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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
The Elderly and Social Worker′s Needs for Housing Services in Community Care - To Develop Senior Congregate Housing in Community Care -
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 2, 2004, Pages 1~12
This study was designed to search for the direction to develop housing service which assists the older people to live independently in their community and provides the systematization of community care. The subjects of the research include 533 older people between the age of 60 to 79 residing in Seoul and 84 welfare officials at a dong(in)-office and 67 social workers working at comprehensive social welfare institutions. The results were as follows: Both demanders and deliverers recognized that housing service for older people was necessary for community care, and, in particular, the deliverers had higher degree of necessity as people charged in welfare service. The most needed service was community alarm service which currently is proceeded partially for low-income and living-alone olders. It needed to expand the scope of the people to be served. It appeared that the need for inside safety measures rather than for housing space or structural problems. It requires less effort and cost for those who need simple repair, such as safety grips or slippery protection, and safety checks. Among financial support services, the need for tax benefits appeared the most necessary service for the older people. It suggested that more 'direct' financial support service is needed for the elderly people.
A Study of Maternal Attributions and Parenting Behaviors of Children with Developmental Disabilities
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 2, 2004, Pages 13~21
This study examined the role of maternal attribution in parenting behaviors of mothers who have a child with developmental disabilities. Using an attributional model, it assessed whether maternal attributions about the child's knowledge, capacity, expectation, and responsibility for behavior problems have effects on maternal behaviors of affect, authoritarian control, and overprotect. The sample consisted of 161 mothers of elementary children with developmental disabilities. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that maternal attribution about the child's capacity for misbehavior had positive influence on maternal affect and negative influence on authoritarian control behaviors, and that maternal attribution of responsibility for misbehavior positively influenced maternal authoritarian control and overprotect behaviors. Also, maternal attribution about the child's knowledge for misbehavior had negative influence on maternal overprotect behaviors. In addition, such background factors as number of disability, maternal education, and job of mother were significant predictors for maternal attribution, while maternal self-esteem was a strong significant predictor for mothering behaviors. The findings suggest the importance of maternal attributions in parenting.
The Effect of Day-Care, Child′s Characteristics and Maternal Behavior on Child Aggression
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 2, 2004, Pages 23~35
The purpose of this study is to evaluate child - care effects on young child's aggression in ecological context. For this, main effects, interaction effects and cumulative effects between child care experiences(quantity, quality, age of entry and stability) and maternal behavior as well as characteristics of child(sex, age and temperament) were examined. A total of 62 young children(34 boys and 28 girls) enrolled in child - care center were observed, and mothers and caregivers completed questionnaires. Data was analysed by three - way ANOVA, logistic regression and crosstabs. As result, first, main effects of quantity, rejective and regulative mothering on children's aggression were found. Second, there were significant interaction effects between both quality and quantity of day-care and rejective mothering. In particular, the interaction effects provided evidence that high - quality child - care served a compensatory function for extensive care and rejective mothering. Third, logistic regression analysis revealed risk factors for child's aggression and the effects of these risk factors were cumulative. Interaction effects of day-care quality and cumulative effects of day-care, characteristics of child and maternal behavior on child aggression were discussed.
Online Games and Cyber Delinquency among Adolescents
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 2, 2004, Pages 37~57
Online games are very popular among adolescents in Korea. They sometimes lead to cyber delinquency. An ethnographic analysis was conducted in this study to address the social significance of online games. The results showed that the adolescents who were addicted to or indulged in the games were likely to commit delinquency online and/or offline. Delinquency in an information society is typically individualistic, whereas deviant behaviors in an industrial society are more social and collective, such as group violence. Parenting style, student-teacher relationship, peer pressure, game environment, and recreational facilities for the adolescents were intertwined with such adolescent delinquency. Finally, some implications of the online games from the perspective of social welfare practice were discussed to prevent online game indulgence and addiction and adolescent delinquency.
Consumer Education through Experiential Learning: Developing Social Responsibility and Soft Skills as Consumer Professionals
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 2, 2004, Pages 59~67
As we enter into the 21C, it is important to reassess the knowledge and skills that are necessary for individual consumers and consumer professionals to be able to function efficiently in the rapidly changing society, and also to develop teaching tools fit to enhance the teaming of such knowledge and skills. The Purpose of this study is three-folds: 1) to identify key competencies necessary in the 21C consumer education, especially in higher education institutions, 2) to suggest 'experiential learning' as an ideal pedagogical tool for consumer education in the 21C century, and 3) to provide an example from an undergraduate classroom in the U.S. that applies 'service learning' as a teaching tool in a consumer studies curriculum. Discussions about the potentials for expanding this learning strategy are also provided.
A Study on the Family Stress and Coping Strategy, Family Strengths among Commuting Couples
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 2, 2004, Pages 69~83
The purpose of this study was to investigate the family stresses and its managing strategy to cope with the stresses, and family strengths among commuting couples. The participants of this study consisted of a national samples of 134 couples (268 individuals), whose has been commuting for at least six months The major findings obtained from the study are summarized in the following: 1) The degree of family stresses among commuting couples was 2.98, when the maximal stress value was set to 5.0. The most stressful aspect for the commuting couples came from the role of parents who care for their children. 2) The degree of coping strategy among commuting couples was 3.37, when the maximal coping strategy value was set to 5.0. Among the strategies, the 'cognitive restructuring' shows the first. 3) The degree of family strengths among commuting couples was 3.76, when the maximal strengths value was set to 5.0. Also factors affecting the family strengths among commuting couples are dependent on their educational degree, religion, kind of jobs, commuting and conjugal periods, moving person, meeting frequencies, self-esteem and marital satisfaction. 4) The most effective variable of family strengths among commuting couples was marital satisfaction.
A Study on the Classification Of the Household Financial Strategies
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 2, 2004, Pages 85~95
The purpose of this study was to classify the household financial strategies and find out variables affecting the type of the household financial strategies. The data of 3994 households from Korean Labor and Income Panel Study(1999-2000) were used. The major findings were as follows: (1) the household financial strategies were Residual Saver Type(44.6%), Unformal Institute Saver Type(13.3%), Financial asset Saver Type(16.7%), Real estate Saver Type(13.4%) and Diversities(12.0%). (2) The household financial strategy types were changed rapidly during short term. (3) In 3994 households, the variables which influence on the change of the household financial strategies were education, job, numbers of children, place of residence, home ownership. Similarly, in each type, the change of household financial strategies was significantly different according to the household characteristics variables.
Intergenerational Comparison of the Leisure Attitudes, Activities, and Leisure Constraints
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 2, 2004, Pages 97~107
The purposes of this study were compare the leisure attitudes, leisure activities, and leisure constraint among three different generations - teenagers, adults, and elderly adults. Data were obtained from a Questionnaire completed by both male and female lived metropolitan, and aged over 13. Using the factor analysis, this study classified the types of leisure attitudes. The leisure attitude was divided to 4 factors - reducing stress, self-realization, family activity, and surplus time. In order to compare the attitudes, activities, and constraints of leisure among three different generations, ANOVA was used The findings of this study are as follows: First, there were significant differences between teenager group and the others. The teenagers (n=107) recognized the leisure as a mechanism of reducing stress, or as just surplus time. They liked sports, computer games, travels, and reading books, but were not likely to like leisure activities shared with family members. Their leisure constraints were significantly larger than those of the other groups. Teenagers' constraints of time, money, and skills could be leisure barriers. Second, adults group (n=123) attached importance to the family leisure activities. They liked to spend time with their family members, but they seemed to be relatively passive in most types of leisure activities. They like to read newspapers and magazines, and to participate in religious activities. Third, elderly adults' (n=86) purpose of leisure activities was to improve the health condition, and to develop relationships with their friends. They liked sports such as swimming and aerobic dance, travels, religious activities and community service activities. Their good health condition and economic resources could decrease the leisure constraints.