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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
Development and Evaluation of Divorce Adjustment Education Program - Focused on the short-term course -
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 1~8
The purpose of this research was to develop education program for divorced parents. This program was consisted three hours with total two sessions. The first session was designed to understand difficulties which divorced parents experienced, to cope with difficulties, and to know grief process for adults and children. The second session was designed to improve the parent-child communication and to help future life of divorced or divorcing adults. The effectiveness of the program evaluated by taking pre-post-follow tests. Tests result suggested that the program was effective in improving divorce coping competency, but self esteem was not improved. All participants were satisfied with this program.
The Individual and Environmental Variables that Affect Victimization by Peer Harassment among Children
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 9~20
This study examined different individual and environmental factors that affect children's experience of harassment from their peers. For the individual variables, gender, behavioral problems, and self-esteem were included in the anal)'sis. For the family variables, mother's parenting style and the socio-economic status of parents were examined, and for the school variables, the supervision of the teacher and the attitudes of the classmates toward bullying were used. Two forms of peer harassment, the overt form and the relational form were examined in this study. The sample consisted of 520 fifth grade children. Statistics and methods used for the data analysis were Cronbach's alpha, factor analysis, frequency, percentage, means, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression. Several major relationships were found from the analyses. First, the more the children tend to internalize behavioral problems and have lower self-esteem, the more likely they are to get victimized by overt and relational forms of harassment. Boys experience more overt harassment than girls. Second, the more the mother's parenting style is permissive-nonintervening, or rejecting-restricting, and the higher the father's social status is, the more likely the child is subjected to overt and relational forms of harassment. Third, the more the children feel that the teacher is paying attention to bullying, the less the children are subjected to the overt form of peer harassment. Fourth, children's internalizing behavioral problems, mother's permissiveness-nonintervention, children's self-esteem, children's gender, and the supervision of the teacher regarding bullying significantly affected the experience of overt forms of harassment. A twenty two percent variance in the victimization of an overt form was explained by those variables. Children's internalizing behavioral problems, mother's permissiveness-nonintervention, children's self-esteem, and mother's rejection-restriction significantly affected the experience of relational form of peers harassment. Twenty six percent of the variance in the relational form of victimization was explained by those variables.
The Effects of Household Financial Condition and Management Behavior Performance on the Financial Satisfaction
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 21~28
The purpose of this study was to investigate how the financial satisfaction of housewives was related with the financial condition of households and the performance evaluation of household financial management behavior. In order to examine this relationship, internet questionnaire survey was conducted with 598 housewives. Results showed that household income and monthly debt repayment had only indirect effects on the financial satisfaction while monthly saving had both of the direct and indirect effects. It indicates that financial satisfaction level varies with the perceived performance of financial management behavior even though they have the same level of financial resources. Specifically, the division of financial roles and problem solving style between husband and wife affected the financial satisfaction of housewives.
Strategies for Improving the Quality of Women′s Life through Informatization
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 29~42
In this paper, we investigate the various opportunities of women informatization, which we believe to be major contributors for the high quality of life for women. We first justify various efforts for women informatization, which needs to be based on the analysis of the problems and the status quo. We have also examined the related government policies and programs as well as the programs of non-profit organizations for woman, and identified key problems areas. Integrating the results from this analysis, we have developed the vision and the framework for women informatization. We also give a list of strategic alternatives for improving quality of life through informatization, and promoting full-time housewives to become aggressive information users, information producers and information specialists. We use the expert Delphi method and fish-bone chart analysis to generate the priorities of specific tasks and target-based strategies for successful implementation of women informatization. We conclude this paper with various recommendations for empowering women to enjoy high-quality living through the process of informatization.
Family Resource Management Pattern by Dual Role Manager of the Family Business in Korea and The United States
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 43~56
While there is universal agreement that the ecosystems approach to family resource management is the must influential currently, questions have arisen about the broad applicability of the Deacon & Firebaugh (1988) ecosystems framework. Engberg (1996) has characterized the dominant approach in family resource management as technical and argued that a technical approach substantially restricts feasible actions in much of the world and should not be used in ethical practice. The purpose of the present paper is to compare the family resource management patterns by dual role manager of business owning families in Korea and The United States. Such a comparison is an essential step in the assessment of the usefulness of the Deacon & Firebaugh framework, in particular, and the ecosystems framework, more generally. Korean respondents are 105 family and business managers interviewed in 2000 as part of a survey of owners of small to medium size family business enterprises in Seoul. U.S. respondents are 259 dual role managers in the National Family Business Survey (NFBS 1997). Chi squared statistics indicated country differences on each of the ten(goal setting, standard setting, demand clarification, resource assessment, action sequencing, actuating, checking, adjusting, demand responses, resource change)management practices. Mean responses on eight of the practices(goal setting, standard setting, action sequencing, actuating, checking, adjusting, demand responses, resource changes) were significantly different between two countries. U.S. total score means of family resource management were higher than Korea. Factor analysis of the management scale items yielded different patterns for Korea, and the United States. Korean dual role manager of family business were categorized into three different patterns as classic oriented manager, goal oriented manager, action oriented manager and U.S. were categorized into Process oriented manager and Production oriented manager. Both the number of managerial strategies and the types of strategies used varied in the two countries.
Working Mother′s Parenting Behavior as Related to Job Characteristics, Day Care Quality, and Psychological Well-being
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 57~68
The purpose of this study was to examine working mothers'parenting behavior as related to job characteristics, day care quality and psychological well-being. The subjects of this study were 202 working mothers of 3-to-6 year old children enrolled in day care centers. Data were gathered via questionnaires responded by mothers. As results, both mother's psychological well-being and parenting behaviors were positively related to job characteristics such as husband's support and work place policy and day care Quality Most significantly, the relations between husband's support as well as day care Quality and mother's behaviors were completely mediated via mother's psychological well-being. This study demonstrated that working mothers'psychological well -being is an important mediating variable in predicting positive child-rearing behaviors.
A Study on the Healthness of Korean Rural Families : Rural Married Couples with Adolescent Children
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 69~81
The purpose of this study is to examine the healthy degree of the rural families and the variables that affect it, as well as the differences between husband and wife perceptions on the healthiness of rural families. One hundred and ninety six couples (three hundred and ninety two individuals) were surveyed for this study The following findings were obtained from the analysis of the data. First, the degree of the healthiness of rural families was quantified as about 71 points out of 100 possible maximum points. Second, family type (
=.17), the wife's self-esteem (
=.22), the husband's self-esteem (
=.17), wife's marital satisfaction (
=.32), and husband's marital satisfaction (
=.15) were the only variables that significantly affected the healthiness of rural families. Third, social-psychological variables (for example, self-esteem and marital satisfaction of the couple) had more explanatory power than material and farming-related variables. From the results of this study, it is suggested that in order to enhance the healthiness of rural families, systematic educational programs that can improve social-psychological interactions among family members should be developed.
Attitudes and Preferences for Elderly Assisted Living according to Socio-economic Status
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 83~95
The objectives of this study were 1) to analyze the attitudes about Elderly Assisted Living(EAL), 2) to consider the policy implications for elderly communal housing according to socio-economic status(income, occupation and education). The survey was undertaken from August to September, 2000 in Seoul and Kyunggi-Do(Ilsan, Bundang). The data were analyzed by SPSS Window program. The major findings were as follows: Most of the respondents prefered to live in EAL(over 56%), under 10 units and desired to be serviced(housework.leisure medical program.meal service). The upper class respondents preferred high-rise apartment style inner city or suburban and prefered paid services in EAL. They would willingly to pay over 800,000 won for living expenses and more than 200 million won for buying their own EAL. The middle class respondents prefered 5 stories multi-family house style with common facilities as a number. And they prefered to common facilities opening to public if the quality of facilities were better. The low class respondents prefered 5 stories multi-family house style and prefered to live within 30 minutes apart from their families and friends. They would pay under 300,000~600,000won for monthly living expenses and under 100 million won for their own EAL.
Policy Suggestions to Facilitate Developing Group Homes as a Housing Alternative for the Elderly Dementia Patients
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 97~111
Despite the substantial increase of the elderly population in Korea, welfare policies such as housing programs have not been developed enough to meet the diverse needs of the aging people. Particularly, caring for elderly dementia patients is becoming a serious social problem in Korean society. Families are still primarily responsible for taking care of the elderly dementia patients, and thus are suffering from tremendous caregiving burdens. In many Western countries, group homes, which are small-scale care facilities with home-like atmosphere, have become common housing alternatives for elderly dementia patients. Group homes effectively create a therapeutic environment while helping reduce the elder care burdens for the families. This article proposes to review group homes as a housing option for the elderly with dementia in Korea. The purpose of this article is to make suggestions for housing policies, separately or as a part of more general welfare policies. Based on the questionnaire survey conducted on 912 persons currently residing in Seoul and five different provinces, various possible policies and suggestions to promote establishing group homes and other facilities for elderly dementia patients are discussed in this article.
Comparison of Financial Status of Employed Elderly Households versus Unemployed Elderly Households Focused on income adequacy, expenditure adequacy and wealth adequacy
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 113~122
This study compared the financial status between the employed-elderly households and the unemployed-elderly households, focused on income adequacy, expenditure adequacy and net wealth adequacy. Using data from 1997 KHPS, the lower financial status of the unemployed elderly households were found. Nine measures of financial status were used : income, per capita income, income-to-needs ratio, expenditure, per capita expenditure, expenditure-to-needs ratio, net wealth, net wealth-to-income ratio and net wealth- to-expenditure ratio. The results of this study showed that unemployed elderly households had 68%~77% of income adequacy and 72%~83% of expenditure adequacy for employed elderly households. Holding for gender, age, education, earners in the household, living area and home ownership constant, although the gap was getting smaller, significant differences between the unemployed-elderly households and the employed-elderly households were persisted. The result of this study indicated that the unemployed-elderly households and the employed-elderly households can not be regarded ac homogeneous group when public policies are developed.
The Relationship between Children′s Personality Traits and Children′s Emotional Intelligence
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 123~134
This study examined the effects of children′s personality traits on children′s emotional intelligence. The Subjects were 1060 5th graders of elementary schools located in four cities of Seoul, Suwon, Daejeon, and Daegu, Korea. The results indicated that girls in general showed more of the positive personality traits and higher emotional intelligence(EI) than boys did. Reflectiveness and sociability among seven personality factors had positive effects on all of the four EI factors. Responsibility factor of personality positively affected "self-regulation and emotion utilization" of both boys and girls, while activity factor had a positive effect on "other-regulation and self-expression". Stability had a possitive effect on "self-regulation and emotion utilization" among girls, whereas superiority had a negative effect on "empathy" among boys.
Maternal Efficacy Influenced by the Internet - Based on environment & actual condition of internet used by the mother -
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 135~145
The purpose of this study was to research the actual state of mother's internet use and to explore the possibility of the internet use as a social support. The affect of mother's internet use on maternal efficacy is also examined. The Subjects were 250 mothers, who have their first child under 8 years old, in Seoul and Ilsan. Data were gathered through questionnaires. As predicted, mother's internet use was popular among young mothers. And, the main reason of internet use of mothers was to find some information on parenting and nurturing child. Moreover, mothers believed that they could get some social support from using internet in terms of informational, instrumental, and emotional service. However, it should be noted that mother's perceived level of support was significantly different, depending on mother's age, level of mother's education, household income, and the age of the first child. It was also found that mothers who received social support from internet showed higher material efficacy. Thus, we believe that internet use could be a new source of social support for the mothers of young children.
An Empirical Study on Children′s Peer Status Perception
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 147~159
The purpose of this study is to investigate children's perceptions of their own peer status and the variables that affect the perception. Four hundred boys and girls in grades five and six participated in this study. The participants were sampled from elementary schools located in two cities in Cheon-buk Province. Out of the 400 self-report questionnaires filled by the participants, 380 were used for the data analyses. The methods of analyses included basic descriptive categorical analysis (frequencies, means, percentages) as well as t-test, one way ANOVA, and multiple regressions. To summarize major findings from the analyses; first, a significant difference was found in children's aggression by father's job and mother's age, in children's popularity by school GPA, father's education, mother's education, and fathers job, and in children's isolation by father's age, father's education, mother's education, and father's job. Second, children's aggression was significantly dependent upon self-esteem, loneliness, family harmony, and family communication. Children's popularity was related with school grade, name satisfaction, body satisfaction, self-esteem, number of close friends, loneliness, family harmony family communication, parental love and acceptance, and perceived closeness to mother. Children's isolation was significantly associated with school grade, body satisfaction, self-esteem, number of close friends, loneliness, family harmony, family communication, parental love and acceptance, and perceived closeness to mother Third, according to the multiple regression analyses, it was found that highly aggressive children tend to report less family harmony, more loneliness, and a larger number of friends. Also, highly popular children tend to report less loneliness, larger number of friends, strong family harmony, and higher academic achievement. On the other hand, highly isolated children tend to perceive weak family harmony, more loneliness, and lower body satisfaction. Lastly, the overall peer status indicator depended significantly on family harmony, loneliness, self-esteem, academic achievement, body satisfaction.
A Case Study on Institutionalized Adolescents′Interpersonal Relationships
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 161~174
The purpose of this study was to investigate institutionalized adolescents'perception of meaningful persons and to analyze the features of their interpersonal relationships. 9 middle school students of 3 child welfare facilities were observed and participated in depth-interviews. Results indicate that there is a difference in adolescents'family image according to their experience before institutionalization. They want care-givers of institution to offer more emotional support to them. And they perceive much social support from other adolescents who're living with them. But, the findings suggest that their peer relationships have some limitations because of institutionalization itself and various restriction on their behaviors. Lastly, they want more intimate relationship with supporters in addition to financial sponsorship. In conclusion, institutionalized adolescents'interpersonal relationships are related closely to the environmental properties. Therefore, concerns should be directed toward improving the quality of social and psychological environment of institutions. And various programs should be provided to support institutionalized adolescents'social development.
Personality Types Measured by MBTI and Parent-Adolescent Relationships among Delinquent and Non-delinquent Juveniles
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 175~183
This study aimed to identify the relationship between MBTI personality types and parent-child relationships among the juvenile delinquents non-delinquent adolescents. From the analyses of empirical data, the following tendencies were found. First, delinquent juveniles are more likely to be classified to be such MBTI types as "Extroverted," "Sensing," "Thinking," and "Judging" than non-delinquent juveniles. Second, contrary to popular belief, the juvenile delinquent group was fecund to have more positive attitudes toward their relationship with their parents than the non-delinquent juvenile group. Third, for both the non-delinquent juveniles and the delinquent juveniles, "I" and "P" preferences were related with a positive perception of the relationship with their parents. Fourth, "EJ," as a psychological temperament type, was related with a Positive relationship with parents for both groups. Fifth, the psychological function types were not significantly related with the relationship with parents. Sixth, "EP" and "IP," as psychological attitudes types, were related significantly with a positive relationship with parents. Seventh, the juveniles classified as "ESTJ" had good relationships with parents, whereas "ISTP" types, on the other hand, tended to show the most negative attitudes toward their relationship with parents. The most interesting result of this study was the finding that the "P (perceiving)" types in the non-delinquent juveniles group as well as in the juvenile delinquents group tend to have negative attitudes toward their parents.
A Study on the Recognition of Parent and Kindergarten Teacher Toward the Traditional Fairy Tales
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 185~191
The Purposes of this study were to improve the understanding of how the Korean traditional fairy tales were recognized, by examining the recognition of parent and teacher toward the traditional fairy tales, and to serve as the basis for teacher and parent to guide children appropriately, by developing a desirable teaching activity, using the Korean traditional fairy tales. The subject in this study were 238 parents, and 77 kindergarten teachers in Seoul, Sunchon, Chonan, Ichon and Ulsan city. And the questionnaire was used. The collected data were handled by frequency, percentage and t-test. The findings of this study were as below: These Parents and teachers thought the Korean traditional fairy tales are appropriate because of moral, ethical values, and knowledge. On the older hand, they thought these are inappropriate because of unrealistic things or image.
The Extension in American Family and Consumer Sciences
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 193~202
The purpose of this study is introducing the extension in American family and consumer sciences and making the implications from it to apply in Korea. The study was conducted using literatures, interviews with the extension relates and visiting extension offices in America. The main contents for the introduction consist of the history, organizations, funds, programs, and extension agents in American extension. The practical and cooperative characteristics, volunteerism, the attitude of agents and in-services for them are suggested for the application of American cooperative extension system to Korea.
Relationships between Children′s Depression and Anxiety and Their Self-Esteem and Emotional Intelligence
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 203~214
This study of the relationships between children's depression and anxiety and their children's self-esteem and emotional intelligence had a sample of 984 5th grade children The higher the levels of children's depression and anxiety were, the lower their self-esteem consisting of scholastic competence, social acceptance, atheletic competence, physical appearance, behavioral conduct, and global self-worth were. The higher the levels of children's depression and anxiety were, the lower their emotional intelligence(EI) consisting of self-regulation and emotion utilization, perception of emotion, other-regulation and self-expression were. For boys, scholastic competence and social competence among children's self-esteem factors were the factors best explained by children's depression and anxiety. In addition, boy's perception of emotion was explained by their depression and anxiety. For girls, on the other hand global self-worth and social competence among self-esteem factors were the two factors best explained by their depression and anxiety. Self-regulation and emotion utilization was the El factor best explained by depression and anxiety among girls.
The Housework Performance of Husbands in Commuter Marriage and Its related Human Resources
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 2, 2002, Pages 215~225
This research is intended to understand the housework performance of husbands that live away from their family and the human resources that may have effects while they do the housework. The research has been done by the interviews with twelve selected males who are married and live away from their family The results are as follows: First, the amount of time that the interviewees spend on the housework is less than thirty minutes a day. As for the clothing life area, they seem to depend on washers, cleaners and their wives for their laundry, except for six interviewees that wash their socks by hands. As for their food life area, they either have quick breakfast or do not have breakfast, and they go to a restaurant more than twice a day. Therefore, they tend to depend on services, and they only make the bed and clean the house. Second, affective components and cognitive components are the factors that make their housework difficult while physical components do not have any great effect. These two components have a great deal of effect on the interviewees'clothing related housework and food related housework.