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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
The Relationships of Adult Children's Caregiving Burden and Inter-generational Solidarity with Marital Satisfaction
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of adult children's caregiving burden and inter-generational solidarity with marital satisfaction. Self-administered questionnaire method was performed to collect data from 259 couples who lived in Chollabuk-Do province I'he major results of this research were as follows: First, there were significant differences in caregiving burden, inter-generational solidarity, and marital satisfaction between husbands and wives. That is, the level of caregiving burden was found to be lower for husbands than for wives, while the degrees of marital satisfaction and inter-generational solidarity were higher for husbands than for wives. The levels of caregiving burden and inter-generational solidarity were also found to be different according to parents financial capacity and social activities. Second, Both husbands' and wives' marital satisfaction were positively correlated with inter-generational solidarity and negatively with caregiving burden. Finally, results of multiple regression analyses showed that husbands' marital satisfaction was negatively influenced by strain and positively by affectional solidarity after controlling the effect of age, educational level, and parents' social activities. Wives' marital satisfaction was negatively affected by strain resulting from caregiving burden, indicating that the higher the strain, the lower the degree of wives marital satisfaction.
A Comparison between Institutionalized Children and At-Home Children on Emotional Intelligence and Self-Esteem
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 15~26
This study compared institutionalized children with at home children regarding characteristics of emotional intelligence and self-esteem, and the relationship between the two. The participants of this study were 62 institutionalized children and 98 children reared at home, residing in an undisclosed city. Major findings of this study were as follows. First, the institutionalized children had a lower level of self-esteem and emotional intelligence than children at home. Second, the relationship between self-esteem and emotional intelligence was significantly different between institutionalized and at-home children. Third, in case of institutionalized children, ‘other-regulation and self-expression’ among the emotional intelligence factors was the strongest predictor of ‘scholastic competence’ among self-esteem factors. In contrast, for the at-home children, ‘other-regulation and self-expression’ among the emotional intelligence factors was the strongest predictor of ‘social acceptance’ among self-esteem factors.
A Study on the Materialism of Korean and Japan Undergraduates
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 27~41
The objective of this study was to find variables related to materialism of university students in Korea and Japan. A questionnaire research method was conducted and 477 samples were selected. Korean university students have higher materialism than Japanese university students. Korean undergraduates are influenced by reference group, but Japanese university students are influenced by group identity. Materialism of Korean university students are influenced by nonmaterialism, reference group, perception of living level, self concept, pocket money, mother's job. Materialism of Japan university students is influenced by nonmaterialism, group identity, perception of living level, grade. The strongest predictor of materialism of Korean university students is nonmaterialism, followed by reference group. The strongest predictor of materialism of Japanese university students is nonmaterialism, followed by group identity.
Perception of Financial Risk and Expenditures for Insurance by Household Characteristics
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 43~51
The purpose of this research was to investigate the perception of financial risks and expenditures for insurance by household characteristics. Data were collected from 598 housewives by online survey on Dec., 2001. Results indicated that respondents had perceived the risk of unemployment most among three types of risks. Household characteristics reflecting financial needs in emergency case had positive effects on the perception of risks, and hence the expenditures for insurance, in general. On the other hand, the level of emergency preparation had negative effects on the perception of risks and the expenditures for insurance. However, only credit-related risk had a positive relationship with the expenditures for insurance.
A Study on the Influence of Husbands' Experience of Violence suffered in their Growing Ages, their Psychological Characteristics, and Interactions of the Couple on the Husband-to-Wife Violence - Focused on the Continuum of Violence Assumption -
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 53~67
The aim of this research is to verify the assumption that the husband-to-wife violence lies upon a continuum of severity and to study how the premarital violence experience of husbands, along with their psychological characteristics and various marital interactions, can be the cause of husbands' violence against their wives. At the same time, the research aims at constructing a causal model of the husband-to-wife violence. For the purpose, this research surveyed 242 husbands residing in Pusan and another 50 husbands as violent assaulters in major cities of Korea. The following is a summary of the results of this research. First, the research can verify the two assumptions that “the group which has once inflicted a severe form of violence can easily inflict minor violences” and that “the factors related to violence play a far greater role in severe violences than in weaker violences.” As a result, it may be concluded that the study of a regular household violence can be based on the continuum of violence assumption. Secondly, In the husbands' experience of violence, dating violence and their experienced childhood abuse from their parents, in their psychological characteristics, temper control ability and their patriarchal sex role attitude, and finally in marital interactions, marital conflicts and distractor of communication played great role in their influence on the husband-to-wife violence. Thirdly, as the various factors which contribute to the violence against the wife have cause-and-effect rule, we shall be able to make a model which can be conceptualized.
The Impacts of Social Norms and Personal Ethics on Recycling Behavior
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 69~79
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of social norms and personal ethics on recycling behavior. For this purpose, survey data from four hundred and fifty seven individuals were collected and analyzed using an SPSS program. The major findings were as follows: First, social norms had a positive impact on personal ethics and recycling behavior. Second, personal ethics significantly affected recycling behavior. Third, awareness of the consequences of recycling behavior (AC) and ascription of responsibility for environmental problems(AR) did not significantly translate personal ethics into actual recycling behavior. Fourth, ascription of responsibility for environmental problems(AR) and awareness of consequences of recycling behavior(AC) affected recycling behavior. These results suggest that in order to encourage recycling behavior, it is necessary to inform and educate the public so as to enhance social norms and personal ethics.
Suggestion on Senior Housing Policy with Consideration of the Features of Service and Housing Alternatives for the Senior of the U.S.A.
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 81~95
While Korean traditional culture considers it necessary that children support their parents, a new trend of silver support is expanding by the recent social change, the increase of women's working, and the reluctance to support the old people. However, the number of silver welfare facilities in Korea is short for the demand with limited selections of them. Based on the situation, the following results of the study what kind of policies Korea service for the old people in the USA where early stepped into the aging society: 1. provide specific and proper social-supporting service and facilities with charge or free for the old people to be able to select one of them, according to economic, physical and psychological situation of the old people; rather to prepare service and facilities for all the old people. 2. increasing community service support for the home-staying old people 3. the development of support program for the family of the old 4. the improvement of housing environment for the home-staying senior 5. prepare the housing alternatives for the senior would be home-like environment.
Housing Values and Condominium Purchasing Behavior Among Married Women
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 97~106
This study explored the relationship between housing values and condominium purchasing behavior. The participants of this study were married women who had bought a condominium at least once and who also were dwelling in one. Survey questionnaires were conducted on 1103 married women from three residential areas in Daegu. The analytical methods used in this study were frequency, mean, standard deviation, factor analysis, 1-test, one-way ANOVA, post-hoc estimation (Scheff test), and correlation analysis. The results show that the more the women were oriented toward convenience, education, and investment, the more likely they were to make a rational purchase. Also, the more the women's values were oriented toward conspicuous consumption and investment, the more they were likely to make an investment and ostentatious purchase. The women who valued ostentation and location tended to rely on other people's opinions and advertisement more, and were more likely to be impulsive shoppers. Women who valued convenience, education, and location, made their purchase decisions based on the housing prices.
A Study on the Spatial Composition Characteristics of Elderly Housing Facilities in USA -focused on California area-
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 107~115
The purpose of this study was to Investigate the spatial composition characteristics of elderly housing facilities in USA, in order to refer them in establishing the basic plan for elderly housing in Korea. The case study performed in this study from July 23 to July 31 is based on ten housing facilities for the elderly located at California in USA. The results of this study were as follows; 1. The type of floor plan was classified into the U type, ㅁ type, L type, and ㅡ type. And they had an outside space called a garden(courtyard). 2. The kinds of common spaces could be grouped as the space for basic living, for leisure, and for convenient living. Also it was all common that the housing facility had shared livingroom, shared diningroom, activity room and garden. The type of the common spaces was categorized into two types, the centralized type where the shared space was located at the center of the housing facilities, and the distributed type, depending on the degree of separation between common spaces and units. ,3. The kinds of units was classified into studio, oneroom, one bedroom and two bedroom.
Resilience and Adjustment of Retired Husbands and Wives
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 117~127
This study examined the effect of resilience on the adjustment of retired husbands and their wives. Data was collected from 174 retired husbands and their wives in the Seoul metropolitan area. Collected data were analyzed by mean score, percentile, paired-t tests and regression analyses. The major findings were as follows : 1. There was no significant difference in the adjustments between retired husbands and their wives. 2. Individual resilience, family resilience and social resilience had a strong impact on the adjustment of retired husbands and their wives. Self-esteem, acceptance of retirement, communication between the couple, family cohesion, and retirement policy had a significantly positive impact on the husbands' adjustment. 3. As for the adjustment of the wives, self-esteem, communication between the couple, family cohesion, acceptance of husbands' retirement and religious activity had a significantly positive impact. In summary, this study shows the importance of resilience in the adjustment of retired husbands and their wives.
Living Arrangement and Psychological Loneliness of Rural Elderly in Korea
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 129~139
Living arrangement is considered an important variable in discussing loneliness and the psychological state of the elderly. From this point of view, this study aimed at Identifying the effects of living arrangements, sociodemographic variables, social activities, and social psychological variables on the psychological loneliness of the rural elderly. Though hierarchical regression analyses. the predictors of loneliness among the rural elderly were identified as single/co-residence living arrangement(r=.49), sense of well-being based on respects for others' perspectives (r: -.22), needs for remarriage (r=.22), and work hours during off- farming season (r: -.19). The effects of living arrangement remained strong and were not influenced by the addition of sociodemographic variables, social activity variable, and social psychological variables. The feeling of loneliness of the elderly who were living alone was higher than among the elderly who were living with someone else. This finding suggests that the loneliness of the rural elderly derives primarily from the lack of family Interaction. Therefore, it is recommended that social welfare policies for the rural elderly be designed to improve their family and social interactions.
Communication Patterns and Marital Satisfaction among Elderly Men and Women
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 21, issue 6, 2003, Pages 141~155
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between communication patterns and marital satisfaction of elderly men and women. The participants of this study were 206 elderly (60 years and older), and they were all recruited in Seoul. The major findings of this study are as follows: First, the communication patterns of elderly men and women were affected significantly by background variables, self-esteem, and personality style. Second, marital satisfaction was affected significantly by background variables, self-esteem, and personality style. Self-esteem was the major factor that had significant impact on the marital satisfaction for all respondents. Third, there was a gender difference in the impact of background variables, self-esteem, and communication pattern on marital satisfaction. For elderly men, the factors affecting marital satisfaction were, in decreasing order, constructive communication, destructive communication, self-esteem, and economic condition, whereas for elderly women, the factors were, in decreasing order, constructive communication, self-esteem and destructive communication.