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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Consumer Perceptions on the Effects of Electricity Saving Methods and Electricity Saving Behavior
Lee, Seong-Lim ; Park, Myung-Hee ; Lee, Eun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 1~11
This study investigated consumers' energy saving behavior and perceptions concerning the effectiveness of their energy saving behavior. A nation wide survey was conducted involving 2000 households in urban areas and the data from 1767 households were used for the analysis. excluding cases with incomplete responses. Descriptive analysis, factor analysis, and regression analysis were applied. The results were as follows. First, electricity saving behavior was classified into three categories: Thrift (reducing energy consumption), Purchase (buying energy saving appliances), and Control (checking the energy consumption). Second, consumers rated Thrift as the best way to save energy. Third, education, age, and household income were significantly related to energy saving behavior and perceptions on the effectiveness of energy saving behavior. Consumers using above average levels of electricity tended not to practice energy saving behavior and not to positively evaluate effectiveness of the energy saving behavior. Lastly, the implications for public policies to promote energy saving behavior are suggested.
The Effects of Music Therapy on the Changes in Brain Waves and Emotion, and Reduction of Depression and Anxiety for the Post-traumatic Stressed Adolescent
Choi, Ae-Na ; Park, Hyoung-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 13~25
This study of a music therapy program for the 18 subjects residing in Jeollanam-do province was conducted two times per week during 4 months totalling 17 times in order to evaluate the reduction of the characteristics of patients suffering from stress disorder patients such as depression, and anxiety, Though the experiment for non-symmetric level the concentration and appearance of Alpha wave were determine to be stable but the findings from non-symmetric level according to the left-right brain activity were not significant for T-test, though its effective intermission of music therapy due to variation of the mean values was demonstrated, and the variation of the Alpha wave appearance rate was also significant for the statistics of the T-test for the effectiveness of the music therapy. And for the reduction of depression, emotion, and state-trait anxiety between groups divided into the control group and the experiment, pre-measurement and post-measurement comparisons through psychological tess, validated the effectiveness of music therapy for Posttraumatic stress disorder patients. First of all, this study was conducted in the situation of scarce study cases and program developments for the efficacy of music therapy for the patients suffering from Posttraumatic stress disorders without precedent studies of scientific identification through brain wave measurement. Because this study is insightful in the context of validating the efficacy of musical treatment, we expect that these kinds of studises will be continued.
The Influence of Attachments to Parents, Teachers, and Friends on Delinquencies Among Elementary School Students
Lee, Ju-Lie ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 27~40
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of attachments to parents, teachers, and friends on delinquencies among elementary school students. Participants were 2844 elementary school students from the 2004-2006 panel 2 data of the Korea Youth Panel Survey(KYPS). For analyses of research questions, frequencies, descriptive statistics, independent sample t-tests, Pearson correlations and multiple regression analysis were used with SPSS 12.0. Results of the study indicated that : (1) For boys, attachments to parents reduced delinquencies more than for girls. However, for girls, attachments to teachers reduced delinquencies more than for boys. (2) Attachments to friends influenced delinquencies negatively in the 4th grade, but influenced delinquencies positively in the 6th grade. (3) When boys and girls kept in touch with delinquent peers, attachments to parents largely influenced delinquencies.
Predictors of Preschoolers' Reading Skills : Analysis by Age Groups and Reading Tasks
Choi, Na-Ya ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 41~54
The purpose of this study was to investigate predictors concerning preschoolers' ability to read words, in terms of their sub-skills of alphabet knowledge, phonological awareness, and phonological processing. Fourteen literacy sub-tests and three types of reading tasks were administered to 289 kindergartners aged 4 to 6 in Busan. The main results are as follows. Sub-skills that predicted reading ability varied with children's age. Irrespective of children's age groups, knowledge of consonant names and digit naming speed commonly explained the reading of real words. In contrast, skills of syllable deletion and phoneme substitution and knowledge of alphabet composition principles were related to only 4-year-olds' reading skills. Exclusively included was digit memory in predicting 5-year-olds' reading abilities, and knowledge of vowel sounds in 6-year-olds' reading skills. The type of reading task also influenced reading ability. A few common variables such as knowledge of consonant names and vowel sounds, digit naming speed, and phoneme substitution skill explained all types of word reading. Syllable counting skills, however, had predictive value only for the reading of real words. Phoneme insertion skills and digit memory had predictive value for the reading of pseudo words and low frequency letters. Likewise, knowledge of consonant sounds and vowel stroke-adding principles were significant only for the reading of low frequency letters.
A Study on the Experience of the Daughters-in-law's Relationship with Mothers-in-law
Park, So-Young ; Park, Tai-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 55~71
Many studies on the relationships between mothers-in-law and daughters-in-law tended to regard the relationship as a conflicting one. This study, unlike the previous ones, aimed to explore the relationship as it is and to describe the experience of the real relationship. Another aim of this study, on the basis of the results, was to provide the basic data for social services to develop and maintain the positive relationships between mothers and daughters-in-law. To achieve these aims, the central question of the study was, "What are the daughters-in-law's experiences with their mothers-in-law like?" The participants for the study consisted of 12 daughters-in-law who volunteered to be interviewed. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and analyzed according to the grounded theory presented by Strauss and Corbin. As a result, 154 concepts and 42 sub-categories were induced, and finally 18 categories were induced in the course of classifying and integrating these sub-categories. This study discovered that the relationship might be both positive and negative, and that it might even be possible to change from one to the other. The results of the study showed that many factors influenced the quality of the relationship, and that the husband's role was one of the most important factors. Using this study's results as guidance, general programs designed to cultivate more positive relationships between mothers and daughters-in-law can be created and implemented; additionally programs that help the husbands understand the complex relationship and roles can be devised.
The Effects of Mass Media, Tendency for Appearance Comparison and BMI on Female High School and College Students' Eating Behavior
Kim, Jung-Min ; Han, Guen-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 73~83
This study examines the effects of mass media, the tendency for young women to make body comparisons, and the BMI of female high school and college students on their attitudes about eating. Participants were 392 high school students from Gyeonggi Province and 391 college students from Seoul, Gyeonggi and Chung-nam Province. Collected data were analyzed through Cronbach's
, t-test, One-way ANOVA,
test, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. The findings of the study were as follows: 1) While mass media influence differed by grade, tendency for appearance comparison and attitude toward eating did not differ by grade. 2) Mass media influence, tendency for appearance comparison and attitude toward eating differed by BMI. 3) Mass media pressure, specific attributes comparison, and BMI were significant predictors of attitudes toward eating. 4) Tendency for appearance comparison played a mediating role in the relationship between mass media and attitudes toward eating.
The Paradigm Shift of Family Policy for Healthy Families in Korea : The Basic Code of Healthy Families and Healthy Families Support Center
Yoon, Gyung-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 85~101
This paper examines the traits and directions of family policy represented in the Basic Code of Healthy Families. Strategies for the development of family policy for family professionals and policy makers to provide integrated services for families and the implications of such strategies are also discussed. A family-friendly and a life course perspective are adopted in order to strengthen and expand family policies and promote the establishment of a healthy families' support center. The perspectives and issues of the Basic Code of Healthy Families are reviewed in the light of a paradigm shift in family policy in Korea, with suggestions for adoption of the family policy also addressed.
Relationships Parent-child Relationships and Psychological Well-being with Eating Attitude of Female Adolescents
Hwang, Mi-Jin ; Chung, Hye-Jeong ; Lee, Eun-A ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 103~117
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between female adolescents's relationships with their parents, psychological well-being, and attitudes towards eating. General characteristics of the subjects such as their school grades, and religion, and their parents' level of educational, marital status, and income were also analyzed in relation with the three major variables. Female adolescents' psychological well-being consisted of two indices: self-esteem and depression. The sample of this study consisted of 419 female students from 4 middle schools and 2 high schools located in Jeollabuk-Do province and the data were collected by using the method of self-administered questionnaires. The results of the analyses showed that there were significant differences in the level of parental attachment across parents' marital status, father's education level, and family income. Participants' psychological well-being levels were also different according to their grades, parents' marital status, and father's education level and income; and the level of eating attitude was different according to their school grades. The correlation analyses results indicated that parental attachment was positively related to self-esteem but negatively to a depressive mood. In addition, female students' eating attitudes were negatively associated with parental attachment and self-esteem, but positively with a depressive mood. Finally, multiple regression analysis found that a negative eating attitude was strongly influenced by a depressive mood, while parental attachment seemed to influence eating attitude indirectly through a depressive mood.
The Mediating Effects of Obesity Perception on the Relationship between the Mother's Psychological Control and the Obese Child's Obesity Stress
Oh, Soo-Jeong ; Han, Eu-Gene ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 119~133
The purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating effects of obesity perception in the relationship between the mother's psychological control and the child's obesity stress. Questionnaires regarding the mother's psychological control, obesity perception and the child's obesity stress were administered to 1200 4th and 6th grade elementary school students in the province of Seoul, South Korea. Finally 1006 questionnaires were collected and statistically analyzed through Cronbach's, t-test, multiple linear regression analysis and stepwise regression. The main results of the study were as follows: 1) There were difference between the effects of the mother's psychological control, obesity perception, and child's obesity stress in terms of the sex, grade and obesity level of the child. 2) The mother's psychological control, obesity perception, and obesity level had an effect on the child's obesity stress. 3) As the result of searching for the mediating effects of obesity perception in the relationship between the mother's psychological control and the child's obesity stress.
The Impact of Family Strengths Perceived by Children and Self-Esteem on Friendship Quality
Cho, A-Ra ; Hyun, On-Kang ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 135~148
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impacts of family strengths perceived by children and self-esteem on friendship quality. The subjects of this study were 747 students in the 5th and 6th grade who are from 10 elementary schools in Incheon and Gyeonggi Province. The results are as follows: First, positive factor of the friendship quality had significant difference depending upon gender of child. That is, female have higher friendship quality than male. Also, general self-esteem, social-peer self-esteem and positive factor of friendship quality had significant difference depending upon father's educational level. Second, gender of child, self-esteem, family strengths what kind of effect should have gone mad to friendship quality, it examined. The variable of social-peer self-esteem is the most influence positive factor in friendship. The variable of school academic self-esteem is the most influence conflict in friendship. Most important factors that affected competition in friendship were family values. And most important factors that affected satisfaction in friendship were general self-esteem. In conclusion, variables effecting friendship quality include gender of child, self-esteem and family strengths. Therefore, family strengths and self-esteem are very important in order to improve the positive friendship quality of children.
University Students's Perception about General Studies
Kim, Young-Sook ; Lee, Kyoung-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 26, issue 4, 2008, Pages 149~162
The purpose of this study is to provide a meaningful thought to professionals and administrators of Korea working for Consumer General Education development at their Universities. Also, tips for organizing and meaning Consumer General Education Curriculum effectively are provided. Finally, the study suggests essential elements to improve qualities of Consumer General Education in Korea Universities. This study's method are content analysis through web site and survey. The subjects of this survey were 257 students. The data were collected by qusetionaires developed by researcher and analyzed by frequencies, correlation Analysis, One Way Anova, Duncan Test, Factor Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis. The major findings were as follows: University students's satisfaction level about General Education was low and the needs level about Consumer General Education was high. And the education service quality showed factors to be administrative service element, professor service element, classroom environment element, communication element. And Multiple Regression Analysis on each of the education service quality factors had been significant effects for find out the differences in the degree of satisfaction.