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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Successful Aging according to Korean Elderly: The Definition, Types, and Predicting Variables
Paik Jee-Eun ; Choi Hye-Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 1~16
This study explored the elements, types, and determining factors of successful aging for the Korean elderly. In order to examine the expectations of the Korean elderly, a sample of 377 elderly aged 65 and over living in Seoul and Kyunggi areas was selected and interviewed. The elements of successful aging that the Korean elderly pointed out in the interviews were: 'peaceful and comfortable life', 'self-maintenance,' 'secure social support,' and 'ostentation.' The expected elements of successful aging were further classified into three types of successful aging: 'idealized expectation.' 'self-centered expectation,' 'balanced self-other expectation.' The elderly groups sorted by the types exhibited significant differences in terms of demographic characteristics, self-evaluated economic status, and self-evaluated health status. The variables that affected the expectations were age, level of education, marital status, gender, and self-evaluated health condition. However, further analysis revealed that the factors that affected the expectation for successful aging were different for male and female elderly. The results suggest that the successful aging of Korean elderly should be understood in the context of Korean society and culture. The results could be used to better understand varied and unique life of Korean elderly, as well as in establishing a basis of intervention that meets the specific demands of the Korean elderly.
The Transition of Housing Culture According to User's Behavior in the Kitchen
Kang Soon-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 17~24
This research examined the residents' behavior in using space, focusing on the kitchen area where there was the most change, in order to understand the transition of living culture through the ages. The following findings were obtained: 1) Today's apartment residents prefer 'Island' style which is located a separate counter and work space. Thus the kitchen m is now being recognized as a place spacious, and where the whole family can participate. 2) The usage of the kitchen is not only limited to cooking or keeping household goods but also broadened to washing, private life, happy home circle, inviting guests etc. Especially, family union or inviting guests in the kitchen is more frequent as the houses become larger, private refreshment or reading in the kitchen is proportional to income and to people living in homes where the kitchen and dining room is divided independent 3) Looking at the dietary life styles of today's apartment residents, there are more well-being type and tradition type than prosessed type. This trend is portional to the resident's standard of education and the size of the apartment, thus making a significant influence.
The Characteristics of Couples by Their Desires for a Second Child
Cheon Hye-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 25~33
This study examines socio-demographic characteristics of married couples and their desire for a second child. Questionnaires were completed by 355 married men and women who have only one child currently. The participants were classified into four groups by their desire, or a lack thereof, for a second child. Group I consisted of married people who wanted to have another child, and whose spouse wanted the same. Members of Group II were in a marriage where only the wife wanted to have another child. Members of Group III were in a marriage where only the husband wanted a second child. Group IV consisted of participants who did not want another child, and whose spouse agreed with thor The research questions were (1) how different those four groups are in terms of socio-demographic characteristics, (2) what are the reasons to stop having children and to have another child, and (3) what are the perceptions of the current low fertility rate in Korea, and the policies designed to increase birth rata The results indicate that wife' age, husband's educational level, expectant level of household economy, age at marriage, marriage duration and the time length between marriage and birth of the first child were significantly different among the four groups. The reasons to stop having children were expected constraint of privacy and time, physical and psychological burden and economic pressure. The most pronounced reason for wanting another child was the desire to give their first child a sibling. Group III had more serious disagreement about having another child than did Group II. There were significant differences among the four groups in the perceptions of possible consequences of the low birth rate. These perceptions included: undermined competitiveness of the nation and weakened family ties.
A Study on the Environmental Consciousness and Behavior of the Consumers in Incheon Area
Sung Young-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 35~51
The purposes of the study were to examine the level of environmental consciousness and behavior of the consumers living in Incheon areas and to find out the influencing factors increasing or decreasing the environmental consciousness and behavior. A survey was conducted during September 17 thru 30 in 2004 using questionaires developed in the study. Total 1,567 consumers were analysed using SPSS program. Major findings of the study were as follows: The level of environmental conscious behavior is not low in absolute perspectives, but it is lower than environmental consciousness except environmental attention. The most influencing factors of environmental behavior were perceived importance of the behaviors, environmental behaviors of neighbors, and attention to the environmental problems. The effective environmental education and policy can be made focusing on these influencing factors.
Comparative Analysis of Household Work Contributions and Related Factors of the Elderly between Korea and Canada
Joung Soon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 53~62
In this study, we challenge recent apocalyptic rhetoric about idle, burdensome, and dependent older people. Our primary objective is to examine and compare the productive activities of older adults in both Korea and Canada using a broader definition of productivity that included household work. Another objective is to identify and compare the factors related to the participation of household work of older adults in both countries. In order to conduct a comparative culture study two data sets were used; one was the 1999 Survey of Time Use collected by Korean Statistics Office and the other was 1998 Survey of Time Use collected by Canadian Statistics Office. Many countries have been collected a time use survey and used to study labor, welfare, and culture. Total number of 17,730 Korean and 2,729 Canadian between when and 84 were included to analyze the data. It is clear from the results that older people engage in productive behaviors, particularly when the definition of activities is broadened to include unpaid work. However, it is also clear the productive contributions in terms of household work ale lower among older Koreans than among older Canadians.
The Burden of Private Educational Expenditure and Consumption Expenditure
Lee Seong-Lim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 63~76
Using the data from the Family Income & Expenditure Survey, this study investigated (1)the factors determining the level of burden of the private educational expenditure in households; (2) the influences of the level of the burden of private educational expenditure on the other household expenditures. For the analysis of data Chi-square, GLM, Multinomial legit, and Seemingly Unrelated Regression were applied. The major findings were: (1) The factors associated with the burden of private educational expenditure were the number of students by each of the school levels, housing tenure, location of residence, educational attainment of householder; (2) Households with the lower level of burden of the private educational expenditure adjusted the allocation of the expenditure shares of food, utility, and transportation and did not reduce the levels of consumption. Households with the higher level of burden of the private educational expenditure adjusted the extensive ranges of the household expenditure shares and reduced the levels of consumption.
College Students' Decision-Making Styles : An Analysis from the Perspective of Consumer Socialization
Kim Young-Seen ; Park Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 77~91
This study conceptualized the factors affecting college students' consumer decision-making styles from the perspective of consumer socialization. A number of antecedent variables identified by preceding studies (age, gender, place where one grew up, job experience, main reason for working, amount of allowance, family income, socio-economic status) and socialization agents such as family, peers, mass media were included in the analysis. This study extends previous studies by examining a theoretical link between the antecedent variables and socialization agents. Three hundred and forty one undergraduate students in Daejeon were participated in this study. Stepwise multiple regression md path analysis were conducted. The results of this study are as follows: 1. Six consumer decision-making styles were identified. 2. The influence of the socialization agents, especially mass media and several antecedent variables, especially gender and main reason for working, played important roles in consumer decision-making styles. 3. Several antecedent variables, especially gender and family income, were related only with the influence of socialization agents. 4. Six path-analysis models that illustrate the relationships among the antecedent variables, the socialization agents and consumer decision-making styles were proposed.
Family Strengths and Ego-Resilience of School-Aged Children
Kang Hee-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 93~102
This study entered the relationship between family strengths and ego-resilience of school-aged children. The Family Strengths Scale is composed of four factors; family commitment, family communication, family values and family crisis coping strategies. The participants were 392 mothers with school-aged children. The main results were as follows; First, the degree of family strengths was generally high. Family commitment was the highest and family values was the lowest among the four factors. Second, the degree of ego-resilience of school-aged children reported by the mothers was also generally high. Finally, two factors of family strengths, that are, family communication and family values, had positive influences on ego-resilience of children.. The implications of this study were discussed.
Grandparents Raising Grandchildren
Ok Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 103~114
The number of grandparents who have responsibility for raising their grandchildren is growing. The present study examines the extent of this phenomenon and some of the issues these grandparents face in surrogate parenting. The sample consists of 69 grandparents(63 grandmothers and 6 grandfathers) of grandchildren who have lived with them at least 6 months without their parents. The grandparents raising grandchildren reported that caregiving bought negative changes in relations with their own children, economic situation and health condition. They concerned most about the issue of good mannered behavior of grandchildren and making good friends and needed social supports in terms of house cleaning and cooking and transportation for after school activities. Caregiver burden was related to the number of family members, the degrees of life changes, economic hardship due to caregiving, grandchildren's school performance and the relations with granparents' own children.
The Economic Outcomes in Small Self-Employed Business and the Job Satisfaction of Self-Employed Workers
Hong Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 115~126
The purpose of this study were to analyze the factors that influence the economic outcomes of small self-employed business and the job satisfaction among self-employed workers. A sample of 321 was selected from self-employed workers living in Daegu. For data analysis, multiple regression was used. The major findings were as follows: 1. The self-employed workers' income was affected by their gender, age, perception of present economic status, and working years of business, and amount of capital at the beginning, as well as whether they hired other employees. 2. The factors that influence job satisfaction for self-employed workers were previous experience in self-employed business, level of positive vision with future household economy, level of income, length of working hours per day, and the level of empowerment with their self-employed work.
Effectiveness of the Group-Counseling Program to Improve Social Ability in the Children from Low-Income Families
Lee Jung-Sook ; Yoo Jung-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 127~136
The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a group-counseling program to improve children's social ability. For this study, six children were selected for an experimental group and another six for a control group. They were tested using the Social Skill Rating System for Preschool level. In addition to a quantitative analysis, a qualitative analysis was conducted to examine group processes and changes of each child. The experimental group participated in a socio-drama group art therapy, and game play therapy whereas the control group did not receive any treatment. In order to examine the impact of the intervention, ore-program tests and post-program tests were conducted. The results were as follows: First, children's social ability was improved. There was a significant difference in social ability between the experimental and the control group. Second the group counseling program was proved to be effective. This program was primarily designed for children from low-income families.
A Case Study on Cyber Counseling for University Students' Date
Kim Jin-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 137~151
This study was designed to analyze the cyber counseling cases on the university students' date in order to identify the problems they encounter in dating and seek for a direction for education and consulting program to help them solve the problems. A total of 253 cases in cyber counseling about date were analyzed. The findings demonstrated that the university students were short of interpersonal relationship still needed for expressing Intimacy and maintaining the relationship, and poorly coping with the negative emotions such as conflict, anxiety, and boredom. Thus, a variety of human relations training programs needs to be established in the universities to help the students stay in good terms with the counterpart. Plus, cyber counseling and e-mail counseling needs to be activated so as to allow the university students to easily access when they come to face a problem in dating.
Married Women's Return to the Workforce : Findings from the Participants in a Reemployment Training Program
Koo Myung-Sook ; Hong Sang-Uk ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 153~167
This study was conducted to help develop women's human resources and promote married women's return to workforce. Using various data, we examined the patterns of Korean women's economic activities over the lifecycle, career discontinuation and return to the workforce. We also interviewed twenty full-time housewives who wanted to return to workforce. The interview questions included reasons for seeking employment, desired working conditions, and difficulties in finding a job. Major findings are as follows: First, there were two groups with respect to reasons why they want employment One was an economic need such as earning basic living expenses and supporting the family. The other was self-realization and social participation. Second most women wanted to do unskilled labor such as housekeeping work, whereas some young or well-educated women looked for a professional job. Third, married women preferred part-time jobs, which were compatible with their family care demands. Most of them wanted a workplace located close to home. The women with child-care responsibility preferred working at home. Fourth, regarding difficulties of returning to workforce, they pointed out vocational ability problems due to their career discontinuation, social prejudice such as gender discrimination and psychological pressure in maintaining work and family at the same time. In order to promote employment of married women, it is required not only to change social prejudices but also to increase effectiveness in policy implementation. In addition, counseling for job-search and vocational ability training programs should be provide.
A Comparison of Traditional Living Space Based on Family System In Korea, China and Japen
Kim Do-Yeon ; Oh He-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 169~183
The present study purposed to identify differences and similarities in traditional residential space among Korea. China and Japan, which share similar social structure, and to make a comparative analysis on differences in traditional residential space according to family relation in the three countries. For these Purpose, this study selected residences, which are similar to one another in terns of time, class and economy and analyzed them using their floor plans and photographs. The results of this research are as follows. Knrea, China and Japan, all of which have family-centered social structure, separate their residential space from the external society and particularly women's space is placed inside men's space or in a secluded area. The most remarkable characteristic of residential space in Korea is the division of living spare between men and women. Space is allocated according to the hierarchical order of families. In this way, the position or order of family members is reflected in the use of space. Characteristically in China based on the large-family system each family is given a space for independent life. Particularly as the relation among brothers is emphasized, space is allocated equally to all brothers but the status of a space is determined by the order of the residents. Residential space in Japan is organized to emphasize the absolute authority and status of the head of the family. As the space is planned focused on the family head's daily life and guest reception, the relation among other family members is ignored. That is, Japanese residence is a social space for the family head's guest reception, Chinese residence is a family-centered space rather than a social space, and Korean residence accommodates both space for family life and social space.
The Relations of Parenting Behaviors Perceived by Children to Children's Aggression and Prosocial Behaviors
Kim Min-Jung ; Park Bo-Kyung ; Hwang Young-Eun ; Doh Hyun-Sim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 185~195
The main propose of this study was 1 examine the relations of parenting behaviors perceived by children to children's aggression and Unsocial behaviors with a sample of 301 6th-graders(161 boys and 140 girls) and their teachers(N=10). The children answered questionnaires regarding parenting behaviors such as physical punishment psychological control, md responsiveness. Children's aggression and unsocial behaviors were rated by their teachers. Boys showed higher overt aggression than girls. Children were more aggressive when they perceived that their parents used more physical punishment and psychological control and they were less responsive. Children showed more prosocial behaviors when they perceived that their parents used less physical punishment' and psychological control and they were more responsive. The more aggressive the children were, the less prosocial they were.
The Effect of Communication and Decision-Making Participation on Family Life Satisfaction of Elderly in Couple Households
Park Eun-A ; Lee Jeong-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 197~215
The purpose of this study is to examine how the causal relationships between independent variables, marital communication decision making participation and family life satisfaction of elderly in couple household. The survey was conducted from May 26 to July 21, 2003. Total 394(male: 186, female: 208) samples were used for the analysis. Using SPSS/PC WIN program, data were analyzed by frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation, Cronbach'a, Pearson's correlation, t-test, and multiple regression. The major findings were as follows: 1) The findings showed that there were high level of the communication between the elderly males and females. In the decision making participation the finding showed that both elderly males and females generally made joint decisions with no gender differences. The elderly males and females reported overall family life satisfaction; and the elderly males were more likely satisfied with their family lives than the elderly females. 2) The path analysis on family life satisfaction presented that several variables had direct/indirect effects on family life satisfaction through communication and decision making participation. Among the moderate variables, communication agreement and communication openness had significant effects on family life satisfaction. Specifically, the elderly men were more likely satisfied when they participated in decision making on leisure: the elderly women were more likely satisfied when they participated in decision making on family life.
Determinants of the Demand for Cash-Value Life Insurance
Baek Eun-Young ; Joung Soon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 3, 2005, Pages 217~230
The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to the purchase of cash-value life insurance of households. Based on human capital and bequest motive theories of the demand for life insurance, this study developed a conceptual model of the demand for life insurance of households. In addition, in order to capture the beneficiaries' preference and expected lifetime utility, expected future financial needs were included in the conceptual model. Using Heckit analysis, the model was estimated by two stages. The results supported that human capital, bequest motives and expected future financial needs were significant factors on both decision to have insurance and the mont of insurance. Specifically, if the household's head expected to have a higher potential in the future, the household was more likely to have insurance. If a household had dependents, the household was more likely to have insurance. As income or monthly expenditure increased, the probability of haying insurance and the amount of the insurance increased However, savings or social insurance were positively related to the purchase of insurance.