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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Consumption Patterns of the Elderly Couple and Elderly Single
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 1~12
Determinants of consumption patterns of elderly couple and elderly single were investigated using the 1996 National Survey of Family Income and Expenditure by National Statistical Office. There were large differences in consumption patterns between the elderly couple and single in terms of monthly expenditures and average budget shares of individual consumption items. Consumption functions of individual items were estimated using double-log function. Major determinants of consumption functions were income, overspending behavior, educational level of householder, and net worth for both groups, householder's job status and city residence mainly for elderly couple, and age of householder mainly for elderly single. In addition, income elasticity of elderly households was larger than net worth elasticity for all consumption items.
Preferences about Senior Congregate Housing by Attitudes on Work and Leisure in Later Life
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 13~24
Regarding leisure and work as very important in residential life of old ages, this study analyzed their preference by leisure and work for senior congregate housing, which can provide proper work and leisure activities for older people who are able to manage their social activities with healthy condition. It conducted a survey of middle aged of the 50's who would face problems of senior housing in 2010, with stratified sampling by region, sex and housing structure type. Totally 556 Questionnaires were used for the final analysis. The research results showed that, first, the group which was positive toward their works mostly had spouse of the age of early 50' s and work for professional, technological, managerial positions with good health. Second, the more positive group towards their work showed high willingness to move in senior congregate housing, than a negative group towards their work, and put a weight on the openness of shared space and facilities as well as various alarming equipments, common space, common programs and the ability of managers. Third, according to the attitudes toward leisure activities, there were differences in each group by housing structure type, education of their own or their spouses, monthly income, property, economic ability, health condition, living together with spouse, housing tenureship, and usable area of houses. The fourth was that those who enjoy active leisure activities presented high willingness to move in senior congregate housing than those of negative attitude and also there was a difference in managerial ways. Throughout the results of the study, it appeared that a group of positive attitude toward work and leisure, than that of negative attitude, recognized the importance of senior congregate housing which social and leisure programs could support. It implied necessary to develop housing for the older people who have enough ability to manage their leisure activity as well as their work. The study is likely to have a contribution to suggest practical data for helping the development of housing for self-reliant seniors by analyzing their preference on senior congregate housing by their attitudes toward work. The research for the factors of various designs and managements by leisure and work may become the following research theme of the study.
Interpretation of Korean Housing in the Period of Opening the Country to the West and its Modernity Focussed on the Civilization Theory
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 25~40
Since Korea open her ports to the West, she had undergone a great change under the alien influences both on the macro-social and micro-social aspects. This study aims to review the korean housing, corresponding with the everyday life, during the period of transition between the 1876 - 1910 and to interpret its process of modernization and the meaning of modernity. With regards to understand the holistic human relationship and place pf living through history, this study takes the Nobert Elias' Civilization Theory as a theoretical basis. References were therefore, made to various records of foreign missionary at the time, with respect not only to macro sociological changes but also to changes of everyday life. It is of course to take physical and structural aspects of housing architecture into consideration. These works, thus, led to presuming the housing culture of said period. In order to investigate modern character of korean housing, distinctively represented by spatial structure, considerations were made to various architectural examples according to the social and residential status both in urban and rural area. As a results, this paper came to the remarks as follows; 1. It is understood, that the process of modernization is a part of the process of civilization as synthetic process. It is integrated with the change of socio-cultural aspects and everyday life. 2. Korean housing in the said period shows various different residential status and grade of civilization according to the social status as well as economical status. Modern housing was not in general yet. 3. Housing for high classes and middle classes in Seoul shows a tendency of assimilation and imitation after western model. But some examples within the housing of high classes represent its own modernity, that is based on the rationalism and equalization 4. In the housing of lower classes, it was very far from the benefits of civilization. It could analogize from the immature control of disgrace, from undevelopment of individual territory and from uncultivation of rationality in the housing space.
The Socialization and the Comparison of Generation Attitudes about the Family Rituals
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 41~50
The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of the socialization of family rituals and compare the attitudes between the younger and the older generation. Research data were collected in 2002 from households living in Jinju. The subjects of this study were college students and their mothers. The results of this study were as follows: The socialization of the following family rituals is increasing: the first birthday party, banquets for parents' 60th birthday, wedding anniversaries, employment ceremony, and commencement ceremony. There was significant difference in the attitude between younger and older generations regarding performance of the family rituals.
Mothers' Perception and Attribution of Parenting Efficacy for the Children's Social Development
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 51~59
Many parents recognize the importance of social development during early childhood but they feel difficulty in helping their children develop socially. Recently, many researchers have suggested that maternal cognition is an important factor on their parenting behavior and children's development. Thus, this study attempted to investigate the mother's perception and attribution of parenting efficacy for children's social development. Total 247 mothers of three to five year-old children reported self-questionnaire consisting of Melson, Ladd, & Hsu(l993)'s Perceived Difficulty at Parenting Tasks, Criniic & Greenberg(1990)'s Parenting Daily Hassles and Abdin(1990)'s Parenting Alliance Inventory. Also, 82 of the subject's children were individually tested with McGinnis & Goldstein(1990)'s Skill Situations Measure. The major results were as follows: 1) Mothers' parenting efficacy for children's social development was significantly related with child's age, mother's education and the father's cooperation of parenting. 2) Mothers' perceived parenting efficacy was significantly correlated with some dimension of the child's actual social skill (i.e., maintenance of peer relation). 3) Mothers of young children were more likely to attribute to their children for their parenting efficacy than those of old children. 4) Mothers were more likely attribute to their children than themselves when they perceive parenting difficult. 5) Mothers who perceive parenting easy and attributed it to their children had less parenting stress than those of attributing it to themselves.
Wives and Husbands' Perceptions of the Fairness in the Division of Household Labor
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 61~75
The goals of this study were threefold. First, the researcher sought to describe the perceptions of wives and husbands concerning the degree of fairness in the division of household labor. Second, the determinants of wives and husbands' perception of the fairness in the division of household labor were analyzed. Third, the factors that affect wives' perception of the fairness in the division of household labor were compared with the factors that affect husbands' perception of the fairness. The data of this study were collected from a survey of 139 married couples with children of high school age or younger, residing in Seoul, Inchon, and Kyunggido. A structured questionnaire was used in the survey. Frequencies, percentiles, mean, Peason's correlations, Cronbach's alpha, t-tests, and multiple regressions were used to analyze the data. The results show that both the wives and the husbands perceived the division of household labor as unfair for the wives. Further, husbands' gender-role attitudes and household labor preference affected wives and husbands' perception. Most comparison reference variables affected significantly the wives and husbands' perception. Lastly, there was a gender difference in the significance of comparison reference variables and demographic variables. The wives mainly employed within-marriage comparisons but the husbands mostly used outside-marriage comparisons. The demographic variables affected the wives' perception, but not the husband's.
A Development and Evaluation of an On-line Consumer Education Program for Adults in Consumerism - Focused on consumerism -
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 77~91
Most consumers have experienced unexpected consumer problems in the new consumption environment. Accordingly consumer education is very important to prevent consumer problems in advance. Adult consumers don't have many chances to take consumer education with various reasons though they are in a core position in the economy. This study developed an on-line consumer education program for adults in consumerism in the website, www.bestmaker.com/cw. The contents of consumerism were divided into five subfields such as consumer rights, responsibility and roles; consumer law; consumer participation; consumer protection; on-line survey. The on-line consumer education program was given to 164 adult consumers who could use internet, and the contents and the methods of the consumer education were evaluated by the same consumers with an on-line survey. The results of the survey show that those in 30's through 40's and with higher education are more satisfied with the contents and the methods of the on-line consumer education. This study implies that the contents, the methods, and the design of an on-line consumer education need to be consistent each other and well organized altogether.
The Theraputic Effects of Sociodrama on the Adolescents Who are Maladjusted in School
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 93~107
The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of sociodrama on adolescents who are maladjusted in school. For this study, nine adolescents were selected from a middle school located in Seoul. The Inventory of School adjustment by Bae Sook-Jin, Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory(BDHI) and Impulsivity Test by Eysenck were administered. The experiment group acted out a sociodrama twelve times. The first follow-up test was conducted twelve weeks after the pre-test. The second follow-up test was conducted six weeks after first follow-up test. Each time the adolescents acted out a sociodrama their behavior was recorded by a video- camera and then documented by research assistants. Also in order to discover any changes in daily life after sociodrama, an interview survey were done with the adolescents' teachers. The findings were as follows. First, in the initial follow-up test degree of school-maladjustment was less than in the pre-test. Further decreases in the level of maladjustment were noted in the subsequent follow-ups. Therefore, it can be concluded that the performance of sociodramas can reduce school-maladjustment among adolescents and that this reduced level is maintained. Second, the level of hostility discovered in the first follow-up test was less than that in the pre-test, and this level continued to decrease in the following follow-ups. Therefore, we may conclude that sociodrama that reduces adolescent hostility and the reduced levels continue. Finally, the degree of impulse detected in the first follow-up was, once again, less than that of the pre-test, And, as in the other cases, there was a continued decrease in this level. We may therefore conclude that sociodrama does reduce the impulse of adolescents and that this reduction is maintained. This study indicates that sociodrama is an effective method to improve the psychological characters of adolescents who are maladjusted in school. Given the above, a follow up study is suggested.
The Impact of Group Art Therapy on the Psychological Well-Being of Children Who have Experienced Domestic Violence
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 109~120
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a group art therapy program on the psychological well-being of children who have experienced domestic violence. The therapy program was designed to enhance self-esteem and reduce anxiety for these children. The participants of this study included seven elementary school students and five junior high school students. The therapy program consisted of thirteen sessions that were held between September 25, 2002 and December 17, 2002. Each session lasted approximately 100 minutes. The effectiveness of this program was evaluated by a pretest and a post-test. The instruments used in the tests were the Anxiety Scale and Self-Esteem Scale. In addition, HND (Here and Now Drawing) was adopted for qualitative evaluation. The data were analyzed by paired t-tests. The results show the following: First, the group art therapy program was effective in enhancing the children's self-esteem and in reducing their anxiety. Second, there was a qualitative change in children's HND (Here and Now Drawing) after the therapy program, which proves that the group art therapy was effective.
A Study on College Student Consumers' Behavior of Using on-campus Disposable Goods
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 121~132
This study investigated the current situation regarding college environments and the use of disposable goods, to inquire the environmental consciousness of college student consumers, and to identify factors that affect their use of disposable products. The major findings of this study are summarized in the following. First, college students' usage of disposable products was measured in two ways: the tendency to use disposable product and the quantities of disposable products consumed. The tendency to use disposable product was found to be 2.80/5, which indicates that college students' behavior of consuming disposable goods was less than moderate. On average, a college student consumed a total of 35 disposable products per month. Second, variables that affect college students' consumption of disposable products were investigated. The students who showed a higher tendency to use disposable products were those with more spending money, those without any experiences in the environmental organizations and clubs, those who had a low personal opinion toward university policies, those who regarded environmental protection as more important than economic growth, and those who thought environmental protection to be more important than fashion.
Perception of Elderly Sexuality and the Sexual Life of Those who have Spouses
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 133~143
The main purpose of the study is to identify the perception, as well as the prejudices, of sexuality of the elderly and their sexual life. Older men and women aged 66-80 (N=17) who are married, healthy, and living in communities were interviewed regarding ADL, present and past sexual practices, prejudices on elderly sexuality, and obstacles to sexual life. The findings of this study are as follows: First, the old perceived that sexuality even in old age is an important part of life. However, they were also prejudiced about sexual intimacy in old age. Second, although an increase in age is correlated with a decrease in sexual activity, a number of older men and women continue to have active sexual life and they are satisfied with it as ever. This indicates a duality in the way the elderly perceive sexuality. Third, health status, partner's responsiveness, and environmental problems are prominent obstacles to sexual life. The study revealed that late-life sexuality must be conceived as a complex bio-psycho-social phenomenon. Consequently, it is important to hold sexual education programs for the young and the old.
The Role of a Local Authority of Multi-Family Housing Management upon the Revision of Housing Act
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 145~153
The Ministry of Construction & Transportation revised the full text of 'The Act for Promoting Housing Construction' that concentrated to the quantitative supply of houses into 'Housing Act' in order to improve the quantity as well as quality of housing construction and management, such as housing welfare, management or improvement of previous houses, in October 2002. Accordingly, local authority need to play more critical roles in the area of multi-family housing management and remodeling. The desirable roles of local authority called for the need are like followings: 1. Local authority should provide professional knowledge for education, direction and consultation of multi-family housing management rather keeping the previous role to control, manage and regulate it. 2. The multi-family housing management should be changed from administration and punishment to incentive-centered institutions. 3. It is necessary to consider neglected people, such as occupants of rental apartment or of a small-sized multi-family housing, who have been excepted from the subject of obligatory management under the current law. 4. For harmonious and professional housing management, local authority need to support the establishment or special companies for housing management and to strengthen the audit on trust management companies. 5. It calls for the studies on management guideline of multi-family housing, standardization of management specifics, reasonable standard for special mending appropriation amount, etc. 6. They should lead the composition of a community by residents harmoniously and support the encouragement of community consciousness to live together.
A Content Analysis of Traditional Wedding Artifacts
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 155~170
This paper will provide a basic analysis of traditional wedding artifacts as they appear on museum websites and their value for scientific research. The results of this study are as follows: 1. There were a total of 115 wedding artifacts(72 written documents related to weddings, 43 marital items) on the website of a museum. Most of them were related to the latter half of Cho-sun Dynasty. From these artifacts, we may understand the culture surrounding wedding during the transitional period from the Cho-sun Dynasty to modem time. 2. By analyzing such wedding artifacts, we can supplement existing methods of study such as literature research and case histories. In this way, we may better understand the history and culture of weddings. 3. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the culture of weddings we need to adopt a more interdisciplinary approach of wedding artifacts.
Adolescent Children's Domestic Violence Exposure & Psycho-social Maladjustment - Focusing on Middle School Student Children's Wife Abuse Witnessing and Child Abuse Victim -
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 171~180
The purpose of this study is to examine how adolescent children's exposure experience of domestic violence influences their psycho-social maladjustment. The SPSS 10.0 for Windows was used to analyze data obtained through 589 adolescents who attend middle school in Gwangju area. Major findings are as follows: 1. Domestic violence exposure in adolescent children was considerably serious; 84.4% child abuse by parents, 66.0% witness of father-to-mother abuse. 2. Child abuse and wife abuse had close relation in occurrence and severity. 3. Internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and social competence of adolescents were different by the victim of child abuse, the witness of wife abuse, and the style of domestic violence exposure. 4. Domestic violence exposure had a positive impact on the adolescent children's psycho-social maladjustment.
Materialism, Conspicuous Consumption, and Preference for Imported Luxury Brands Among College Students
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 5, 2003, Pages 181~192
This study examined college students' propensity for materialism and conspicuous consumption, and their preference for imported-luxury brand products. This study also identified the factors that influence college students preference for the imported-luxury brands. The data were obtained from a questionnaire completed by 4-year-college students (N=309), and were analyzed by t-tests, ANOVA, and multiple regression analyses. The findings of this study are as follows: First, college students' propensities for both materialism and conspicuous consumption were a little higher than the middle points of the scales. Their preference for imported-luxury brands was a little below the middle point of the scale. Second, the propensity for materialism was higher among first- and second-year students than among third- and fourth-year students. The occupation of household head was significantly related with the levels of materialism and conspicuous consumption, as well as the preference for imported-luxury brand products. Female students were more likely to prefer imported-luxury brands. Those with a higher income and subjective level of living were more likely to have the propensity for conspicuous consumption and preferences for imported-luxury brands. Third, the imported-luxury brands preferences were positively associated with the propensities for both materialism and conspicuous consumption.