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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Stereotypes of the Mother-in-law Held by Female Students
Yi Yeong-Sug ; Park Kyung-Rhan ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~9
The purpose of this research is to identify stereotypes toward the mother-in-law held by female students. Stereotypes toward the mother-in-law were examined at two levels: to assess female students' beliefs about the traits of mother-in-law and to categorize the traits into stereotypes. The main results of this study were as follows: 1) Students reported 91 traits associated with the mother-in-law. 2) Hierarchical cluster analysis of the trait groupings revealed two high-level clusters: a cluster of 42 positive traits and a cluster of 49 negative traits. Within the positive and negative clusters, 14 middle-level categories, 6 positive categories(tough, leisurely, traditional image of prudent elders, image of the eldest in the family, intimate, tolerant), and 8 negative categories(dominant, self-assertive, cold, discriminating, fearful, mean, sadistic, authoritative, nervous) were identified. This results suggested that female students believed negative stereotypes are more typical than positive ones.
The Causations among Leisure Constraints, Leisure Motivation, and Leisure Participation on the Ecological Perspective - Through the Construction of a Structural Equation Model
Lee Yu-Ri ; Park Mee-Sok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 11~30
The purpose of this study was to verify a Structural Equation Model that constructed the causations among the leisure constraints, leisure. motivation, and leisure participation. This model posits that constraints determine motivation to participation. Concretely, structural and interpersonal leisure constraints(contextual factors) will affect interpersonal leisure constraints in the light of ecological perspective. Also, leisure constraints will affect leisure motivation based on self-determination theory that may influence leisure participation indirectly. A survey questionnaire was administered to 301 elderly in an institution for the elderly. A measurement model and a structural equation model estimates by Maximum Likelihood method(ML method) utilizing LISREL 8.0 ver. The analysis showed that a goodness of fit is good of structural equation model presented in the study. And, all hypothesis adopted about causations among the leisure constraints, leisure motivation, leisure participation.
The Effects of Peer Attachment and Emotion Regulation Style on Adolescents' Depression
Yoo An-Jin ; Lee Jum-Sug ; Jung Hyun-Sim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 31~41
This study was to investigate differences in peer attachment, emotion regulation style and depression perceived by adolescents according to age and gender of adolescents. Also, aim that identifies variables which have influences on adolescents' depression. The subjects were 2279 middle and high school students(male 1150, female 1129) who live in Seoul and Kyonggi. All respondents answered by self-report questionnaire. The scales of emotion regulation style consist of three parts: support-seeking, avoidance/distraction, and active problem-solving. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA, t-tset and stepwise multiple regression. The major findings were as follows. First, older male and female adolescents perceived less peer attachment than younger adolescents. Specially female adolescents showed more differences between older adolescents and younger adolescents. Second, male adolescents showed more avoidance/distraction style and active problem-solving style but less support-seeking style than female adolescents. Third, older adolescents perceived more depression than younger adolescents. Fourth, peer attachment, age, avoidance/distraction style, active problem-solving style, support-seeking style and gender had a significant effect on adolescents' depression. In other words, adolescents who had more avoidance/distraction style and support-seeking style, who had less peer attachment and active problem-solving style, who had more avoidance/distraction style and support-seeking style, who had less peer attachment and active problem-solving style, who was older adolescents than younger adolescents, and who was female adolescents than male adolescents perceived more depression. The study results suggest that the degree of peer attachment was the most powerful predictor of adolescents' depression.
A Study on the Management Service Charge in Multi-Family Housing : The Opinions of the Residents and Housing Managers in Condominium
Chae Hye-Won ; Rhee Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 43~53
The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes about the management service charge in multi-family housing. Recently, increasing needs of urban families in residential housing management services were apparent in many studies, but the way that they charge for the management services was not dear. Research method was social survey with questionnaire from 484 residents and 84 housing managers of multi-family housing in Seoul and new town area. Research results showed that residents recognized the management services should be free of charge or imposed actual expenses, but managers recognized the management services as charged services. To provide efficient housing management services for residents in multi-family housing, human resources should be inputted. Therefore, this study suggested that the participation of residents in housing management service is recommendable as a way of lessen the economic burden of management service charge, but also to have an opportunity to interest in their community activities.
A Study on Burnout of the Workers in Elderly Living Facilities
Lee In-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 55~69
This study has been performed to investigate group differences and determining factors of burnout of the workers in elderly living facilities. In this study, 131 male and female workers composed of social workers, health practitioners, and other management workers were selected among 23 retirement and nursing facilities in Korea between 2003 and 2005. They were asked about their socioeconomic background, working environment, and their perceptions on burnout in the working places. As for main dimensions of the burnout, there were three elements such as emotional weariness, diminishing personal accomplishment, and depersonalized behaviors. Particularly in this study, the depersonalized behaviors were defined as aggressive or rude verbal and behavioral outbursts from anger. As a result of this study, the following results were found: Most workers have medium level of perception on their commitment and burnout, but there. are some risk factors; newly married young workers were less satisfied or fairly rewarded with their job and as a result, they have significantly higher level of emotional weariness but lower feeling of personal accomplishments. In addition, they occasionality practiced aggressive or rude behaviors such as yelling, threatening, and physically harassing As for the influence of determining variables, long-time workers of long established facilities were more satisfied and less burnout. In addition, there are some impacts of job category; health practitioners were more burnout than social workers. In this study, suggestions are made as follows: first, guiding and settlement programs should be developed for the newly started young married workers, particularly at early stage of their career. Second, future aspects of facility visions should be guided for the workers, so that they are relieved from stressful routines without any future plan. Third, medical workers such as physical therapists and nurses should be further monitored for main reasons of increasing their stress.
Development of a Purchase Motivation Scale Based on Self-Determination Theory
Lim Kee-Ok ; Yoo Hyun-Jung ; Nam Su-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 71~82
The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized scale to measure consumers' motivation to purchase based on a self-determination theory. A preliminary 27-item scale was developed through literature review, diary analysis, and FGI. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1,000consumers on internet using the preliminary scale. Then a series of tests, such as test-retest, item analysis, item-to-total correlation, Cronbach's reliability coefficient, and factor analysis, were conducted using the survey data. The final scale with21 items was constructed in the end. The Purchase Motivation Scale for Consumers consisted of five factors: (1) external motivation, (2) introjected motivation, (3) identified motivation I: self-respect, (4) identified motivation II: pursuit of harmony, and (5) internal motivation.
Marital Quality, Barriers to Divorce, Everyday Stress and Post-Divorce Adjustment : Focused on Gender Differences
Son Jeong-Yeon ; Han Gyoung-Hae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 83~102
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the divorce process on post-divorce adjustment. This study specifically examines the effects of the pre-divorce marital quality, perceived barriers to divorce at the time of considering divorce, and the level of everyday stress after divorce on post-divorce adjustment of men and women focused on gender differences. Data gathered from 147 men and 208 women living in Seoul and Gyeonggi province were analyzed for this study. The major findings are as follows. First, pre-divorce marital quality, perceived barriers to divorce at the time of considering divorce, and the level of everyday stress after divorce, have both positive and negative effects on post-divorce adjustment of divorced men and women depending on the stages of divorce process. Second, the relationship between various aspects of divorce process and adjustments differ according to the sub-dimension of post-divorce adjustment. Third, divorce process functions differently for divorced men and women. The results show the importance of considering the divorce process, including both pre-divorce and post-divorce circumstances in order to have a good understanding of post-divorce adjustment of men and women.
An Exploratory Study on Decisions among Foster Parents to Continue Foster Care : The Case of 'H' Foster Care Agency
Kim Jung-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 103~116
The purpose of the study was to explore what kind of intervention might help foster parents decide to continue engaging in foster care. As foster care services are still in the early stages of development, lacking systematic support systems as well as full understanding of the roles of foster parents and foster care agencies, it is important to recruit, select, and train as many foster parents as possible. Utilizing the Foster Parent Role Perception scale developed by Le Prohn, the author first conceptualized foster parent roles or foster care agency roles; then explored what kind of effects the resource level or the role perception of the foster parents have on the decisions to continue doing foster care. The results showed that the foster parents perceived 'supporting the internal system of the foster child' and 'supporting the external system of the foster child' as the roles of foster parents, whereas 'fortifying the foster care system' and 'maintaining liaison with birth parents' were the roles of foster care agencies. It was also found that foster parents' strong role perception, higher levels of satisfaction towards education on the part of foster parents, and the number of children from the previous marriage had statistically significant positive effects on the decisions to continue foster care. The author argues that clear definitions of roles are needed for both foster parents and foster care agencies. Finally, the role of foster care agencies needs to be strengthened and supported.
Differences between Male and Female in Moving Motivation and Life Satisfaction of Senior Cohousing Residents in Scandinavia
Choi Jung-Shin ; Cho Jae-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 117~128
The purpose of this research was to find out the differences in the moving motivation and life satisfaction of senior cohousing communities between male and female residents in Scandinavia, especially in Sweden and Denmark. Senior cohousing is an attractive housing alternative for the aged 55 and over who looks for sharing one's life with neighbors. The 655 survey questionnaires out of 960 had replied from 14 Seniorbofrellesskaber in Denmark and 11 seniorhus within SABO sector and 8 housing cooperatives initiated by the Seniorgarden Housing Company in Sweden during April to May, 2002. The data were analyzed by SPSS win program, using frequencies, percentiles, cross-tabulations, and Pearson's correlations. The results showed that the senior cohousing residents were generally healthy and age of 70's years old and nearly half lived with a spouse. The male residents lived with a spouse about 2 times more than did the female. The residents had very strong motivation to move into the community and very high life satisfaction. Most aspects of moving motivation were not differed by the sex of the residents. However, male residents were more likely than female to be motivated to move in by becoming a pensioner, while female residents were more likely than male to be motivated by being a widow, looking for safety, or avoiding loneliness. These different motivation to move in by sex become more clear when general characteristics such as age, health status, living with or without a spouse, or country were controlled. Female residents were more likely than male to live' dream life' in the senior cohousing community. The stronger the moving motivation, the higher the life satisfaction in the community.
Men's Participation of the Market Work and the Housework - Focused on the Qualitative Analysis of the Contents in the Newspaper Articles
Cho Seong-Eun ; Jeong Jee-Young ; Yoon So-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 129~140
The purpose of this study was to understand the labor division between men's housework and market work and to research the change of men's contribution to housework. And it was also examined what kinds of valuables work on a change in men's market work and housework. The information about men's change in the labor division was collected from the biggest 5 news papers in Korea for last five years for this study. And either men's new participation trend to household work did. Words searched for this study were men, labor, family, home, housewife, work, household work, father etc. Korean men have experienced a overloaded breadwinner role and have worked most in the world since 1960s. But Korean men's working time was continuously decreased a little every year. As Korean Companies had fired many worker during IMP economic crisis period, Korean men had to work more than before because of decreased fellows and they should have concentrated on their work at the sacrifice of private life and family-sharing time. On the other hand, some men were started to participate to do housework as a results of long-unemployment and early retirement after this periods. 5 day working system be in forced gradually since 2003 especially make men come back home and interest on housework. So Korean men's housework participation is gradually increasing by the practical application of sex-equitable politics such as 5 day working system and men's suspension regime for baby care. father's increased participation to children education and care, men's new family-oriented life style, dual-sexuality education system, and socially changed perception to husband housemaker. These interrelated trends demands us to shape a new labor division pattern in the family that make change the breadwinner/homemaker conception by the gender role. Now, all of family, men, women, and children have to join housework. It would help women, men, and all families make more human and equitable relationship.
The 'Kirogi` Fathers' Changes of Lives and Adaptation Problems
Kim Sung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 141~158
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of lives and problems of 'Kirogi'(or Wild Goose) fathers, who were called fathers in the 'Kirogi' families, South Korean families separated by an ocean. They almost sent too much money that were
of their family income to the families abroad, and got economic pressures so severely. More or less, they sold their own real estates, moved to much smaller sized house. and often expended the saving money. Also, they had difficulties of taking care of their children and felt lonely very much. By the hand, they might experience the adaptation process through 3 stages-troubles, acception(or wandering or enjoy), adjust (or violation). They had three types of problems, that is, family relationship problem(the isolation), psychological problem(loneliness and self-control), economic problem (financial pressure and drop of economic status). They found the strategies to overcome these problems for themselves. Firstly, they took lots of methods like email, internet chatting, phone, etc. to communicate with their family everyday and made many events to strengthen the ties among families. Secondly, they got rid of stresses mainly by joining with their colleagues at work. Finally, they decided to lower the standard of living of their family in foreign country or tried to find their wives' jobs to prevent the financial hardship.
A Comparative Study of Housing Cultures between Korean-Immigrants and Australians in Melbourne, Australia
Lee Young-Shim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 159~179
Each ethnic group has different cultural backgrounds and each culture has developed with its own traditions. The interaction between different cultures is getting more active through acculturation and cultural contacts. The purpose of this study was to compare domestic living of Korean immigrants with Australians in the form of a Cross-Cultural study. For this, usage of domestic space and seating style of 52 Korean households and 53 Australian households in Melbourne were analyzed. Ethnographic research with questionnaire was used. The results of the research were as follows. 1. The most popular type of Living-Dining-Kitchen arrangement was L+ K. D for Koreans and L. D . K for Australians. 2. A laundry room was indispensable for both and they all wanted to do ironing in there as well as dry. Both were satisfied with the type which toilet was separated from the bathroom Drain hole on the floor of the bathroom was not indispensable for most Koreans and Australians. 3. Koreans and Australians were doing various activities in living area and both were getting together around kitchen(dining) area. The particular thing of Koreans was that they were using the main bedroom with multiple purpose. 4. The seating style of Koreans and Australians belong to chair-seating style generally. But Koreans were using floor seating style in making bed for the guest and making Kimchi. Koreans and Australians were using mixed style of floor seating and chair-seating in relaxing time with watching TV, treating guest or so. 5. Koreans were not satisfied with using carpet cause of dust but Australians were satisfied with the carpet cause of warmness. 6. Most Koreans and Australians were take off shoes inside of the house. Koreans were organize shoes around the front door of the house usually and Australians were organize shoes in bedroom usually. 7. The most popular heating system was ducted heating for both. The level of satisfaction about ducted heating was low for Koreans because they though that it could contaminate air. Australians were satisfied with ducted heating because they though that this one was fit on the weather of this area. 8. Living room was the most important one for Koreans and Australians and they also thought it should be decorated well for entertaining guests. Most Koreans were estimate that the brightness of the light of the house was not enough but it was estimated to moderate for Australians on the contrary.
The Effects of Children's Gender, Parental Divorce, and Children's Perception of Parenting Behaviors on Children's Behavior Problems
Yi Soon-Hyung ; Lee Ok-Kyung ; Min Mi-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 181~192
This study investigated the effects of children's gender, parental divorce, and children's perception of parenting behaviors on children's behavior problems. The subjects were 80 children in divorced families(46boys and 34girls) and 74 children in non-divorced families (37boys and 37girls). They completed questionnaire assessing perception of parenting behaviors and their teacher rated K-CBCL(withdrawal, depression/anxiety, aggression). Results were as follows. First, children in non-divorced families perceived their parenting behavior more positively. Second, boys had more behavior problems such as depression/anxiety and aggression than girls. Third, children in divorced families had more behavior problems such as withdrawal, depression/anxiety, and aggression than children in non-divorced families. Fourth, children's withdrawal was affected by parental divorce and children's perception of parenting behaviors, and children's depression/ anxiety and aggression were affected by parental divorce and children's gender.
A Comparison of Male and Female Middle-Aged Salaried Workers' Retirement Plans: Economic Preparation and Health Care Plans
Hong Sung-Hee ; Kwak In-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 193~207
The purpose of this study was to analyze middle-aged salaried workers' retirement plans and the factors that affect the plans. The main point of this study was to compare male workers with female workers on their economic preparation and health care plans. The major findings were as follows; First, middle-aged salaried workers perceived their level of economic retirement plan to be relatively low. Second, the factors the affected the level of economic preparation for post-retirement were their current subjective economic level, age, household assets and debts, economic and health problems expected in their future elderly life, and savings and assets reserved for their elderly life. Third, the factors that affected whether to put aside savings for elderly life or not were age, current subjective economic level, capital assets, and savings and assets reserved for their elderly life. Fourth, the level of preparation for post-retirement health care depended on health problems expected in their elderly life, current subjective economic level, locus of control, job, and expected retirement age. Overall, the factors that affect male salaried workers' economic and health care plans were different from those of female salaried workers. From the findings, it can be concluded that the middle-aged salaried workers' level of economic retirement plans was different from that of their health care plans. Also, male salaried workers' level of retirement plan were different from that of female workers.
Emotional Intelligence and Stress Coping Styles of Adolescents A Comparative Study between Normal Adolescents and Juvenile Delinquents
Rhu Jin-Sook ; Hyun Eun-Min ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 209~221
The purpose of this study was to investigate emotional intelligence and stress coping styles of adolescents. The study also identified the differences of emotional intelligence and stress coping styles between normal adolescents and juvenile delinquents. The subjects in this study were 447 adolescents included 249 normal adolescents and 198 juvenile delinquents. The major findings as follows: First, there were significant differences on emotional intelligence between normal adolescents and juvenile delinquent. Normal adolescents had higher level of emotional intelligence. However there were no significant differences on stress coping styles except wishful thinking between normal adolescents and juvenile delinquent. Second, there were overall positive correlation between emotional intelligence and stress coping styles. However regulation of emotion showed negative correlation with stress coping styles. The result of Canonical Correlation revealed that emotional facilitation of thinking among five sub-domains of emotional intelligence was the best contributor to predict stress coping styles of adolescents.
A Qualitative Study on the Divorced People`s Perception of Divorce
Ok Sun-Wha ; Nam Young-Joo ; Kang Eun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 223~235
This study examined, through a qualitative approach, the viewpoints and beliefs toward divorce held by people who have experienced a divorce. In-depth interviews with divorced individuals (two males and twelve females) were conducted for this study. The findings of the study are summarized as follows. First, the participants of the study had a tendency to withdraw. In other words, they felt powerless and lonely, and they think of themselves as a failure. Second, they clearly recognized the double standard in society toward divorce. They strongly felt that people who had shown tolerant attitudes toward divorce when it was a distant phenomenon suddenly took a different attitude when a divorce occurred to a relative. The fact that openly stated viewpoints toward divorce can be significantly different than unstated attitudes made the participants' lives still harder by adding another burden to the difficulties they already faced from the divorce. As a result, they would rather hide the fact that they were divorced than be open about it with other people. Aside from highly significant others, they attempted to conceal their divorce from others whenever possible. Third, as people who have already experienced divorce, they seem to take a more careful attitude toward divorce than those who have not experienced a divorce. The participants pointed to the social responsibilities to promote public understanding and a sense of value about divorce, and they hoped that our society would communicate better about the difficulties of getting divorced from the perspective of those who have experienced divorce. The participants believed this would ultimately contribute to preventing divorce among others. This study is expected to expand understanding toward the phenomenon of divorce in Korean society, and further, to provide basic information for a clearer understanding of the current state of the Korean family.
The Teacher's and Parent's Beliefs about Literacy Acquisition
Kim Jung-Wha ; Lee Moon-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 237~251
The present study was to investigate the teacher's and the mother's beliefs about literacy acquisition and to analyse differences between them The subjects for this study were 134 teachers and 174 mothers of the kindergarten and daycare centers. The 25-item questionnaire constructed by Westwood, Knight and Redden(1997) was used in this study with a slight modification. Collected data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA to verify the differences of the teacher's beliefs according to an academic background and a career, and mother's according to an academic background and an occupation, and compared by t-test to verify the differences of the teacher's and mother's beliefs. The major findings were the most teachers and mothers showed balanced approach: more skill-based about reading than writing. The university graduated teachers took more meaning-based, child-centered approach than finisher of caregiver training center. According to career, more the experienced kept more skilled-based approach. In case of the mother, the university and graduated school graduates took more meaning-based, child-centered approach than finisher of college and High school. According to occupation, more the professional kept more meaning-based approach. Finally there were no meaningful difference in an income and mothers' age. And teachers took more meaning-based, child-centered approach than mothers. Especially about writing, teachers kept much more meaning-based approach than mothers.
Economic Structure of Male One-Person Households - Comparison of Age and Marital Status
Cha Kyung-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 253~269
This study examined the economic structure of male one-person households, and investigated how it differed by male's age and marital status. Specifically household incomes, expenditure patterns, assets, debts, and other demographic variables were compared by age and marital status. From the 2000 National Survey of Household Income and Expenditure conducted by Korea National Statistical Office(KNSO), 1,389 male one-person households were selected. The findings of this study were as follows: First, the economic status of male one-person households was unstable. They were more likely to depend on labor incomes and transfer incomes, and had less property incomes and total assets. Their average propensity to consumption was higher than that of general households. Second, the economic structure of male one-person households showed large differ+useholders in age 50s allocated
of household expenditure to the non- consumption categories, especially child or (ex)spouse support payments. The economic status of householders in age 60s and over was inferior to those of the other groups. Third, there were considerable differences in the economic status of male householders who had different marital status. Divorced and separated males had higher incomes and expenditures, but assigned large portion of their incomes to the non-consumption categories. Widowers' level of economic living, such as incomes, expenditures, and assets, was the worst among male one-person households.
The Effect of Parenting Processes on Sexual Attitudes and Sexual Behaviors among College Students
Ha Sang-Hee ; Lee Ju-Yeon ; Chung Hye-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 271~286
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parenting processes(parental support, monitoring, communication about sexuality) on college students' sexual attitudes and sexual behaviors. For this purpose, a survey was conducted using self-administered questionnaires with 361 college students. The results showed that both sexual attitudes and sexual behaviors were different according to sex, age, and dating period. In addition, sexual attitudes of males were correlated with father's support, mother's support and monitoring of parenting processes. It also found that the direct sexual behaviors were correlated with mother's support. Finally, results of multiple regression analysis showed that sex, parents' support, monitoring and communication about sexuality influenced sexual attitudes. Sex and parents' support had indirect influence on sexual behaviors. Experience of dating and communication about sex had direct influence on sexual behavior.
A Study on the Style of 18th Century House at the Historic Place of Deerfield
Kim Jung-Keun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 287~297
The purpose of this study is to investigate the traditional American houses in eighteen century and their specific styles at the historic pace of Deerfield. The results of this study were as follow: First, Village of Deerfield is founded by Henry Flynt and PVMA(Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association). Their preservation and restoration has been achieved from the efforts of collection constantly and the concrete research of old houses. So, It should be reflected their way of approach to preserve and restore for old houses in Korea. Second, the traditional eighteen century houses in Deerfield had generally Colonial Style. Style of Colonial houses had a "L"shape exterior view and a flat facade and the front door made a symmetry with sash windows. A chimney had been installed in the middle of the roof and it usually had a gable with natural materials in a simple manner. Third, the most important factor to design houses was a front door and it had been decorated in luxury and in a display. Lastly, the traditional American houses in eighteen century had been greatly influenced not by the that of British which is commonly taken but by the various cultural backgrounds which represented regional characteristics and was rather simple.
Changes in Consumption Trends of Men As Conveyed in Advertisements in 'Gentlemen's Quarterly', a Men's Magazine
Yoo Hyun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 1, 2006, Pages 299~313
Male consumers, who had largely been overlooked in comparison to their female counterparts, are recently emerging as a major target of marketing. The five-day workweek system and shifts in the expectation of traditional sex roles have brought about this change. This study examined changes in consumption pattems of men and analyzed relevant trends and meanings. Advertisements were chosen as data for analyses in this study because they are the most fundamental tool to stimulate consumption and also because they are the media that convey the culture of the times in the most compressed form. One thousand four hundred and seven advertisements appeared in the 19 volumes of 'Gentlemen's Quarterly,' a men's magazine, that were published between March 2001 and October 2005. These advertisements were analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative methods. From the analyses of this study, six different kinds of trends were found. In each trend, important values sought after by men through consumption, and the meanings of consumption for male consumers were explained.