Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
The Opinions of Middle Aged Korean about User-Paid Long-Term Care Facilities for Frail Elderly
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 1~14
Although the proportion of frail elderly among the elderly population has been rapidly increasing, there is little preparation to provide housing alternatives for them in Korean society. Long-term care facility a housing alternative for frail elderly that enables them to receive social and medical care services that enhance the quality of their life. This research was conducted to study the opinions of middle-aged Koreans about long-term care facilities for the frail elderly. This study provides useful suggestions for the development of user-paid long-term care facilities in the near future. A survey questionnaire was administered to 600 adults in their 50s to collect data. The sample was stratified according to region, gender, and housing structure type. The results showed that most of the respondents were aware of long-term care facilities for the frail elderly; but they were relatively unwilling to live in these facilities, as compared to other housing alternatives. However, a larger number of respondents said that as they became very frail, they would be willing to live in these facilities. The respondents expressed a high level of need for user-paid long-term care facilities as an alternative to hospitalization. Also, they wanted to have a variety of long-term care facilities that are designed for different levels of disability. The education level of respondents and their spouses, average monthly income, subjective economic level, and religion were major variables that differentiated significantly the opinions about long-term care facilities for the frail elderly.
Development of an Evaluation Scale of Internet Shopping Mall Sites
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 15~27
This study investigated the factors in evaluating internet shopping mall sites, and developed a self-report evaluation scale of such sites, This article identifies factors to determine criteria for evaluating the sites from the consumers' viewpoint. Eighty three items were extracted initially, which were then categorized as follows: \circled1 Type of business, \circled2 Navigation ease, \circled3 Technological level, \circled4 Design of sites, \circled5 Communication ease, \circled6 Information available, \circled7 Ease of access, and \circled8 Site security, Overall reliability coefficients were high in the individual domains (
=.95). Face validity and contents validity were demonstrated to be good, There were significant differences in the means of these categories. The results also show that the technological level is the most important in shopping mall sites evaluation. These results may be used not only as a tool to evaluate shopping mall sites but also as a guideline to improve the quality of a shopping mall site that is under development.
The Goodness of Fit between Mother′s and Child′s Personality, Maternal Childrearing Behaviors, and Children′s Self-esteem and Emotional Intelligence
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 29~41
The patterns of mother-child personality match were investigated in the study. Further, the impact of goodness-of-fit between mother′s and child′s personality on maternal childrearing behaviors, child′s self-esteem, and child′s emotional intelligence was explored. The participants of this study were 1,060 fifth graders and their mothers from four different cities(Seoul. Suwon, Daejon, and Daegu). Six patterns of mother-child personality match were derived through cluster analysis and discriminant analysis. The most harmonious pattern in which maternal childrearing behavior was positive and child′s self-esteem and emotional intelligence were high appeared between mothers and children with high "stability" and "superiority" The least harmonious pattern was shown for the mothers with low "responsibility" and "reflectiveness" and high "dominance′and "sociability", and the children with low "stability" and "superiority".
Self-differentiation of University Students and their Responses to Kinetic House-Tree-Person Drawings
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 43~61
The purpose of this study was to verify the usefulness of kinetic House- Tree- Person drawing as a diagnostic measure for the degree of self-differentiation, which is an essential part of college students' development. Participants for the study were four hundred thirty five(272 male and 163 female) university freshmen enrolled in 4-year colleges located in Pusan. The Participants completed a scale of self-differentiation and a Kinetic House- Tree-Person drawings test. The evaluation system for kinetic House-Tree-Person drawings was established based on the indexes of Buck(1948) and Bums(1972) and used exiting literatures as reference. The data were analyzed using means, standard deviations, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffe's test. The results obtained from the study are as follows: First, the mean level of college students' self-differentiation was 2.81, which is about average. Some significant gender differences were found in the areas of self-intergration, family projection, and emotional separation. Male students scored higher on self-intergration, whereas female students score higher on family projection and emotional separation. Second. self-differentiation was higher when the student drew a house with smoke coming out of the chimney, a single-story house with flat roof, or with detailed description of curtains, roof and roof tiles. Third, self-differentiation seemed to be higher when branches and fruits were included, when there was no expression of roots, when large crowns and branch openings were presented, and when no slant lines or base lines appeared. Forth, self-differentiation showed ㅁ higher level when the portrait shows eyes, mouth and neck without omission, when it included the whole body instead of face only, and when there was no person with just a profile, a back, or with a stiff posture, and when there was no weak and thin lines. Individuality also marked higher if a person was in motion and than one person was added. Finally, self-differentiation showed significant difference according to the overall harmony of the drawing, ordering of contents, hand pressure, the kind and shape of tree, and presence of other persons. The more harmonious the picture was, and the more family members are added, the higher the level of self-differentiation was.
The Impact of Parents′ Marital Conflict and Adult Attachment on College Students′ Ego-Resiliency
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 63~72
This study investigated the impact of parents' marital conflict and adult attachment on ego-resiliency among college students. The participants were three hundred sixty six undergraduate students (118 men and 248 women) enrolled in a university in Gyeongbuk Province. Survey questionnaires were used to measure parents' marital conflict perceived by the students, adult attachment, and ego-resiliency. Data were analyzed by means, standard deviations, t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, correlation, and multiple regressions. Results are summarized in the following: (1) Male students' ego-resiliency level was higher than lunate students'. (2) Students' ego-resiliency was higher in the group whose parents remained married than in the group whose parents did not. (3) The level of parents' marital conflict perceived by students was negatively correlated with their ego-resiliency. The level of adult attachment was positively correlated with students' ego-resiliency. (4) Regression analysis showed that adult attachment was more influential on college students' ego-resiliency than parents' marital conflict as perceived by the students.
Parents′ Level of Knowledge and Demands for Educational Program for Child Sexual Abuse Prevention
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 73~84
This study is to conducted to find out parents' level of knowledge on child sexual abuse prevention, and their demands for a parental education program on sexual abuse prevention. Two hundred and six parents of 5 to 7 year-old children in kindergartens in Kwangju and Chonnam were surveyed. Data were analyzed by using frequencies and percentages. The results are as followed Parents have obtained knowledge on sexual abuse through mass media, guiding books and so on. They were aware that communication with children is the most effective method for sexual abuse prevention. They were somewhat at a loss on exactly what to teach and how to teach the children. and complained about the lack of educational materials. They think that the age that is most appropriate for such education is between 6 and 7 year-old, and the parents and teachers are responsible for educating chi10en on sexual abuse. For the desired content of the education, they included sex, sexual abuse, and parents' coping.
Determinants of Economic Contributions of Home-based Family Businesses
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 85~94
The purpose of this study was to examine the determinants of economic contributions of home-based family businesses. The results suggested that positive effect on direct contributions of home-based family businesses was associated with a male manager, more family members, more employees, non-family employees in the business, engaged in food and restaurant business, located in Seoul area, and higher perceived success of the business. Positive effect on indirect contributions of home-based family businesses was associated with a female manager, a child under age 6, only family members as employees, and greater initial investment in the business. Working hours were negatively related to the indirect contributions. Greater total economic contributions of the home-based family businesses was associated with a male manager, more family members, more employees, non-family employees in the business, engaged in restaurant business, located in Seoul, and higher perceived success on the business.
The Ecological Variables on Adolescent Relational Aggression
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 95~104
The Classification and Application Tendency of Interior Accessories in Korean Residential Spaces
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 105~113
The purpose of this study is to grasp the application tendency of interior accessories in Korean residential spaces. The main resources were selected documents and articles with pictures published 27 years, from 1976 to 2002, in Modern House, which is the first magazine for the residential space in Korea. The major findings are summarized as follows: 1) Interior accessories were investigated more for functional reasons than decorative reasons. Despite the belief that interior accessories are Primarily for decoration purposes, this study proves that the functional elements are more important as part of the Korean interior. 2) The kind and the amount of interior accessories applied in residential space were decreasing in most accessories as well as in master bedroom, and living rooms from 1994 to 2002. 3) The number of application to Korean traditional accessories in residential space decreases as time goes by. Although they were used as functional accessories as the role of antiques in present.
The Relationship of Parent′s Marital Conflict Perceived by School-aged Children, Children′s Aggression, and Peer Harassment
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 115~126
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among parents' marital conflict perceived by school-aged children, children's aggression, and peer harassment six hundred thirty seven 5th and 6th graders (306 girls and 331 boys) participated in this study. Each participant completed a children's perception of parental conflict scale, a children's aggression scale, and a peer harassment scale. Major findings of this study are as follows: 1) In terms of physical harassment, boys were bullied and victimized more than girls. 2) Children's aggression was positively related to the physical and relational peer harassment. Parents' marital conflict was positively related to children's aggression. There was a statistically significant relationship between parents marital conflict and physical and relational peer harassment. 3) Parents' marital conflict and children's aggression influenced physical and relational harassment for both boys and girls.
Gender and the Impact of Premarital Education Course among University Students
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 127~139
This study focused on the gender differences in the impact of a premarital educational program as an elective course at a university. Six hundred university students who were enrolled in the course "Family and Marriage" at a university in Pusan were surveyed for this study The students completed the survey questionnaire about attitudes toward marriage, family, love, spouse, sexuality and gender-roles, before and after the course. The data were analyzed by correlation, 1-test, two-Way ANOVA. The results showed, first of all, there was no significant impact of the education on the students′ attitudes on marriage and family, when gender was not introduced as a factor. However, looking closely, there was an interaction between gender and the attitudes in the impact of the education. As a result, the gender gap in terms of the attitudes toward marriage and the family that existed before the course was reduced after the course. Also, there were gender differences in the attitudes toward love, spouse, sexuality, and gender-roles before and after the course, and there were significant impacts of the course for both genders, albeit in different directions.
The Comparision of Characteristics between the Married Women Participating Voluntary Activities and those not Participating Voluntary Activities - in terms of the Demographic, Psycosocial and Family Related Variables -
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 141~156
This study was intended to find out the differences of characteristics between the married women who were participating in the voluntary activities and those who were not. Based on the review of various theories on the volunteerism, the three variable groups - demographic, psychosocial and family related- were identified as the possible factors which differentiate the characteristics of those two groups. The results were as follows 1) Significant group differences were found in the age, the last child's age, education, income, sense of health, religion, the degree of religious activities, leisure satisfaction and type of leisures. 2) Married women participating in the voluntary activities showed more sociable, higher sense of responsibility to the society and more distinct feeling of social identity. 3) Family -related variables such as family function, type of family, the degree of socialization in the family and experiences and quality of contact with successful volunteers were found to be closely related to the married women's participation in the voluntary activities.
Consumption and Allowance Management by Different Types of Adolescent Consumers
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 157~171
In this study, adolescent consumers were first classified by their consumption propensity, and different types of adolescent consumers were compared regarding their consumption behavior and allowance management. The adolescents were classified into four groups by type of control and symbol-orientation. The adolescents of the external control group possessed more commodities than the internal control group. There were significant differences in the patterns of allowance management in the four groups. The low-external symbol group owned more commodities than high-external symbol group. The high-external symbol group considered external appearance more important when purchasing commodities.
Adults′ Perceptions of Family Functions and Qualities Needed for Strong Families
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 22, issue 4, 2004, Pages 173~180
This study analyzed Korean adults' perceptions of family functions and qualities needed for strong families. The sample consisted of 806 adults living in Seoul. Among different family functions, love and emotional support were considered the most important for family strength, while religion and consumption as family functions were not perceived as important. The surveyed adults thought that the function of socialization was the most essential among the family functions according to Murdock's(1949) theory, which were, sexual, reproductive, socialization, and economic functions. They responded that the most needed qualities for strong families were commitment, followed by appreciation and affection, positive communication, ability to cope with stress and crisis, enjoyable time together, and spiritual wellbeing. Adults' perceptions of family functions needed for strong families explained 27% of the variance in perceptions of qualities needed for family strengths. Finally, this study provides recommendations for future research.