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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Children's Self-Concept Typology and its Effect on Internet Item Purchase Behavior and Self-Evaluation
Seo, In-Joo ; Park, Sang-Mi ; Lee, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 1~14
The purpose of the study was to examine the internet purchase behavior of items and self-assessment according to self-concept of elementary school students. The data were collected from 716 elementary school students by a self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies and means, Cronbach's Alpha, factor analysis, t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis, cross-tabulation analysis, cluster Analysis were conducted by SPSSWIN 12.0. The results from this study were as follows; First, from self-concept measurements, 4 factors(affective, social, schooling, Family self-concept) were extracted through factor analysis. Second, the subjects were classified into 3 clusters as self-concept types(high self-concept, middle self-concept, low self-concept) through cluster analysis. Third, the significant variables affecting internet purchase behaviors of items included grade, allowance, rank in class, the number of hours on the internet. As the self-concept gets higher, the frequence of the impulsive purchase and imitation purchases gets lower. In the contrary, as the self-concept gets higher, the self-assessment on the impulse purchases and imitation purchases also gets higher. In combination, these results suggest that irrational purchase behaviors were protected by positive self-concept, therefore it is important that children have positive a self-concept.
The Relationship between Mother-Adolescent Communication and Adolescents' Alienation in Single Mother-Headed Family and Two-Parent family
Min, Ha-Yeoung ; Lee, Yoon-Joo ; Kim, Kyong-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 15~23
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship mother-adolescent communication and adolescents' alienation in both single mother-headed family and two-parent family. The subjects were 548 middle and high school students who were 82 single mother-headed family's adolescents and 466 two-parent family's adolescents in Keoungbok. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, t-test, standard multiple- and hierarchical multiple regression(using SPSS 12.1). Major findings were as follows: (1) The single mother-headed family's adolescents were perceived less positive mother-adolescent communication and higher alienation than two-parent family's adolescents. (2) The adolescents' alienation was associated with mother-adolescent communication in both single mother-headed and two-parent family. The less positive parent-adolescent communication, the higher adolescents' alienation. (3) The family structure(single mother-headed or two-parent) was a significant predictor of adolescents' alienation. But when the effect of mother-adolescent communication was controlled, the effect of the family structure became non-significant.
The Study of Culture Program Evaluation in Healthy Family Support Centers
Park, Jeong-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 25~36
The purpose of study is to evaluate a culture program at the family support centers and to suggest a development direction. Therefore evaluation indication areas are planning adaption, practice validity, and an outcome(output) satisfaction. The study subject was 40 family support centers' final reports. The collected data was analyzed by evaluation framework. The results were as followed; first, the culture program plan described healthy of family, included various family type, family-unit program, but a clear culture program wasn't identified; second, the evaluation of culture program practice presents high goal achievement with small financial budget, large number of participants and various type of program, and finally, the program output showed high satisfaction.
A Study on Development of Residential-linked Pension Insurance for Rural Living after Retirement - Decisive insuring factors and the service demand of potential consumers -
Hong, Hyung-Ock ; Kim, Jung-In ; Im, Sang-Bon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 37~52
The purpose of this study was to provide the valid data about residential-linked pension insurance development. The development was a part of national housing projects, which was an incentive for rural living of retired people, in order to relieve residential issues of elderly and revitalize rural communities by residents moving from cities. The insuring intent, decisive insuring factors and the residential service demand degree of people preparing retirement were analyzed. Data was collected in October, 2007. 364 Sample Subjects lived in Seoul Metropolitan area. Firstly, more than 90% of respondents had intention to purchase a residential-linked pension insurance and about 50% of them necessarily desired receiving premium for moving in. This indicated that it could be developed as an insurance which helped to meet housing expenses by housing-linked system, and in the mean time, it met the original purpose of pension insurance as the pension benefit could be guaranteed for all the insurance subscribers. Secondly, the respondents, whose income and private assets were higher, were able to pay more for insurance compared to average. Therefore, It was necessary to regulate monthly insurance bill and the payment period according to asset states of insurance subscribers after establishing certain amount of total insurance payment. Thirdly, by and large, it indicated the tendency that the less they prepare for older age the later they wanted to move into the pension insurance residence. It was inferred that in the case of insufficient preparation for older age, people preferred preparing behind time by postponing move in to moving in early to enjoy retired life, due to uncertainties. lastly, the respondents understood the significance of health, medical treatment and emergency management service and these two services were preferred as essential provided services. Because of the necessity of developing residential-linked pension insurance was found to be positive, further research to find the real cost, directives for operation and institutional support for this type of pension insurance might be needed.
The Learning Motivation Types and Psychological Well-being of Middle-aged Married Women - Focused on the Students in Korea National Open University
Park, Ji-Sun ; Sung, Mi-Ai ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 53~64
This study was to investigate the learning motive types and degree of psychological well-being of middle-aged married women attending the Korea National Open University and to examine the difference in their psychological well-being according to the types of learning motives. For these purposes, a survey was conducted to 263 middle-aged married women from 36 to 60 at the Korea National Open University. The findings were as follows: First, learning motive types of middle-aged women could be classified into 3 types; a non-oriented type, an activity and goal-oriented type and a multi-oriented type. A multi-oriented types were the most popular among those. Second, the overall level of self-respect was above the median, but the life satisfaction level was below the median. Third, there was difference in their self-respect level according to the learning motive types. That is, students who had a multi-oriented learning motive were higher self-respect level than those who had an activity and goal-oriented learning motive. Therefore, lifelong education is very significance in these days when average life span is prolonged.
The Effects of Eating Disorder Belief and Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance on Female High School Students' Eating Attitude
Kim, Jung-Min ; Park, Kyoung-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 65~77
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of eating disorder belief and sociocultural attitudes towards appearance on female high school students' eating attitude. Questionnaires regarding eating disorder belief, sociocultural attitudes towards appearance, and eating attitude were administered to 900 1st and 2nd grade female high school students in Gyeonggi Province. Finally 875 questionnaires were collected and statistically analyzed through Cronbach's
, factor analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression. The main results of the study were as follows: 1) Eating disorder belief, sociocultural attitudes towards appearance, and eating attitude revealed a positive correlation. 2) While control over eating, weight/shape as a means to acceptance, internalization, and awareness were significant predictors of drive for thinness, control over eating, internalization, and weight/shape as a means to acceptance were significant predictors of bulimia. 3) Internalization had a moderating effect on the relationship between eating disorder belief and eating attitude (drive for thinness, bulimia).
An Analysis of the Research Trends and Tasks on Senior Citizens and Later Life in the Aging Society - Focused on the Field of Home Economics
Song, Hyun-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 79~99
Nowadays, social circumstances have changed rapidly due to the decreasing birthrate and increasing number of senior citizens. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate past research for presenting the direction of future research and for improvement of welfare for the elderly. For this study a total of 231 articles within four kinds of major home economics journals are used. The articles were published from 2000 to 2007. Specific research topics (subjects) are investigated for this study. Results from this study are as follows. Research topics are divided into the following fields: facilities for the elderly, family relationships in later life, quality of life, economical aspects of the elderly, physical and metal health, leisure, awareness and the attitudes about elderly people, clothing, death and welfare services for elders. According to this study, 'facilities for the elderly' and 'relationships in later life' are the most frequent topics of interest. Based on the results of this research and the governmental aging society plan, SEROMAZI PLAN 2010, the directions of future research about senior citizens and later life in our home economics major science field are presented.
Questionnaire Survey on the Physical Environment of Child Care Centers for Children with Disability
Ju, Seo-Ryeung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 101~114
Eater Seal, the child care experts, observes that children with disability significantly benefit from receiving appropriated care along side their peers. Typically developing children serve as role models from which children with disabilities learn age-appropriated communications and social behavior. Therefore the children with disability can actively participate in well-designed child care settings. But unfortunately in Seoul, Korea, only 2% of children with disability are taken care of in child care centers. And even the disabled children at the child care centers are mostly mentally or emotionally disabled because the building, programs and services of the centers are restrictive to the children with severe physical disabilities. This study reviewed Korean domestic physical environment of child care centers for children with disabilities. Questionnaire survey was conducted to 103 centers located in Seoul by mail. Our survey revealed that they need more areas for nursing room and special rooms and the accessibility to buildings has to be improved. Also, there are no elevators in all buildings surveyed. Accessibility to toilet is noted as significant problem, especially wet floors in toilets. In a nursing room, a space for psychological rest and special education is needed for children with mental disability. Technical specifications on how to make buildings and facilities accessible for the children with disability should be developed. The goal of this study is to provide basic information to develop domestic design guidelines to ensure that the child care centers are safe, convenient, and usable for everyone possible.
Consumption Experiences and the Meaning of "Luxury" of Women
Yoo, Hyun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 115~130
By conducting an ethnographic interviewing for women who had been traditionally recognized as the subject in consumption and analyzing the perception that they had on luxuries and necessities, this study tried a naturalistic interpretation on a meaning of "(small) luxury" recently well known to everybody. The target of interview included 20 women in their 20s to 50s living in Seoul and Kyunggi region. The sampling was made in consideration of an age, marriage, occupation, and household income level, etc. The data analysis had the process of drawing a final theme after having a domain analysis and a taxonomy analysis. In so doing, (1) women's experience of consuming life was described; (2) The analysis was made on what they would pursue in a consuming life, with a focus on a symbolic nature of a consumption; (3) Lastly, through a naturalistic interpretation, a theme regarding a meaning that a "luxury" had for them was drawn. As a result of an analysis, 12 domains and 5 taxonomies were derived. On the basis of it, 3 themes were deduced with respect to a meaning that a "luxury" had under the women's experience of consumption.
The Effects of Children's and Fathers' Perceptions of the Fathering Practice on Children's Sociality
Song, Yo-Hyun ; Hyun, On-Kang ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 131~147
The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the fathering practice on children's sociality. The subjects of this research are 569 (grade 6) students who are from 4 elementary schools, and 511 (grade 3) students who are from 4 other middle schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. The data was collected using two kinds of questionnaires: Canfield's (1995) Fathering Practice Scale and Urn Guy-Sung's (1999) Children's Sociality Scale. The data was analyzed by frequency, mean, standard deviation, percentage, Cronbach's alpha, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe's post hoc test, and hierarchical regression. The major results of this research are summarized as follows: First, there were differences in children's sociality according to children's and fathers' perceptions of the fathering practices. I classified 1080 students into 4 groups by mean
1/2standard deviation of the children's and fathers' perceptions of the fathering practices. The results showed that children's sociality tends to be higher when the children's perceptions of the fathering practice are at a high level (Group 1 and Group 2), compared to when the fathers' perceptions of the fathering practice are at a high level (Group 3 and Group 4). Second, hierarchical regression was divided into two models so as to know how the effects were different from the children's and fathers' perceptions of the fathering practice on children's sociality. In the first model, only the fathers' variables were inputted and fathers' perceptions on fathering practice has significant effects on children's sociality. In the second model, both the children and fathers' variables were inputted into analysis. The fathers' perceptions of the fathering practice were not influenced, but children's perceptions of the fathering practice had great effects on children's sociality. Third, as the result of hierarchical regression with age, mid-childhood has significant effects on children's perceptions of the fathering practice on children's sociality. In addition, early adolescence is an important variable in the effects of the fathers' perceptions of the fathering practice on children's sociality. As a result the fathers' perceptions of the fathering practice are important and influential variables on children's sociality. In the result of this study fathering practice is necessary in children's development.
A Life History on the Childhood Experience of Domestic Violence The Effects of Children's and Fathers' Perceptions of the Fathering Practice on Children's Sociality
Hong, Gi-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 149~168
The objective of this study was to expand understanding of children's exposure to domestic violence in Korean society. In-depth personal interview was conducted by a researcher on individual experience of domestic violence in childhood. The findings of this qualitative study are summarized as follows; 1) A person who experienced domestic violence in childhood is likely to feel powerless, and think of himself/herself worthless. 2) He/She needs to have sufficient social support and protective networks. 3) A person who experienced parental violence in childhood is to suffer from people's negative behaviors such as social prejudice, preconception, and discrimination. 4) He/She is worried about the cycle of violence from generation to generation. 5) It is necessary for him/her to overcome his/her negative emotions acquired by the experience of domestic violence in childhood to have a constructive goal for the future.
An In-depth Study on the Characteristics of Defaulters
Kim, Mi-Ra ; Kim, Hea-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 169~189
There are few studies on the characteristics of defaulters, though research in this field is needed. The purpose of this study was to find out social, economic and psychological characteristics of defaulters who are married and in their thirties. For this study, an in-depth interview was used. The major findings were as follows. The focus of this study is defaulters who are married, in their thirties, have managed small businesses by themselves or with their spouses and have experienced job fluctuation. There were a lot of reasons for their becoming defaulters. Most of all, a slump in business with the occurrence of individual events caused them to be enrolled as defaulters. The monthly mean income of defaulters was
won, yet it was irregular. Moreover, they were dependent upon labor income or business income. The monthly mean expenditure of defaulters was
won, which constituted about
of their monthly mean income. The defaulters needed to budget a number of expenditures such as food and private education. Defaulters had
won in debts and
won per month in debt payments. Most of them didn't have any emergency funds, monetary assets or fixed assets. Interestingly, they showed high tendency to use debt and low skill for their money management. Defaulters had short time horizons and were likely to buy something on the spur of the moment.
The Effects of Preschool Children's Age and Mothers' Modes of Verbal Control on Children's Lying
Oh, You-Lee ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Choi, Mi-Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 191~201
This study examined how preschool children's age and mothers' modes of verbal control affect children's lying. A sample of 108 preschool children aged from 3 to 6 participated in a lying experiment. Their mothers answered questionnaires regarding the mothers' modes of verbal control. Preschool children's lying was measured by the Guessing Game Experiment developed by Talwar and Lee(2002). Mothers' modes of verbal control were measured by Jung's(2005) scale for preschool children. To analyze the data, crosstabs and logistic regression analyses were conducted. The results of the experiment showed that three-year-old children are able to lie intentionally. The older preschool children lied more than the younger ones. Mothers' imperative and personal modes of verbal control were positively related to preschool children's lying. The most significant variable on preschool children's lying was mother's imperative modes of verbal control, followed by personal modes of verbal control, which emphasizes the crucial influence of parenting on preschool children's lying.