Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Exterior Environments for the Elderly with Dementia in the U.S.A.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study is to understand the importance of exterior environments and to identify the design guidelines for the therapeutic garden for cognitively impaired seniors with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. The data was collected from 4 Adult Day Care Centers, 2 Nursing Homes, & 1 Assisted living in the U.S.A. from 2001 to 2002 by interview and the floor plan about the outdoor space. Although some may believe that patients with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders are unresponsive to environment, evidence shows that environments especially designed for cognitively impaired seniors can maintain or increase their level of functioning. The use of specially designed exterior environments nay have in reducing incidents of aggressive behavior, and contributing significantly to a wanderer management program. The checklist includes 6 dimensions： safety environment, various sensual stimulations, social interactions, wandering, privacy, and support orientation and reality. The results indicated that the exterior environment have to support wandering behavior, orientation and reality.
The Development of Korean Family Functioning Scale
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 15~28
The purpose of this study was to develop a family functioning scale that is suitable for Korean families. The data for this study were obtained from a survey on a sample of 350 mothers of school-age children, who were living in Seoul, Kyunggi-do, and other cities of Korea. The major findings ate as follows; 1) Through the item discrimination test, 63 of the 77 items were found to be significant, thus deemed acceptable. The level of discrimination indices of the 63 items ranged from .38 to .84. 2) A factor analysis was conducted on the 63 items. Six different factors (Emotional Support, Family Intimacy, Respect for Autonomy, Communication, Family Rules, Time Spent Together) emerged for 37 items. The six factors accounted for 56.51% of total variance. 3) A multiple regression analysis was conducted to reduce the number of items, and the final 36 items were selected for the Family Functioning Scale. 4) The reliability measured by the internal consistency of the 36 items was high (Cronbach's a =.93). 5) The Family Functioning Scale was found to have a significant correlation with FACESIII(r=.80) as well as with FAD(r=.78).
A Short-term Longitudinal Study on Infant Temperament, Parenting Behavior and 2-4 Year Behavioral Inhibition: A Korean sample for 8 cross-cultural studies
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 29~38
A three-year longitudinal design was employed to ascertain whether different types of behavioral inhibition(i.e. traditional, peer-social) were stable from toddler to preschool age(2-4 year), and whether inhibited temperament and/or parenting style would independently and interactively predict children's subsequent social and behavioral outcomes. At time 1, 113 toddlers (55 males, 58 females) and their mothers were observed in the traditional inhibition paradigm. At time 2, 36 4-year-old children were observed with unfamiliar peers in the nontraditional inhibition paradigm. Maternal ratings of psychological functioning of children and maternal behaviors were also obtained for both time 1 and 2. Results showed that behavioral inhibition was not stable from toddler to preschool age. Maternal authoritative behaviors at age 2 were negatively associated with preschooler's social reticence. Toddler's behavioral inhibition was negatively associated with maternal authoritative behaviors at age 4. In a cross-lag correlation analysis, maternal authoritative behaviors appeared to affect child's behavioral inhibition more strongly than the other way around.
Projections and Patterns of Welfare Service Demand for Elderly Dementia Home-Based Care in Kyungpook Area
Kim, Han-Gon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 39~46
There are three main purposes in this study. First, we project the number of elderly dementia population in the future based on the projection of the elderly population in the Kyungpook area. Second, the demands of home-based care service and facility-based care for the elderly dementia are estimated. Thirdly, some policy implications for the improvement of welfare services for the elderly dementia are addressed. The findings of this study are as follows. Considering the size of the elderly dementia population, facilities for the elderly dementia are extremely insufficient and most of the elderly dementia patients rely heavily on home-based care. Although we expect that there will be a rapid increase in the number of the elderly dementia in the next two decades, the social welfare services for them in the future are very unreliable. Home nursing for the demented elderly needs to be recognized by law and financed by the government. In this context, we address some issues regarding the rapid growth of the elderly dementia population in the future and social welfare services for them as well. Finally we suggest some policy implications regarding this matter.
A Study on the Needs for Housewives' Educational Program
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 47~60
The purpose of this study was to analyze the housewives' needs for educational program. In this study the needs lot housewives educational program are consisted on 3 areas ; 1. program contents, 2. program management and 3. program activization plan. For the survey and statistical analysis the questionares from 445 full-time housewives who participate in educational program at present are used. The results of this study are following； 1, in the area of program contents the needs for housing/health, nutrition, family life planning for elderly stage and enhancement of parents-children relationship are very high. This contents are very related with research topics of human ecology. So the researcher of our science are expected to be involved more in the related program development and actualization in the field. 2. in the area of program management the needs for the concret management process such as human resource management and education period are much higher than the educational provision. 3. in the area of program activization the systematization of the program incording with program level is most needed. 4. the housewive who are keeping the social characteristics such as social orientation, the motivation of social integration, the participation in the social-oriented educational program have higher needs for the most entire program contents, management and activization plan.
Analysis of the Expenditure Behavior by Family Types: Comparison of single-mother families and two-parent families
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 61~73
The purpose of this study was to compare the consumption expenditure patterns and the effects of socioeconomic variables on expenditure between single-mother families and two-parent families. From the 2001 Household Income and Expenditure Survey conducted by Korea National Statistical Office (KNSO), 693 single-mother families and 14,439 two-parent families were selected. A t-test was completed to examine how the expenditure patterns of two types of families differ. Total expenditures and expenditures on 11 consumption categories were modeled as functions of permanent income and other socioeconomic variables. Also, dummy variable interaction technique was used to examine whether the independent variables differently affected the expenditures between single-mother families and two-parent families. The results of this study indicated that there were differences between single-mother and two-parent families in the levels and shares of expenditures of each consumption category, and the effects of socioeconomic variables on expenditures. Single-mother families had spent less than did two-parent families in each consumption category. However, single-mother families had significantly higher expenditure shares for food at home, shelter, utilities, apparel and shoes, and education. Income elasticities for food at home, shelter, utilities, and education of single-mother families were significantly larger than those of two- parent families.
Research on the Contents Construction for the Information-oriented Family Life and Development of Professional Occupations : Based on the Analysis of the Present Condition of Information Needs among the Human Ecology Majors
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 75~85
This study is aimed at sowing two purposes. The first is to analyze the real condition and demand of profession development from the human ecology majors. The second is to develop necessary methods in which ordinary people can collect necessary information about family life. Related questionnaire was distributed to 147 the human ecology majors, and analysis was performed on the several web sites providing with information related to family life. Web sites such as“www.yahoo.com”and“www.naver.com”were included in the analysis. Questionnaire consisted of questions about whether the students majoring in the human ecology were familiar with the information-related terms or futuristics-related books, and whether they have ever taken the related courses in college. The results of analysis are as follows: First, analysis shows that the present level of the human ecology majors' information orientation and networking experiences is extremely low. Secondly, according to the analysis on whether they have optimistic or pessimistic attitude toward the contemporay informatized society, the human ecology majors have rather optimistic attitude in group while having pessimistic one individually. As to their response to the question about whether informatized society is connected with industrial society or not, the human ecology majors are divided in neatly equal ratio. Thirdly, analysis of the human ecology majors' understanding of profession relevant to their major indicates that they have high level of perception and information about the professions of fashion designing, traditional garment designing, nutrition counselling or consumer counselling. On the other hand, they are not familiar with the information about professions such as professional QR Programming, eating habit-related information business and family welfare. Lastly, level of web sites supplying information about family life is fragmentary. Especially, probe into the directories providing with necessary information of family life subdivided into special areal of life shows that they lack systematic organization making more convenient consumer use.
Life Styles and Value Systems in Different Generations of Korean People
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 87~99
The purpose of this study was to examine how the life styles of Korean people are influenced by the value systems of different generations. We analyzed the survey data of the 869 Korean participants aged from 20 to 69. The following results were obtained. First, differences exist among generations in various values such as collectivism, authoritarianism, environmental control, individualism , universalism, egalitarianism, and environmental accommodation. Especially, the older generation shows high scores in collectivism, authoritarianism and environmental accommodation, among traditional values. On the other hand, younger generation scored a higher level in individualism and egalitarianism. Second, there is a generation gap in the life style, as shown in family activities, household work, consumption activities, and leisure activities. In family activities, leisure activities and consumption activities, the younger generations gained higher scores than the older generations. Third, Korean people's value systems affect their life styles. Also, it was found that the interaction between the genera(ion and the value systems affects the life styles of Korean people.
Case Study of Yunhaju Settlement for Korye Saram Migrated from Middle Asian Countries
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 101~107
The purpose of this study was to find out the push and pull factors of migrants from middle Asian countries to Yunhaju, Russia, and housing situations in settlements as well as housing intentions to behave. Four female Korye Saram in Cremobo settlement and Woojung village and 10 male and female elderly in ordinary residences were interviewed during April 22-25, 2003. Changes in national formal language from Russian to lout languages was played the most prominent push role, while availability of settlement and agricultural land and emotional attachment as the second hometown pulled them to migrate into Yunhaju. The housing situation in Cremobo settlement was very poor and almost settlers had already left. The rest settlers wanted to move into Woojung village. The resident in Woojung village hoped to get the formal contract to rent the dwelling and agricultural land. Family adaptations were progressed to solve the housing deficits among settlers both of Cremobo settlement and Woojung village. This research explored a part of the 140 years residential history of Korye Saram.
A Study for Professionalizlng of Multi-family Housing Manager
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 109~121
The purpose of this study was to investigate the difficulty of doing job among housing manager. It might be Provide the basic opinion which could be used for professionalizing of housing manager. The survey had been made 156 housing manager in managerial situation of multi-family housing for sale(so called condominium). The analytical methods adopted in this study were frequency, percentage, 1-test, one-way ANOVA, post-hoc estimation(Scheffe test), correlation by the SPSS 10.1 for Windows program. The major findings of this study were as follows. First, it was revealed that many housing manager thought about Residents' Committee In the negative. Because housing manager considered that Residents' Committee interfered in housing manager's business, on the other hand they set a low value on Residents' Committee disposition and its knowledge about housing management. Second, it was founded that a lot of housing manager felt uneasy about his employment for the reason mentioned. Actually Residents' Committee exercised its influence over hiring as well as dismissing housing manager in any management alternatives. Third, it was necessary that synthetic plan might be prepared for housing manager to educate, to re-educate, to furnish information etc. about related in housing management for the specialization of housing management.
An Analysis of Satisfaction factors on the Use of Housewives′ Internet Shopping
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 123~131
The potential of information and communication technologies has already had a profound impact on many ways of our living and society. To catch up with this trend, Korean government has demonstrated the vision for informatization called‘Cyber Korea 21'/'e-Korea’project and has fully supported the education for informatization which is one of the key factors to reduce the digital divide. But, In spite of developing a variety of training programs with different target groups and policy objectives, a digital divide remains in some cases even while Internet access and computer ownership are rising rapidly for almost all groups. For example, the noticeable divides still exists between men and women. To accelerate the process of women informatization, which we believe to be major contributors for the high quality of life for women, we need to promote full-time housewives to become aggressive information users and producers. Internet shopping, for example, might be a good starting point for motivating women to become active information users. In this paper, we present a model for explaining the factors affecting the degree of satisfaction of housewives from internet shopping. Based on data collected from a questionnaire survey from housewives in Seoul, we conclude that the perceived usefulness, ease of use and the playfulness significantly affect the level of satisfaction, but the playfulness does not directly affect the intention to revisit and purchase. In addition, we found out that the perceived usefulness is affected by efficiency, attitude and easy to access. We also provide other interesting statistical results and implications.
Development of Family Life Welfare Service Program for Promoting Quality of Life of Citizens -Focused on Community Centers in Daegu City-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 133~146
The purpose of this study was to analyze the need for family life welfare service program, and to develope the program for managing in the Community Centers. The survey was conducted by interviewing 356 users and 360 non-users of Community Center, total 716 persons living in Daegu City, from October 8 to October 30 in 2002. The data were analyzed by the SPSS PC+ program applying t-test and ANOVA. The results were as follows : First, overall the needs for family life welfare service program, consisting of education program, facilities management and counseling program, and event program, was higher than 3.7 points. The needs level for event program was a little higher than other two programs. Second, the level of needs for family life welfare service program differed between user group and non-user group of the Community Centers. Third, the level of needs for family life welfare service program varied according to the demographic variables, such as sex, age, marital status, family life cycle, education level, vocation, monthly average income and housing type. Finally, Based on the results of needs analysis, 11 education programs, 4 facilities management and counseling programs and 5 event programs were developed for family life welfare service program. These programs developed in this study could be applied to diverse groups classified by age, social class, family life cycle of citizens. Also the programs should be applied in terms of family unit, as well as individual base to enhance the function of family life.
The Effects of Value Orientations on Financial Management and Financial Satisfaction of Girl Consumers in Yanbian, China and Those in South Korea
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 147~155
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of 4-value orientations on the financial management and the financial satisfaction of high school girls in Yanbian, China and those in South Korea. The subjects were 466 high school girls in Yanbian, China and 498 high school girls in South Korea. Cronbach'a, 1-test, and multiple regression were used as statistical analysis. The results were summarized as follows : 1) Resulting from the t-test, there were significant differences between 3-value orientations, 3-financial management behaviors, and financial satisfaction of the Yanbian girls and those of the Korean girls. 2) Resulting from multiple regression analysis, the financial management behaviors of school girls had the positive linear relationships with the variables such as 3-value orientations and country variable, The financial satisfaction of school girls had the positive linear relationships with the variables such as 4-value orientations and country variable.
Caregiving Stress in Caring for Dementia Elderly according to Family Resource in Homemakers
Jang, Yoon-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 157~169
The Purpose of this study was to explore the degree of caregiving stress in caring for dementia elderly according to objective resources, perceived adequacy resource and locus of control in homemakers. The subjects of this study were 141 married women who had cared for dementia elderly. A questionnaire was used as survey method. The data was analyzed by means of Cronbach
, factor analysis, MANOVA, and Scheffe test. The main findings were as follows First, there was significant difference in the degree of caregiving stress in caring for dementia elderly according to objective resources. Second, the degree of caregiving stress in caring for dementia elderly was significantly different according to perceived adequacy resource. Third, the degree of caregiving stress in caring for dementia elderly differed significantly according locus of control.
The Characters and Patterns of Family Problems in Korea - An analysis of newspaper articles, 1940s ~ 1980s -
Lee, In-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 171~180
In this study, the characteristics and patterns of family problems were explored. What constituted family problems, and how those evolved over the period of drastic changes in the Korean society were examined, by analyzing articles published from the 1940s to the 1980s in the four major national newspapers in Korea. A total of 6542 articles related to family problems in the four newspapers, Chosun, Dong-A, Kyunghyang, and Seoul, were used for the content analysis of this study. The main categories of family problems were classified as poverty, marital issues, issues related to children and adolescents, elderly issues, problems in the family as an institution, and the so-called family-lag problem. Each of these categories consisted of several subcategories: The poverty-related problems included the problems caused by difficulty in making a living and instability of living, for example. The marital issues category consisted of conflicts between the couple, unfaithful spouses, domestic violence, divorce, and so on. Issues related to children and adolescents included juvenile delinquency, difficulty in bringing up children, child abuse, single motherhood, and underage household heads, for example. The elderly issues included the anxiety over the aging society, support for the elderly, conflicts between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law, alienation of the elderly, etc. Problems in the family as an institution consisted of the legal issues in such areas as marriage, succession of the family head, and adoption. Lastly, the family-lag problem included confusion over family values, and conflict caused by the inconsistency between consciousness and actual behavior related to the family or family crisis. From the 1940s to the 1980s, family-lag was the most common problem (26.2% of the total articles), followed by issues related to children and adolescents (23.1%), poverty (16.2%), marital issues (15.9%), elderly issues (12.4%), and problems in the family as an institution (6.0%). During the 1940s and the 1950s, poverty was a prominent problem, and in the 1960s, issues related to children and adolescents were most commonly addressed in the articles. In the 1970s and the 1980s, the family-lag problem was the most frequently addressed.