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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Young Children's Emotionality on Their Eating Behavior Problems: With a Focus on the Effect of Mediation of Behavior Problems
Gwon, Gi-Nam ; Sung, Mi-Young ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.001
This study focused on the relationships among emotionality, eating behavior problems, and behavior problems in a sample of 185 four- to five-year-old children attending kindergarten or a day care center in Seoul. The values were all measured by their teachers. The collected data were analyzed using simple regression and hierarchical multiple regression. The main results of this study were as follows. First, children's positive and negative emotionality each exerted negative and positive effects on their internalizing behavior problems. Second, children's positive emotionality had a negative influence on their eating behavior problems. On the other hand, children's negative emotionality had a positive influence on eating behavior problems. Finally, effect of children's positive emotionality on their eating behavior problems was partially mediated by internalizing behavior problems. On the other hand, the effect of children's negative emotionality on their eating behavior problems was totally mediated by their internalizing behavior problems.
A Study of Experiences, Plans, and Perception on the Housing Wealth Transfer
Kim, Young-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 11~26
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.011
Transfer of housing wealth is an extensive social and economic phenomenon different from the traditional processes. The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences, plans, and perception of housing wealth transfers among Korean families. Using questionnaire survey, 700 data from the respondents who residing in Seoul and Kyonggi provinces were collected and analyzed for the research purpose. Only a small portion of the respondents had experiences on housing wealth transfer. Most of the respondents showed that they would have a plan to inherit their housing wealth to their spouse and children after their death or the time when children need help from their parent(s). However, perception of babyboomers who were in their age of 40-50s was different from other age groups. Thus, it is important to consider its implications, especially with respect to changing traditional values on housing wealth transfer.
The Relationship between Activity Temperament and Self-Regulation Ability in Young Children: The Moderating Effects of Mother-Child and Teacher-Child Relationships
Seo, Eun-Hee ; Lee, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 27~46
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.027
The purpose of this study was to find the moderating effects of mother-child and teacher-child relationships in regard to the relationship between activity temperament and self-regulation ability in young children. The participants were 236 mothers and 15 teachers who were in charge of children, who were 5 years old in kindergartens or childcare facilities in Incheon Metropolitan City. The key research findings of this study were as follows: Firstly, the children's activity temperament exerted negative influence over their behavioral and emotional self-regulation ability. Secondly, it was found that an affectionate relationship between mother and child was proven to have some moderating effect, thus influencing the relationship between activity temperament and self-regulation ability in a child. Anyway, there was no moderating effect of the rejection in mother-child relationships on the relationship between activity temperament and self-regulation ability in a child. Thirdly, it was found that both intimacy and conflict in teacher-child relationships had no moderating effects when it came to the relationship between activity temperament and self-regulation ability in young children.
An Exploratory Analysis on the Employment Preparation Process of Young Job-Seekers
Kong, Su-Youn ; Yang, Sung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 47~64
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.047
Purpose of this research is to analyze young job-seekers' preparation for employment process. Participants for the present research include 30 unmarried single males and females in their 20s, who are preparing for employment after graduating four-year colleges. To follow the rule of data triangulation, data includes in-depth personal interviews, field notes, memorandums, coding books, and additional questionnaires. There are 556 abstracted meaning units, 15 subcategories, 11 main categories, and final 5 themes from the data analysis. The result showed that young job-seekers were experiencing a typical cycle of preparation, attempt, failure, slump, and downgrade in job seeking standard. It is also observed that youth unemployment was a persistent phenomenon of vicious circle not easy to overcome. Especially, young job seekers were reported to restructure the perception on employment as they struggle for seeking a job, in particular, at times of experiencing hardship during the job hunting process. The interviewees responded that the possibility of getting a job declines as the job hunting period drags on eventually ending up with applying for a job of lower qualification standard.
The Effect of Parental Attachment on School Adjustment Perceived by School-Age Children: Self-Perceived Competence as a Mediating Variable
Hwang, Yun-Jung ; Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 65~73
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.065
This study investigates influence of parental attachment on school adjustment using self-perceived competence as a mediating variable for perceived school age children. The subjects were 760 children who are 4, 5, and 6 grades in 4 elementary schools at Daegu. The collected data were analyzed by single and multiple regressions that used SPSS win 19.0 The results were as follows: (1) The parental Attachment perceived by school-age children was positively associated with on school adjustment. The parental attachment level of school-age children becomes higher as the perception of school adjustment increases. (2) The parental attachment perceived by school-age children was positively associated with self-perceived competence. That is, the parental attachment level of school-age children becomes higher as the self-perceived competence increase. (3) The effect of parental attachment in the school adjustment by children was reducing explanation when controlled for the self-perceived competence. The Parental attachment that influenced the school adjustment is partially mediated by self-perceived competence. The results of this research indicates that both the quality improvement of inter-relationship between children and parents for school adjustment of school-age children and training for strengthening self-perceived competence of school-age children are important.
A Structural Analysis of School-aged Children's Suicide Ideation and Related Variables
Park, Seon ; Moon, Soo-Back ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 75~86
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.075
The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships school-aged children and related variables. For this study, the respondents were 704 children in elementary schools in the areas of Gyeongsan-Si and Daegu-Si. The questionnaires and psychological tests used in this study surveyed the following concepts: suicide ideation, social support, self-esteem and the scale of depression. The collected data were analyzed with AMOS 19.0, a statistical program for structural equation modeling, to estimate the hypothesized structural equation model. The results were as follows: First, self-esteem, - and depression as perceived by children were found to affect their suicide ideation directly. Second, parental support and teacher support as perceived by children were found to affect children's depression directly. Third, parental support, teacher support, and the support of friend's as perceived by children were found to affect-children's self-esteem directly. Last, parental support and, teacher's support did not show direct effect on children's suicide ideation, though these factors had an indirect effect on suicide ideation through the children's self-esteem and depression. Finally, teacher's support did not direct effectly children's suicide ideation, whereas it had an having indirect effect on suicide ideation through the children's self-esteem.
A Study on Teachers' Attitudes Toward Character Education in Early Childhood and Elementary Education in Korea
Chang, Young-Eun ; Park, Jeong-Yun ; Lee, Seung-Mie ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 87~99
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.087
This study aimed at examining the problems in character education in early childhood education and elementary education in Korea and at providing policy implications for more effective character education. The study interviewed 20 teachers from child care centers, kindergartens and elementary schools located in Seoul and Gyeonggi province using the focus group interview method. The results showed teachers' level of understanding of the definition and purpose of character education. Teachers experienced difficulty because they lacked a manual as well as training for character education and because of the inconsistency between character education and the burden of academic performance. The lack of connection among character education in early childhood education and elementary school, strong needs for parent education, and partnership between the three spheres of the home, school, and community were also implied.
The Effects of Self-Control, Parental Behaviors, and Marital Conflict on Boys' Aggression in Korean Upper Elementary School Students
Jun, Joo-Ram ; Kim, Soon-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 101~120
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.101
This research was conducted in order to find out the effects of boys' self-control, their parents' behaviors and marital conflict on boys' aggression. Subtypes of aggression in the present research consist of dimensions of the functions and forms (proactive-overt, proactive-relational, reactive-overt, reactive-relational). The participants of this study were 237 boys in the fifth and sixth grades in elementary schools located in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. The questionnaires were derived and modified from Lee Hong (2009) for boys' aggression, from Ju So Young and Lee Yang Hee (2008) for boys' self-control, from Jun Joo Ram (2008) and Heo Seung Yeon (2009) for maternal behaviors and from Kang Na Jung (2008) for marital conflict. In order to grasp the general characteristics of the participants, frequency and descriptive statistics were used. Also, Pearson's correlation was applied to the relationships amomg boys' self-control, marital behaviors and marital conflict on boys' aggression. Lastly, the variables that can predict boys' aggression were analyzed through multiple regression analysis by SPSS 19.0. The major results of this study were as follows. This research showed that this model fit well for boys. To summarize the important results, what is interesting in the present study is the effect of the mother's role in rearing their sons. It was found that mothers' criticism, negative behaviors, and excessive interference can cause boys' high level of aggressiveness. Also, having parents who fight frequently was strongly associated with boys' relational aggression. An interesting finding is that the mother's support influenced boys' reactive-overt aggression. Lastly, boys' self-control was highly associated with boys' proactive-relational aggression. This research may contribute to understanding boys' aggression' subtypes. To that end, the current results suggest that the dimensions of the functions and forms may be a useful tool in an effort to inform developmental theory and intervention. Also, this research may provide guidance for the resolution of problems caused by boys' aggression. Lastly, it was found that self- control training and parental education programs might prove beneficial for helping aggressive boys to overcome their aggressive impulses.
A Qualitative Study on the Turnover Experiences of Teachers and Directors of Child Care Centers
Lee, Eun-Ju ; Yang, Sung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 121~136
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.121
This study is a qualitative research on job transfer experiences of child care teachers and directors of child care centers. The research was conducted on 21 participants: 10 child teachers and 11 directors of child care centers in Seoul and Gyeong-gi province. Focus group interviews were held at the subjects' child care centers in July 2011. Each focus group participated in one interview and the average length of these interviews was 2 hours. Four focus group interviews were recorded and transcribed. The gathered data was analyzed within and across groups according to focus group interview analysis methods. The analysis showed five categories in both the teacher group and the director group. Reorganizing this analysis revealed three phases: before, in the course of, and after the transfer. Further description about the job transfer was given for each phase of the two groups. This research is significantly meaningful in that it brings light to the experiences around job transfer for both groups at the same time.
A Study of Pension Receipt Satisfaction According to the Preparation of the Living Cost for Aging: Focusing on Public Pensions
Lee, Seung-Sin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 137~152
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.137
The graying of populations is emerging as an international issue around the world, and this is a problem that is rapidly advancing in Korea as well, signaling the need for financial preparations for the aged. For this purpose, various retirement pension systems are being employed as preparatory measures for the nation's elderly. Using data from 1474 people in the 2007 panel study of National Security for the Retired, the present work attempts to look at satisfaction rates with regard to public pension receipts for the national pension and special occupational pensions according to general characteristics and factors related to the preparation for an aging society. Satisfaction with retirement pension receipts according to the type of pension was high for special occupation retirement pensions, individual retirement pensions and the national retirement pension, in that order. Looking at satisfaction rates based on the general characteristics of pension recipients, the study revealed that for the national pension, satisfaction was highest for groups with above-average physical and psychological health, groups who think appropriate living expenses for the elderly are lower, groups in which a partner also earns income, and groups who had amply prepared for their expected living expenses in later life. Regarding special occupation retirement pensions, satisfaction was high for groups over the age of 70, groups with good psychological health, and groups sufficiently prepared for their living expenses in later expenses, compared to groups for which these factors did not apply. In terms of the relative influences impacting retirement pension recipient satisfaction, satisfaction with the national pension was highest when the primary source to cover elderly living expenses was a resource other than income earned by the recipient and their partner and/or income received from children. Concerning special occupation retirement pensions, satisfaction was highest among those whose education terminated before middle school, and for those in good physical health. Based on the above results, it is vital that plans exist for preparing sufficiently for the living expenses of the elderly and for facilitating the physical and psychological health of pension recipients. Plans are also necessary to, ensure that citizens are provided with easily accessible educational programs and activities regarding general installment savings and deposits, stocks and bonds, real estate investments, individual retirement pensions, private insurance, severance pay pensions, and public pensions.
The Perception of Cultural Differences and Types of Acculturation in Multicultural Families
Hong, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 153~172
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.153
The purpose of this study was to find out cultural differences and types of adjustments made in response to the differences between married female immigrants and Korean men of multicultural families. The data were collected by in-depth interviews with 15 female immigrants and 5 Korean men. The major findings of this study were as follows : The female participants experienced cultural differences between Korea and their country in the areas of living culture, stereotyped gender role, and family's cultural traits. The male participants reported cultural differences in terms of the economic supports provided to the wife's family. The types and strategies of acculturation were as follows : adjusting themselves to the spouse's cultural type, the couple's mutual acceptance of the other's cultural type, and female participants resignation to accept help from their husband. The types of acculturation to the cultural differences based on couples' personal efforts and hard work invested into acculturation and the support from their family and society. The results of the study supported that multicultural families' perception of cultural differences and types of adjustment originited from their own experiences and cultural background.
A Study on Activation Plans of Flexible Work Arrangements Based on a Qualitative Case Study of a Foreign-affiliated Firm
Lee, Hyun-Ah ; Kim, Sun-Mi ; Lee, Seung-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 173~187
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.173
This qualitative case study focused on the activation plan of flexible work arrangements. We selected eight workers from a foreign affiliated firm that has various flexible work arrangements for in-depth interview and focus group interview. The workers were categorized into two groups; those who have experiences with flexible working and those who have needs for flexible working. We analyzed their condition of work-family life and experiences with flexible working. Through the focus group interview, we can find out the needs and suggestions about activation plans of flexible work arrangements.
Trajectories of Relational Aggression in Preschool Children by the Latent Growth Curve Model
Shin, Yoo-Lim ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 2, 2012, Pages 189~196
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.2.189
The purpose of this study was to investigate trajectories of relational aggression in preschool children. The latent growth curve model was used to examine relational aggression in 3 to 5 year olds. The participants were 3-year-old children recruited from preschools and daycare centers. The children's verbal ability was assessed by interview and teachers completed measurements of negative emotionality and relational aggression. The findings suggest that relational aggression decreased during the preschool years. Gender, language ability, and negative emotionality showed positive effects on the initial level of relational aggression. Moreover, gender and negative emotionality had negative effects, however, language ability had positive effects on the change rate of relational aggression.