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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Experiences of Institutionalized Unmarried Teenage Mothers: Pregnancy and Sexual Behaviors
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study is to understand the subjective experiences of institutionalized, unmarried teenage mothers. Through structured in-depth interviews, we have explored their feelings and values about pregnancies, sexual behaviors, contraception, babies, adoption, babies' fathers, and their own families. Ten unmarried teenage mothers, who residing in welfare facilities located in Seoul, Kyonggi, and Kangwon, were interviewed. It turned out that the teenage mothers we interviewed had given little to no thought about pregnancy and contraception at the time conception. They contradicted themselves on a number of points. Since most of the fathers denied their responsibilities, the mothers were angry with the babies's fathers. At the same time, they felt humiliated about having to inform the babies' fathers about their pregnancy. They felt simultaneously sorry and resentful toward their own parents. They cared about their babies, yet they regretted not having had an abortion. Listening to what these mothers say will help the professionals and researchers to explicate certain preconceptions and prejudice about them, and to improve policies and services for them.
Characteristics of Caregivers and Services about the Adult Day Care Participants with Dementia in the U.S.A.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 13~26
The purpose of this study was to understand the adult day care as a place for the elders and adults and to develop an initial understanding of the programs and their participants for adult day care for the cognitively-impaired in the U.S.A. The data was collected from 13 Adult Day Care Centers(ADC), and 318 participants from six Adult Day Care Centers from 2001 to 2002 by personal interview and the documents about the participants and their family and caregivers. Participants used ADC program average 8.15 hours In weekdays, 3 days per week. ADC programs provided primarily lunch and snack, transportation, personal care, professional health care, occupational.speech physical therapies, rehabilitation, and respite care. Participants'caregivers were mainly daughters and wives. It is the hope of this study to provide design and care professionals with a first draft of a ″sense-making″template by which they may understand adult day care in a systemic manner and engage in meaningful results as to what this place type could and should be.
The Effects of Adult Children Related Variables on Life Satisfaction among the Rural Elderly Male and Female
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 27~36
This paper examines the effects of children related variables on the life satisfaction of the rural elderly. Data for this study were based on a study of 203 elderly people residing in Kyungnam, Korea. Elderly male achieved higher scores in life satisfaction than their female counterparts. Demographic variables, except for subjective financial status, failed to account for the significant variance in life satisfaction. There were gender differences on the effects of children related variables on life satisfaction. Number of children was significantly associated with the life satisfaction of the male elderly. For the female elderly, affectional solidarity and associational solidarity were significant Predictors to their life satisfaction. Associational solidarity had the strongest effect on life satisfaction of both male and female elderly. The results from this study suggest the relative importance of children related variables to the rural elderly.
Preliminary Study of the Status of School Counseling and Demands for the Service: Designed for Universities to Provide Their Local Communities with Counseling and Educational Service of Adolescence - Focusing on middle and high schools in Changwon -
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 37~52
This study is preliminary study of the status of school counseling and demands for service at middle and high schools from universities to provide the youth middle and high schools in Changwon with counseling and educational service. The results of this research are below, First, the excessive workload became the most difficulties for operateschool counseling systems and counseling activities. Second, school counseling activities focused mainly on the formal and narrow areas of counseling such as career guidance, personality programs and intelligence test and so on. Third, the most problems which we have counselled, were friendship problems in the personal relationship, school absences in the delinquent, lack of information of sex in the sexual field, conflicts with Parents, in the family relationship, poor academic progresses in the academical and future directional problems and. character of personality difficulties in the psychological field. Fourth, the major offers from the teachers to counsel students in the school were advices, suggestions, career guidance, Preventative activities, and providing information through school counseling. Fifth, though the middle and high schools were in need of outside institutions related to counseling, It was difficult to get help because of being Ignorant of procedures or methods for using counseling and being lacking in enough information on such organizations. Sixth, ordinary students and students in danger of maladjustment besides problem students wanted to get a lot of help. Seventh, the counseling which are the most wanted from out of school was an opposite-sex relationship in the personal relationship, a lack of information on sex in the sexual fields, conflict with parents in the family problems, a strong unwillingness of study in the academical and future directional fields, and personalty difficulties In the psychological fields. Eighth, the subjects wanted to get counseling and educational service in regard to sex, addiction to PC, smoking, and ostracism and so on in counseling and education for young people. Ninth, education designed to have an adequate understanding of children turned out to be mostly needed as educational programs for parents Based on the above results, the proposals from universities for provide youth counseling and educational services are below. 1) setting up the positive publicity strategies E) developing and execution of various counseling and educational programs 3) expanding the counseling and education from maladjusted students to general students 4) expanding youth counseling and education to parental education and family counseling 5) continuous human resources improvement and training 6) reinforcement relationships with middle and high school organizations 7) building cooperation with local counseling organizations
Cognition of Korean Tradition and the Required Basic Educational Contents Among Interior Architects
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 53~60
The purpose of this study was to comprehend the cognition of Korean tradition and the required basic educational contents among interior architects. The survey had been made 277 designers and the major findings of this study are as follows. First. It is revealed that only a half of interior architect have been taught about Korean tradition in university and their level of knowledge is entry level. Therefore it is found that the education in university on the Korean tradition was not sufficient enough Second, it is believed that one ideal way of expressing Korean tradition is re-interpreting traditional motive with modern views and another way is to express abstractly about Korean traditional space arrangement, composition and space concept. It is found that substantial knowledge and information is required to express Korean tradition effectively. Third. it is found that a lot of interior architect has faced difficulties in carrying out projects because of not having sufficient knowledge related to Korean tradition. Therefore it is recommended to educate basic theory about Korean tradition first and then reinforce the program by including field trip In university curriculum. Fourth. it is necessary to re-educate to current Interior architect because of lacking knowledge about Korean tradition. The recommended area in priority order is traditional Interior space, traditional architecture, traditional color, traditional pattern and traditional furniture
A Study on the Modernization Factors of Interior Spaces in the Korean Housing - From the sociological, anthropological, feministic and tectonic Point of view of housing-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 61~73
The aim of this study is to understand the modernization process of interior spaces in the Korean housing, focused not only on the architectural aspects, but also on the sociological, anthropological and feministic aspects of housing. The development of korean housing from the period of traditional agricultural society and Japanese domination through the period of industrial development to the period of modem industrial society have been reviewed not from the Point of westernization but from the point of Korean own needs for modernity. It also tried to find the determinants of the relationship between social behavior patterns and space organization through historical change of housing plans. As a result, it was found the various western impacts to the continuation or change of Korean housing culture in the modernization process. Consequently this study comes to the concrete results as follows; 1) sociological aspect: The early layout of floorplans, that promoted the communication and contact between the user were changed. The layout of spaces in the modern housing tends to be not interdependence each other and be very isolated from the outdoor spaces. Those Phenomena reflect the trends to the Individualization, equivalence and privatization in the life of family. 2) feministic aspects: Differently from the early kitchen, modern ones locates in the internal space in the housing and the dinning area is appeared. And also the standing work at the kitchen war usually spreaded. Such changes are due to the emancipation of the women and downfall of the subordinate relationship between the genders. 3) anthropological aspects: The lifestyle, in which the user was mostly sitting on the floor, was constantly disappeared by using of furnitures that determines the function of each spaces in the housing. Those change demonstrate the change of behavior Patterns, thus, the needs of differentiation of function as well as the feministic needs. In other word, the coexistence of both fields of work and relax is required. 4) tectonic aspects: In the indoor space of modern housing the rooms are closed each other. Thus, concentrated circulation system act to separate these spaces. It is concrete spatial element that mostly shows the synthetic character of modem housing,
Young Male Adults′Spousal Attachment, Support for Wife, and Perceived Support from Wife
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 75~87
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of spousal attachment on social support the husband provides for his wife, investigate the relationships between spousal attachment and the social support the husband received from the wife, and the view the relationship between the social support provided for the wife and the social support received from the wife during early adulthood. A survey was conducted for this study. The hypotheses were based on adult attachment theory. The results are as fellows: Secure attachment with a spouse had a significant positive effect on motivational support and esteem support provided for the wife. Anxious-avoidant attachment with a spouse had a significant negative effect on instrumental support, social companionship, motivational support, esteem support and informational support provided for the wife. Anxious-ambivalent attachment with a spouse negatively affected instrumental support, social companionship, motivational support, esteem support and informational support provided for the wife. Secure attachment with a spouse was positively related to instrumental support, social companionship, motivational support, esteem support and informational support received from the wife. Anxious-avoidant attachment with a spouse was negatively related to instrumental support, social companionship, motivational support, esteem support and informational support received from the wife. Anxious-ambivalent attachment with a spouse was negatively related to esteem support received from the wife. The results were discussed as they relate to the importance of spousal attachment for a healthy family.
Genetically Modified Foods and Consumer Protection
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 89~102
Genetically modified foods may be defined as the foods deemed as safe by current technology among the many kinds of agricultural and stockbreeding products that are now under research and development using contemporary gene-modification techniques. This study examines hotly debated arguments, both for and against genetically modified- foods, in various countries. This study also investigates consumers'rights and responsibilities. Countries that are developing and exporting genetically modified organisms(GMO) have maintained that GMO can help produce more crops while reducing labor and other production-related costs, and that the genetically modified foods signify ″the second green revolution,″ which will solve future food and environmental problems by strengthening specific nutritive substances and extending shelf-life. But consumer groups, environmental organizations. and food-importing countries are more cautious about importing and consuming those foods because the potential dangers of GMO to human bodies and the environment have not been tested thoroughly yet. South Korea, following suit with others such as EU, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand, introduced a law on 'Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods', which went in effect in March, 2001, on the basis of customers'rights to make informed choices. The law takes the ″precautionary principle″ into consideration, rather than stopping at insuring ″substantial equivalence″ in developing and consuming GM foods. The actual impact of the law will depend on the level of citizens'Participation more than on the government's willingness to carry out the law. So far the level of Korean consumers'consciousness about genetically modified foods is very low. Therefore, it is hard to expect consumers to exercise their ″rights not to buy″ foods that are potentially unsafe. The Korean government must devise an effective plan to inform and educate the people about the labeling of genetically modified foods.
The Relationship of HOME and Personality with Preschool Children′s School Readiness
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 103~111
This study is to examine the relationship of HOME and personality with Preschool children's school readiness. The subjects were 138 children(4 to 6 year-old) and their mothers in Seoul, Gyunggi-do, and Chungnam. The instruments for this study were Cooperative Preschool Inventory(CPI), The Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment(HOME), and Children's Personality Test. The data were analyfed by Pearson's r, stepwise regression, ANOVA, Scheffe test for the post hoc test, and Cronbach a for the reliability in SPSS PC program. The major findings with the preschool children's school readiness were as follows. 1) That was significant correlations with HOME(language environment and encouragement of independence) and personality(sociability and familiarity). 2) That was explained significantly by sociability, encouragement of independence, language environment, and stimuli for development. 3) That was no sex-difference and was an increase by age. 4) There were significant differences in preschool children's school readiness, HOME, and personality by familial demographic variables.
A Study on Development and Application of Diagnose Scale for Family Life Planning based on the Systems Approach
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 113~126
This study focused on defining and applying the diagnose scales to the household life in context with the family life planning based on the systems approach. In this study the household life consisted in 4 life subareas, i.e. time use, nonhuman resources(housing and durable goods), household financial and communication/problem solving competence of family members. Data were collected from 1200 full-time housewives who live in Seoul, Kyungki, Chungbuk, Jeonnam and Jeonbuk, Kyungnam and Kyungbuk and have at least 1 child in school age. The results show that the 4 areas of household life are in the level under the diagnose scale totally. The results of this study contribute to the systematic family life planning and the Problem solving of general household life. And the scales that are investigated through this study can be used the self family life diagnose Program.
Gender Differences in Perception of Utilitarian and Hedonic Gift Attributes among American Consumers
Kim, Eun-Young ; Kim, Young-Kyung ; Kim, Yeon-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 127~133
A Preliminary Study on the Effectiveness of Cyber Counseling
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 135~148
The main purpose of this research was to explore the factors that encourage people to use the cyber counseling in resolving difficulties in their lives. Another purpose of this research was to investigate whether cyber counseling really helps people feel better. For this study, a structured survey questionnaire was distributed both on- and off-line, and 429 respondents returned completed survey forms. The major statistical methods used for data analysis were frequency, factor analysis, 1-test and ANOVA. The results of this study revealed that variables such as gender, age, occupation, internet skills, time of internet use, personality, and the awareness of cyber counseling made a difference in people's use of cyber counseling whenever they felt they needed it. However, cyber counseling seemed to fail to increase feelings of well being in people's lives. The implications of these findings are discussed in this article.
A Study on the Types of Social Networks of Housewives in Urban Nuclear Families
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 149~164
The purpose of this study was to identify the types of social networks of urban housewives according to different network composition patterns and to analyze the structural and functional characteristics of identified types. The data used in this study were collected from 589 full-time housewives residing in Taejeon city. The major findings are as follows: 1) The social networks of housewives in urban nuclear families were classified into eight types: the kin network, the non-kin network, the kin-centered network, the friend-centered network, the neighbor-centered network, the associate-centered network, the parallel network, and the decentralized network. 2) The structual characteristics (size, density, homogeneity, duration, proximity, frequency, closeness, direction) varied according to the type. The kin network type and the non-kin network type showed extreme degrees in network characteristics. The parallel network type and the decentralized network type showed an average level of network characteristics. The kin-, friend-, neighbor-, and the associate-centered types showed network characteristics of an intermediate level between the single-category types and the decentralized type. 3) The average levels of function of social network types were different in only two(service support, interference) of the six function areas(emotional support, service support, material support, information support, social companionship support, interference). The average level of service support by the non-kin network type was higher than other types. The average level of interference by the kin-centered network type was higher than other types, and that of the neighbor-centered network type was lower than other types. On the other hand, the total amount of function performance of social network types was different in all function areas. The total amount of social support given by the decentralized network type was greater than the other types. The total amount of interference given by the non-kin network type was smaller than the other types.
The Effects of Working Days of Married Men and Women on Their Time Use on The weekend
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 165~177
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of different working days of married working men and women on their time use on the weekend. The data collected by The National Statistical Office in 1999 was used. Among the total sample of 17,000 families, 7580 samples who are married, employed, and more than 20 yews old are selected for the analysis. This study has resulted in two major findings. (1)the working days affect on the time use on the weekend. The pattern is somewhat different by sex. The women spend more time in leisure and houseworks on the weekend as the working days decrease. However, the men do not spend more time on doing houseworks as the working days decrease. The time spent on leisure and physiologic time is increased both men and women as the change of workweek from the biweekly five-day to the weekly five-day: (2)if the five-day workweek and more flexible hours are introduced, they will contribute to Improve the quality of life of workers. This fact shows positive view at the last stage of legislation of the five-day workweek .
The Content Analysis of the Articles related to Global Etiquette In Chosun Daily Newspaper
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 179~188
This paper aims to provide the basic data for the educational direction of global etiquette through the analyses of 1,028 articles appearing in Chosun Daily Newspaper the results of this study are as follows: 1. The articles of global etiquette were classified into the life in public places, the traffic and the public behavior. 1) The contents of the life in public places dealt with restaurants(29.3％), the neighborhood(24.7％), theaters and stadiums(9.7％), hotels and sanitary facilities(8.8％), stores(7.7％), schools and offices(7.0％), airports and public offices(6.6％) and resorts(6.2％). 2) The contents of traffic dealt with the motorists(29.3％), buses(24.7％), taxis(12.3％), subways(10.3％), trains(8.2％), elevators and pedestrian crossing(6.2％), airplanes(4.6％) and parking(4.4％). 3) The contents of public behavior contained the kindness(45.6％), the use of cellular Phone(12.4％), the concession and queues(10.8％), the greeting(10.3％), the responsibility and obeying laws(7.9％), the cleanliness(7.7％), the commercial transaction(2.9％) and the table manner(2.4％). 2. Koreans were negatively evaluated on 1) the kindness at restaurants, the neighbor and strangers and the motorists, 2) there aren't enough greetings being practiced within the neighborhood and at restaurants, 3) The use of cellular phone at theaters and stadiums, schools and offices, buses and subways, 4) The table manner at restaurants, 5) The concession and queues at theaters and stadiums, resorts, the motorists and subways, 6) The responsibility and obeying laws of the motorists, 7) the commercial transaction at restaurants and stores, 8) The cleanliness at restaurants, resorts and hotels and public sanitary facilities. According to this finding, it is recommended that we develop the educational contents and programs of global etiquette which are focused on educating the public on the connection between the living area and how the public should adapt and behave
A Study on the effects of Factors of Family Leisures on Family Intra-system Dynamics
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 189~196
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of factors of family leisures on family intra-system dynamics and quality of family life. A total 309 questionnaires was analyzed from married men and women of school-age families. Factors of family leisures were classified in 'education oriented', 'hobby oriented', social oriented'and 'family oriented'in the study ahead.(Refer to Journal of korean Home Management association Vol. 19(2).) The major results of this research were as follows. First, family intra-system dynamics was classified 'individual progress', 'sentimental stability','interaction'and 'management efficiency'. Second, the group that participated more in 'social oriented'and less in 'family oriented'activities had higher level of 'individual progress'. The group that participated less in 'social oriented'and more in 'education oriented'activities had higher level of 'sentimental stability'The group that participated more in 'education oriented'activities had higher level of 'interaction'and 'management efficiency '. Based on the results as above, we suggest people need to overcome 'a mental panic'through the family leisure. And we need to develop concern with family leisure as a practical loaming.
Characteristics of the Marriage and Marital Stability among Elderly Couples
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2002, Pages 197~206
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of marital characteristics on the marital stability among the elderly couples. Each participant was measured using a scale for the concept of marriage, a scale for marital coherence, a marital stress scale, a coping behavior scale and a marital stability scale. Elderly people who have a living spouse and who are living In Seoul were recruited. The data from two hundred and forty participants over 60-years-old were used in the final analyses. Major findings are as follows First, demographic factors such as educational level, health, economic status, the main source of income, and employment status appeared to significantly predict the elderly folks'marital stability Second, gender seems to be a factor In elderly couples'experience of marital stability. Husbands perceived marital stability to be higher than wives did. Third, the perception of marital stress, positive coping behavior and marital coherence influence the marital stability of the elderly couples. That is, the less elderly couples perceived marital stress and the less they relied on negative coping behaviors, the higher they perceived marital stability. These results imply that a healthful coping behavior to marital stress is important in enhancing marital stability for elderly couples.