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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Effects of Future Orientation on Self-Esteem, Self-Control, Scholastic Performance, and Sexual Permissiveness among Korean Adolescents
Yoo, Ji-Seon ; Yoo, Gye-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 1~16
The purpose of this study is to examine adolescent future orientation in relation to education, work and career, and marriage and family. This study also explores the effects of adolescent future orientation in relation to their psychosocial characteristics: self-esteem, self-control, scholastic performance, and sexual permissiveness. Data were collected from 345 students in the second grade (male: 166, female: 179) of two middle schools in Seoul, Korea. Scale for adolescent future orientation was formulated based on literature review. The major findings of this study were as follows. Adolescents were found to be more future-oriented in the areas of work and career and in the area of marriage and family than in the area of education. Several hierarchical multiple regression analyses were also performed to examine the contribution of socio-demographic characteristics and future orientation to predictions of adolescent psychosocial characteristics. This study found that adolescent future orientation significantly predicted their self-esteem, self-control, and scholastic performance, while having no significant influence on sexual permissiveness.
The Effect of Family of Origin Experiences on Self-Esteem and Marital Conflict among Married Men and Women
Ha, Sang-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 17~29
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of family of origin experiences on self-esteem and marital conflict among married men and women. For this purpose, a survey was conducted using self-administered questionnaires with 311 married men and women. The results of the study were as follows: First, men and women's family of origin experience(family of origin health, parents' marital conflict, triangulation) were correlated with self-esteem and marital conflict. Second, results of multiple regression analyses showed that men and women's self-esteem was most powerful predictors of marital conflict. Finally, men's family of origin experiences(family of origin health, parents' marital conflict, triangulation) had a direct effect on marital conflict, and family of origin health had a indirect effect through men's self-esteem on marital conflict. Women's parents' marital conflict, triangulation had a direct effect on marital conflict, and family of origin health had a indirect effect through women's self-esteem on marital conflict.
The Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Counseling Program for Depression and Aggressiveness in Adolescents with Delinquent Propensity
Kim, Jung-Min ; Park, Jun-Hee ; Han, Kyung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 31~41
This study aimed to develop a cognitive-behavioral group counseling program for depression and aggressiveness in adolescents with delinquent propensity and to examine its efficacy through pre- and post-tests. The program included cognitive restructuring, exposure training, social skills training and relaxation training. Juvenile Delinquency Scale, BDI, K-YSR, and BDHI were administered to 520 3rd grade middle-school female students to assess their levels of delinquency, depression and aggressiveness. Initially 41 students who met all the following criteria were selected: 1) top 15% scores on Juvenile Delinquency Scale, 2) top 30% scores on BDI, K-YSR and BDHI respectively. Individuals currently receiving clinical treatment were excluded. Finally 39 students were selected and randomly assigned to either a treatment group(n=20) or a control group(n=19). Then the students in the treatment group were divided into 4 subgroups. The program consisted of 12 weekly sessions, approximately
hours in duration. Pre- and post-tests administered to both groups included Juvenile Delinquency Scale, BDI, K-YSR, BDHI, and CLAB. Additionally, MESSY for teachers was added at pre- and post-tests. The collected data were statistically analyzed through independent t-test and paired t-test. The results of the study were as follows: 1) The students in the treatment group showed a significant reduction in the level of depression and aggressiveness in comparison with those in the control group. 2) Teachers reported a significant reduction in internalizing/externalizing behaviors of the students in the treatment group.
The Ecological Variables on Adolescent's Popularity
Do, Kum-Hae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 43~55
The Purpose of this study was to investigate the ecological variables on adolescent's sociometric popularity. Independent variables were organism(sex, age, aggression, self-esteem, impulsiveness, prosocial behavior, dominance), microsystem(parenting style, family support, friends relationship, teacher support), mesosystem(family-peer relationship, family-school relationship), and exosystem(positive community environment, social support of extended family, school's policy). The subjects were 835 - 1st and 2nd graders of two middle and two high schools in Daegu. Adolescent's sociometric popularity and ecological variables were measured with questionnaire. Adolescent's sociometric popularity was measured with sociometric popularity questionnaire. Organism variables were measured with sex, age, aggression, self-esteem, impulsiveness, prosocial behavior and dominance questionnaire. Microsystem variables were measured with parenting style, family support, friends relationship and teacher support questionnaire. Mesosystem variables were measured with family-peer relationship and family-school relationship questionnaire. Exosystem variables were measured with positive community environment, social support of extended family and school's policy questionnaire. The data analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, cronbach's
, and multiple regression. The major findings were as follows: First, adolescent's sociometric popularity was affected by age, overt aggression, academic self-esteem, social self-esteem, and impulsiveness of organism variables. Second, adolescent's sociometric popularity was affected by mother's affectional parenting, mother's control parenting, and attachment to friends of microsystem variables. Third, adolescent's sociometric popularity was affected by family - peer relationship and family - school relationship of mesosystem variables. Fourth, adolescent's sociometric popularity was affected by appraisal support of extended family, after-school activity, and circle activity of exosystem variables.
The Effects of Integrated Activities Using Wordless Picture Books on Increase in Preschool Children's Creativity
Son, Jeong-Hwa ; Kim, Young-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 57~66
This study purposed to examine the effects of integrated activities based on wordless picture books on increase in children's creativity. As for the subject of this study, 20 five-year old children(9 boys and 11 girls), who go to D Kindergarten in Ulsan-si, were selected as a experimental group and 20 five-year old children(8 boys and 12 girls) as comparative group, who attend B Kindergarten in Ulsan-si. For this study, all children of the groups were taken pre-test. After this experiment, difference in creativity of two groups was examined through post-test. The total of 42 sessions were conducted for 14 weeks from the first week of April to the second week of July, 2005. The test tool for this study was Creativity Scale developed by Kim Sang-yun (2003). To verify study questions, the mean of the two groups and the standard deviation were calculated and independent-sample t-test was carried out using SPSS WIN 11.5. The results of this study were as the following: First, integrated activities based on wordless picture books showed statistically significant difference in children's creativity between the experimental group and the comparative one(p<.001), which suggested that the activities affected increase in children's creativity in general. Second, integrated activities centering around wordless picture books indicated statistically significant difference in fluency(p<.05), flexibility(p<.01) and originality(p<.001), sub-factors of children's creativity, between the experimental group and the comparative one. This result revealed that these activities were effective. Third, integrated activities based on wordless picture books did not show significant difference in elaboration, a sub-factor of children's creativity, between the two groups. As the result of this study, integrated activities based on wordless picture books had positive effects on increase in children's creativity.
A Study of Adolescents' Peer Relation and School Life Mal Adjustment According to Their Mobile Phone use and Addiction
Lee, Jung-Sook ; Myung, Sin-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 67~86
The present study purposed to examine adolescents' peer relation quality, and school life maladjustment according to the characteristic of their mobile phone use and their mobile phone addiction. The subjects of this study were 490 middle/high school students in Namyangju City. A survey was conducted using a self reporting questionnaire, and collected data were analyzed with SPSS 12.0. The results are as follows. First, mobile phone use was different according to gender, school year and the degree of mobile phone addiction. Second, the addiction group was 12.9% of the subjects, the dependent group was 52.7%, and the non addiction group and 34.5%. Third, in the addiction group, the negative factors of peer relation quality were significantly higher than the positive factors of peer relation quality. Fourth, in the addiction group, all the factors of school life maladjustment were significantly high. Fifth, school life maladjustment was higher when the degree of mobile phone addiction was high and when the negative factors of peer relation quality were high. This suggests the necessity for education on the right use of the mobile phone and mobile phone addiction treatment program; in order to improve adolescents' peer relation quality and ease their school life maladjustment. The results of this study are expected to be useful in developing effective interventions for adolescents' healthy growth.
The Experience of Paternity Fathers with Grandchildren
Hwang, Jung-Hae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 87~99
Using ethnographic methods, this study identifies the meaning of paternal experiences through a series of individual one to two hour interviews with men who have grandchildren. The interviewees consisted of twelve fathers from fifty to seventy years of age and the middle SES class. The results were as follows. First, adult-children-marriage and parent transitions were found to be important changes for men on their father's perception of their role as a father. Second, fathers with grandchildren felt happiness due to their grandchildren and held grandchildren as being important. Third, protecting and supporting their families was the main focus of paternity. Forth, the period of paternal experiences with grandchildren can be called "the stage of strong grandfather identity" because men who have grandchildren put more importance in the relationship with grandchildren than do their own adult-children, and grandchildren themselves play an important role in establishing male identity.
Parent and Peer Attachment of American Adolescents - Comparison of Parenting and Nonparenting Adolescents
Joo, Eun-Jee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 101~112
The primary purpose of this study was to explore the parent and peer attachment of both American parenting and nonparenting adolescents. Do parenting adolescents differ from nonparenting adolescents in their attachment to their parents and peers? A convenience sample of 190(81 parenting and 109 nonparenting) adolescents were recruited and participated in the current study. The short form of The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment(IPPA) developed by Armsden and Greenberg(1987) was used to measure attachment to their parents and peers. Overall, both parenting and nonparenting adolescents had more positive relationships with their peers than their mothers and only one significant difference in attachment between parenting and nonparenting adolescents were found in the present study. Parenting adolescents reported having less communication with their peers/friends than nonparenting adolescents. Implications and recommendations for future research are presented.
Consumers' Activity on the Consumers' Voluntary Anti-sites on On-line and Its Evaluation
Choi, Young-Won ; Lee, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 113~137
This study examined the characteristics of total consumers' anti-sites on on-line and their changes according to the establishment year of consumers' anti-sites, the activities and the evaluation of consumers' anti-sites and their differences according to the characteristics of consumers' anti-sites. Total 649 consumers' anti sites were analyzed for examining the characteristics of total consumers' anti-sites and 18 anti sites were selected for examining the activities and the evaluations of consumers' anti site. The anti sites were evaluated by the index of using in preceding research. The result showed that about 90% of total consumers' anti-site were not activated, only a few consumers participated even in the activated sites, most activity of the anti-site were operated only on on-line not off-line, over half of anti-sites targeted to the company in the type of the subject of anti-site, and the majority of the external shape of anti-site were cafe. On the change of characteristics according to the opening year, the proportion of cafe and the sites acting on both on-line and off-line were increased year by year. The number of anti-sites was decreased since 2005 and the proportion of highly activated sites was lowest in 2005. On the activity of anti-sites, the number of providing the information were more than the number of presenting the complaint among the bulletin writings. The number of the bulletin writing were more in highly activated sites than in low activated sites. most of highly activated sites were problem solving type compared to the low activated sites. The number of the bulletin writings in company anti-sites were the most among three type of subject of anti-site. The number of the bulletin writings in cafe type were more than in home-page type. On the evaluation of consumers' anti-sites, most of the sites didn't update the notices and provided incomplete information how consumers participated in the protesting movements. The highly activated sites functioned better in most parts in providing a information, connection with other consumer and site manager, management of the site.
The Effect of Children's Perceived Parenting Behaviors on Their Aggression
Oh, Chae-Mi ; Kong, In-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 139~149
This study investigated the effect of the children's perceived parenting behaviors on their aggression. Subjects were 309 (156 boys and 153 girls) 5th and 6th grade elementary school children living in Jellanamdo. The questionnaire for the children's parenting behavior evaluation and their aggression was used. The data were analyzed by frequencies, Cronbach'
, t-test and multiple regression. Results showed that the children perceived their parents affectionately and rationally and especially, they perceived their mother affectionately and rationally than their father. Meantime, the children perceived their aggression at a low level on the whole. Parenting behavior and children's aggression differed according to the gender. Fathers' coercive and mothers' permissive parenting predicted the children's proactive aggression. Fathers' coercive, affective and mother's aggression-compensatory parenting predicted children's reactive aggression. Fathers' coercive parenting was only significant predictor for the children's relational aggression and fathers' coercive, aggression- compensatory parenting predicted children's total aggression. Fathers' participation for reducing children's aggression was discussed.
Netizen's Self-Enhancing Emotional Experiences in Avatar Consumption - Using Ethnographic Interviews
Song, Hyun-Ju ; Yoon, Jung-Hai ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 151~168
It is necessary to understand netizen's emotional experiences in avatar consumption. We studied the emotional experience through ethnographic interviews with six informants. In this study, we used the descriptive questions, structural questions, and comparative questions. Netizen's self-enhancing emotional experience were divided into two emotional experiences: emotional experiences in one's world and emotional experiences in relationship with others. First, emotional experience in one's world included self-satisfaction, releasing stress, catharsis, immersion, desire of change, and sense of achievement. Second, emotional experiences in relationship with others were divided into self-enhancing emotional experiences and self-humbling emotional experience. Self-enhancing emotional experiences included the relative satisfaction, the desire of showing off/distinction, and the desire of conformity. Self-humbling emotional experience included the feeling of inferiority.
The Effect of Mother's Psychological Control, Children's Behavioral Autonomy and Self Control on Children's Problems Behavior
Jeon, Sook-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 169~179
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of mother's psychological control, children's behavioral autonomy and self control on children's behavioral problems(depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression). The subjects were 293 6th graders residing in Cheonan. It was found that children's perceptions of mother's psychological control was significantly related with the level of children's depression, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggression. In addition, Children's behavioral autonomy was significantly predictor of depression and anxiety. Children's depression and aggression were influenced by self control of children. Finally the relative effect of mother's psychological control, children's behavioral autonomy and self control on problems behavior were as follows. Children's depression and anxiety were predicted by mother's psychological control. The other side withdrawal problem. was influenced by mother's psychological control on boys, by self control on girls. The children's aggression was influenced by self control in all cases.
The Child Care Teacher's and Mother's Recognition and Need about Child Counseling and Therapy
Moon, Soo-Kyung ; Lee, Moo-Young ; Park, Sang-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 181~196
The present study was to investigate child care teather's and parents's recognition and need about child counseling and to analyse differences between them. The subjects for this study were 244 child care teachers and 260 mothers of the day care centers. The major finding were as follows; Most child care teachers are aware of child counseling through lecture, pre-service education, and internet. Most mothers hear about child counseling through internet. They think that child counseling is very effective for young children, especially for negative experience and emotion. Most child care teachers think that they can administer child counseling. especially daycare centers. But mothers think that special facilities is the most appropriate place by child counseling. Child care teachers and mothers regard the credibility of human being as personal characteristics required for child counseling. Counseling specialists are to be the most appropriate person for followed by child care teather's and parents. And they think that special training is needed for child counseling. but few of them receive special training. They perceive the necessity of professional education in child counseling. but they rarely experience related education of child counseling. Especially, they feel lack of time and information. They also want to apply to child counseling children education after learning it through counseling association or by observing real situations in child counseling center using morning time or during weekends. Most mothers and child care teachers know play therapy, art therapy. bibliotherapy, sand play therapy.
A Study on the Activity Improvement Plan for Consumer ADR of Non-Government Consumer Organization
Kim, You-Jin ; Kim, Si-Wuel ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 25, issue 4, 2007, Pages 197~216
The Purpose of this research is to perform survey on employees of Non-Government Consumer Organization and interview with ADR personnel from Korean Consumer Protection Board to have thorough grasp of problems among consumer ADR. Also come up with plan that will activate Non-Government Consumer organization ADR. Result of this research states following remarks as solution First, consumers from Seoul and Gyeonggi area is the only people who use ADR in Non-Government Consumer organization, so other local governments need to concentrate on consumers from rural area to take advantage of the service. Second, low activity of ADR and legal procedure support compare to other services provide from Non-Government Consumer organization. Third, statistic shows that employees from Non-Government Consumer organization recognize importance of consumer's ADR and government's support as well as enforcement of law. Forth, the preparation of Consumer ADR in Non-Government Consumer organization, selecting committee is the most important procedures are reinforce human resource, improvement of organization structure. Fifty, order to establish Consumer ADR in Non-Government Consumer organization, recruit professional manpower is the priority and financial support is also important. All these result would help improve the activity of ADR in Non-Government Consumer organization, which will lead the organization to be more professionalize, globalize and able to segment the market. Further more, Non-Government Consumer organization would develop better ways to take itself to another level to provide better service. Also, create an institution that will help consumer's dispute and legal procedure. It will prevent future victims and protect consumer's right.