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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
The Relationship between Socio-Familial Status and Health Problems among the Younger Elderly
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 1~12
This study was conducted to examine the relationship between socio-familial characteristics and health status in early stage of elderly life. In this study, a total of 252 Korean males and females aged 55 to 74 were interviewed to obtain information on various socio-familial characteristics such as age, gender, residence, marital status, education, religion, distance with children, household size, and living arrangements. They were also examined for self-perceived depression and diagnosed health problems. The analysis of the results show that marital status, gender, and living arrangement were major characteristics differentiating health status; widowed women living apart from their children are at lower level for most items of hea1th status such as emotional, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, and muscle and skeletal function. Based on this analysis, suggestions are made for efficient health management. First, widowed females living without children are encouraged to participate in regular health promotion programs in self-organized groups. Second, usual welfare service programs need to be segregated for each age group, so that relatively young elderly are not frustrated from being treated together with extremely frail older elderly. Third, low education group living in rural area are offered preventive medical services for muscular and skeletal related health problems.
A Study on Care-Oriented Morality and Justice-Oriented Morality in Middle-Aged Adults
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 13~25
This is a study of care-oriented morality and justice-oriented morality among middle-aged adults. Thirty seven males and forty six females between the ages of 45 and 59 years old participated in this study Care-oriented morality was measured by the Ethic of Care Interview(ECI) while the justice-oriented morality was assessed using the Korean Defining Issues Test(DIT). Sex role identification was interpreted by using the Korean Sex Role Inventory(KSRI). In terms of care-oriented morality, the majority of the subjects were at level 2. The P(%) score of justice-oriented morality was found to be a little low. We found a significant difference between genders in terms of care-oriented morality, with females exhibiting a higher care-oriented morality. However, there was no significant difference in sex role identity types in terms of care-oriented morality. Nor did we find a significant interaction effect between gender and sex role identity. There was no gender difference in justice-oriented morality, but there was a significant difference among sex role identity types. Masculine males Possess the highest justice-oriented morality. A significant interaction effect was found to exist between sex role identity and gender.
Attachment and the Self-Concept in Early Childhood
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 27~37
The Pattern of Young Child-Mother Attachment and the Self-Concept in Young Children. This work sheds light on the patterns of chi1dren's attachment to their mother and the self-concept of young children. Ninety-two participants were selected from kindergarten and nurseries in the city of Taegu. All the children were from 3 to 5 clears old. The measurement instruments were the attachment story completion task, created by Cassidy, and the self-concept test, designed and used by Bently and Yeatts. The data was analyzed by using frequencies, percentages, independent-samples t-test, one-way ANOVA, and the Scheffe test. The study's major findings are as follows: First, in the area of young child-mother attachments, the most common pattern was a secure attachment. The percentage of insecure-avoidant attachment was similar to that of the insecure-ambivalent attachment. Second, in terms of gender, there were no significant differences in self-concept among young children. Third, the self-concept held by young children varied significantly according to age. The younger the age, the more positive was the self-concept. Finally, the self-concept of children varied greatly according to the pattern of child-mother attachment. Those children who were more securely attacked to their mothers evidenced a more positive self-concept than those children who were insecurely attached to their mother.
Young Adults′Perceptions of Meanings and Motivations of Parenthood
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 39~47
This study analyses young adults'perceptions of the meanings and motivations of parenthood. It also verifies the relationship between the meanings and motivations of parenthood by young adults. The sample population included 311 university students. Our findings show that young adults perceived parenthood variously as a personal lifestyle, and as an statement of social maturation and sound mind and of marital satisfaction. There were no differences by gender in their perceptions on the meaning of parenthood. As for the motivation to become parents, strengthening biological family ties, traditional norms, emotional and altruistic reasons, deepening marital bonds, and perpetuating one's self through the passing on of genes. Among these, altruistic-emotional motivation and marital cohesion were stronger than other motivations. Finally, we provide recommendations for future research.
A Case Study on Decision of Marriage and Continuing Marriage of the Victims of Domestic Violence Reflecting upon Their Life Courses - based on female victims sheltered in the institution -
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 49~61
It is shown about the victims of domestic violence in this study that how for them to have made a marriage, what to have been forced them to endure it hitherto and their way to betterment after attending at a institution. In addition, this study approached the side of their family history with a viewpoint of life courses. Some digested stuffs of the results are followed below with the main problems proposed in this research. 1. Most of the female victims for this research had been brought up under normal home conditions besides one of ten victims having lived in their own violent home. On the other hand, many of husbands had been in a poor circumstance, as five of ten ones had grown up with the domestic violence. And it is appeared that anyone of them are not well off now. 2. They were hesitant to break through the wall of violence because of the responsibility of a remarriage(3cases), for their children(4cases), and for fear of divorce(3cases). It was appeared that most of the first violence of them were occurred in six months earlier before marriage and most victims didn't cope with it adequately. 3. The total of 10 women victims, of the former 6 cases, 3 women victims returned to their home with their husbands'authentication of violence-free. Their decision was based on the same reason as they had endured for. And the others were to be out since a termination of the sheltering term, in the course of the divorce suit.
A Study of Video and Computer Game Usage and Attitudes among Children
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 63~71
This study is an investigation of children's video and computer games usage. The respondents included 286 third and fourth grade children, of whom 152 were boys and 134 were girls. The participants were selected from a pair of elementary schools in Seoul. The instruments used consisted of children's self-reported computer game use and their evaluations of the video and computer games. I employed frequencies, percentiles, means, Chi-squares, 1-tests, one-way ANOVA, and the Scheffe Test. Ninety-five percent of the children interviewed reported having played video and computer games. Among these children, most reported that they played the games 2 to 3 times per week for 112 to 1 hour each time. The most common reasons given for playing was 'fun'. The most popularly played games included themes of action, adventure, violence, and competition. There was a significant gender difference in playing and usage. Boys played games longer than the girls. Boys played the games with their friends while the girls played the games with their siblings. Children who played these games longer perceived themselves to be faster, more attentive, and more stable than children who played for a shorter period of time.
Development and Evaluation of the Marital Equality Education Program for Women Farmers and their Husband
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 73~85
The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate the Marital Equality Education Program for women farmers and their husband. Based on the empirical research result of 980 women farmers as basic study for developing this program, marital equality theory, system theory, strong family perspective, stress coping theory, anger control theory, modified Couple Communication Program, marriage enrichment methods, 7 session program was developed. The contents of every session were Reviewing Marriage Relationships, Coping Role Stress, Marital Equality, Self Expression & Speaking, Understanding Spouse & Listening, Anger Control& Resolving Conflict, and Enhancing Marital Relations. The effectiveness of this program was evaluated by pretest, post test, and follow-up 1 month later through 35 rural couples(women farmers and their husband) and it was analyzed by paired t-test and qualitative evaluation was also investigated. The major results were as follows : This program was effective in improving their self-esteem, marital satisfaction, coping role stress & conflicts, and husband's egalitarian role attitude & practice. The results suggested the program had also Positive impacts on the marital equality and relationships. Future research and practical implications were added.
A Study of the Use of the Family in Enlightenment Discourses: an analysis of Taehan Maeil Sinbo
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 87~99
This is a study of discourses on the family used during the Enlightenment period in Korea. To this end, 1 have conducted a qualitative analysis of the editorials taken from the Taehan Maeil Sinbo of that period. The major findings are as follows: First, these Enlightenment period discourses claimed that civilized nations evolved from a family in primitive society. This concept of family is different from the concept of family in a Confucian society. Civilized societies believed the family is less important than the nation. At that time, Korean Press used the term bumoguk (Parental nation) to refer to the nation in an attempt to equate national loyalty to filial piety. Second, the Enlightenment period claimed that the nation belonged in the Public sphere while the family belonged in the private sphere. However, it was stated that it was the duty of the family to discipline the members and make them into good citizens. Finally, Enlightenment discourses used familyism as the basis of their arguments.
A Study on Child Day Care and Job Satisfaction of Married Women Employed Outside Home
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 101~111
The purpose of this study was to obtain data on the child care support and job satisfaction of married women employed outside home. The data for this study were collected from a survey of 350 married women employed outside home who were residing in North Cholla Province. Major fimding are summarized in the following. First, many married women were pressured by the burdens child rearing(54.5%) and houshold chores(39.6%). Second, the daycare arrangements for children under age seven were diverse. Just under half of the children were cared for by the employed mother'parents(25.1%), or by the mother's parents-in law(21.1%). The rest were sent to daycare center(40.6%), cared for by a hired helper(7.6%), or sent to an industrial on- site daycare center(1.0%). Third, about half of the married employed mothers(47.5%) wished for an on-site daycare service at their workplace. Fourth, the variables that affected employed mothers job satisfaction were age, job, husband's job type, the income of the mother, the reason of the mother's employment, the degree of husband's houshold labor participation, and the type of social and employer's support for chid care.
Customer′Evaluation on the Customer Complaints Handling Service of Internet Shopping Mall
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 113~124
The purpose of this study was to identify the subarea of customer complaints handling service and to accomplish the data for an improvement of complaints handling get service through the evaluation of the importance and performance on customer handling service as subdivisions of customer complaints handling service. The data were collected 303 female/male, 20-30 age by outline survey. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) The subdivisions of customer complaints handling service were classified into four different factors ; promptness, empathy, information, policy factors. 2) As the subdivisions factors, importance was promptness, empathy>information>policy factor and performance was empathy>information>promptness>policy factor in order. 3) There were question asking the performance evaluation of influencing the total satisfaction of customer complaints handling service. There were promptness, empathy of performance evaluation of influencing the total satisfaction.
The Effect of New Generation Housewives′Etiquette Awareness on their Etiquette Implementation
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 125~138
The first purpose of this study is to inquire into the effect of new generation housewives'etiquette awareness on their etiquette implementation. For this purpose, this study will search the levels of new generation housewives'etiquette awareness and etiquette implementation, how the etiquette awareness and etiquette implementation vary according to their background variables, and the effect of new generation housewives'etiquette awareness as well as the background variables on their etiquette implementation. The major findings are as follows . First, the level of etiquette awareness was somewhat higher than that of etiquette implementation. Second, generally, their etiquette awareness didn't show a significant difference by the socio-demographic variables, but showed a significant difference by the psychological variables including communication level and humanism/materialism value orientation. Third, new generation housewives'etiquette implementation showed a significant difference only by monthly income like etiquette awareness. Meanwhile, as the psychological variables, etiquette implementation showed a significant difference by all Psychological variables except sex-role attitude. fourth, according to result of looking into relative influence of socio-demographic variables, psychological variables, and etiquette awareness about etiquette implementation, etiquette awareness was a significant variable which affects etiquette implementation.
A Comparison of Time Use between Korean and the USA Families
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2002, Pages 139~156
The purpose of this study is to compare the patterns of time use between Korean and USA families. The data for 353 Seoul-based Korean families with two children living in Seoul and 130 USA families with two children living in the State of Utah were collected using a structured questionnaire and time diary. The major findings were as the following: 1. The Korean couples spent more time at personal care, paid work, and travel than the USA couples did, while the USA couples spent more time at housework and social-cultural activities than the Korean couples did. 2. The Korean wives spent more time doing food and clothing related housework than the USA wives did. Compared with the Korean wives, however, the time spent at house cleaning and management, family care and shopping and home management were longer than USA wives. The time U.S. husbands engaged in housework was much greater than by the Korean husbands. 3. Regardless of sex and school level, the Korean children spent less time at sleeping/rest, housework and socio-cultural activities and more time at eating and learning than those of U.S. These time use patterns of the families in both countries may reflect the differences of the cultural contexts, social norms, life styles, and the degrees of urbanization. To fully explain the findings, further study on the differences in social and cultural factors between the two countries is needed.