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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
The Influence of Demographical Variables and Alienation on Adolescent's Negative Emotion-Induced Eating Motivation
Min, Ha-Yeoung ; Lee, Yoon-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 1~9
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of demographical variables(gender and age) and alienation on adolescent's negative emotion-induced eating motivation. The subjects were 389 middle and high school students who lived in Keoungbok. The data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression(using SPSS 12.1). Major findings were as follows: 1) There was difference in adolescent's negative emotion-induced eating motivation according to gender, age, and level of alienation. Adolescent's negative emotion-induced eating motivation tended to be higher when adolescent were girl students, or high school students or in higher level of alienation. 2) Alienation was the stronger predictor of adolescent's negative emotion-induced eating motivation than gender and age. 3) There was difference in boy adolescent's negative emotion-induced eating motivation according to age and level of alienation. But there was difference in girl adolescent's negative emotion-induced eating motivation only according to level of alienation. 4) For boy, alienation was the stronger predictor of adolescent's negative emotion-induced eating motivation than age. But for girl alienation was only significant predictor of adolescent's negative emotion-induced eating motivation.
Developing Standards for Measuring Consumption Style and Analysis of Characteristics
Chang, Hyun-Sun ; Kim, Kee-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 11~28
This study is intended to make a tool which can identify how consumers consume by presenting a concept of "consumption style" and by developing the scale to measure it. In order to study the scope and meaning of consumption for modern consumers, "the meaning of consumption" was theoretically considered. Based on it, the concept and perspective of 'consumption style'was formed and then the scale for measuring it was developed. To develop the scale, the scale was formed by extracting questions through a literature survey, and verifying validity through experts' opinion. Then, the final scale was developed by conducting a questionnaire survey for consumers. A preliminary 150- item scale was developed through a literature review. 1000 consumers responded to an online survey using the preliminary scale. This research was made with the intention of not only supplying the academic data on the consumer's "consumption style" but also understanding the consumer's basic behavior patterns. Then A series of tests, such as test-retest, item-to-total correlation, Cronbach's reliability coefficient and factor analysis, were conducted using the survey data. The final scale with 68-items was constructed in the end. The "consumption style" Scale for Consumers consisted of 4 factors.
A Study on the Development of "Premarital Education Programs" for Marriage Expectant Couple
Park, Ju-Hee ; Im, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 29~43
This study proposes to implement premarital education programs designed to enhance potential capacity in marital life, targeted at marriage expectant couple and verify the effectiveness of the programs. For this study, 8 marriage expectant couples residing in Seoul participated. For this study, advance and follow-up surveys were conducted. To be specific, the advanced surveys questions were posed regarding general features, the level of communication, conflict-resolution skills and the attitude toward the role of the gender and so forth of those persons polled. In follow-up surveys, questions were asked regarding the extent to which the participant was satisfied with the contents of the education and teaching process in each session of the programs, the attitude toward the role of the gender, the level of communication and conflict-resolution skills. The effectiveness of the program was verified based on the subjective level of satisfaction of the instructor and the program manager and the statistical analyses of advance and follow-up surveys. Our findings show: First, the changes in 'the attitude toward the role of the gender' of the participants after 'the education of the role of the gender' were not significantly related. Second, after 'the education of communication' was implemented, the capability of the participants to communicate proved to have improved. Third, the extent to which the participants were satisfied with the contents of the education scored higher than the average, the level of educational satisfaction with 'the skills of communication between the husband and wife' scoring the highest. Fourth, with respect to the level of overall satisfaction with the educational effects of the program, the level of satisfaction with improved relationship between each party of the couple turned out relatively high, and the level of the overall education program also proved to be high.
Demand for Silver Products Versus Lifestyle Among Elderly Consumers
Ahn, Hye-Im ; Kim, Hea-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 45~61
The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of older consumers' lifestyle, and to provide the basic information for developing silver commodities and, in turn, to stimulate the silver industry which has received attention as a next-generation industry. The study divided elderly consumers into four lifestyle categories and analyzed the difference in demographic characteristics among these categories as well as differences in demand for silver products. Data were collected with questionnaire and analyzed with frequency analysis, factor analysis, K-means cluster analysis, one-way ANOVA, and a
test using SPSS 15.0. Four different lifestyles categories were identified among elderly consumers : conservative and stability oriented (22 persons, 33.3% of the sample), progressive and relation oriented (22 persons, 15.0%), reality adapted (52 persons, 35.4%), and traditional (24 persons, 16.4%). The demand for silver products demands was significantly different among elderly consumers in the four different lifestyle groups.
A Study on Hair Care Attitudes, Practices and Spending Among University Students'
Park, Jin-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 63~75
The purpose of this study was to analyze university students' attitudes toward hair care as well as their hair care practices and spending. The analytical tools include the chi-square test, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The major findings were as follows: (1) The mean of university students' attitudes toward hair care was 18.5(out of a possible 30). (2) The variables that significantly influenced students' attitudes toward hair care were gender, school year and monthly spending money. (3) Hair care practices differed according to demographic variables and attitudes toward hair care. (4) The average monthly expenditure on hair care was 31,769 won. The variable that most influenced monthly hair care expenditures was gender. In sum, this study found that the variable with the largest effect on hair care attitudes, practices and spending was gender.
The Qualitative Evaluation of Low-Income Single Mother Families' Poverty Status According to the Capability Approach of Amartya Sen
Lee, Seong-Lim ; Sohn, Sang-Hee ; Chin, Mee-Jung ; Sung, Mi-Ai ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 77~97
This study evaluates the poverty experiences of low-income single mothers according to the Capability Approach of Amartya Sen. In this approach, the capability to achieve the basic functionings of life, not income itself, is the criterion of poverty. 26 single mothers were interviewed using focus-group interviews and in-depth interviews. 21 functionings on the existence level, 18 on the relatedness level, and 15 on the growth level were found in the areas of work, health, food consumption, clothing, housing, child rearing, and leisure. The results of this study suggest that low-income single mothers can achieve only some of the existence level functionings with significant help from welfare services. They can scarcely achieve higher level functionings in any of these areas.
The Effect of the Stress and the School Adjustment on the Ego-Resiliency of Juveniles in Correctional Facility
Kim, Youn-Soon ; Um, In-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 99~109
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the stress and the school adjustment on the ego-resiliency of juvenile. The sample size of this study is 283, which makes it possible to do statistical inferences. As statistical methods, multiple regression analysis and hierarchical regression analysis with SPSS 10.0 is used. The results were as follows: First, friends part, among the four sub-factors of stress, affect negatively ego-resiliency. Second, interest about school life, among the three sub-factors of school adjustment, affect positively ego-resiliency. Third, observation of school norm, among the three sub-factors of school adjustment, affect negatively ego-resiliency. Based of these results, this study suggested that how to elevate ego-resiliency of juvenile delinquencies.
The Effects of Maternal Attitude Towards Maternal Employment on Social Competence of First-Graders
Chang, Young-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 111~122
The relations of mothers' attitudes regarding maternal employment to mothers' psychological well-being, mothers' parenting sensitivity and children's social competence were examined for mothers who worked full-time (extensively) from age 6 months of their children on, mothers who were not employed, and mothers who worked part-time or inconsistently during their children's early years. Longitudinal observations of 1,034 mothers and children in the NICHD Study of Early Child Care from age one month to first grade were analyzed using structural equation models. As predicted, mothers and children benefited when maternal attitudes were consistent with mother's actual employment status. Among extensively employed mothers, those with positive attitudes about employment had better psychological well-being; among mothers who were not employed, those who believed that maternal employment would have negative consequences for children's development reported better psychological well-being. The findings suggested that whether the mother's status of employment is congruent with their beliefs, not whether the mother is working or not, predicted the mother's well-being and their child's social development.
A Study about Social Inclusion of Permanent Rental and Lot-Sold Apartment
Lee, Min-Ah ; Kim, Mi-Hee ; Na, Ha-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 123~138
The purpose of this study was to investigate the social inclusion of permanent rental and lot-sold apartment and to provide basic source of their physical and social inclusion. The research method was in-depth interview for 32 residents in two apartment complex based on the social inclusion index developed in the previous study. The results of the study were summarized as follows: First, the majority of the residents' average monthly income in the permanent rental apartment were lower than the minimum cost of living. But, they were not seriously realized it and gave up any economic activities due to their poor health and age. Second, the big different indexes from the residents in lot-sold apartment were the family networks and social activity participations. They were not satisfied with their family members, seldom had social gatherings, and did not have any information of community cultural events. Third, since they had narrow sphere of activities, they could not properly evaluate the diversity of neighborhood facilities and the convenience of public transportations. But, they obviously recognized anti-social behaviors and the invasion of the privacy in the apartment complex, and maintained superficial neighborship. Fourth, on the other hand, the residents in lot-sold apartment had the feeling of being harmed by the various troubles of the permanent rental apartment.
A Study on Consumption Tendencies and the Conspicuous Consumption of the Adolescent Consumer
Han, Sung-Hee ; Kang, Lee-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 139~153
This study examined the conspicuous consumption and consumption tendencies of the adolescent consumer and also identified factors that influence the adolescent consumer's conspicuous consumption and consumption tendencies. The data were obtained from a questionnaire completed by high school students(N=679), and were analyzed by ANOVA, and multiple regression analyses. The findings of this study are as follows: First, both the consumption tendencies and the conspicuous consumption of adolescent consumers were above average. Second, the consumption tendencies of adolescent consumers were related to the allowances they received. In particular, the consumption tendencies of adolescent consumers who spent allowances of more than won 20,0000 were higher than those of the other groups. In addition, the propensity for conspicuous consumption was related to the education level of parents, the parents' income, and the amount of the adolescent's allowance. Conspicuous consumption was shown to be higher when the parent's had graduate or postgraduate school degrees than when the parents were high school graduates. Although higher income was related to the propensity for conspicuous consumption, adolescent consumers who spent won 10,0000-20,0000 were more likely to exhibit conspicuous consumption than those who spend over won 20,0000. Third, the variables that had the most influences on consumption tendencies were commercials watched and the adolescent's group of friends, while the most effective variables that had the most influence on conspicuous consumption were consumption tendencies and consumer education level.
Meaning and Use of Housing through Narrative Life History in Korea II : Focused on the Use of Housing
Hong, Hyung-Ock ; Yang, Se-Wha ; Jun, Nam-Il ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 155~171
This study was designed to examine the use of housing in modern Korea, and to draw the interrelation of people and housing. In-depth interviews were conducted, and the qualitative research investigated various aspects of housing history among four individuals during the different phases of social and economic transitions. 4 narratives showed the unique characteristics of life history, and the findings indicated that the housing experiences were closely related to hometown, the relation to birth family at postmarriage, economic status, and the meaning of home. The main findings were as follows: the validity to select the interviewers was proved in that the selection was based on both housing structure type and ownership, and also the research indicated that economic status and housing structure type influenced the entire housing experience of each interviewee. The use of housing varied and the implications of housing lied in social and economic contexts. The use of housing, of which the term was contrived to alternatively described housing consumption modes, and chronology were affected by such individual factors as economic status, familiar relationships, residential location, the meaning and subjectivity of housing.
The Effects of Maternal Negative Behaviors and Children's Attachment Stability on Children's Aggression
Jun, Joo-Ram ; Kim, Soon-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 173~189
The purpose of this study was to find and provide the prevention method by examining the Effects of Maternal Negative Behaviors and Children's Attachment Stability on Children's Aggression. The subjects were 339 children of fifth or sixth graders in Seoul. The questionnaires were derived and modified from Young Ae Park (1995) for the maternal negative behavior, Children's attachment stability from Ok Jung (1998) and Children's aggression from In Sun Jung(2006). The date were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, F-test, Pearson's correlations and hierarchical multiple regression by SPSS 14.0 program. The major findings were as follows : First, the result showed there was average level of negative relationship when mother's negative behavior was compared with children's attachment whereas it showed average level of positive relationship in aggression. And also, low level of negative relationship showed between the attachment and aggression. Second, studying the influence it gives to the children's reaction and aggression after adding the children, parent and the family's popular social variables into the maternal's negative behavior, the outcomes showed the maternal's discipline and defiance upbringing had influenced the highest and tolerance, negligence was second high. This study mainly looked at the relationship between the maternal negative behavior with the children's attachment and aggression, but not like the nations pre.studied results, changes in human relation were examined with identifying the main several factors that bring greatest influence to the children's attachment and aggression. In conclusion, the children's attachment and aggression's the cause of the children's attachment and aggression were mainly from the maternal discipline and defiance upbringing. Based on this conclusion, it is essential for the maternal to have a sound discipline with right minds for endeavor to bring up the children with bring minds with less aggression and composed attachment.
The Effects of Fertility Policies on Childbirth by Birth Order
Yoo, Gye-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 191~201
The Korean Government has recently prepared the comprehensive five-year basic plan (2006-2010) to deal with low fertility and population ageing. The basic plan aims at recovering the fertility rate to the appropriate level and improving the social and economic systems in preparation for the aged society. The main objective of this study was to examine the effects of fertility policies on childbirth by birth order. The data came from 1,729 adults who gave birth to babies in 2007 and 991 adults as the control group. The serial logistic regression analyses revealed that establishing the health and nutrition system for maternity and children, and expanding of tax and social insurance benefit were effective policy measures to increase childbirths of first children, while the policy measures establishing the health and nutrition system for maternity and children, supporting for daycare and pre-school education, and work-life balance were effective to childbirths of second or third children in 2007. However, the policies of supporting for costs of test-tube baby and expanding childcare infra didn't have any significant influences on childbirths in 2007. The implications of study results were discussed.
A Forecast Model on Vocational High School for Runaway Students Using Data Mining
Lee, Ju-Rhee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 203~211
This study was conducted to evaluate a forecast model designed to describe a vocational high school for runaway students. The study included 2000 adolescents from the KEEP(Korean Education and Employment Panel). A Data mining decision tree model revealed that: (1) Suicide ideation was a risk factor for running away among smokers. (2) High self-evaluation was a risk factor for running away among individuals that smoked and had no suicide ideation. (3) Drinking was predicted as a risk factor for no smokers, while family life dissatisfaction was predicted as a risk factor among non-smokers that drank. (4) Negative relationship with mother was predicted as a risk factor among non-drinking non-smoking.
A Preliminary Study to Develop a Parent Education Program Concerning Young Child Sexual Abuse Self-Protection
Chun, Hui-Young ; Lee, Gui-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 213~226
For the purpuse of gathering basic information to develop the education program for parent to become educators of young child for sexual abuse(YCSA) self-protection, 298 mothers of 4- to 6-years old children responded to a questionnaire to measure their needs for YCSA self-protection education and knowledge of characteristics related to YCSA. Results related to the needs of mothers showed that 30.4% of them were educated for YCSA protection and 64.6% had provided YCSA self-protection education to their children. However, it was also found that even mothers who had frequently been educated on protection skills regarding YCSA encountered problems as a result of insufficient information and materials concerning YCSA protection education. The mothers in the study subsequently recommended that from age 4 years young children should be educated about YCSA by parents and teachers together. And most of them expected young children to learn some skills to cope with YCSA, with parent education programs for YCSA also recommended by the mothers. Mothers' characteristics such as knowledge about YCSA, myths and stereotypes toward YCSA showed meaningful correlations with mother's demographic variables, not with children's variables. The study concludes that developing the requested parent education program should be done in consideration of parent's needs and characteristics related to the YCSA self-protection.
The Anxiety-Depression According to Children's Ordinary Stress : Focused on Exploring the Mediation Variable
Kim, Jin-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 227~241
This study examined to find out mediating variable between ordinary stress and anxiety-depression. The subjects were 2,844 4th grade elementary school in Korea. The instruments used were questionnaires about anxiety-depression, ordinary stress, anger control ability and negative self-concept. Data were analyzed by t-test and regression. Major findings were as follows: (1) There were significant difference in parent-, appearance-, possession-related stress, anger control ability, negative self-concept and anxiety-depression according to sex. (2) Parent-, schoolwork-, peer-, appearance-related stress and anger control ability had a significant effect on the anxiety-depression. The principal finding was that anger control ability had mediating role between ordinary stress(schoolwork-, peer-, appearance-related stress) and anxiety-depression in male, one side parent-related stress and anxiety-depression in female. (3) Parent-, schoolwork-, peer-, appearance-related stress and negative self-concept had a significant effect on the anxiety-depression. The principal finding was that negative self-concept had mediating role between ordinary stress(parent-, schoolwork-, peer-, appearance-, possession-related stress) and anxiety-depression in male, one side parent-, peer-related stress and anxiety-depression in female.
Content Analysis of Mother's Role in Korean Biographies
Kim, Young-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 243~254
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mother' role appeared in Korean biographies. The method used for this study was the content analysis of the context related with mothering in Korean biographies. The categories for content analysis were pregnancy-delivery, nurturing, teaching, disciplining, interfacing between home and social institutions and counselling. It was found that the most frequent mother' role appeared in Korean biographies was nurturing role such as to care development, health and hygiene of children. And the second frequent mother's role in Korean biographies was disciplining role such as to internalization of social roles. The third role was teaching. These results have been discussed in the light of former studies, and the limits of study method also have been discussed.
Mothers' Parenting Stress in Multi-Cultural Families
Choi, Na-Ya ; Woo, Hyun-Kyung ; Jung, Hyun-Sim ; Park, Hye-Jun ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 255~268
The purpose of this study was to deepen our understanding about mothers' parenting stress in multi-cultural families. The study was conducted through in-depth interviews of 6 mothers from Mongolia, Philippines, and Japan who were living in Seoul. The findings of this study were as follows. First, mothers of multi-cultural families had difficulties of giving birth and child rearing, especially in the earliest years of their children. They were not fully adapted to the ways of living in Korea with little social support from family members and neighbors. Second, they were worried about their children's development, particularly language development due to their lack of understanding and fluency in Korean. Third, they were concerned about the cultural and racial discrimination against their children. They expected their children to be treated and respected equally like ordinary Korean children. Fourth, they were anxious about the fact that their children might not acquire the basic academic skills before they enter the elementary schools. Furthermore, they were worried that their children might not get as much educational support as they want. Fifth, despite the burden of mother's role in Korea, they wished to get a job to support their children for better education. In conclusion, the marriage immigrant mothers experienced the stress due to the lack of social support, the discrimination against immigrants, the possibilities of their children's delays in development, the disparity in the level of support for educating their children and the high expectations about their children's education in Korean society. Therefore it is necessary for the policy makers to consider more practical support system for the multi-cultural families in order for the marriage immigrant mothers to build up self-confidence in child rearing and educating their children.
Relationships among Attachment with Parents, Self-Differentiation, and Stress Coping Strategies by College Students
Hwang, Mi-Jin ; Kim, Bo-Ra ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 269~280
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among attachment with parents, self-differentiation, and stress coping strategies. The participants of the present study were 142 male and 161 female college students in Jeolla-Do province. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaire method. The major results of this research were as follows. First, there was significant positive correlation between the level of attachment with parents and self-differentiation, indicating that the greater the level of attachment with parents, the higher the level of self-differentiation. Second, active coping was associated with higher levels of differentiation of self and passive coping were associated with lower levels of differentiation. Third, there was significant positive correlation between the level of attachment with parents and active coping, indicating that the greater the level of attachment with parents, students used more active coping than passive coping. Finally, multiple regression analysis were performed to attachment with parents and self-differentiation. It was found that attachment with parents was the most powerful predictor of active coping and self-differentiation was the most powerful predictor of passive coping.
The Effects of Children's Self-Regulation on Their Friendships and School Adjustment
Roh, Hyun-Mee ; Choi, Wae-Sun ; Park, In-Jeon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 281~292
This study was designed to investigate the effects of children's self-regulation on their friendships and their adjustment to school adjustment. Especially, this study was focused to determine whether children's friendships played a role as ain mediator among the other each variables. The subjects were 212 children in the 5th grade at from 3 elementary schools in located at U city. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, correlation analysis, and path analysis, using SPSS (ver. 14.0) program and LISREL (ver. 8.30) program. The main findings of study were, first, that there were correlations among the children's self-regulation, friendships, and school adjustment, and second, it was found that children's self-regulation influenced on their friendships and their school adjustment. Specially, children's friendships played a role in mediating their self-regulation and their school adjustment.
A Phenomenological Study on the Adult Grandchildren' Experiences with Grandparents Cohabitation
Cho, Yoon-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 293~303
This study reported phenomenological analysis of the interviews with 26 adult grandchildren who had(or have) a cohabitation with grandparents. The research question was what adult grandchildren experienced in living with grandparents. Results indicated that "the aged" was described as generous and wise person, so they had positive attitude toward the elderly. Participants perceived level of benefits of the coresidence with grandparents were higher than the costs in instrumental, material, and emotional supports. The relationship between grandparents and parents was generally intimate. It makes adult grandchildren advocate parents living together in the future. But adult grandchildren plan to get along independently when they grow old.
The Effects of Perceived Family Strength and Ego-Resilience on the Adjustment of Children from Low-Income Families to School
Lee, Seong-Hwi ; Park, Jeong-Yun ; Kim, Yang-Hee ; Chang, Young-Eun ; Auh, Seong-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 2, 2009, Pages 305~316
The purpose of this study was to investigate how children from low-income families perceived their family strength, ego-resilience and school adjustment. The relative magnitude of effects of family strength, ego-resilience and school adjustment were compared. Data were collected from 217 children in grade 4 through 6 who were attending local child welfare centers located in Seoul, Korea. The key research findings were as follows. Ego-resilience and perceived family strength were related to school adjustment among children in poverty. The relatively greater effect of ego-resilience implied that programs for children in poverty need to focus on developing interpersonal relationship skills or coping strategies designed to enable children from disadvantaged environments to deal with stressful events and to promote their ego-resilience. Additionally, the recovery or enhancement of family strength and ego-resilience will be effective at protecting and solving various adaptive problems that children from low-income families may experience at school.