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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Comparative Study on the Time Perspective between Korean and American College Students
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 1~10
This paper compares the time perspective between Korean and American college students and examines the difference of it according to gender and social status of them. The subject of this study were 385 Korean students and 385 American counterparts. The data were collected by survey with questionnaires and analyzed by SPSS program for the frequency, percentile, mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Duncan test. The results indicate that American students have more long-term personal direction than Korean counterparts and the effects of gender and social status are different in Korea and America. Korean students showed no difference according to these two variables but female America students indicate more long-term personal direction than male students and the time perspectives were different according to social status in America.
Desires of Residential Mobility and the Related Variables among the Rental Apartment Residents
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 11~21
The purpose of this study was to investigate the variables related to the propensity of the residential mobility among the Rental Apartment Residents in Gwangju. A total of 303 housewives living in the rental apartment in Gwangju completed a structured questionnaire during Aug. 19-30, 2000. The major findings were as follows. 1. The Rental Apartment Residents were more likely to move rather that to stay. 2. The level of the general housing satisfaction was not high(2.92). 3. The significant variables that influenced on the propensity of the residential mobility were size of the house, satisfaction of the management services, duration of the residence, age of the housewives and general housing satisfaction. In future research, the variables related the housing satisfaction have to be sought respectively and the index of the housing satisfaction and the propensity of the residential mobility have to be made.
A Basic Study on the Fundamental Issues about the Housewife Education from the Experts' and the Managers' Pespective
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 23~39
The 18 housewife education experts and managers suggested various elements about the fundamental issues about the housewife education through the open-end questionnaire. In this review we first examine the education's proper direction over the three dimensions of housewife herself, family and society. In the second section, we explore the contents and the specific programs of the education. In the third section, we discuss about the various aspects of program development and operation, for example, the time schedule, program operator or lecturer, and curriculum design. In particular, all the experts and managers emphasizes the needs of housewives and tole of reproduced lecturer. In the last section, we revisit the strategies to vitalize the housewife education. They stressed the proper subjects, the encouraging methods to improve the participation rate and the government support.
The Incentive Effect and Issues of Sales Promotions in Consumer Decision Making
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 41~53
The purpose of this study is to understand and verify the incentives as an important market environment and to help consumers use them effectively, and consequently to improve the consumer welfare. This study examined the representative incentive, the sales promotions which can effect on the consumer decision making process and current issues of them. For the purpose, a coffee specialty store was hypothesized and the subjects were 20∼30 years old, since the sales promotions can be more effective toward the younger consumers making their decisions low-involvement goods and services. The conclusions can be summarized as follows; Consumers understand the advantages and disadvantages of sales promotion very well, and use them rationally and usefully to maximize their satisfaction. the sales promotions act as incentives in the all steps of decision making processes. Generally, consumers prefer to get things at a good price, so in this survey, the discount coupons and the point accumulative membership had more effect than others. Consumers pointed out controversial issues of the sales promotions as follows: the sales promotions could bring about cost rising and unnecessary and/or impulse buying, and stir up speculative motivation. These are common serious problems in the sales promotions. The sales promotions are very useful tools in promoting sales but not fundamental in the long run. Marketers and manufacturers should keep it in mind that the best way to satisfy the consumers is to keep all things in good quality and moderate price.
The Effects of Participation in Sociodrama among Computer Game Dependent Adolescents
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 55~67
Nowadays, computer game dependency among adolescents, especially male adolescents, is emerging as a social problem. Therefore, treatment for computer game dependency has become positively necessary. This study aimed at investigating the effects of participation in sociodrama on the students suffering from computer game addiction. For this study, 380 male students in the 8th grade were asked to complete a questionnaire about themselves. After these data had been analyzed using SPSS, eight students were selected as the experimental group. The control group consisted of eight adolescents who were similar to the experimental group in the level of computer game dependency and in the psychological factors such as impulsiveness, depression, and the lack of self-control. The experimental group participated in twelve sociodrama sessions over 11 weeks, whereas the control group did not receive any treatment. The first follow-up test was conducted eleven weeks after the pretest, and the second follow-up test was done nine weeks after the first one. The results indicate that the sociodrama played an important role in alleviating the computer game addiction. At the same time, the participation in sociodrama brought positive changes in the psychological factors of the adolescents.
The Investigation of Factors Influencing Consumers' Perceived Risk, and Decision-making to Purchase GMO Food
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 69~77
The goal of this study was to examine which factors influence consumers' demands to reveal the identity of GMO(Genetically Modified Organism) food, risk perception, and decision-making to purchase it. Consumers perceived its risk, and demanded labeling to identify it. Not many consumers wanted to buy GMO food. The results also revealed as follows. First, the level of demand to label for identifying GMO food were high among female consumers, consumers with negative attitude, and consumers severly perceived its risk. The level of perceived risk was high among consumers who were old and had high income, exercised their own healthy programs, showed negative attitude toward GMO food, and demanded strongly for labelling. Second, old consumers, consumers with high income, consumers concerning more about health, consumers with negative attitude and strong demand to label for identifying GMO food were more likely to perceive risk highly for GMO food. Third, consumers' attitudes and the level of perceived risks for GMO food significantly influenced the decision-making to purchase GMO food. However, other variables turned out not to affect consumers' decision-making to purchase it.
Adolescents' Proper Manners and Strengths of Family Life : Generational Transfer between Mothers and Adolescent Children
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 79~92
This research aims to verify the generation transfer of proper manners from mothers to adolescent children and the relationship between adolescents' proper manners and strengths of family life. The data from 826 questionnaires (413 pairs of adolescents and mothers) were used for the final analysis. The findings of the study are summarized as follows: First, as for the extent of the implementation of manners of mothers and adolescent children both parties generally abided by good manners, but a significant difference emerged in the patterns. Second, both mothers and adolescent children were influenced by psychological determinants of self-esteem, values of humanism, emotional intimacy between mother and child, and social support for the implementation of good manners. On the other hand, adolescent children were affected the most by the emotional intimacy with mothers. Third, children generally showed significant differences in their implementation of manners according to the manners their mothers. Fourth, there were significant differences in the strengths of family life for adolescent children depending on their implementation of manners. Fifth, when comparing the relative contribution of the mothers' psychological determinants on strengths of family life and adolescent children's psychological determinants on the implementation of manners, strengths of family life gained more credibility as more variables were added.
A Study of the Meaning and the Change of Familism in Korea
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 93~101
From the perspectives of traditional Korean familism, the family was a life-giving and morality-building institution. The family was also a location where people of Chosun society developed an identity as humans. Due to these characteristics of the family in the traditional familism, that is, the family as the basis of life, morality, and identity, the family was a unit that transcends personal desires, thus the institution enjoyed a long-lasting stability. However, with industrialization, the transcendent values have been taken away from the family, and the modern Korean family has changed into a private unit of personal happiness and the interests of only the immediate members. Surely the traditional familism had values that are contradictory to the civil society, such as sexual discrimination and family egoism. In spite of the limits, the traditional familism contains some family values that can be utilized to improve today's family cultures in Korea. For example, the approach to the family as a unit for life, the emphasis on transcending personal interests for the sake of family stability and deep intimacy, and the importance of the family in human lifes could inspire today's Korean families.
The Economic Status of Retired Elderly Households
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 103~116
The purpose of this study was to examine the economic status of retired elderly households. This study especially looked for the differences in the economic status among retired elderly households and the level of subjective financial strain. The data were drawn from the data of 2000 Korean Labor and Income Panel Study (KLIPS) conducted by the Korea Labor Institute. The major findings are as follows: 1) The levels of income in the retired households were found to be lower than those of the employed elderly households, and the transfer income took the biggest portion out of 5 income types reflecting high economic dependency. 2) The levels of expenditure were found to be similar to the minimum living cost, and the food cost at home was 41.9% of the expenditure. 3) About 40% and 27.3% of households reported that they felt financial strain due to food expenditures at home and health care respectively. 4) Ninety percent of all assets were found to be real estate, reflecting the lack of asset liquidity. Further, retired elderly households were classified as 'not at all strained financially', 'moderate', 'seriously strained', and 'extremely strained' groups according to their subjective assessment. The last two groups showed the lower level of income and expenditures than the first two groups. In particular, 26.5% of retired elderly households belonged to 'extremely strained' group and showed very serious economic problems.
Parental Role Conflict and Psychological Well-being of Dual-earner Couples
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2003, Pages 117~131
This study were looked for the common patterns of dual-earner couples' parental role conflicts, psychological well-being and the variables that influence their psychological well-being. The data of this study were collected from 265 dual-earner couples, and were analyzed using frequencies, percentage, means, Pearson's correlation, Cronbach's alpha, one-way ANOVA, Duncan test. multiple regression. The major finding are summarized in the following. (1) In general, the wives 'level of parental role conflict was higher than the husbands'. There was no significant differences between husbands and wives in terms of psychological well-being and life, but wives' depression was greater than husbands'. (2) As for the variables that affected parental role conflict, income, the age of the first job satisfaction, work adjustment, parenting satisfaction, parenting participation by the husband, the level of child care expenses, and cognitive assessment of mother employment were found to be significant. (3) For both husbands and wives, psychological well-being was positively related to income, education level, job satisfaction, level of job importance, work adjustment, parenting satisfaction, parenting participation by the husband, cognitive assessment of mother employment. (4) Couples' psychological well-being was influenced by job satisfaction and parental role conflict.