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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Relationship between Parental Support and Senior High School Students' Career Development
Lee Kwang-Ja ; Kim Soon-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between parental support and senior high school students' career development. For this study, the data was gathered from 1,468 students in 15 classes(different divisions) at 9 high schools (3 Academic high schools, 3 Industrial technology schools, 3 Vocational high schools) in Seoul. The results of the study were as follows: 1. There is significant difference, statistically, in the relation between parental support and career development by gender. 2. As for the division factor, the recognition level of parental supports was higher in girls than in boys and the average of their career development level was also higher. 3. As for the division factor, the recognition level of parental supports was most highest in academic high school students than in other groups and the average of their career development level was also the highest. 4. There were significant correlations between the parental supports and career decision-making self-efficacy, vacational identity, career decision. 5 As for the effects of parental support on the student's career development, career decision-making self-efficacy was higher than other vacational identity, career decision.. The
value was weak but still statistically significant.
A Path Analysis of Attitudes toward Credit Cards, Financial Management Practices, and Sound Credit Card Use among College Students
Kim Young-Seen ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 15~26
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting credit card attitudes, financial management practices, and sound credit card use among college students, and to conceptualize a theoretical model. Earlier studies identified a number of antecedent variables (such as gender, year in college, job experience, amount of allowance, family income, living with parents, having taken a personal financial management course) and intervening variables (such as attitudes towards credit cards and financial management practices) as useful predictors of sound credit card practices. Four hundred and thirty four undergraduate students in Daejeon participated in this study. Stepwise multiple regression and path analysis were conducted. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Students' attitudes towards credit cards were affected by their you in college, whether they were living with their parents, and the amount of their allowance. Similarly, students' financial management practices were affected by their year in college, whether they were living with their parents, the amount of their allowance, and whether and not they had taken a personal financial management course. 2. Sound credit card practices were influenced by students' gender, their year in college, the amount of their allowance, attitudes towards credit cards, and financial management practices. 3. The path-analysis model demonstrates the relationships among the antecedent variables, intervening variables (credit card attitude, financial management practices), and sound credit card use.
Analysis on the Context of Senior Congregate Housing in the U.K,, U.S.A., and Japan - with Perspective of Franklin's Social Constructionism -
You Byung-Sun ; Hong Hyung-Ock ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 27~38
There have been many requests for development of senior housing in Korea. Therefore it was very important to review how senior houses are established and managed in other countries. In this point, this research compared the actual conditions of the homes for the elderly in the U.K, U.S.A and Japan. Through the process, this research aimed to find the implications for Korea. The research was conducted by the literature review on senior congregate housing with Franklin's(1998) social constructionism perspective. This kind of research might be utilized as a theoretical framework for performance of any systems of housing for the aged. In this study, the researchers suggested the implications of senior congregate housing as follows. Firstly, in terms of structural context, government in the U.K, U.S.A., and Japan were positively concerned with solving the housing problems for senior citizens despite some differences. Secondly, from an institutional context, institutions related with provision, construction, and management of senior congregate housing were systematically consolidated and they all adapted the housing and welfare policy. Thirdly, in organizational context, there was an organization in charge of provision and management that exclusively oversaw the housing for the elderly in both the public and private sectors. Fourthly, in operational context, standards regarding space were clearly set both for individual units and common spaces as well as for facilities and services for the residents. Finally in terms of intersubjective context, the competency of housing manager and ways to involve the families which were important for residents' independent life were under study.
Adaptation Processes of Mothers of Children with Autism
Lee Ki-Sook ; Jung Soon-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 39~51
This study aims at investigating the adaptation process of the mothers of autistic children. A qualitative research method was adopted for this study: in-depth interviews were conducted using semi-structured questionnaires, then the transcribed interviews were analyzed to sort out patterns of adaptation and social support. Major results of the study are as follows: First the interviewees had common processes and patterns in their experiences and went through similar emotional and psychological processes. More specifically, most of the interviewees went through the stages of denial and isolation, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. However, the interviewees did not experience the stages in the exact sequence, as the stages sometimes would repeat, or would overlap one with another, Second, the data showed that many of the mothers of autistic children could not obtain the social support that they acutely needed Also, it was found that when adequate social support was provided, it relieved the stress of the interviewees, improved their adaptation, reduced the negative effects of crises or changes in the family, and further strengthened the solidarity of the family.
The Impact of Parents' Marital Conflict and Parent-Adolescent Communication on College Students' Psycho-Social Adjustment
Lee Young-Mi ; Min Ha-Yeoung ; Lee Yoon-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 53~62
This study investigated the effect of parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication on the psycho-social adjustment of college students. The subjects were 287 college students(107 boys and 180 girls) in Daegu and Kyoungbuk Province. Questionnaires were used to investigate the college students' depression, anxiety and school adjustment and parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication perceived by college students. Data were analyzed by SPSS-WIN program, including median, mean, standard deviation, correlational analysis, and regression. Results were as follows. (1) The college students who perceived their parents' marital conflict as lower and parent-adolescent communication as positive were less depressive and less anxious and were good at school than those who perceived them as higher and negative. (2) The college students of the family with negative parent-adolescent communication and high parents' marital conflict were more negative in psycho-social adjustment than those of the family with positive parent-adolescent communication or low parents' marital conflict. (3) The regression analysis showed that college students' perception of positive parent-adolescent communication was more influential on college students' psycho-social adjustment than the parents' marital conflict perceived by college students.
Attitudes toward Children and Spaces for Children During Korea's Modernization Period as Explored through Housing Cultures and Floor Plans : From the 1920s to the 1960s.
Eun Nan-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 63~77
The purpose of this study was to examine the changes and the characteristics of the attitudes toward children and spaces provided for them. by analyzing people's daily lives in housing spaces and architects' floor plans between the 1920s and the 1960s. Different kinds of data were obtained from a variety of early literature, research reports, newspaper articles, historical documents, and magazines from the period. Findings of this study are as follows: 1. Before modernization in Korea, children had been regarded as immature persons. Confucian ideas of children viewed them as 'small adults' or 'immature adults.' Thus spaces for children's daily lives were neither differentiated from those of the adults' nor deemed important. However, since the Western invasions and colonization by Japan, a remarkable change in the attitudes toward children took place. Children began to be considered a hope for the future as well as members of modem families. In addition, the introduction of the new word, 'eorini (children),' by Mr. Bang Jeonghwan, brought about a significant change in social consciousness of children. 2. The appearance of 'adongshil (children's room)' on architects' floor plans, which was a result of the social critique against androcentrism during the l930s and 1940s, was highly meaningful. The new floor plans not only emphasized rationalization of the space but also upgraded the children's status in the family. 3. Since the liberation (1945), children's space was differentiated from parental spare by the introduction of private rooms and shared spaces. The privacy of each generation was expressed by the division, and the generations were considered equal in this space distribution. In conclusion, the appearance of children's rooms required conflict-laden changes of social ideals and of the family system. It also was a symbol of modernization.
Various Perspectives to Read the Micro-History of Korean Housing after the Period of Opening the Port
Hong Hyung-Ock ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 79~92
The purpose of this study was to explore the various perspectives to read micro-history of Korean housing after the period of Opening the Port for foreigners. This study were designed to adapt original theory for exploring the unique housing perspectives without using strict basic assumption which were already developed in the area of sociology, history, anthropology and philosophy. Research method applied was literature review. Each perspective might give useful insight to read the micro-history of Korean housing on the way of change after the Period of Opening the Port in Korea. Adapted perspectives to housing history were critical theory perspective, microsociological perspective, everyday life perspective(phenomenology tradition, symbolic interaction tradition, Marxist tradition), discourse perspective, exchange theory perspective, conflict theory perspective, and life course perspective. Conclusively, each perspective must be adapted multi-supportively to read the housing phenomena, because housing change derived from complex causes and factors. The fruit of this study was to ensure the adaptable viewpoint to housing were useful to read the micro-history of housing change.
Factors Associated with Role Satisfaction of Fathers' with Young Children - Based on Jeju Island -
Kim Hye-Yeon ; Shin Yoo-Lim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 93~102
The present study examined how demographic, paternal, and children's variables were associated with role satisfaction of Korean fathers with young children. Subjects were 236 fathers of 3-5 year old children living in Jeju island in Korea. Data were collected using questionnaires. Among demographic variables, father's income is an only variable that effects on role satisfaction. Role satisfaction is positively associated with child care, marital, job satisfaction, and child-rearing participation in terms of psychological variables. According to multiple regression, role satisfaction was positively predicted by income, gender, and adaptability of children. Moreover, day care, marital, job satisfaction and child-rearing participation were significant predictors of role satisfaction.
A Study on the Money Attitudes and the Spending Behaviors by Middle, High, and College Students - Comparison by Adolescent Stage and Sex -
Hong Eun-Sil ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 103~122
The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of their money attitudes to spending behaviors of middle, high, and college students. The total number of students selected for this study were 1,252. Factor analysis, Cronbach'
, two-way ANOVA, Duncan' multiple range test, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple regression were used for statistical analysis. The results were summarized as followings: 1) The tendency of attitude that money is good was highest. Also, the tendency of attitude that money represents freedom and power was slightly high. On the other hand the attitudes that money represents achievement, and that money is evil were low. Especially the attitude that money represents respect was lowest. 2) Resulting from two-way ANOVA, the attitudes that money is good and represents achievement showed significant interaction effects between sex and age. The altitude that money is good showed significant differences by sex especially among middle and high school students. The altitude that money represents achievement showed significant differences by age among the male students. Three types of attitudes that money is evil, money represents respect, and money represents both freedom and power showed significant main effects in different age groups. Also the attitude that money represents freedom and power showed significant main effect by different sexes. 3) Four different types of measuring spending behaviors scored slightly low mark. 4) Resulting from two-way ANOVA, four different spending behaviors showed significant difference only by sexes and ages. Planned spalding behavior and conscious spending behavior showed significant differences in ages and sexes separately. While impulsive spending behavior by different age groups resulted in significant differences. Excessive spending behavior by sexes resulted in significant differences. 5) Regression analysis showed that planned spending behavior had the linear relationships in no, sex, self-esteem, and attitude that money is good. Conscious spending behavior had the linear relationships in ses, and attitudes that money represent achievement. respect, and freedom. Impulsive spending behavior had the linear relationships in age, self-esteem, and attitudes that money is good and that money is evil, and attitude that money represent freedom, Excessive spending behavior had the linear relationships in sex, self-esteem, and attitudes that money represent achievement, respect and freedom.
The Impacts of Body-Image, Attachment to Parent and Peers, and Resilience on Adolescents' Life Satisfaction
Yoo An-Jin ; Lee Jum-Sug ; Kim Jung-Min ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 123~132
The purpose of this study was to explore the impacts of adolescents' body images, attachment to parents, attachment to peers, and resilience on life satisfaction. The participants were 1449 adolescents selected from six junior-high schools. T-tests and stepwise multiple regression were conducted for data analysis. Major findings of this study were as follows: 1) There were gender differences in body images, peer attachment, and life satisfaction. 2) Adolescents' body images and degree of resilience were significant predictors of life satisfaction. 3) Attachment to parents was a significant predictor of life satisfaction, but peer attachment was not significant.
Residential Use according to the Preferred Developer Type for Senior Congregate Housing
Kim Yang-Hyun ; Hong Hyung-Ock ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 133~143
The purpose of this study was to gain understanding about residential satisfaction and preference of the members of the future elderly generation who have an intention to develop senior congregate housing. The data for this study were collected from 600 participants who were in their 40s to 60s, residing in Seoul, and who have an intention to develop senior congregate housing. The data collection spanned from December 1st to 20th, 2004. The results of this study were as follows: Firstly, the respondents who had a higher level of education, higher income, and a high-ranking job showed relatively higher residential satisfaction with their present house. Similar satisfaction level came between their present house and expecting ones in their later life. Financial responsibility was the most serious expected problem when they continue living in the present house in the later life. It means that the economic ability is the primary factor that determines whether they will have a stable life later. Secondly, as for the preference for the senior housing developer type, the group who preferred collectively developed senior congregate housing far outnumbered the other who preferred independent developer type. Also, the group who preferred collective developer type had higher economic ability than that of the other. These results indicate that above all, economic competence is the must significant variable, which should be considered in the future life and residential planning for the elderly. Korean senior congregate housing models should be developed based upon elaborate research. It is also necessary to develop different types of housing, such as a more practical type and a high quality type, as well as to respond to different kinds of developmental objectives, such as marketability and public benefit.
Needs of Teachers and Parents and Community Role for the Integrated Child Care
Choi Bo-Ga ; Song Hye-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 145~159
The purpose of this study focused on community role about Integrated child edu-care services. First, this study was carried out to determine the needs of teachers, parents about Community members. Second, this study was to examine community members' perception and support intention about Integrated child care services. The subjects were 124 teachers in child care center, 88 preschoolers with disabilities' parents, 172 community members. The major findings were as follows: (1) The result revealed parents and teachers's needs for community members support. (2) Community members' perception about Integrated child care services revealed greatly positive on every fields, (3) community members' support intention for the integrated chid care revealed very positive.
Designing and Application of the Unconditional Self-Acceptance Development Program
Kim Sarah Hyoung-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 161~170
The purpose of this study was to devise an Unconditional Self-Acceptance Development Program and examine the efficacy of the program on alleviating children's depression and improving psychological wellbeing. In order to test the efficacy of the developed program, Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS: Hewitt & Flett, 1991), Unconditional Self-Acceptance Questionnaire (USAQ; Chamberalain & Haaga, 2001), Children's Depression Inventory (CDI; Kovacs & Beck, 1977), and Psychological Well-Being Scale(PWBS: Seng Hee Lee, 1999) were used for pre- and post tests. The test results were analyzed using t-tests. Twelve elementary school students suffering from depression participated in eight sessions of the Unconditional Self-Acceptance Development Program, and then were compared with 13 children in the control group who did not receive the treatment. The result was as follows: the treatment group showed statistically significant improvement in unconditional self- acceptance, alleviated level of depression, and increased psychological wellbeing, in comparison with the control group. The findings of this study suggest that unconditional self-acceptance development program should be adopted as a new therapy program for children's depression and psychological wellbeing.
A Qualitative Study on Ego Identity of Local University Students
Yang Sung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 171~180
The purposes of this study were to examine how the nested social systems affect the identity development of the local university students, and to explore how they integrate externally imposed identities and internally defined ideas of ego. From the protocol writings and personal face-to-face interviews with 87 local university students, the present study found that the participants tended to identify themselves as a university student rather than a 'local' university student. They were aware of the social prejudices against local university students. Some participants resisted the stereotypes imposed by the media, which they perceived as overly simplistic and biased labeling, while others accepted those with feelings of frustration, inferiority, and sadness. However, they kept making efforts to overcome social prejudices by means of their affection for the local community. The study highlighted that individual identities were constructed in the systems which the individuals belonged to.
A Study on the Characteristics of Leisure Behavior of the Five-Day Workweek Company Employees for Developing Leisure Facilities in Residential Environment
Shin Hwa-Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 23, issue 5, 2005, Pages 181~190
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of leisure behavior of the five-day workweek company employees for developing leisure facilities in residential environment. The questionnaire survey was used. The subjects of questionnaire survey were 247 staffs of 4 banks. The questionnaire consisted of leisure time, the cost of leisure, consciousness of leisure, actual condition and need of leisure activities and spaces, leisure satisfaction and limitation on leisure. Frequency, percentage, and mean, correlation,
, and factor analysis were used for data analysis. The major results were as follows. 1) Leisure is necessary to strengthen the unity of family and cultivate the sentiment. 2) The degree of satisfaction of leisure facilities was lower than neutral. The satisfaction of leisure facilities related with cost, time of leisure, information of leisure facilities and program, and leisure environment. 3) Present leisure behavioral characteristics were restrictive and passive. However, the subjects showed hopes to increase their leisure activities and to engage in diverse forms of leisure in the future. Also, they showed an increased desired ratios in participating in each leisure activities. 4) In terms of location, they needed leisure facilities which was closer to their house.