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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Affective Predictors of School-Age Children's Aggression and Peer Relationships: Direct and Indirect Effects
Han, Eu-Gene ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 1~15
This study explored the relationship between children's emotional competence, aggression and peer relationships. Participants were 164 third and 134 fourth grade children from five elementary schools in Seoul and Chenan. Emotional competence, aggression and peer relationships were assessed by means of a questionnaire, interview and observation. Results indicated that emotional understanding of self and others, sex, age, emotional expression and passive regulation strategies were significant variables in predicting children's aggression. Emotional understanding was the most predictable variable in relation to peer relationships. Emotional understanding, emotional regulation and emotional expression made independent contributions to aggression and peer relationships. Mediation analyses revealed that the significant connections between children's emotional competence and negative peer relationships were mostly mediated by aggression.
The Relationship of Traits of Family of Origin, Marital Conflicts and the Needs for Counselling among Married Couples in Early Stage of Marriage
Cho, Sung-Kyoung ; Choi, Uoun-Shil ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 17~35
The purpose of this study was to examine what characterized the family of origin among couples who had been married just for a few years, what types of conflicts they suffered, how they tackled their conjugal conflicts, what sorts of counseling services they needed in times of conjugal conflicts and how the characteristics of their families of origin and marital conflicts affected their needs for counseling. The findings of the study were as follows: First, regarding family rules and regulations, the biggest characteristic among the families of origin of the married couples investigated was that they were most aware of rules for living. The husbands were more conscious of them than the wives. Concerning their marital conflicts in each area, their conflicts were most triggered by their own personal characteristics, followed by communal life, a third person and their own conjugal relations. Second, as for their needs for counseling, the married couples were highly willing to ask for counseling in times of conflicting with each other. Third, concerning their perception of the rules of the family of origin, the husbands were more cognizant of then Fourth, regarding connections between needs for counseling and family rules, the group whose family of origin placed stronger emphasis on rules for living felt the higher needs for counseling. It's attempted in this study to provide information about counseling for married couples, on which few domestic studies have ever focused so far, and the effort to take a micro approach toward the counseling needs of married couples made it clear that their counseling needs might be different according to their family background variables and their own marital conflicts.
The Effects of Self-Esteem and fender Role Attitudes on the Psychological Well-Being of Youth
Hong, Sung-Rye ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 37~51
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-esteem and gender role attitudes on youth's psychological well-being. The subjects of this research were 408 young men and women. All respondents answered by self-report questionnaire. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-tests, Pearson's correlations, and multiple regressions. The major results of this study were as follows: (a) Self-esteem and psychological well-being of young men and women were high. (b) There were changes toward the non-traditional direction in gender role attitudes of the youth. The young women exhibited more non-traditional gender role attitudes than the young men. (c) Self-esteem and family socioeconomic status showed positive influences on the psychological well-being of youth. However, gender role attitudes were not associated with youth psychological well-being.
The Effects of Korean and American Undergraduate Students' Attiitudes toward the Elderly and Aging on Grandmother-Grandchild Intimacy
Lee, Shin-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 53~68
This study examines Korean and American undergraduate students' intimacy toward the grandmother and their attitudes toward the elderly and aging. The study also identifies the variances that influence undergraduate students' attitudes. The subjects were 397 Korean and 364 America undergraduates. Statistical analysis was conducted to examine frequency, percentage, meat standard deviation, Cronbach's
, t-test, Duncan test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression. The results of this study were as follows; 1) Both Korean and American undergraduates' attitudes were mid-range, but their intimacy level toward their grandmother was high. 2) The Korean undergraduates' intimacy level differed significantly according to sex and religion, and it showed a significant correlation with attitudes toward the elderly and aging traits, when the student had lived with and had frequent contact with the grandmother. The American undergraduates' intimacy level, however, was significantly different according to the presence of the grandmother. There was also had a significant correlation with the undergraduate students' attitudes toward the elderly and aging traits, frequency of contact with the grandmother and year. 3) The variables that affect the Korean undergraduates' intimacy level toward the grandmother were attitude, cohabitation with her, gender, frequency of contact with the grandmother, and religion, which explained about 21% of total variance. Attitudes toward the elderly and aging traits were very important variables for Korean undergraduates' intimacy with their grandmother. The American undergraduates' intimacy was affected by the variables of attitude, frequency of contact with the grandmother, year, and the presence of the grandmother, which explained about 19% of the total variance. Attitude toward the elderly and aging traits were the most important variables for American undergraduates' intimacy with their grandmother.
Career Sustaining Strategies of Female Retirees in South Korea: A Qualitative Study of Retirees from the Teaching and Public Service Professions
Sung, Mi-Ai ; Ok, Sun-Wha ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 69~87
This article attempts to explore how the women retirees under study were able to continue work until retirement. This study used life histories, especially focusing on daily working lives, and uncovered a number of key issues through in-depth interviews. The main results are as follows: Firstly, the women retirees examined here had been raised as highly educated people, and their strong educational background was a base component for them to have relatively secure careers. Their parents had also supported practically the women retirees during their working lives. In addition, the women retirees had to can out the roles of 'provider' for their original families, procreation families or in-law families, even though they were not given the recognized roles of provider. Secondly, the women retirees had a private infra system to support them with housework and child care. In addition, because they were financially able to employ housemaids, the women retirees did not experience conflicts with their husbands, who took on a neo-traditional sex role. Finally, thanks to relatively good working conditions such as having vacations and being able to come to and leave the office on time, the women retirees were able to continue work until retirement no mean feat in a society which openly practiced gender discrimination.
A Study on Guidelines for the Kitchen Workspace of the Aged
Kim, Hyun-Jee ; Hong, Yi-Kyung ; Oh, He-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 89~99
The purpose of this study was to devise guidelines for the kitchen workspace of the aged by examining current usage. To achieve this objective, surveys were conducted and measurement were taken between June 15 and lune 30, 2005. The data were gathered from 50 women over 65- years-old who live in the downtown and suburbs of Seoul, Korea. The collected data were processed using SPSS 12.0 for Microsoft Windows and resulted in the following conclusions: The kitchen for the aged needs to be laid out in ㄱ-shape and the refrigerator needs to be positioned prominently. The height of the work counter is relative to the user's height (
). and the length varies depending on the available space of the house and the type of work counter needed: however it was found that it should be at least 270cm Concerning the depth of the work counter, the standard sizes (60cm) currently on the market did not cause any inconvenience. It was found that the sink must be designed to allow for some space at the bottom so as to ensure comfortable sedentary work. Also, an electrical oven was preferred over a gas-fuelled one. Finally, the height of the upper cabinet should be relative to the user's height at
from the floor to the bottom of the cabinet.
Motivations for Cellular Phone Uses and Parent-Children Communication by Gender among Middle School Students
Cheon, Hye-Jung ; Lee, Jung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 101~112
This study examined factors related to the motivation for the uses of cellular phones and the relationship between motivation for cellular phone use and parent-child communication among middle school students. A total of 223 questionnaires were submitted and analyzed. The characteristics of motive structure of the middle school students were found as recreation, time management, information-seeking, reassurance and fashion/showing off. Among those motivations, these middle school students examined here were found to use cellular phones in similar ways to how conventional telephone is used such as work/instrumental reasons and socializing/entertaining. The motivations showed a significant association with the level of parent-child communication. Information-seeking and time management motivation were positively related with an open communication level while fashion/showing off and recreation were negatively related with an open communication level.
Effects of the Life Review-Narrative Group Therapy Program on Decreasing Depression and Death Anxiety in the Elderly
Yeo, In-Suk ; Kim, Choon-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 113~128
This study was to verify the effectiveness of the Life Review-Narrative group therapy program on decreasing depression and death anxiety in the elderly. The program was organized according to a course of life from childhood to old age. The objectives were for the elderly to enhance self-worth, to become aware of their solitary existence, to accept aging and death, to accept the life: both past and present, and to make the most of experiences in overcoming difficulties. For the most part, the program used reminiscence and re-authoring of the narrative therapy as counseling techniques. Thirty-two elderly people(16 in the experimental group, 16 in the control group) aged 60 years and over were randomly selected from patients at the Daegu Metropolitan City General Welfare Center. Two groups were identified as equivalents for the study in the pre-test. The program for the experimental group was implemented twice a week for 90 minutes per session over a 6-week period(Sep. 8-Oct.14. 2005). The pre-test(Sep. 8 2005), the post-test(Oct. 14. 2005) and the follow-up test(Nov. 14. 2005) were implemented in order to verify the effectiveness of the programs. The instruments used in the study were the Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form(Korean Version) and the Death Anxiety Scale. The data were analyzed using t-testing and One-Factor Repeated Measures ANOVA. This study supplemented other qualitative research methods in order to verify the variation in the depression and death anxiety in the elderly. The findings of the study were as follows: Significant decrease in the depression and death anxiety were reported in the experimental group. The control group however did not show any significant changes in the depression and death anxiety rates. The result of the post hoc multiple comparisons showed that the effects of the life review-narrative group therapy program has lasted effects on decreasing of the death anxiety. Nevertheless, the effects of the life review-narrative group therapy program on decreasing depression are not lasting. The study has limitations so further research is suggested.
Analysis of Mothers' Beliefs and Practices for Children's Literacy Acquisition at Home
Kim, Ju-Ah ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 129~140
This study analyzed mothers' beliefs and practices for children's literacy acquisition by investigating the actual conditions of the literacy environment at home. The aim of this study is to understand what mothers believe about literacy, to recognize that children's literacy development is attained by activities done at home, and to provide basic data about parents' roles and guides for the development of a literacy education program for mothers and literacy development for children. As results of this study will show firstly that the actual conditions of the literacy environment for children at home begin before children are six months old, as most of mothers read to their children 2 or 3 times per week for more than 40-50 minutes. In addition, the study illustrate significant differences in mothers' literacy beliefs and practices according to the age of each child and the mothers educational background. A Third point that will be outlined is the way in which the developmental literacy belief among mothers' beliefs was related to the constructions and practices of mothers literacy environment. finally, the study will look at the influence of developmental literacy belief among mothers beliefs on practices of mothers literacy environments.
An Exploratory Study on Decisions by foster Parents to care for Children with Special Needs : The Case of 'H' Foster Agency
Kim, Bong-Sun ; Jung, Hee-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 141~159
It is generally blown that foster children often have special needs such as disability and psycho-behavioral problems. It is also known that foster parents will provide better care with those children when they are coping well with foster children with special needs. The purpose of the study was to explore the perceptions foster parents have and what factors affect their decisions to care for children with special needs. Literature review reveals that successful foster parent care is related to the foster parents' motivation, role perception, and social support systems. foster parents' motivation is related to 'altruism toward foster child', 'the egocentrism of the foster parent', 'previous experience with adoption' and 'the past experiences of the foster parent'. Role perceptions of the foster parent consist of 'supporting the internal system of the foster child' and 'supporting the external system of the foster child'. The social support system is characterized as the limited notions of a family oriented concept. In addition, a foster parent's decision to look after special-needs children is related to their motivation while the decision to foster disabled children is related to the levels of available social support systems as well as motivation. The results of the study implies that the motivation level and that of social support system are closely related to different aspects of the special-needs foster child; this factor should also be considered when recruiting foster parents or placing special needs children.
Individual and Parental factors that Affect Children's Achievement Motivation
Lee, Kyung-Nim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 161~174
This study examined different individual and parental factors that affect children's achievement motivation. For an analysis, perceived competence, intrinsic locus of control were included in individual variables. For parental variables, parental support and achievement pressure and marital conflict were examined. The sample consisted of 561 fifth and sixth grade children. Statistics and methods used for the data analysis were Cronbach's alpha, Factor analysis, frequency, percentage, Pearson's correlation, and Hierarchical Regression. Several major results were found from the analysis. First, girl's achievement motivation was higher than boys. No age difference was found between fifth and sixth grade. Second, boy's and girl's achievement motivation had a positive correlation with perceived competence, intrinsic locus of control, parental support and achievement pressure but a negative correlation with parental marital conflict. Third, important variables predicting boy's and girl's achievement motivation were perceived academic competence, parental achievement pressure and perceived social competence. Important variables predicting boy's individual and social oriented achievement motivation were perceived academic competence and parental achievement pressure. On the other hand, important variables predicting girl's individual oriented achievement motivation were perceived social competence, perceived academic competence, intrinsic locus of control and parental achievement pressure. Important variables predicting girl's social oriented achievement motivation were parental achievement pressure, perceived academic competence and mother's support.
Development of a Consumption Self-regulation Scale
Nam, Su-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 175~189
The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized scale to measure consumption self-regulation. A preliminary 38-item scale was developed through a literature review. One thousand-twelve consumers responded to an online survey using the preliminary scale. A series of tests, such as test-retest, item-to-total correlation, Cronbach's reliability coefficient and factor analysis, were conducted using the survey data and a final scale comprising 30 items was then constructed. The consumption self-regulation scale consisted of four factors: (1) impulse control, (2) gratification delay, (3)self-reliance, and (4) self-management.
Analyses of Experiences of family of Origin among the People Filing Consensual Divorce
Chun, Young-Ju ; Lee, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 191~203
This study examined the experience of family of origin among those who decided consensual divorce. Questionnaires regarding family relationships, alcohol problem, domestic violence, and health in family or origin were distributed to 500 people who visited Busan Family court for filing divorce and 3% questionnaires were collected by the staff of the Family court in April, 2004. As for analyzing the data, using SPSS/WIN 10.0 program, t-test and ANOVA were conducted. The results of analyses are as follows. First, more respondents tended to report that theirs parents' marital relationship was bad in their childhood than parent-child relationship. Second, 41% of all respondents reported that their parents have had alcohol problems, and 32% reported that there had been domestic violence between their parents. Third, the overall score of health in family of origin was lower than the medium score, which implies the lower health in family of origin among the divorce deciders. Lastly, there were some differences in experiences of family of origin in terms of some demographic variables such as gender, education, and religion. Women tended to perceived their family relationship more positively than men did. Also, highly educated group of divorce deciders reported lower parental alcohol problem and higher health in family of origin than the group of lower education. Respondents which had specific religions reported that their parents have had less alcohol problems, and higher health in family-of-origin.
An Analysis of Rural Families' Time-Use
Lee, Ki-Young ; Cho, Hee-Keum ; Kim, Oi-Sook ; Lee, Yon-Suk ; Lee, Seung-Mi ; Hong, Doo-Seung ; Cho, Heung-Seek ; Kim, Yu-Kyung ; Kim, Joo-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 205~222
The purpose of this study was to analyze time-use of rural families. The data for 9l4 persons or 400 farm households in eight provinces were collected using time diary. The results were as follows. 1) The time-use of the farming season were different from that of the off-filming season in rural area. 2) In the case of farm wort the working hours of husband were significantly longer than those of wife during the farming and of-filming season. In contrast the working hours of wife for housekeeping were significantly longer than those of husband during both seasons. 3) The time spent of work by rural adults is much longer than average work hours of adults in general during the farming season. And the rural adults spend less time in leisure compared to the adults in general during the farming season.
Attribution Processes of Intergenerational Attitudes among College Students and Their Parents
Ahn, Jae-Hee ; Yoo, Gye-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 223~237
This study explores how well parents and their children recognize the social attitudes of one another. Mothers, fathers and youths were asked to state their own opinion on various social issues then predict their children's, fathers' and mothers' responses(attributed attitudes). Empirical evaluation of the possible socialization consequences of actual versus attributed attitudes leads to a series of hypotheses. The data were collected from single students at a university in Seoul and their parents. Included in the seven social attitude were sexuality, educational, economic, political, ecological, religious and family issues. Analysis of the responses 98-110 triads, each consisting a mother, a father and a young adult child showed that both mothers and fathers were limited in their ability to gauge the attitudes of their children. Guided by attribution theory, this study tested several hypothesized relationships between the actual response of mother, the actual response of the father, the perceived response of the mother, the perceived response of the father and the actual response of the child. The theoretical model was tested with AMOS 5.0, utilizing path analysis, which is a form of structural equation modeling with manifest variables. Overall model fit was assessed by examining GFI, NFI, TLI, CFI and RMR. Results of the data analysis can be summarized as follows. First, the children perceived their mothers and fathers to be highly similar in their opinions and the actual responses of the mothers and the fathers were considerably correlated. Second, the fathers' responses whether attributed or actual were more predictive than the mothers' responses to their children's opinions. The alternative model suggests considerable support for the attribution theory. Indeed, within a family, the actual opinions of parents appear to have little direct bearing on the child's orientations, except when the actual orientations are perceived and reinterpreted by the children. It is not what parents think, but what their children think they think that predicts their offsprings' attitudes.
Young Children's Social Competence: Its Relations with Their Shyness and Maternal Involvement in Children's Peer Relations
Seo, Yu-Jin ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 239~249
The main purpose of this study was to examine the relations of children's shyness and maternal involvement in children's peer relations to children's social competence, and the relative influence of children's shyness and maternal involvement in children's peer relations on children's social competence. 195 mothers of 3-year-olds and their 13 teachers in Seoul and Gyeonggi province participated in the study. The data were obtained using three kinds of questionnaires regarding shyness, parental involvement, and social competence. Findings revealed that shy children showed less popularity leadership and social participation for both boys and girls. The more orchestrations mothers exerted, the more popularity leadership boys showed. And the more advice and support mothers provided, the more interpersonal adjustment girls showed. For boys, shyness was more influential on popularity leadership than maternal orchestrations were. Findings are discussed in terms of the role of shyness in children's early social competence for both boys and girls.
Financing Sources for College Education - Demands of Current Incomes, Savings, and Education Loans
Cha, Kyung-Wook ; Joung, Soon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 24, issue 5, 2006, Pages 251~270
This study examined how the households used and combined financing sources to pay for college education. It compared the probability of using each source (current incomes, saving, education loans and grants) by households' socio-economic characteristics and analyzed which factors influence the decision to use each source and the amounts from each source for financing college education. Data for this study were from a questionnaire completed by 4-year college students (n=623) and were analyzed by t-tests, ANOVA and Heckman's two-step estimation models. The findings of this study were as follows: First, the most frequent source for college education was parents' savings and the second one was parents' incomes. Also, the most frequent combination of sources was saving and current incomes and the second was combination of three sources, saving, incomes and education loans. Second, the probability of using incomes was higher for younger students than for older students. The number of siblings showed significant differences among income, savings and education loans. Those who had higher incomes were more likely to use current incomes, saving, but less likely to borrow for financing college education. Middle-class income groups were more likely to borrow for education. Third, household incomes and asset holdings had generally positive impacts on the probability of using incomes and savings for college education, while total debt burden decreased both the probability and amounts of income and saving sources. The college costs had significantly positive effects on both the probability and the amounts of all of financing sources. Total grants received significantly decreased the amounts from incomes, savings and borrowing sources.