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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
Family Factors Influencing on Adolescents′Self-Efficacy
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 1~9
This research was proposed to investigate the relative influences of family variables affecting adolescents'self-efficacy. For accomplishing the aim of this study, the data has been collected from 392 junior middle school students. Statistical methods for data analysis were mean, frequency, t-test, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. Major findings were as following: 1. The average of self-efficacy was 3.07 and there was not found any significant difference between boys and girls in 4 sub -dimensional areas of self-efficacy. 2. Parental support, socioeconomic levels, and family functioning variables were significantly proved to be influencing on adolescents'self-efficacy. Among the variables, parental support was the most powerful variable on self-efficacy.
A Study on the effectiveness and composition of a Marriage Enrichment Program: Based on reality therapy and rational-emotive therapy
Lee, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 11~24
The purpose of this study is to develop a Marriage Enrichment Program that can be applied to the actual lives of Korean families and couples, as well as adopted in family welfare programs. For this study, a quasi-experimental group design was employed and pre- and post- tests on Internal-External Control, Couple Communication, and Marital Satisfaction were conducted. Experimental participants consisted of six volunteer couples who responded to an advertisement by the Chonbuk Family Counseling Center printed in a daily newspaper. The experimental group received two hours of education on marital relationship enhancement every week for eight weeks. The control group received no such treatment. The effectiveness of the education was measured by Wilcox matched pair test, using a SAS program, as well as by the self-report of the participants. The results show that there was statistically significant improvement for the experimental group in all three areas of marriage-- internal control, couple communication, and marital satisfaction. In addition, the participants'evaluations were generally positive about the program. The participants reported that it was most helpful to learn through the educational program that individuals differ in basic needs and that they should not force personal beliefs on others. They also reported that their understanding of their spouse improved.
Women′s Labor in Private and Public Spheres in Traditional Korean Societies -From the Three Kingdom Period to the Chosen Dyansty-
Kim, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 25~36
This study was carried out to investigate women's labor in the private and public spheres in traditional societies from the Three Kingdom Period to the Chosen Dynasty. This study is based on review of historical literature. It was found that women in the traditional societies from the Three Kingdom Period to the Chosen Dynasty worked not only in private places, such as in households as housewives, but also as slaves in public places such as government offices. Also, women as housewives worked not only to fulfill private needs, but also to pay taxes. In this sense, women in traditional societies participated in labor force in the public arena, not unlike women in industrialized societies who participate in labor market. This research provides a piece of counterevidence against the general belief that women in traditional societies only conducted private housework at home. Therefore this study suggests that we need to rethink gender roles in traditional societies.
Issues and Persyectivbes for Research on Living Environment of ‘The Third Age’ -focusing on Social constructionism approach-
Hong, Hyung-Ock ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 37~48
Mid of 1980s witnessed the beginning of a new trend regarding the elderly as the Third Age Group, which is capable of positive selection for their later life. These changes are caused not only by the rising cost of caring them as the dependent to the society, but also by paradigm shift from the clinical and biomedical model to political economy and critical gerontology. The paradigm shift is based on the social constructionism as a perspective on the later life. In this communication the development of social constructionism is reviewed as an approach on the living environment for later life through literature survey. Emphases were made on the anti-ageism instead of ageism in the analysis of the social constructionism perspective for living environment in later life. Individual practice, influencing the practice of others, influencing agency policy, and developing theory were addressed and emphasized for the practice of anti-ageism. This study found the importance of the development of the social constructionism perspective on the study and practice regarding living environment for ‘the Third Age’ in Korean situation.
Family Stresses and Coping Strategies among Commuting Couples
Choi, Jeong-Hye ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 49~60
This study focused on family stresses and coping strategies among commuting couples. The participants of this study consisted of a national samples of 134 couples(268 individuals), who had been commuting for at least six months. The major findings obtained from the study are summarized in the following: First, the degree of family stresses among commuting couples was 2.98, when the maximal stress value was set to 5.0. No difference in the level of stress was detected from the roles of the wife and those of the husband. The most stressful aspect for the commuting couples came from the role of parents who care for their children. The second stressful aspect was their responsibility for their own parents, and finally the stress from the housework and maintenance of their marital lives followed next. There was no difference between the wives and husbands on the stressors. Secondly, the level of the coping strategies developed by the commuting couples themselves against their stresses was 3.37, when the maximal stress coping value was set to 5.0. Again, there was no difference in this level between wives and husbands. Among the strategies, they used ‘cognitive restructuring’the most frequently; sharing their responsibilities with other members in family life came next; and developing their own techniques to manage their stresses followed. Thirdly, the ages of the couple, the age of the first child, type of jobs, duration of the marriage and commute, and frequency of meeting affected the level of family stress among commuting couples. Finally, commuting couples developed quite different strategies to cope with their family stresses, and religion and family type affected significantly the type of coping strategies.
The Impacts of Regulation, Negative Emotionality and Problem Behaviors on Children′s School Adjustment
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 61~68
Relations of regulation, negative emotionality and problem behaviors to school adjustment were examined for 1,105 elementary school children from 558 2nd grade and 547 5th grade. Children reported their regulation and negative emotionality and teachers rated children's problem behaviors such as hyperactive and withdrawal behaviors and school adjustment including school life, grades, social competence with peers and teacher. Measures of problem behaviors were highly contributed to the prediction of children's school adjustment, especially hyperactive to school life and grades and withdrawal to social competence with peers and teacher. Behavioral regulation was associated with school adjustment including school life and social functioning with teacher and was able to modulate the influence of hyperactive. It was found that depression had both direct and indirect effects via withdrawal behavior on school adjustment.
A Study on the Perception Levels among Residents in Deteriorated Apartment about Remodelling
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 69~79
The deteriorated apartments make a social problem in now a days. After all, a new alternative plan for deteriorated apartments such as the remodelling concept must be considered. This study aims to survey the perception levels among residents in deteriorated apartments relating to remodelling. It might be provide the basic data which could be used for the analysis of consumers in the future implementation of deteriorated remodelling projects. The analytical methods adopted in this study were factor analysis, 1-test, one-way ANOVA, post-hoc estimation(Scheffe test) by the SPSS 10.1 for Windows program. Through the factor analysis for the perception types regarding remodelling, the factors were named ‘function improvement orientation’ , ‘property value orientation’, ‘individual-household improvement orientation’, and ‘negative attitude to remodelling’. The analysis of the perception types regarding remodelling, by the family characteristics, socio-economic characteristics, residence characteristics, apartment block variables, resident's value orientation, and resident's satisfaction level, indicated that the perception degree of the ‘property value orientation’was the highest, followed by the ‘function improvement orientation’.
The Effects of Household Income Drops on Household Economic Status
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 81~93
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of household income drops on household economic status during economic crisis periods. Using the data taken from Korean Household Panel Study for 1996 and 1998, it was investigated how household income change affected household income, expenditure, and assets/debt. The economic status change of the income-decreased group was compared with that of the income-increased group. The major findings were as follows: Average income of the total sample was 1,905 thousand won in 1996, while 1,419 thousand won in 1998. The household of which income was decreased during the period was 65.1% of total sample. Average income of the group was reduced from 2,263 thousand won to 1,239 thousand won. Among income sources, the amount of income from real asset was found to be the highest decreasing rate, and the amounts of both business and employed-work income were reduced almost up to an half of those in two years ago. The amounts for all expenditure categories were also decreased with decreasing household income. Especially the expenditures for food away from home, leisure, durable, recreation, and vehicle-related expense were found to have the highest income elasticity. The households with decreased income were found to reduce household expenditures by 377 thousand won per month, which was 70.9% of that in 1996. Decreases in household income resulted in decreases in net wealth by 10,170 thousand won. With decreases in household income, the amounts of total insurance and private savings such as gye were decreased, and so were the amounts of real assets and monetary assets.
Consumers′ Information Search and Satisfaction in Electronic Commerce
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 95~107
This study examined which factors were related to the amount of consumer information and the level of consumer satisfaction in electronic commerce. The sample (n＝ 426) was composed of those who had already engaged in e-commerce. T-test and ANOVA were completed to investigate how the amount of information and the level of satisfaction differ by socioeconomic, internet-related, and purchase-related characteristics of the consumers. The results of this study were as follows: First, consumers who were female and college graduates were more likely to search lots of information in e-commerce. The amount of consumer information was positively related to both the years of internet experiences and the time used on internet per day. Second, consumers who were male, aged on 30s, and who were college graduates with higher incomes were more likely to gather information about product functions, while consumers who were female with less experiences of internet shopping were more likely to consider the brand name. Third, income and education level were positively associated with the level of consumer satisfaction in e-commerce. Those who have experienced lots of purchase in e-commerce were generally satisfied with the shopping in e-commerce. Fourth, the amount of consumer information was positively related to the level of consumer satisfaction, especially satisfaction regarding product qualify and the convenience of shopping in e-commerce.
A Study on Role Stress Experienced by Married Working-Mother Salesclerks
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 109~120
The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of role stress perceived by employed housewives working in sales departments, and further, to devise coping strategies that can help reduce stress resulting from their multiple roles The sample of this study consisted of married women who were working in sales departments, who have at least one child, and who live in the greater Seoul metropolitan area. A total of 343 out of 450 originally distributed questionnaires were used for the analysis in this study. The findings of the study are: 1 The housewives in sales departments felt stress most severely in their role as a mother. Next were the roles as a wife, housewife, daughter, daughter-in-law, and working woman, in that order. 2. It appeared that age and the motive for employment affected the overall level of role stress among housewives. The two variables (age and the motive for employment) explained about 23% of the variance. The younger they were the higher was the level of role stress. Also, if they were working for an economic reason (to support the family), they tended to be more stressed out. The results of this study could be utilized as baseline data for policy-making, consultation, and development of educational programs for housewives working in sales departments, an area that has hardly been explored.
Consumption Values, Materialism, Impulsive Buying of University Students Depending on the Styles of Money Attitudes and Money Values
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 121~128
This study was aimed to compare with attitudes of consumption, materialism, and impulsive buying depending on the styles of money attitudes and money values. One hundred eighty three university students were surveyed. From the analysis, there were significant differences in attitudes toward consumption, materialism, and impulsive buying between the money attitude styles (affective and cognitive), and money value styles (material oriented and value oriented). Also affective money attitude style was more popular in the material oriented value style and cognitive style was more in value oriented style.
Survey of Needs for Women＇s Social Education
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 129~140
The purpose of this study was to collect baseline data for women＇s needs for social education, in order to eventually contribute to improving the quality of women's social education. In the needs survey, information on the motive to participate in social education programs, obstacles to participation, and program preferences was collected. The data were then analyzed by women＇s socio-demographic characteristics. Survey participants were married women between the ages of twenty to fifty, who were sampled from Seoul, six metropolitan areas, and nine provinces. For the final analysis, 1,026 survey forms were used. The motive for participating in women＇s social education programs was examined by each category. Overall, the participants showed the highest level in educational achievement motif. The motivations for lifestyle change, self-realization, and social accomplishment were also high and at a similar level. As for obstacles to participation, social obstacle received the highest rate, followed by family obstacle and personal reasons. As for the type of social education programs, home management programs were the most preferred, followed by psychological education, family education, leisure activity programs, physical education, and social education programs.
The Later Preparation and Its Related Variables in the Middle＇Rural Women
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 141~149
In order to promote well-being during old age, it is important to start preparing early on for the later life. Based on this thesis, this study examined attitudes of the middle-aged women residing in rural towns on their preparation for old age as well as related variables. For this purpose, survey data from 200 individuals were analyzed using a SAS program. The overall degree of preparation for old age was quantified as about 67 points out of a 100 possible points. The variables that affected the level of preparedness include attitude toward using a paid nursing home (
=.23), type of agricultural work they engage in (
=-.21), who do you think is a supporter during your old age(
=.20)］, type of decision-making in the household (
=.17). The explanatory power of such variables as standards of living (
=.18), family type (
=-.18), recognition of the entrance of old age (
=.17), and preparation behavior for old age (
=.15) were partially proved in three sub-areas (economical, emotional, and leisure areas) of preparation. The groundwork of this study could be used as basic materials to develop an educational program to improve the attitudes toward preparation for old age.
An Analysis of Household Portfolio Changes and Household Characteristics : Financial decision making patterns during the economic crisis under IMF trusteeship
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 151~162
The instability in the current financial market caused consumers a lot of difficulties in their financial decision making. The purpose of this study is to classify the changes in household portfolios during the economic crisis under IMF-trusteeship (IMF Crisis hereafter), and to examine the characteristics of the households according to the types of household portfolio changes. The data were taken from 1996 and 1999 Korean Household Panel Studies, and 1,293 households were selected for the final analysis. Methods of analysis included frequencies, percentages, Chi-square tests, F-tests, and t-tests. Major findings are as follows: 1. In the midst of the financial market changes during the period of the IMF crisis, consumers tended to manage their household portfolio differently according to their household characteristics. 2. The changes of household portfolio can be classified into two different types: the changed type (44.4%) and the unchanged type(55.6%). There are significant differences in the level of wealth, family life cycle stage, housing tenure, and the household head's job, between the changed type and the unchanged type. The family members of the unchanged type are more likely to be older and relatively wealthy compared with the families in the changed type. 3. The changes of household portfolio can be further classified into six different types: the unchanged-liquidity type (21%), the unchanged-multiplication type (24.6%), the unchanged-insurance type (9.8%), the changed-to-liquidity type (13.9%), the changed-to-multiplication type (13.0%), and the changed-to-insurance type (17.5%). There are significant differences in income level, wealth level, family life cycle stage, housing tenure, and the job of household head among the six types of changes.
An Exploratory Study on the Attitudes and the Perceptions Toward a Single Life
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 163~171
The purpose of this study is to examine the attitudes and the perceptions toward a single life and life satisfaction among male and female singles. In this study, a total of 160 singles aged 30 to 39 were interviewed using a questionnaire on socio-economic status, the attitudes and perceptions toward a single life, and life satisfaction. The data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and chi-square. The major findings of this study are as follows; 1) the socio-economic status of singles are higher than that of the married ones, showing a high level of income, education, and jobs. The 54.4% of the respondents showed that they remained as singles, because they have not met desirable partners yet, and the 20.9% answer that the main reasons for being a single are working and studying. The attitudes and the perceptions toward a single life were measured in six areas; freedom, self-achievement, self-development, institutional pressure. anxiety of support systems, and sex discrimination toward singles. The freedom of a single life was shown to have significant relationships with education and income. The self-achievement, self-development, and the level of anxiety about support systems were shown to be related to the sex of singles, indicating that single women got more benefits than single men. Single men experienced more institutional pressures such as marriage pressures and filial piety than single women. There was no difference in the level of acceptance to live as a single in terms of sex. Finally, life satisfaction with a single life turned to have significant relationships with sex, age, education, and income.
A Study on the Single′s Kinship Behavior
Kim, Soon-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 173~184
The aims of this study are to discover general aspects of the kinship behavior shown from singles and also the related variables that had influenced on the single's kinship behavior The research has based on a comprehensive survey with 78 men and 82 women who are single. Statistical methods, including frequencies, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, F-test and Duncan Multiple Range test utilizing the SPSS for Windows 10.0, have been adopted for the analysis of the data compiled. The findings of this study were as follows: First, singles have shown the ordinary kinship behavior to their orientation families, those are parents, brothers and sisters. And they had more active kinship behaviors with parents than brothers and sisters. Second, variables such as pressure to marry, education level, job type, and parents' marital satisfaction, have influenced on the single's kinship behavior with parents. While income level have influenced on the single's kinship behavior with brothers, and age, income level, responsibility of care giving and reason for single, on the single's kinship behavior with sisters.
A Study of the Psychological Characteristics of a Single Life
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 185~195
This study examined the psychological aspects of a single life with particular focus on the personality ＆ emotional characteristics, the social ＆ behavioral characteristics, marriage, happiness, and sex of singles. The sample consisted of 160 single male and female aged 30 to 49. The results of the questionnaire survey showed that the singles tended to be self-centered, especially when they did not have a plan to get married, and that most of the singles in the 30s wanted to have a friend of the other sex. In the view of marriage, young, male singles were more likely to form a family than old, female singles. Also, female singles, bereaved or divorced, were shown to have fear about marriage and negative attitudes toward marriage more than male, never-married singles did. Regarding the extent of happiness, old, female (rather than young, male) singles tended to be more satisfied with a single life. Besides, old, religious singles were less likely to feel lonely than young, unreligious singles. In addition, it appeared that college-graduated singles had rather liberal view on sex although singles generally showed rather conservative toward sex in this study. Therefore, the findings reveal that singles were self-centered, social, positive view on marriage, somewhat happy of a single life, and having a conservative attitude about sex. Further understanding of a single life in modem society is needed in future studies.
An Exploratory Study on the Economic Life of Single Households
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 197~208
The purpose of this study was to investigate the economic lives of single households with the age of 30 through less than 50. The economic life was examined in three aspects; income, assets, and consumption expenditures and patterns. One hundred sixty single households were surveyed, with questionnaires for 15days from April 1 to April 15 of 2002, and analyzed with descriptive statistics. The results were as follows: about 30.8% of total single households in the sample were in the income group of 1,500,000 thought less than 2,000,000 won. The size of income for the 30's was less than that for the 40's. Compared with male single households, female single households were more in both low and high levels of income. The saving rate tended more or less to be low. The more the age, the higher the saving rate. As for debt, the 40's single households, male single households, high school single households (compared to the 30's single households, female single households, university and graduate single households, respectively) were relatively higher. In general, the single households tended to have debts due to preparation for housing, credit over use. The assets tended to be managed by themselves. The economic preparation for the old life was done by banking system rather than insurance. The average monthly living costs was higher in the age of the 40's single than the age of the 30's single. The living costs of the female single households was higher or lower than those of the male single households. As for consumption patterns, there was the most in the expenditure allocation for food away from home, then for culture entertainmentㆍsocial life, and for clothing and shoes. As for the convenience of the consumption life in overall, there were more responses in moderation and inconvenience than in convenience.
An Exploratory Study on the Single People Time Use and Leisure Behavior : A comparison of single people an unmarried group and a married group
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 209~217
In this study, I analyzed single people time use and leisure behavior. I have compared patterns of time use of the single people who completed a survey for this study with the data from Time Use Survey(Korea National Statistics office, 1999). The survey participants included 160 single people who were thirty- to forty-years-old and who were living alone. The data from the Time Use Survey by NSO contained 2,004 married people cases and 30,155 unmarried individuals cases. The major findings are as follows: First, the single people who participated in this study were not especially anti-marriage; they simply have not been married yet and were living in a one-person household. Second, single people spent more time at work and less time for leisure and socializing than two comparative groups. Third, single people spent more time for household labor than other groups, and the only exception was the married female group. There was no gender difference in the time spent at household work Finally, single people tended to spend their leisure time with passive activities such as reading a newspaper or a magazine, watching television, and listening to the radio.
A Study of Housing Design Guidelines for the Single Household
Cho, Myung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 20, issue 6, 2002, Pages 219~227
This study was conducted to examine housing preferences among single-person households and to propose guidelines for housing design choices for single people. One hundred and sixty responses to the questionnaire developed by this researcher were analyzed utilizing frequencies, percentages, and t-tests. There were significant differences between single households and non-single households in various aspects of housing preferences. Differences were found in the desired type and size of housing, needed amount of space, and the importance of space itself. Single persons wanted to live in a small apartment, about 83.45
(25.29 pyung) size. They consider the bathroom and the master bedroom more important than the living room and kitchen. They prefer to have specifically function-oriented rooms such as shower, home office, computer room, exercise room, or leisure space. Single persons consider information-technological facilities within an apartment very important. They would like to adopt automatic and electronic technology in the house, such as optical communication network, automatic air-cleaning system, and internet TV. Housing preferences differ significantly according to socio-demographic variables such as gender and age. I propose in this study a small-sized, information-, high-tech- and leisure-oriented design that corresponds with the actual housing preferences of the single-person households.