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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Developmental Changes in the Effect of Sociocultural Factors Towards Appearance, Body Mass Index and Self-esteem on Body Image
Kim, Jung-Min ; Yi, Se-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1~12
The purpose of the study is to investigate developmental changes in the effect of sociocultural factors towards appearance, body mass index and self-esteem on body image. Participants were 315elementary school, 305middle school students, 310hight school students and 346college students from Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Collected data were analyzed through Cronbach's
, Two-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. The findings of the study were as follows: 1) Sociocultural factors towards appearance, body mass index, self-esteem and body image differed by grade and gender. 2) Peers, self-esteem, BMI and mass media were significant predictors of elementary school students' body image. Mass media, BMI and self-esteem were significant predictors of middle school students' body image. Self-esteem, peers, BMI, gender and mass media were significant predictors of high school students' body image. Self-esteem, mass media and BMI were significant predictors of college students' body image.
Effects of Individual and Classroom Contexts on Peer Victimization of Preschool Children
Shin, Yoo-Lim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 13~20
This study investigates the effects of individual and classroom variables on peer victimization through the use of multi-level models. The participants were 297 preschool children recruited from preschools. Teachers completed rating scales that assessed peer victimization, aggression, and prosocial behaviors. Peer nomination was used to measure social preference and friendship. The results showed that the aggression level of classrooms as well as social preference and friendship were associated with peer victimization. The findings imply that the individual as well as the social context should be considered before preventive intervention programs for peer victimization are implemented.
Parental Beliefs, Parental Involvement, the Home Learning Environment and Children's School Readiness
Sung, Mi-Young ; Chang, Young-Eun ; Lee, Kang-Yi ; Son, Seung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 21~29
This study investigated the effects of three factors-mothers' parenting beliefs; child care-home involvement; and the home learning environment - on the school readiness of 3- to 5-year-olds. The subjects were 366 children who were enrolled in child care centers located in Seoul and the Kyoungki area, and their mothers. The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique was employed to test the pathways to children's school readiness as indicated by the child's abilities in vocabulary, math and reading. The results showed that mothers' stronger beliefs in their responsibilities in their children's academic and behavioral development predicted greater involvement in child care and better quality in the home learning environment. Likewise, the quality of the learning environment predicted the extent of the child's readiness for school. No direct relation was found between child care involvement and the child's school readiness. The results imply that multiple factors - parental, child-care-related, and home environmental- explain the extent to which the child is prepared to adjust to scholastic life.
The After-School Lives of Korean and Chinese Children, Their Need for Leisure, and Academic Stress
Zhang, Yu-Chen ; Lee, Wan-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 31~42
The purpose of this study was to compare the after-school lives of Korean and Chinese children, as well as their need on leisure, and academic stress. A total of 746 subjects participated in the study: 369 4th graders and 377 3rd graders; some were sampled in Incheon City, South Korea, and others in Dandong City, China. The SPSS WIN 12.0 Program was used to analyze the collected data, and the statistical methods employed were Frequency, the Chi-square test, the two-way ANOVA. The main results showed that neither Korean nor Chinese children had various after school.activities, or had enough time for leisure. Whereas the Korean children tended to study or use computers during their after-school time, their Chinese counterparts mainly studied or did homework, and they experienced a higher level of academic stress from their parents than the Korean children.
The Relations between Concepts of Children, Parent Role Beliefs, Life Satisfaction and Parenting Behavior of Mothers' in Korean-Japanese Multi-cultural Families
Park, Seo-Young ; Ha, Soo-Jeong ; Song, Ji-Young ; Ahn, Hyun-Sun ; Cho, Hee-Won ; Park, Seong-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 43~54
The main purpose of this study was to explore the variables predicting mothers' parenting attitudes in Korean-Japanese multi-cultural families in comparison to Korean families. Differences in parental beliefs, life-satisfaction and parenting attitudes between these two groups were also examined. Data were collected via questionnaires from 110 Japanese and 168 Korean mothers of young children. Results revealed that mothers' beliefs on value of child and parental role, life-satisfaction and parenting attitudes were different across the families. Costed-concept of child and low life-satisfaction predicted 'shaming' and 'coercive' parenting for Japanese mothers whereas parental role beliefs as an 'authority' figure predicted 'shaming' parenting for Korean mothers. Life-satisfaction was most influential to predict 'affectionate-rational' parenting for both group.
Children's Academic Stress and Their Sense of Hopelessness - The Effects of Moderator on Children's Emotional Processing Style as Manifested in a Depressed Mood -
Jeon, Sook-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 55~64
This study examined the relationship between children's academic stress and their sense of hopelessness. In order to expand the study on this relationship, special attention was given to the possible effects of moderators on children's emotional processing style as manifested in a depressed mood. The subjects were 424
and 6th graders(197boys and 227 girls) residing in Seoul City and Kyunggi Province, South Korea. It was found that the children's level of academic stress was significantly related to their sense of hopelessness. The results indicated that the higher the children's academic stress, the higher the levels of hopelessness they indicated. No significant effects from moderators as applied to a ruminative emotional processing style were found in the relationship between children's academic stress and their sense of hopelessness. In addition, children's reflective or distractive emotional processing styles were found to be a significant moderator in the relationship between their academic stress and hopelessness. These findings indicate that children's reflective or distractive emotional processing styles could function as a bumper for children who feel academic stress.
The Effect of Stress Among Middle School Students and the Effect of Motive on Their Addiction to the Internet
Park, Hea-Young ; Lee, Eun-Hee ; Park, Sang-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 65~82
The following research aimed to determine the effect of stress among middle school students on their addiction to the Internet. This research's target was a group of male students who had a high probability of getting addicted to the Internet while playing c/t games. The study distributed 357 questionnaires and used 340 copies, which meant discarding 17 copies that were considered inadequate. The research results are as follows: First, there appeared subordinate factors in the stress suffered by the students. These included stress from their families, from conflicts with their teachers, from the living environment, current schoolwork and future course in college, insecurity over their physical appearance, bullying from other students, and relationships with friends. Among these factors, stress caused by conflicts with teachers and family was the most frequently cited, while stress from their friends was the least cited. The motive in using the Internet was found to be bound with several factors. These include: a form of diversion, a way to communicate with others, a means in coping with loneliness, a source of news and information, a form of passing away time, a kind of habit, and others. Among these motives, passing away time and indulging a habit were cited the most, followed by news and information search, and a form of diversion. Second, as a subordinate factor in Internet addiction, the following were cited: formation of tolerance, health issues, occurrence of problems related to daily life, satisfaction or a pleasant sensation, withdrawal, cover-up on the use of the Internet, and formation of virtual interpersonal relationships, and others. Among these, the formation of tolerance came out the highest, followed by health issues, daily life, and problems related to daily life. Third, in terms of the effects of stress on the motive in using the Internet, the research found that the more the students felt stressed out by conflicts with their teachers and family, the more they tended to use the Internet to communicate with others, to cope with loneliness, to obtain newsI and information, to passawaytime, and to indulge a habit Also, the more they felt stressed out by the living environment, the more they tended to use the Internet to communicate with others, to cope with loneliness, and use news and information. The more they felt stressed out by their schoolwork and future course in college, they tended to use the Internet as a form of diversion and to secure news and information. The more they felt stressed out by their insecurity over their physical appearance and being victimized by bullies, the more they tended to use the Internet to cope with loneliness. Fourth, as for the effect of several variables on student addiction to the Internet, the study found that the more students felt stressed out by their living environment, by schoolwork and future course in college, by their physical appearance, and bullying from other students, the more they used the Internet as a form of diversion, a communication tool, and as a means of passing away time or indulging a habit. The study came up with the finding that the more the students used the computer and the Internet, the probability of their getting addicted to the Internet got higher.
Consumers' Expectation and Consumers' Attitude on Korea-U.S.A. FTA
Kim, Kyung-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 83~94
This study examined the expectations and attitudes of urban Korean consumers with respect to the Korea-USA Free Trade Agreement (FTA), which was drafted on April, 2007. The data were collected through online surveys in which 527 adults answered structured questionnaires. The results showed that the number of consumers who favored the Korea-U.S.A. FTA was almost twice the number of those who objected to it. Most of the consumers surveyed expected not only positive effects but also negative ones from the FTA, and the more consumers expected positive effects from the FTA, the more they tended to have positive attitudes toward the trade agreement. The effects of consumers' individual characteristics on their expectations and attitudes were also analyzed in this experiment.
A Study on the Development of a Scale to Measure the Ability of Consumers to Use Credit Cards
Seo, In-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 95~109
This study focused on the development of a scale to measure the ability of consumers to use credit cards. The purposes of this study were to develop a tool which would be able to measure consumer knowledge, consumer skills and consumer attitudes. Data were collected from 313 credit card using consumers and were analyzed by employing a goodness of fit test, principal component analysis & confirmatory factor analysis(Amos 5.0), multiple regression. The results from this study were as follows: 1) Six factors of consumer knowledge(16-items) were identified: damage salvation; credit delinquency; personal credit information; credit provision period; credit & credit card issuance; credit delinquent striking out a record & credit rating. The total variance was 55.86%. 2) Three factors of consumer skills(17-items) were identified: credit delinquency & over-consumption; credit card management; and loss & damage salvation. The total variance was 62.90%. 3) Three factors of consumer attitudes(16-items) were identified: credit delinquency & credit; credit card issuance & use; and credit card management. The total variance was 58.75%.
The Relationship between Family Rituals and Marital Satisfaction for Wives
Choi, Hye-Jung ; Kim, Deuk-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 111~124
The purpose of this study is first to examine the tendency in what kinds of activities are carried out as family rituals; what kinds of obstacles there are; and why any problems, if any, tend to arise. Second, the study seeks to discern the relationship between family rituals and wives' marital satisfaction. For this purpose, the study surveyed 251 wives who had fourth, fifth, or sixth grade children and resided in Busan, and then analyzed the data obtained from the survey. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows: (1) Regarding the dinner ritual, it turned out that a majority of subjects had a difficult time establishing a regular ritual due to 'their busy schedule at work' and 'children's studying at academies'. For the weekend leisure ritual, in the case of difficulty in spending this kind of time it tended to be because of the wives' 'busy schedules at work' and 'lack of mutually available time for all family members'. In birthday rituals, when wives reported having trouble with her family members regarding birthdays, they explained that this was most often' because family members forget their birthday'. Finally, when the subjects reported problems related to tradition rituals, it was mainly because of 'stress from the burden of housework (2) In every dimensions including occurrence, routine, deliberateness, attendance, affect, and symbolic significance, the top-ranked group showed a high degree of satisfaction in their marriage.
The Effects of Romantic Beliefs on Motivation of Marriage Among College Students
Ju, Un-Hee ; Yoo, Gye-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 125~139
This experiment was conducted in order to examine what consists of romantic beliefs of college students, the overall tendency of the beliefs and motivation of marriage, the differences in the belief and motivation of marriage, and the influence of the beliefs toward it. A survey method was used and 394 students participated in this study. The major results of this study were as follows: First of all, there are four components in students' romantic beliefs, which are almighty love, destined love, hopes for romantic love, and only one & true love. Second of all, the students somewhat showed high level of romantic beliefs. This resulted due to the high level of romantic love but low level of only one & true love. Moreover, their motivations toward marriage which consists of intimacy and economic needs, were seen as the most important values in determining marriage. However, marriage due to social impact and the needs for personal growth were found to be placed in the lowest. Thirdly, male students in particular, showed higher beliefs in almighty love and destined love. The students of religion reported higher beliefs in destined love and only one & true love. Moreover, students who have a partner also showed higher beliefs in almighty love and only one & true love. On the other hand, for motivation of marriage, students showed higher inclination to choose for the desire for large families and children as their motivations, particularly for males. Students in the lower age group also showed higher inclination to choose for intimacy and economic needs as their motivations. Finally, according to the result of the hierarchical regression analysis, the higher the students' beliefs for destined love and the lower it is for hopes for romantic love, predicted higher possibility for the social impact and the needs for personal growth as their motivation of marriage. Moreover, the higher the belief for destined love and hopes for romantic love, the higher it is of their inclination to consider intimacy and economic needs for their motivation of marriage. Lastly, the higher it is for the students' belief toward almighty love, the higher it is for one to marry with a consideration and desire for large families with children.
The Elderly Willingness to Improve Residential Environment
Kwak, In-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 141~153
This study is focused on the residential spaces that the elderly wish to renovate and their willingness to improve residential environment as they grow old. The analysis shows, first, the most inconvenient places as they grow old are the stairs, following by the toilet and the bath. Second, the place that the elderly most wish to renovate is the floor, upgrading floors with non-slippery materials. And they wish to remove the height differences on the floor to protect them from tripping over, upgrade the floor plan for their convenience and renovate the storage and working spaces at the kitchen and dining areas. The more the government supports the costs of the residential renovation service, the more the elderly are willing to use the renovation service. The factors influencing their willingness to residential renovation are health, residential environment, experience to accidents and their allowances. The elderly who experienced accidents inside their residence are more willing to renovate their house. Even though the elderly wish to renovate their houses, it's not carried out due to the financial difficulties and the lack of information. Thus, the government should share the useful information about residential renovation for the safety of the elderly and find a way to raise money to cover the costs of the renovation.
A Case on Residens' Participation Workshop for Cohousing Plan
Cho, Jeong-Hyun ; Choi, Jung-Shin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 155~169
Resident participation plays much of a rule to the cohousing, which is organized independently and has the characteristics of community life, especially in the initial state of cohousing process. However, it is hard to realize the resident participation in proper order due to lack of a personal time, individual effort and an insufficient knowledge related with cohousing. So, it is thought that the guidance of cohousing expert and coordinator is needed to enable the residents to perform in an active attitude. The development of educational program and workshop connected with resident participation is also accompanied. In this study, to make the positive and systematic participation of cohousing residents, we established the workshop program and performed workshop with our developed program, based on preceding researches and examples. We selected the object of workshop as five housewives in thirties and forties. Workshop was consisted of six process steps. (1) Introduction and question of workshop and cohousing (2) examining and arranging the opinion (3) Master plan of cohousing village (4) Planning of common living space (5) Planning of individual living space (6) Analysis of final results and evaluation of workshop. The workshop held six times and it took about five~six hours per each meeting. Workshop participants expressed their opinion actively and attended in a positive manner in order to the design of their desired village and cohousing. During workshop process, the players established the common target of their village by means of life card, target card game. Also, based on the common target, the layout of village was planned using a collage game and card arrangement game. By workshop activity, the members started to recognize the significance of participation on the drawing board and improve their technique of communication and decision-making. Furthermore, workshop process made it possible to approach the concrete forms of their cohousing village. Especially, in the closing phase, the participant satisfaction about workshop and cohousing is increased suddenly and expressed their intention to join the real workshop related with cohousing.
Trends or Praxis? - Discourse Analysis and Reflection of Multicultural Families in Family Studies -
Choi, Youn-Shil ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 171~187
The purpose of this study is to identify and illustrate academic trends that can be gleaned from family studies on multicultural families in Korea, and to gain a suggestion of the relatedness between discourse and practice by reviewing research in that field. The results of discourse analysis are as follows: First, research on multicultural families in family studies set limited focal subjects. Second, the research accepts assimilationism as a primary multicultural policy set forward by the Korean Government. Third, the research reflects a more or less conservative consciousness of family maintenance. Fourth, there have been some changes in perspectives from the perception of immigrant women in multicultural families as passive minorities to more active agents. Lastly, the research perceives family life in multicultural families as a project for practice.
A Case Study on Communal Child Care in Healthy Family Support Centers
Cha, Sung-Lan ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 189~201
The purpose of this study was to explore the potential development of a communal child care project that would lead towards a more family friendly community. By reviewing the case of the Daejeon Health Family Support Center, the study revealed that many child care providers showed an interest in communal child care. But the providers also had problems seeking both partners for communal child care and a communal place to gather. The Daejeon Health Family Support Center had several elements of strength in communal child care project. First, they provided educational programs for care providers to promote the professional knowledge and skills needed for child care and education. The participants' responses to the program were satisfactory, in that they showed the relative effectiveness of such programs in improving attitudes towards Pumasi, along with customized services and other programs provided by the Healthy Family Support Center. In addition, the availability of professional child care services in the attached gym, the Saturday classes for dual earner families, and the prompt response by the center to requests that more space be provided, also contributed to the success of Pumasi program.
The Relationships among the Marital Conflict, Child-rearing Stress and Affection - Rejection Parenting for Mothers of Preschooler -
Min, Ha-Yeoung ; Lee, Young-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 203~213
This study investigated the relationships among marital conflict, child-rearing stress, and affection-rejection parenting for mothers of preschoolers. The subjects were 208 mothers who lived with at least one preschooler in Daegu or Gyeongbuk Province. The collected data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation, and single and multiple regression, using SPSS Win 15.0. The results were as follows. (1) Mothers' marital conflict was negatively associated with affection parenting. However, the negative influence of mothers' marital conflict on affection parenting was mediated by child-rearing stress. (2) Mothers' marital conflict was positively associated with rejection parenting. However, the positive influence of mothers' marital conflict on rejection parenting was partially mediated by child-rearing stress.
The Effects of Age, Economic State, Physical Satisfaction on Life Satisfaction of Widowed and Married Elderly Women
Lee, Shin-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 215~227
The subject of this study is a cohort of elderly women who are older than 60 years of age and reside S city in and Jeonnam. The sample size of this study is 386. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, reliability, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression analysis through the SAS package program. The major study result were as follows. First, the physical satisfaction of elderly women is low, and the life satisfaction of the married group is higher than for the widowed group. Second, according to the results. For the women from the married group, the effect were from economic state, age, and physical satisfaction. There were also significant interaction effects according to economic state
physical satisfaction, age
physical satisfaction, and age
physical satisfaction. As for women from the widowed group, the effect were from physical satisfaction, economic state, and age. There were also significant interaction effects according to economic state
physical satisfaction, age
physical satisfaction, age
physical satisfaction, and age
economic state. Fourth, the married group gave significance to life satisfaction, economic state, physical satisfaction, and age. The group of widows gave significance to life satisfaction, physical satisfaction, economic state, and age. The results of this study suggest that we should be concerned about the physical satisfaction of older women and should foster a social atmosphere to establish a positive image of elderly women.
The Bioecological Variables Affecting Children's Multiple Intelligences - With a Focus on Child's Temperament, Mother's Parenting Style and Goodness of Fit -
Suh, Joo-Hyun ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 229~242
This study investigates how bioecological variables affect the child's multiple intelligence through independent and interactional ways. The subjects of this study were 147 pairs of 5-year-old children and their mothers, and the Project Spectrum was employed to measure multiple intelligences. Each mothers was asked to answer a questionnaire on her child's temperament, her maternal parenting style, 'goodness of fit' and 'the fit of child's intelligence'. Data were analyzed using a factor analysis and a hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS WIN 15.0. The main findings were as followings; First, 'the goodness of fit' to the child's temperament moderated the effect of a maternal parenting style that would foster child's dependency on the mathematical intelligence through interaction. 'The fit of child's intelligence' also moderated the effect of maternal positive parenting style to the child's mathematical intelligence. Second, in language intelligence, girls were more verbally intelligent than boys. In that regard, because the sex variable entails a combination of both inherent attribute and social-cultural effects, that result can be interpreted as an interaction between the individual and the environment. Lastly, a maternal parenting style that would foster child's dependency moderated the effect of the child's regular temperament on interpersonal intelligence. This means that the child's regular temperament can be a protective factor for the negative effect of a maternal parenting style that would foster child's dependency This study suggests that interactional factors such as 'goodness of fit' should be considered in studies involving children.
A Study on the Digital Convergence Paradigm and Participation in Digital Contents Services
Kim, Yeon-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 243~253
This study identifies the concept of a digital convergence paradigm, which deals with the relationship among convergence and consumer participation, digital contents services, and the culture of consumption (web 2.0). This research was conducted using a quantitative method involving focus group interviews (FGI) and literature reviews. This research examines the relationship between convergence and consumer participation and the adoption of a concept of "convergence culture", which is categorized as "collective intelligence" and "intellectual community participation". The role of the consumer has changed from one of a "consuming consumer" to that of a "collaborating consumer" and finally to the concept of a consumers as the originator of a new consumption culture. In the study, the consumption culture of web participants indicated the characteristics of funology, self-expression, life-catching, quick-tempered, immersion(arousal), sharing culture, multitasking, and cyber justice. The recognition level of networking on the "digital convergence" of the consumer was identified as that of the combination of IT(information technology); product and multi-services or alliance of industry groups(telecom, broadband, IPTV service); or the use of one source with multiple devices.
A Study on the Maternal Perception of Child Development, Achievement Pressure and Parenting Stress
Ahn, Jee-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 255~265
This study explores the relationship of mother's perceptions on child development, achievement pressure and parenting stress. The participants were 275 mothers of preschool-age children in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do area. The results were as follows. Maternal perception of child development, achievement pressure and parenting stress were significantly different according to gender, birth order of the child and the employment status of the mother. Maternal perception of child development, achievement pressure and parenting stress were related to each variable. The results of the regression analysis indicated that the maternal perception of child development and achievement pressure were significant variables in predicting the parenting stress of mothers.