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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Development of a Happiness Scale for School-aged Korean Children(HSSKC)
Choi, Hye-Yeong ; Shin, Hae-Young ; Choi, Mi-Sook ; Cho, Song-Yon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 1~11
The purpose of this study was to develop a "Happiness Scale for School-aged Korean Children" (HSSKC). Participants consisted of 2,528 children who were chosen from six places, namely: Seoul, Gyeonggi, Chungnam, Jeonnam, Gyeongnam, and Gangwon. The province of Jeju-do was not included. The study assessed children's perception of happiness in six areas of life. For data analysis, the study employed the following methods: descriptive statistics, factor analysis, correlation, and Cronbach's
. Initially, the study used an original scale composed of 32 items, but these were later reduced to 29 through exploratory factor analysis. The study identified six factors which influenced the happiness of school-aged children: (1) self-esteem, (2) parent-child relationship, (3) school life, (4) after-school activities, (5) general living environment, and (6) satisfaction of needs. Validity was determined through correlating the sub-factors. Using Cronbach'
to measure the reliability of factors, the result ranged from .60 to 81.
The Effects of Child-care's Values and Satisfaction in a Relationship with a Spouse on the Parenting Stress of Mothers with a Child Younger than 36Months of Age
Choi, Jung-Shin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 13~24
The purpose of this study is to compare between mothers' and father's the sense of mothers and that of fathers about values related to childcare and satisfaction in a relationship with their spouse and review how the differences in the sense between mothers and fathers affects the parenting stress of wives. Data for this research were collected in April 2007 from 300 couples living in Seoul having a first child younger than 36 months of age. The survey was analyzed using SPSS 12.0. The main results were as follows; First, it was indicated that fathers had a more conventional senses of values relating to childcare and satisfaction in a relationship with the spouse than did mothers. Second, a mother's parenting stress rises according to the level of mother's satisfaction in the relationship with the her spouse. Third, a mother's parenting stress rises by mother's satisfaction in relationship with the spouse lower than father's satisfaction in relationship with the spouse.
Consumer Satisfaction Model for Digital Convergence Products
Yoo, Hyun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 25~42
This study examines the actual state of using digital convergence products by consumers, and analyzes the expectation that consumers have regarding digital convergence products and the actual satisfaction of the digital convergence products. In addition, it analyzes factors affecting the satisfaction with digital convergence products. First, mobile phones, which 99.4% of those surveyed had, cameras, which 90.6% had, and mp3s, which 71.8% had, were found to be necessities. Second, the ratio of owning digital convergence products was 79.5%, 48.1%, and 52.4%, respectively. In the case of a mobile phones, a digital convergence type is already common. Third, regarding the reason for purchasing digital convergence products, they chose convergence products because there was no product with a simple function that they wanted to have: 38.2% in terms of a mobile phone, 47.2% for a camera, and 28.2% for an mp3. This shows that a consumer's choice was infringed in a great deal at the back of remarkable quantitative growth in digital convergence products. Fourth, the analysis of the factor regarding the consumer's expectation on digital convergence products showed 3 kinds of factors, i.e., expectation of benefit, expectation of risk, and expectation of situation. Fifth, as a result of analyzing the structural model regarding the effect on satisfaction by a consumer's expectation and the outcome on digital convergence products, all the expectations and outcomes of benefit, risk, and situation did not have a direct effect on satisfaction. Only an indirect effect through inconsistency showed a statistical significance.
Research Trends of Children's Manners on the Related Thesis & Dissertation in Korea
Ju, Young-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 43~57
This study analyzes the tendency for studies of children's manners in Korea. This research provides basic information for future research on the study of children's manners. I reviewed previous research during Mar.10~Apr. 30., 2009, and published articles that used terms such as 'ye-jul', 'yua ye-jul', 'jun-tong ye-jul', and 'yua-dare kyo yuk' as key-words provided by the National Assembly Library and Academic Information Center, and the terms were used for contents analysis. In the past, parents usually taught manners to their children at home, but now, most children learn etiquette at kindergarten and day care centers. A greater portion of the studies dealing with children's manners has been published since 2001. The experimental method was used for most of this research. Based on the results, I have made suggestion regarding the direction of future studies of children's manners. Research should investigate the value of children's manners and philosophy in future research. Based on the personal characteristics of each child and their understanding of the ecological environment, studies of children's manners require an interdisciplinary research approach or ecological research approach. These studies should continue to research in cooperation with kindergartens and day care centers. In addition, further research should focus on an effective teaching method or instructional media research of children's manners.
Interaction of External Family Support and Economic Pressure on Marital Satisfaction Under the Economic Crisis
Kwon, Hee-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 59~68
External social support for family can be an important resource for families to overcome economic pressure, and can be a way to understand the concept and process of family resilience in the context of Korean economic crisis. To explore the role of external social support that alleviates the negative effects of economic pressure on marital satisfaction, the buffering effects were tested in two ways. First, the interaction effect between external social support and economic pressure on marital satisfaction was tested using hierarchical linear regression model. Second, the scores of marital satisfaction were plotted by the median scores of economic pressure and external social support. Results from the analyses of 191 couples (382 husbands and wives) indicated that external social support help families by buffering the negative effects of economic pressure on marital satisfaction by interacting with economic pressure.
The Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Counseling Program for Social Problem-Solving and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy in Incoming University Freshman
Kim, Jung-Min ; Park, Jun-Hee ; Na, Yoon-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 69~76
This study aimed to develop cognitive-behavioral group counseling program for social problem-solving and career decision-making self-efficacy in incoming university freshman and to examine its efficacy through pre- and post-test. The program included cognitive restructuring, problem-solving and social skill training. The program consisted of 12 weekly sessions, approximately 1.5~2 hours in duration. Pre- and post-tests were administered to both a treatment group(n=48) and a control group(n=48). The collected data were statistically analyzed through ANCOVA. The main results of the study were as follows : The students in the treatment group showed a significant increase in both social problem-solving and career decision-making self-efficacy in comparison with those in the control group.
A Study of the Residents' Use and Occupancy-Behavior in the Activity Areas of the Senior Nursing Facilities
Lee, Min-Ah ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 77~90
The purpose of this study was to investigate the residents' use and occupancy-behavior in the activity areas of the senior nursing facilities, and to provide basic information to establish the appropriate physical elements for planning the activity areas. For the study, the observations in five facilities were conducted for one day, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m by four researchers. The results of the study are summarized as follows: First, most of the using behaviors in the activity areas were the doing nothing or sleeping. The meals and program services were provided in only one activity area of the floor and it showed that the unit care system was perfunctorily conducted at those facilities. In the representative activity area, its openness was the main physical element influencing the spatial using frequency, while the accessibility and the openness in the sub-activity area were most important. The seating arrangements having comers were helpful for residents' interactions. Second, while facility programs and meals were provided in the specific activity area, there was no residents' occupancy in other activity areas at the same time. There were interactions including residents' conversations and watching/observations in non-designated activity areas such as the nursing stations and near corridors. But the residents' interactions and self-regulations were blocked by absence of territoriality, monotonous spatial compositions and furniture arrangements, insecurity of residents' privacy, wide or narrow areas, and isolated spatial type. Based on the results at the above, basic guidelines for planning the activity areas of senior nursing facilities can be proposed as follows: First, the isolated type and the sight interception should be avoided in representative activity areas. It should be partitioned with couple of areas through the appropriate furniture arrangements, and be prepared semi-private spaces in non-designated areas such as nursing station for the interactions among the residents and the staff. Second, in activity areas for small group, the isolated type is not also good for the residents' accessibility. The residents' privacy should be confirmed through the various spatial compositions, and enough areas need to be sure for the diverse furniture arrangements.
Relationships Among Emotional Support from Social Network, Ego-Resiliency, and Role Conflict of Teachers in Kindergartens and Day Care Centers
Min, Ha-Yeoung ; Gwon, Gi-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 91~99
This study investigates the relationships among emotional support from social network, ego-resiliency, and role conflict of teachers in kindergartens and day care centers. The subjects were 192 teachers who worked in kindergartens or child care centers in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province. Questionnaires, which require self-report by teachers, were used to investigate the emotional support from social network, ego-resiliency, and role conflict. The collected data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation, single and multiple regressions, using SPSS Win 15.0. The results are as follows. (1) Emotional support from social network and ego-resiliency was negatively associated with the role conflict of teachers in kindergartens and day care centers. (2) Emotional support from social network was positively associated with ego-resiliency. (3) Emotional support from social network partly exerted indirect effects on role conflict mediated by ego-resiliency. But direct effect of emotional support from social network on role conflict was more than the indirect effect. These results indicate that a higher level of emotional support from social network is more likely to lower role conflict of teachers.
Relations between Parenting Behaviors, Adolescents' Parent- and Peer Attachment, and Self-esteem by Adolescents' Gender
Kim, Su-Hee ; Park, Seong-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 101~113
The purpose of this study is to examine the relations between parenting behaviors, adolescents' attachment toward parents and peers, and adolescents' self-esteem. The differences in parenting behaviors and adolescents' attachment and self-esteem as a function of parent and adolescent gender are also examined. Participants were 405 high school students (Mage = 16.3, SD = 0.71) who completed questionnaires regarding parenting behavior, parent and peer attachment, and self-esteem. Results show that girls perceived a higher maternal behavioral control and peer attachment, whereas boys perceived a higher parental psychological control. The relative contributions of peer attachment and parenting differed depending on the adolescent's gender. Peer attachment was the only variable to predict boys' self-esteem, but mothers' behavioral control is also important to predict girls' self-esteem. The results underscore the importance of parenting behaviors and adolescents' attachment toward parents and peers in predicting an adolescent's positive self-esteem.
The Mediating and Moderating Effects of Teacher Preference on the Relationship between Behavior Problems and Peer Victimization
Shin, Yoo-Lim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 115~122
This study investigated the mediating and moderating effects of teacher preference on the relationship between behavior problems and peer victimization. The subjects were 520 children in the fifth and sixth grades. Children completed peer nominations that assessed peer victimization. Teachers rated children's internalizing, externalizing problems and teacher preference. The full mediating effect of teacher preference was found in externalizing problems and the partial mediating effect was found in internalizing problems. Moreover, the moderating effect of teacher preference was found only in internalizing problems, which suggests that high teacher preference protects internalizing problems from peer victimization.
Effects of Family Conflict & Self Control on School Maladjustments of Early Adolescents
Son, Mi-Yeong ; Kim, Yeong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 123~135
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of family conflict and self-control on school maladjustments of early adolescents. Subjects of this study consisted 662 middle school students drawn from 4 middle schools in Cheong-ju city. The results of this study were as follows: First, younger students' maladjustment to teachers was influenced by variables such as school year, economic levels, conflict strength between parents, conflict settlement between parents, reliability between parents and children, communication between parents and children and self-control, etc. In other words, students' maladjustment to teachers was high at the students in the 2nd year rather than in the 1st year, low economic level, high conflict strength between parents that younger students perceived, low conflict settlement between parents, low reliability between parents and children, high hostility between parents and children and low self-control. Second, younger students' maladjustment to the class was influenced by variables such as gender, school year, economic levels, conflict strength between parents, reliability between parents and children, communication between parents and children, and self-control, etc. In other words, young students' maladjustment to the class was high at the 2nd year students rather than at the 1st year students, low economic level, high conflict strength between parents, low reliability between parents and children, poor communication between parents and children, and low self-control. Third, younger students' maladjustment to rules was influenced by variables such as school year, economic level, conflict level between parents, hostility between parents and children, and self-control, etc. In other words, younger students' maladjustment to rules was high at the 1st year students rather than the 2nd year students of middle school, low economic level, high conflict strength between parents, high hospitality between parents and children and low self-control, etc. Fourth, younger students' maladjustment to friends was influenced by variables such as conflict strength between parents, conflict settlement between parents, hospitality between parents and children, and self-control, etc. In other words, younger students' maladjustment to friends was high at high conflict strength between parents, low conflict settlement between parents, high hospitality between parents and children and low self-control, etc. In the study, self-control was found to be the most important variable at younger students' maladjustment to teachers, class and rules, etc, and conflict settlement between parents was found to be the most significant variable at younger students' maladjustment to friends.
A Study on the Effectiveness and Composition of a Marriage Enrichment Program of a Couple of Old Age
Kwon, Oh-Gyun ; Kang, Kum-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 137~145
The purpose of this research to improve old age for marriage and the effect the development of the program is to validate. This program of eight to 60 years old elderly couple in 2008 was 8 in the 10 weeks. To verify the effectiveness of the program prior to the inspection of post-verification. According to the results of analysis, old age in conjugal relations, the area between the pre-post meaningful communication efficiency, the couple agreed, and the couple satisfaction, couple came to feel affection, and expression did not show a meaningful difference. The study on the future social welfare and family welfare-related practices and more effective old age, researchers developed a program to improve the couple relationship is important to emphasize is this.
A Qualitative Study on the Formative Processes of Premarital Adult Sexuality
Park, Su-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 147~166
The purpose of this research was conducted to formative processes and to interpret premarital adult's sexuality meaning. The interviews have been executed based upon ethnography approach and method of interview in depth within the framework of the Weis's sexual script theory (1998) and parent-children relation. The interview in depth has been conducted with unmarried 7 males and 8 females inclusive of college students, total 15 persons who were born 1974-1980 and living in Seoul and nearby suburban areas. A period of interviews were carried out from September until December 2003. Each interview was executed for 2 to 4 hours apiece, and each person had 2 to 4 interviews during the period. The result of analysis of the sexuality scripts theory from three different views indicates that the female informants appeared to rationalize the fact that traditional concept of the chastity as defined by the socio-cultural level has been changed. It also indicated that there were very few sex educations in the society at large except for the public medias including the Internet. The interrelation level indicates that positive interaction with the opposite sex has affected them in the course of their building up desirable personal relationship in the society and uplifting their sense of self-esteem. The internal level of sexuality, it is much dependent on the extent of individual inner recognition of sexuality. The parent-children relation view of sexuality, the most influential factor for their communication on sexuality lies in the extent of their realization on how positively their parents recognize their children.
Fathers' Interest and Involvement in their Child's Education as related to Demographic Variables, Fathers' Parenting Behavior, and Participation in the Daily Life of their Children
Choi, Jee-Sun ; Park, Seong-Yeon ; Jun, Chun-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 167~181
The purpose of this study is (1) to explore fathers' interest and involvement concerning their child's education as related to demographic variables of family, fathers' parenting behavior, and participation in the daily life of their children. A total of 220 fathers of children in elementary to high school participated in this study and responded to a questionnaire. T-test, oneway ANOVA, correlation analysis, and regression analysis were used for data analysis. The findings are as follows: 1) The level of fathers' interest and involvement in their child's education was relatively high. 2) Fathers' interest and involvement in their child's education were significantly different according to the father's educational level and socioeconomic status, but not to the child's gender and age. The better a child's school achievement was, the higher the father's interest and involvement in their child's education was. 3) Fathers' affectionate parenting behavior and participation in the daily life of their children affected the fathers' interest and involvement in their children's education. The importance of fathers' interest and participation concerning their child's education was discussed.
Content Analysis of Korean-American Women's School-aged Child Rearing on Internet Community
Kim, Young-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 183~194
The purpose of this study was to explore the ideas about Korean-American mother's school-age child rearing that are represented on internet community. The method used for this study was content analysis and the data consisted of articles about Korean-American mother's school-age child rearing on a internet community bulletin board during 1 year in 2008. It was found that these articles dealt with problems of practice in interfacing between home and social institutions(Especially school), teaching, counseling, nurturing and disciplining. For example, 831 articles put great emphasis on interfacing between home and social institutions, 339 on teaching, 268 on counseling with children. From these results, we might conclude that many Korean-American mothers gave their children school related care.
The Effects of Maternal Achievement Pressure and Emotional Support on Adolescents' Achievement Motivation
Koo, Hyun-Kyung ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 195~206
The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of maternal achievement pressure and emotional support on adolescents' achievement motivation. A total of 241 adolescents in the second grade of two middle schools in Seoul and their mothers participated in the study, and completed questionnaires on mothers' achievement pressure and emotional support. Adolescents also answered a questionnaire on achievement motivation. Sohn's(1997) Achievement Pressure Scale, Sung's(1993) Social Support Scale and Hermans'(1970) Prestatie Motivatie Scale were used for this survey. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficients, t-tests, regressions, and one-way ANOVA with Duncan's multiple range tests. Results showed that maternal achievement pressure and emotional support and adolescents' achievement motivation did not vary as a function of sex. Maternal achievement pressure and emotional support had positive effects on achievement motivation of adolescents, and maternal achievement pressure played a more influential role on the motivation of adolescents than emotional support. Among four groups divided by the level of maternal achievement pressure and emotional support, high/high, high/low, low/high, and low/low, adolescents in the high/high group were perceived to have the highest achievement motivation. Findings suggest that both maternal achievement pressure and emotional support are important in improving adolescents' achievement motivation.
A Study of Obstacles to Implementing Family-friendly Policies & Offering Flexible Work Arrangements
Han, Ji-Sook ; Yoo, Gye-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 5, 2009, Pages 207~220
This study investigates the obstacles to implementing family-friendly policies and offering flexible work arrangements and provides policy directions. A survey was conducted of employers at 147 firms, resulting in 42-43 questionnaires being statistically analyzed. Frequencies, means and factor analysis were conducted by SPSSWIN 12.0. The findings are as follows: First, the main obstacle to implementing family-friendly policies was the burden of cost. Second, eight obstacle factors were extracted through factor analysis. They are; lack of replacement workers and concerns about equity issues, nonfamily-friendly culture, no guarantee of the effectiveness of programs, lack of information about the programs or polices, lack of communication and public relations, potential loss of productivity, administrative hassles, and structural obstacles. Third, there was a difference in implementing flexible work arrangements according to the factors of lack of replacement workers and concerns about equity issues and no guarantee of the effectiveness of programs. That is, the firms which didn't have these two obstacles tried to implement flexible work arrangements more than the others.