could not do in the past. They saw the possibility of change and development in themselves.
Korean Household’s Level and Standard of Consumption: For Developing Sustainable Lifestyle
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 259~277
The purpose of this study was to identify household’s level and standard of consumption and their related variables in order to derive some useful implications for developing sustainable lifestyle. Data were collected from 567 household wives living in Seoul and the five Metropolitan cities in Korea. The results showed that most households owned such goods as central heating system, shower and bath, refrigerator, microwave oven, vacuum cleaner, washer. TV video player, personal computer, mobile phone, and car. They thought that most of the goods were necessary for the desired level of living and has a strong aspiration to buy those goods. This implied a tendency of uniformity in need perceptions and consumption patterns among Korean households. However, level and standard of consumption measured in selected living area differed according to age. education family size, household income, occupation, and the size housing, which showed that different approach was needed for developing sustainable lifestyle according to these variables.
Investigation of the Critical Level of Household Debt Burden using Intertemporal Resource allocation Behavior
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 19, issue 5, 2001, Pages 279~291
This study was peformed to identify a credit limit of the household. For this purpose, the differences in household economy by debt burden and the effects of debt burden on household economy was analyzed with the data of the Family Income and Expenditure Survey in 1999. The results showed that the household with debt burden, are likely to cut savings not consumption expenditures. The critical level of debt burden which distorts the household economy is found to be 25%. If the debt burden of the household exceeds 25%, they are no longer to save and ought to borrow to repay current debt.