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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Expenditure on Medical Care and Ratio of Medical Care Spending to Consumption Expenditure in Elderly Households
Yang, Jung-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~13
The determinansts of expenditure spent on medical care and the ratio of medical care spending to consumption expenditure were investigated using the 2002 House Income and Expenditure Survey by the Korea National Statistical Office, which consisted of a sample of 918 elderly households. There were significant differences in expenditure on medical care and the ratio of medical care spending to consumption expenditure between elderly and nonelderly households. Age, education, overspending were significant factors that determine the expenditure on medical care and the ratio of medical care spending to consumption expenditure. Overspending is the most important factor related to expenditure on medical care and the ratio of medical care spending to consumption expenditure.
Father-son Communication Across the Developmental Stages
Yeo, Chin-Kyeong ; Chun, Young-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 15~27
This study examined the relationships between father and son through son's developmental stages focusing on the father-son communication. The researcher conducted the survey among 600 male students including the 5th grade elementary students, the 2nd grade middle school students and the 2nd grade high school students residing new areas of town Pusan. The results of this study are as follows. It showed that there are some differences in function and content of father-son communication. Also it develomental stages was revealed that there is the quality differences in father-son communication through son's develomental stages. Elementary students was higher levels of father-son communication quality than those of middle and high schools. In conclusion, the results of this study showed that the relationship between father and son is changing through son's developmental stages. If father can recognize the characteristics of the developmental stages of their son's, they would be more effectively cope their sons' development demand.
Effectiveness of the Long-term Group-Counseling Program to Improve Emotional Intelligence and Prosocial Behavior in Preschooler
Lee, Jung-Sook ; Yoo, Jung-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 29~43
Effectiveness of Long-term Group-counseling in Improving Emotional Intelligence and Prosocial Behavior in Preschooler The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of long-term group-counseling in preventing children's maladjustment at school. for this study, six children were selected for an experimental group and another six for a control group. They were tested using the Emotional Intelligence Rating System and the Prosocial Behavior Skill Situations Measure for Preschool Level. In addition to quantitative analysis, a qualitative analysis was conducted to examine group processes and changes in each child. The experimental group participated insocio-drama, group art therapy, and game play therapy whereas the control group did not receive any treatment. In order to examine the impact of the intervention, pre-program tests and post-program tests were conducted. The results were as follows. First, the children's emotional intelligence was improved with group counseling. There was a significant difference in emotional intelligence between the experimental and the control groups. Second, children's prosocial behavior ability alsoimproved. There was a significant difference in social ability between the experimental and the control groups.
The Relationship between Economic Stress and Marital Instability : Focus on the Interaction Behaviors of Couples
Hyun, Eun-Min ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 45~58
This study explored the impact of couple interaction behaviors on the relationship between economic stress and marital instability. The study results showed that economic satisfaction and economic pressure greatly influenced the marital instability of married males and females. However, the interaction behaviors of couples tended to have a stronger impact on marital instability than economic stress. In other words, perceived spouse support and perceived spouse hostility had a significant impact on marital instability, with perceived spouse hostility being the more damaging of the two. The study also showed that there were sender differences regarding the impact of couple interaction behaviors on marital instability and economic stress. For married males, economic satisfaction as well as couple interactions influenced significantly on their marital instability. For females the impact of couple interactions on their marital instability tended to be more salient. On the whole, the results of the interaction effects between economic stress and couple interaction behaviors on marital instability did not appear significant, except in the case of females' perceived spouse hostility and its effect on marital instability.
Family Relations in Later Life : A Review and Prospect of Research During the Past 15 Years
Cho, Byung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 59~75
This review synthesizes research during the past 15 years on the family relations of older persons. After discussing two background issues-sociodemographic changes of later life families and the status of the elderly-the following topics are addressed; relationships between aged parents and adult children, couple relationships, grandparents' relationship with their grandchildren and sibling relationships. Family relationships are vital support systems providing emotional and instrumental support in the lives of older persons. Mutual assistance and affection among family members were found to be common characteristics. Although research on family gerontology has increased in quantify, there are feater needs to develop qualitative, longitudinal and theory grounded studies to capture the rich complexity of family life. Other challenges and suggestions for future research on older persons' family relationship are presented.
Self- & Peer-Perceived Social Acceptance of Aggressive Children and Externalizing Problems
Shin, Yoo-Lim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 77~85
This study investigates aggressive children's perceptions of their social acceptance in conjunction with peer ratings of social acceptance. The subjects were 520 children in the fifth through sixth grades. Children completed questionnaires that assessed self-perceptions of social acceptance. In addition, they completed peer nominations that assessed peer victimization, aggression, and peer acceptance, while their teachers rated children's externalizing problems. The results suggest that aggressive children's self-perceived social acceptance is inflated in relation to the ratings of their peers. For aggressive-rejected children, a highly positive self-perception was shown to be not a protective factor, but rather a defensive posture that places the children at added risk.
The Relationships among Korean Mothers' Parental Intelligence, Parenting Stress and the Perception of Parents Regarding Very Early Extra-Curricula Education
Kwon, Jeong-Yoon ; Jang, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 87~99
This study examines the relationship between mothers' parental intelligence, parenting stress and the perception of parents regarding their children's very early extra-curricula education. A total of 436 mothers, whose children were enrolled in seven private kindergarten and child-care centers in Seoul, responded to the questionnaire. The results of this study show that the mothers who participated generally have high parental intelligence scores, but the scores of their parenting stress were low. They also tend to view their very young children's extracurricular education in a positive light. These three variables also appear to be significantly different based on the educational level and family income of the mothers. Finally, a significant relationship is shown to exist between the mothers' parental intelligence and their parenting stress, although the mothers' parental intelligence does not seem to be significantly related to their perceptions of very early extracurricular education for their children. However, the study suggests that the parenting stress of mothers is significantly related to their perception regarding very early extracurricular education.
Analysis of Social Virtue and Setting in Traditional Fairy Tales of South and North Korea
Oh, Young-Eun ; Kim, Young-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 101~112
In this paper, 274 traditional fairy tales of South and North Korea were selected for research. The research was performed using a content analysis chart, and found differences in the number of characters, how ideology and social setting affect categorization of the characters, and what values are represented in the fairy tails of each country. Analysis of the general characteristics of traditional fairy tales of South and North Korea shows that South Korean traditional fairy tales have more cases where
characters appear. In North Korean fairy tales, 5 or more characters generally appear. Analysis of the categories of characters in traditional fairy tales of South and North Korea found that characters fall into categories of family, friend and tutor, village, and the native country more often in South Korean fairy tales than in North Korean fairy tales. Character categorizations of county and foreign countries are found more often in North Korean fairy tales. In particular, the difference in character categorization of family, friend and tutor, and county shows that different ideology and social setting affected categories of characters. Research on traditional fairy tales of South and North Korea shows that traditional fairy tales of South Korea have chosen self-respect, self-restraint, fidelity(responsibility), understanding others, manners and honesty as themes more often than those of North Korea and subjects such as frugality, sharing, order and rules, cooperation and patriotism(ecosystem protection) we found more often in those of North Korea.
The Development and the Effect of Parent Education Program on Maternal Child-rearing Attitude
Kim, Jung-Ok ; Goo, Hyang-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 113~125
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of educational program on maternal child-rearing attitude. The program consisted of 6 sessions, 3-hours weekly meeting per session with 12 mothers who have participated at parent education program. Before and after the program, tests were carried out with child-rearing attitude scale md qualitative research to analyze personal changes of participants. The results of the study were as follows. First, the pre-test and post-test with the maternal child-rearing attitude scale showed some changed recognition that maternal child-rearing attitude would be more affectionate, autonomous and unrejectable. Second, parent education program had positive effect on the maternal self understanding. Participants reported that various tests used for this program helped them to identify themselves. This program also positively influenced maternal children understanding through searching the developmental task and characteristics of children.
Elderly Residents' Behavior Problems as Experienced by Volunteers Working in Low-Income Welfare Facilities
Lee, In-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 127~144
This study was conducted for the purpose of analyzing volunteer workers' perceptions of and attitudes toward the behavior problems of the elderly residents after caring for the residents voluntarily at low-income nursing homes. Eleven male and female volunteers ranging from age 19 to 52 were asked how they felt about the elderly residents' behavior problems and what kind of behavioral problems they had experienced after doing volunteer works in the three chosen facilities. In particular, they were expected to explain what emotional changes they experienced during their volunteer service. In this study, it was observed that most of the elderly subjects experienced three categories of behavior problems: habitual, repetitious and unreasonable activities caused by the elderly residents' life span backgrounds, unexpected and/or abrupt behaviors resulting from gradual cognitive impairments, and physiological, awkward activities caused from gradual senility. The volunteers tend to believe that the elderly residents are naturally expected to act positively, since they have been provided with well- planned, regular care services such as bathing, counseling, activity programs, and religious guidances. On the other hand, some respondents stated that their experiences at the nursing homes caused them to form negative images of the elderly; they feel that the elderly are not helpful for giving advices on critical decisions, guiding and encouraging their daily lives, and offering any positive influences toward their own lives. Rather, they find themselves getting too much stressed as a result of their intimate contacts with demented or senile residents. Overall, in this study, it is proposed that education for confronting sudden abrupt behavior problems should be intensified more for female volunteers, since they tend to be more susceptible to emotional harassment resulting from the problem behaviors. It is also proposed that young volunteers who have not been systematically trained for confronting aggressive behaviors need to be separately assigned their roles in order to minimize the potential of confronting unseemly situations resulting from male residents whose mental health has deteriorated. Furthermore, it is also suggested that the combination of leisure-related activities for healthy residents and stressful intimate services for the frail residents be systematically planned and implanted for the volunteer program so that the volunteers can lessen the chances of suddenly finding themselves confronted with extremely abrupt agitations.
The Effect of Retirement Expectation on Pre-retirement Planning Program
Bae, Moon-Jo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 145~158
The purpose of this study was to elicit the multi-dimensions of retirement expectations, and explore sub-factors of retirement expectations which predict the possibility of worker's participation to each pre-retirement planning programs. The major findings were as follows: first, this study shows that there are four sub-factors; Imposed frustration, New beginning, Transition to rest, Continuing. And there was a significant difference in retirement expectation according to sex, age, income, and health status. Second, the major affecting factors on participation in pre-retirement planning programs were sex, age, job, educational attainment, and health status. Third, those who have retirement expectations of 'Imposed frustration' tend to attend re-employment, leisure, and health education. Those who have retirement expectations of 'Transition to rest' tend to attend re-employment, inauguration education. And those who have retirement of 'Continuing' tend to attend leisure education.
Children and Adolescents' Evaluation of Regional Antagonism in Youngnam and Honam Region
Kong, In-Sook ; Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 159~167
The purpose of this study was to investigate the evaluation of regional antagonism in children and adolescents in Youngnam and Honam region. There were 684 subjects included in this study from three ages in the Youngnam and Honam regions: 12.8 years(6th grade, n=208), 14.8 years(8th grade, n=211), and 16.9 years(10th grade, n=265). Of the 684 subject, 357(53.3%) were boys and 327(47.8%) were girls. The instruments consisted of subjects' self-reported social distance, stereotype, and prejudice. The data were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, one-way ANOVA and the
test. Major findings were as follows: The mean score of the out-group stereotype was greater than the median, so the in-group preference was greater than the out-group exclusion. The in-group stereotype was different based on the age and the sex. The 6th and 8th graders and the boys were higher than 10th and the girls. The prejudice was different based on the lesion. The social distance was different based on the age and the region.
Romantic Attachment, Self-esteem and Love Attitudes
Hong, Sung-Rye ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 169~182
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among romantic attachment, self-esteem, and love attitudes as perceived by college students(male:149, female:202) in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas. All respondents submitted their answers on a self-report questionnaire. The measurement instruments were Brennan, Clark, & Shaver'(1998) 'Multi-item Measure of Adult Romantic Attachment', Rosenberg'(1979) Self-esteem Scale, and Hendrick, Hendrick, & Dicke'(1998) 'Love Attitudes Scale'. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-tests, Pearson's correlations, and multiple regressions. Major results of this study were as follows: (a) In romantic attachment and self-esteem, sex was not a significant factor. In the love attitudes, sex was significant, and men showed higher levels of Eros and Agape than women. Women showed higher levels of Plasma than men. (b) Romantic attachment(avoidance and anxiety dimensions) were negatively correlated to self-esteem. (c) The avoidance dimension of romantic attachment was negatively correlated to Eros, Mania, and Agape and positively Ludus. The anxiety dimension of romantic attachment was positively correlated to Ludus, Plasma, Mania, and Agape. (d) Self-esteem was negatively correlated to Mania and positively correlated to Eros and Pragma.
A Qualitative Study on the Adjustment of Separated Families in South and North Korea : Focusing on Separated Families Living in South Korea
Choi, Youn-Shil ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 183~207
The purpose of this study was to improve the understanding of the essential experience of Separated Families in South and North Korea in a socio-cultural context and to explore their post-separation adjustment process from the perspective of the families. Major findings in this study are summarized as follows. First, 'han' was the central phenomenon that the participants experienced following their separation. Second, the core issue in the process of post-separation adjustment was 'accepting the separation and rearrangement of reality for reunion', and over time the participants went through four stages in their adjustment process: the stage of being overwhelmed, the stage of conflict, the stage of awareness, and the stage of acceptance. Third, the main factors affecting the participants' adjustment were supportive systems, available resources(individual variables) and interaction with other separated families. fourth, four types were observed in the typology of adjustment and reunion of the participants.
Leisure Activity of the elderly : Focused on the Elderly Education-
Cho, Myoung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 1, 2007, Pages 209~222
This study aimed to investigate leisure activity of the elderly, focused on the elderly education. Two hundred thirty nine elderly persons in the region of Cheongju were selected, and questionnaire was utilized for collecting data. As statistical methods, frequency, %, crosstabs analysis with spsswin was used. Five principle results emerged from this study. First, the elderly education was based on law of welfare of the aged and law of life long education. Second, the elderly education programs consist of four subcategories- intellectual, emotional, social, physical subcategories. Third, many of the elderly participated in physical subcategories. Fourth, the levels of elderly participating in leisure activity was relatively high and differed significantly according to age, time level and cause of participating in leisure activity. Fifth, they were segmented into eight groups by level of education, health and economic status. Among them, the group of positive attitudes and participated on elderly education was more likely to be higher level of education, health and economic status. Based on the results of this study, participating elderly education provides solution of problem and self development for the elderly. In order to prepare Korean society for the aged society, the government need to offer a basis on law and policy for the elderly education, as well as program the elderly education.