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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
The Marital Relationship Enhancement Program and Its Effects for Couples in the Early Marriage Stage
Yu Eun-Hee ; Kim Deuk-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~18
The purpose of this study was to construct the Marital Relationship Enhancement Program based on PREP(Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program), and to examine the effect of it for couples in the early marriage stage. To perform this program, six session of time-limited(two hour) were carried out experimental group. and subjects were assigned to experimental group(N=6 couples) and control group(N=6 couples). Scales of PREPARE II (PREmarital Personal And Relationship Evaluation), Couple Communication Scales and Commitment Scales were used as pre-post-follow instruments of this study. Major finding were as follows : 1. Marital Relationship Enhancement Program for couples in the early marriage stage has meaningful consequences for the improvement of participants' couple relationship. 2. Marital Relationship Enhancement Program had meaningful consequence for the improvement of participants' realistic expectation of marriage, communication and conflict resolution skills and leisure activities. These positive effects maintained at follow-up. However, it hadn't meaningful consequence for the improvement of participants' marital commitment. 3. Marital Relationship Enhancement Program had also meaningful consequence for the improvement of the wives' realistic expectation of marriage, communication and conflict resolution skills and leisure activities, of the husbands' communication and conflict resolution skills.
A Study on the Ego-Resilience and Social Adaptability of the children and Adolescence in Institutional Care
Hyun Eun-Min ; Park Hea-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 19~29
The purpose of this study was to investigate ego-resilience and social adaptability of the children and adolescents in institutional care. The study also investigated the protective factors and the risk factors on ego-resilience and social adaptability and their relationship. The subjects in this study were 140 children and adolescents in institutional care. The research data were analyzed using Frequency, Pearson's Correlation, Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis and T-Test in SPSS WIN 10.0 program. The major findings were as follows. First, ego-resilience of the children and adolescents in institutional care was related to locus of control, depression and anxiety and unsatisfaction of institutional care. Result of stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that depression and anxiety and locus of control in the order had significant effects on ego-resilience. Second, social adaptability of the children and adolescents in institutional care was related to social support and parent-child bond. Unsatisfaction of institutional care and social support in the order had significant effects on social adaptability by stepwise multiple regression analysis. Third, the children and adolescents who had higher level of ego-resilience reported better social adaptability. The overall research results revealed that the risk factors such as unsatisfaction of institutional care and depression and anxiety than the protective factors had more significant effects on ego-resilience and social adaptability of children and adolescents in institutional care. This finding suggested that elimination of risk factors rather than development of protective factors was a more important task for the welfare of children and adolescents in institutional care.
A Study on Satisfaction with Family Leisure Activities
Yoon Ji-Young ; Moon Sook-Jae ; Yoon So-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 31~39
This study was conducted to examine the meaning and motivation for family leisure activities, and to analyze how the family's attitude and motivation affect the satisfaction over family leisure activities. The participants of this study were sixty-five married couples who were living in Seoul. Sata were analyzed by frequency, mean, ANOVA, T-Test, and Duncan test. The major results of this research were as follows; first, there were statistically significant differences in the meanings the families attributed to, and motivations for, family leisure activities according to social-demographic characteristics (gender, age, education, job, and income and debt levels). Second, satisfaction over family leisure activities was affected by their meanings and motivations. The participants who participated voluntarily in family activities as 'leisure activities' showed a higher level of satisfaction.
Guidelines for Happiness : Lessons from the Cases in the 'Happy Family Story Contest'
Lee Young-Ho ; Chi Young-Sook ; Choi Bo-A ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 41~51
At this time when the Healthy Family Act has become effective, promoting popular consciousness on a happy family life and providing guidelines to happiness are important. This study analyzed the content of 250 cases that entered the 'Happy Family Story Contest' in order to extract some common qualifies of happy families. As a result, nine characteristics were found: 1) a sense of achievement in having made a happy family 2) a sense of togetherness and solidarity 3) self-discipline 4) a Positive relationship with others 5) accomplishing one small step at one time 6) autonomy and candid communication 7) overcoming crises 8) cherishing what one has in the present 9) restraining greed and letting go. The findings of this study will help individuals reorient their lives as well as inspire the professionals to develop programs.
Economic Contributions to Regional Economy of Home-based family Businesses
Kim Hyun-Jung ; Joung Soon-Hee ; Yuh Yoon-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 53~63
Purpose of this study was to examine economic contributions to regional economic of home-based family businesses. Results showed that home-based family businesses create additional employments within the region, contribute to taxation of the regional economy, and improve regional financing. In addition, home-based family businesses do contribute to regional economy through consuming goods and services within the region and providing goods and services to the region. Through analyzing economic contributions to regional economy of home-based family businesses, it can be suggested that strong support for the home-based family businesses is needed for growth of the regional economy.
A Study on Wives' Experience of Unemployment of Their Husbands
Ryu Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 65~84
In this study, I analyzed how wives experience their husbands' sudden loss of jobs. In-depth interviews were conducted with six married women whose husbands lost jobs. Each person was interviewed for 3 to 4 hours, between June and August 2003. The wives tended to see the husband as someone who gave them a hard time, yet whom they still had to rely on. In addition, the husband was another difficult problem that they had to deal with, because they had to watch the husband struggle to adjust following the distressing event. Some wives blamed themselves for the unemployment of their husbands and were pained for their husbands' adversity. The wives also had the challenge of taking up a job to support the family. Their marital life became tougher and more conflicts emerged. The wives often alienated their husbands from the rest of the family unintentionally, or attempted to break away from their husbands by leaving home. Yet, they returned home in the end, and tried to find hope, by taking a different perspective and looking at the bright side of life, by finding the value of her existence, through faith, and by reaffirming love for the husband and children.
A Study on the conflicts and satisfaction at the adults' places of work - family
Kim Heung-Gyu ; Ka Yong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 85~98
The purpose of this study is to make it clear that the influence the adults' work-family conflicts affect the family life satisfaction and the work life satisfaction of theirs, according to the personal backgrounds (sex, age, monthly income and whether the person works S days a week or not). The target group of this study is the selected 754 adults who are married with children that are in the employ of the various companies in Seoul and Incheon. The picked data are analyzed to factor analysis, frequencies, means, One-way ANOVA and multiple regression analysis etc..using Spss 11.5 version statistical program. Following is the result of the study: First, the level of work-family conflicts have been shown to be different as the result of verification by sex, age, monthly income and the type of duty(whether working 5days a week or not) out of the personal variables. The study shows that the level of work-family conflicts is different by the subordinate variables of work-family conflicts as the results of male and female comparison. And the older the age, the higher the level of family conflicts.'rho study shows that The level of the places of work conflicts is the highest in the 30s. The smaller monthly income, the higher the level of work-family conflicts. The study shows that the level of family conflicts is high in working 6days a week and the level of work conflicts is high in working 5days a week. Second, such factors for conflicts at home as family support, family expectations and financial difficulties affect the level of satisfaction at work, while such personal backgrounds as monthly pay, kinds of work and age level also play a role. At the same time, satisfaction in family life is influenced by such factors for conflicts at the places of work as support, involvement, expectations and work-overload at the places of work, with such personal backgrounds as monthly pay, age and sex compounding the impact. On the point how much conflicts at work and home affect the satisfaction at home, work and leisure, the study shows that family life does not have noticeable influence in the level of satisfaction at the places of work, whereas situations at the place of work have significant impact on the level of satisfaction in family lives. In other words, the lesser conflicts the work situations cause to family lives, the greater the level of satisfaction at work, home and at leisure.
Predicting internalizing problems of Korean children of divorce: The role of self-efficacy, peer attachment, parent-child communication
Yi Soon-Hyung ; Kim Ji-Hyun ; Lee Ok-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 99~111
The purpose of this study was to discriminate important variables among general self-efficacy, peer attachment, and parent-child communication that could predict internalizing problems(anxiety, depression) of Korean children of divorce. The participants were 101 children aged from 10 to 13. They completed questionnaires and discriminant function analyses were performed. The results showed that (a) the discriminant function derived from 3 variables was effective in classifying high, moderate, and low group of children's anxiety and depression, (b) parent-child communication plays a key role in predicting anxiety and general self-efficacy plays a key role in predicting depression of Korean children of divorce, (c) but peer attachment plays a significant role only to predict depression. This means that anxiety and depression of Korean children of divorce result from different kind of interactions among children's important contexts.
Role Performance and Self-Confidence in the Fathers with Elementary School Children
Kim Jin-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 113~123
The purpose of this study was to examine the role performance and self-confidence of the fathers with children in grade school. Further, this study explored the variables that affect positively the self-confidence of the fathers. A survey questionnaire was used for this study. The participants of this study were 340 fathers with children aged between seven and nine residing in Gyeongsangnam-do. As for the performance of father's roles, the average score was higher in 'conversation with children' and 'expressing affection to children', whereas it was lower in 'raising children' and 'educating children'. As for the self-confidence regarding their father's roles, the score was higher in the cognitive dimension than in the emotional dimension. In general, the fathers tended to evaluate their role performance as fathers positively. The variables that affected the cognitive dimension of self-confidence as a father were conversation with children, supporter role, under-standing children, and educating children. The variables that influenced the emotional dimension, on the other hand, were child-rearing role, husband's role, supporter role, and expressing love to children.
Baseline Study to Develop a Consumer Information System
Nam Su-Jung ; Kim Kee-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 125~137
Information technology is an important driving force that has changed consumer information environments. In order to adjust in the new environments, consumers need an innovative information system. The purpose of this study was to develop a Consumer Information System (CIS). CIS is a device that supports consumer's decision-making process and elevates consumer information competence. The CIS was constructed by the following steps: (1) organization of developers, (2) systematization of consumer information, (3) data loading, (4) integration of consumer database: data warehouse, (5) data distribution, (6) composition of data mart, (7) use of data access tools: data-mining, OLAP, statistical analysis, Q+R, (8) data visualization: web server.
Quality of Childcare Centers in Sweden and Korea and mothers' satisfaction
Han You-Me ; Kwon Jeong-Yoon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 139~149
This study is to compare the quality of child care centers in Sweden and Korea and the mothers' satisfaction of each center. In this study, the quality of 27 preschools in Sweden and 24 child care centers was evaluated by external evaluator using the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale (ECERS). A total of 436 Korean mothers and 197 Swedish mothers responded to the questionnaire regarding their satisfaction of their child's attending child care centers. The results show that the quality of Swedish preschool was significantly higher than Korean child care centers. The quality of Swedish preschools tended to be good whereas the quality of Korean child care centers was somewhat minimal. Specifically, the category of 'Furnishings and display for children' was the highest score in Swedish preschool, however, the category of 'Adult needs' was the highest score in Korean child care centers. The mothers' satisfaction of the centers was significantly different between two countries. The Swedish mothers were highly satisfied with the close location of preschool but Korean mothers were highly satisfied with the teachers of child care centers. However, both mothers in two countries were less likely satisfied with the facility equipments. The results were discussed in terms of cultural and child care program differences further.
A study on the Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Premarital Education Programs
Chung Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 151~159
The purpose of this study is to develope, implement, evaluate of premarital education programs. Based on the need assessment and systemic, developmental, and feministic perspectives, this study developed several formats of premarital education programs such as the enrich program, book and internet site. The enrichment program was implemented for 13 couples, and revealed good evaluation of the general outcomes. Recommendations for future research and implementation of family life education were added.
A Study on the Activation of Leisure Activities for Middle-aged
Lee Joon-Min ; Shin Hwa-Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 161~172
The purpose of this study is to grasp actual status and needs of leisure of middle age. The questionnaire survey is used, the subjects are middle age from 40
50's living in seoul. The questionnaire consists of leisure conscious, leisure actual condition, leisure satisfaction and need. Frequency, percent, average,
and ANOVA are used for data analysis. The results of this study are as following; First, leisure is necessary to elevate quality of life in terms of spiritual, psychological stability and physical health. Second, the subjects are not satisfied with current leisure for unsufficiency of leisure time, cost, facility and program. Third, present leisure behavior characteristics are restrictive and passive. In the near future, however, they showed desire to engage in fivers forms of leisure including active and participant leisure. Fourth, even though current main areas for leisure activity are in their house, they are more likely to change from in the house to around and near there house.
4- and 7-year old Children's Facial, Behavioral, and Verbal Expressions of Pride and Shame by Task Difficulty
Kim Jung-Min ; Yoo An-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 173~185
This study investigated differences in children's facial, behavioral, and verbal expressions of pride and shame by their age, and type and level of task difficulty when they succeeded or failed on tasks. The subjects were 55 4-year-old children from 2 day-care centers and 37 7-year-old children from 1 elementary school. Each child participated in pride and shame assessment sessions. Data were analyzed by means, standard deviations, repeated measures ANOVA, and paired t-test. When they succeeded on tasks, 4-year-olds showed more pride in behavioral expression than 7-year-olds. More pride in facial, behavioral, and verbal expressions were shown when subjects succeeded on difficulty than on easy tasks. Interaction effect for behavioral expression of pride was found between age and type of task difficulty. In verbal expression of pride, interaction effect was found between age, and type and level of task difficulty. When they failed on tasks, 7-year-olds showed more shame in behavioral and verbal expressions than 4-year-olds. More shame in facial, behavioral, and verbal expressions were shown when subjects failed on easy than on difficulty tasks. Interaction effect for facial expression of shame was found between age, and type and level of task difficulty.
Resource Transfers from Adult Children to Their Elderly Parents
Koh Sun-Kang ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 187~195
The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of parent-to-child financial transfers and economic resources on financial transfers, caregiving, and time donated from middle-aged adult children to their elderly parents. Analyzing data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, which provides long-term observations of financial reciprocity and recent reports about elder care, the current study finds strong positive effects of prior parent-to-child financial transfers in the models of caregiving and time; which indicates the importance of reciprocity. In terms of determinants of resource transfers, the findings of logistic regression analyses suggest that the economic resources of parents and adult children are strong determinants of child-to-parent financial resource transfers. Sociodemographic characteristics of parents and respondents were observed as strong determinants of caregiving or time. In addition, caregiving responds more to the health and income levels of parents whereas donated time is responsive to the net worth of parents and parents' status. For adult children, gender is a strong determinant of both caregiving and time donation. The long-term health problem of adult children is a statistically significant predictor of caregiving, while the employment status of adult children and the number of siblings have statistically a significant association with time donated to care for the parents.
A study on the relationship with fathers' beliefs on child rearing & children's self-perceptions
Song Soon ; Song Hee-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 197~208
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between father's beliefs on child rearing and children's self-perceptions. The subject of this study were comprised of 167 third-grade children (ages 8-10) and their father. To summarize major findings from the analyses : First, a significant difference was found in the degree of father's beliefs about child rearing by number of child , father's education, father's job, level of life, relationship between father and child in independence and by number of child, level of life, relationship between father and child in accommodation. Second, children's self-perception was related to father's education, father's income, father's job, relationship between father and child, child's gender, father's marital satisfaction, father's job. Third, according to the multiple regression analyses for the relationships between father's beliefs about child rearing and children's self perceptions, there was a positive relationship between father's belief's on the creativity, problem-solving skill, accommodation. Father's SES status, relationship between father and child was a positive relationship children's self-perceptions. Father's beliefs on the creativity was a positive relationship children's self-perceptions but father's belief's on the accommodation was a negative relationship children's scholastic performance, behavioral conduct.
The effect of interview techniques on preschool children's memory accuracy and suggestibility
Woo Huyn-Kyung ; Yi Soon-Hyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 209~222
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of interview techniques on memory accuracy and suggestibility of preschool children. Forty-five preschool children participated in a magic show(target event) and 1 week later, all children received suggestive interview in two conditions(language condition & drawing condition). Another 1 week later, all children's recall contents of the magic show was assessed. During suggestive interview, children in drawing condition show more 'acception' response than children in language condition, and children in the question condition show less 'remember' response than children in drawing condition. In second interview children reported more words, and specially ones in language condition report more suggested words than ones in drawing condition. Finally, children's recalls were more accurate on controled informations of the event than on suggestive.
Work-Family Conflict, Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction of Family Business Workers
Kim Young-Sun ; Ok Sun-Wha ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 223~239
The purpose of this study is to explore the impacts of personality variables, family variables, job variables, work-family conflict and job satisfaction on life satisfaction of family business workers. The major findings are as follows: 1. There was direct causal effects of job satisfaction, Sunday working level, the duration of the family business, an academic background on life satisfaction of family business workers. 2. Such variables family variables(family size, number of family workers, number of unpaid family workers), working time variables (working hours per a day, saturday working level, flexibility of working time), work-family conflict had indirect causal effects on life satisfaction of family business workers