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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Home Management Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Home Management Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Effects of Maternal Parenting Behavior and Social Supports on Children's Problem Behaviors
Kim, Ji-Hyun ; Han, Jun-Ah ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.001
We investigated the effects of maternal parenting behavior and social supports on children's problem behaviors. The participants are 148 elementary school children and their teachers from one elementary school in Seoul. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, t-test, and multiple regression. The major findings are summarized as follows: (1) there were differences in maternal parenting behavior(warmth), teacher support, and internal problem behaviors according to children's gender; (2) mothers's parenting behavior(warmth) and teachers' support explained children's overt problem behaviors; and (3) mothers' parenting behaviors(supervision) and friends' support explained children's internal problem behaviors. In conclusion, there were differences between the subscale of maternal parenting behavior and social supports influencing overt problem behaviors and internal problem behaviors.
The Relationship between Supervisors' Transformational Leadership and Collectivism on the Job Satisfaction of Kindergarten and Childcare Center Teachers
Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 13~21
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between supervisors' transformational leadership, collectivism and the job satisfaction of teachers in kindergartens and childcare centers. The subjects were 240 teachers employed at kindergartens or childcare centers in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province. The collected data were analyzed by mean of simple regression, hierarchial regression, and the use of SPSS Win 15.0. The results of our study are as follows. (1) Collectivism was positively associated with supervisors' transformational leadership. (2) The job satisfaction of teachers was positively associated with supervisors' transformational leadership. (3) The interaction effects of supervisors' transformational leadership and collectivism on the job satisfaction of teachers were observed.
A Study on the Income Class Differences in Early Childhood Care and Education and the Policy Implications
Lee, Seong-Lim ; Sung, Miai ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 23~37
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.023
Using data from the 2008 Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Families, this study investigated the income class differences in the modes, amount of time, and expenses for caring and educating a child in early childhood. The sample consisted of 1,849 households with a child aged 6 years or less. The major findings were as follows. First, the lower-income class was more likely to rely on child care centers and less likely to use services provided by kindergarten or private education. Their total amount of time required to provide care and education for their child was about 4 or 5 hours less than that of the other income classes; this result was due to the fact that they consumed less hours for home care, kindergarten, and private education. Second, we found there were more similarities than differences between middle-income and upper-income classes in the modes, amount of time, and expenses to care for and educate their young children; however, the middle-income class used less private education than the upper-income classes in terms of usage rate and length of time. Lastly, the other variables which were significantly related with the amount of time and expenses for child care and education included mother's employment, age of the child, and having siblings, and the family size. Based on the results, implications for public policy on early childhood care and education were suggested.
Perception of Community Family-Friendliness among Parents with Young Children in Urban and Rural Areas
Yoo, Jae-Eon ; Chin, Meejung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 39~51
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.039
This study aims to find the association between community scales and perceived community family-friendliness among parents with young children. Communities were identified into three groups: metropolitan, small and medium-sized cities and rural, according to the degree of urbanization. The data were drawn from a sample of 1,038 parents who had at least one pre-school child. The data were analyzed by frequencies, means, GIS, ANOVA, and multiple regressions. This study compared the level of community family-friendliness both at the 'dong' and 'si' levels after controlling for the individual and household characteristics of the respondents. The findings of this study are as follows. First, after controlling for individual and household factors, the level of perceived community family-friendliness differed by the community scales. The parents in the small and medium-sized cities had higher scores on community family-friendliness than their counterparts in metropolitan communities. And parents in rural communities received had lower scores in community family-friendliness than those in metropolitan communities. The results also showed similar patterns for the 'dong' and 'si' models. While job and housing type were associated with the perceived family-friendliness of the community, other characteristics such as sex, age, educational level, monthly household income and home ownership were not.
The Coping Strategy of Korean Men in an International Marriage
Choi, Woon-Sun ; Hong, Gi-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 53~67
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.053
This study was conducted to explore the coping strategy of Korean men in an international marriage. To achieve this purpose, we selected 4 Korean husbands who had married after seeking the services of matchmaking agencies, and we used snowball sampling. The data were collected through in-depth interviews, and analyzed according to the case study research method. It was found that the men considered international marriage to be their second choice instead of the best one. But they considered their marriage to be 'a prepared marriage', not 'a rash marriage.' 'The prepared marriage' allowed them to have realistic expectations, and to become 'tied in wedlock' with 'a good person.' The Korean husbands coped with difficulties and problems through flexible thinking, such as considering 'how the woman acts depends on the man', 'finding a model mentor couple', 'keeping an open mind to each other', 'reinforcing family ties', and 'developing their wife's independent capacity.' Based on the results, practical alternatives for Korean husbands were suggested. Lastly, the limitations of this study were mentioned.
The Mediating Role of Gratitude in the Influence of Children' and Adolescents' Empathy and Guilt on Helping Behavior
Han, Ji-Young ; Kim, Jung-Min ; Kim, Jae-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 69~84
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.069
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between children and adolescents' moral emotions - empathy, guilt and gratitude - and helping behavior. For this study, questionnaires on empathy, guilt, gratitude and helping behavior were administered to 938 students in the 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th, 10th and 11th grades attending elementary, middle and high school in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. The data were analyzed through frequency analysis, mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, enter multiple regression analysis and hierarchical multiple regression analysis by using SPSS Win 12.0. The main findings of this study are as follows: Firstly, by gender, empathy, guilt and helping behavior differed significantly, also, by grade, empathy, guilt, gratitude and helping behavior differed significantly. In addition, religion made a significant difference in empathy, gratitude and helping behavior. Secondly, variables influencing helping behavior were found to differ by developmental stage. The variable influencing the helping behavior of elementary school students was found to be empathic concern. For middle school students, guilt was found to influence their helping behavior, while for high school students, perspective-taking was found to be the key variable. Thirdly, gratitude was found to have a partial mediating effect on the relation between empathy(or guilt) and helping behavior.
The Effect of Group Music Therapy Using the Traditional Drum on the Social-Adjustment, Self-Conception and Emotional-Adjustment of Children with Hearing Impairment
Sung, Mi-Kyeong ; Cheong, Kwang-Jo ; Choi, Ae-Na ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 85~101
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.085
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of group music therapy using the traditional drum on the; social adjustment, self-image, and emotional adjustment, of children with hearing impairment. I participated in this group music therapy using the traditional drum with 7 children with hearing impairment for 3 days a week for 6 weeks(including holidays), and each session was 50 minutes long. The evaluation form of this study is a social-emotional development measurement sheet of Meadow-Kendall, which the children's teacher distributed to the children both pre- and post-examination. With these results, the researcher carried out Window SPSS 19 Version and searched for the experiment's effect of measurement cause (I am not sure what this means.) through paired t-test to identify the experiment's effects (social adjustment, self-image, emotional adjustment) as a result of group music therapy using the traditional drum for children with hearing impairment. This study arrived at the following conclusions. First, after I participated in the group music therapy using the traditional drum, the result of the comparisons of the pre-to-post average for social adjustment showed the statistical significance level of the 0.01 standard. Therefore, it was found that the group music therapy using the traditional drum had a positive effect on the social adjustment of children with hearing Impairment. Second, after I participated in the group music therapy using the traditional drum, the result of the comparisons of the pre-to-post average for self-image development showed the statistical significance level of the 0.01 standard. Therefore, the group music therapy using the traditional drum had a positive effect on the self-image of children with hearing impairment. Third, after I participated in the group music therapy using the traditional drum, the result of the comparisons of the pre-to-post average for emotional adjustment showed the statistical significance level of the 0.01 standard. Therefore, the group music therapy using the traditional drum had a positive effect on the emotional adjustment of children with hearing impairment.
Traditional Family Rites and Family Systems in Contemporary Korean Families From Middle-Aged Koreans' Perspectives
Sung, Miai ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 103~114
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.103
This paper aims to investigate changes in Korean family structures by reflecting on the perception of traditional family rites and family systems. In-depth interviews were conducted with 17 married middle-aged men (9) and women (8) who had at least one child. Findings were as follows: First, both married middle aged men and women internalized Confucianism. They thought that the head of household, who was male as far as possible, was needed for the formation of a normal family. In addition, both of married middle-aged men and women recognized married women as outsiders based on Chul-ga-we-in-sa-sang. And they put parents-children relationships ahead of couple relationships and supported Jang-ja-woo-dae-sang-sok (privileging the eldest son over the other children in terms of the distribution of family resources and inheritance based on Confucianism). However, there were some differences to support the use of Hang-ryul-ja, which is based on expressing the character of generation by sharing the first name, and the importance of Jok-bo. which is based on traditional family genealogical records. Second, even though women internalized Confucianism, they did not attach traditional meanings to memorial services for ancestors to the extent that men did and defined family members as a procreation family boundaries unlike men, who defined family boundary as original family members and procreation family members. In conclusion, even though family laws and culture have evolved from the patrilineal family system to one which promotes gender equality, married men and women internalize Confucianism. Instead, some transformations are evident from the perspective of females in terms of memorial services for ancestors and family boundaries.
The Effect of Project Activity Based on Role Play on 5-Year-Olds' Mathematical Ability
Kim, Jihyun ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 115~127
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.115
This study's aim was to analyze the effect of a project activity based on role play on 5-year-olds' mathematical ability. The participants of this study were 56 5-year-olds from two educational institutions for young children located in two metropolitan cities in Korea. The experimental group (n=28) participated in a project activity based on role play, while the comparative group (n=28) did not. The "Mart Play" project activity based on role play was developed emergently by the children and teachers of the experimental group. The children's mathematical ability was measured before and after the experiment. The data were analyzed using t-test and ANCOVA. As a result, the project activity based on role play had an effect on the improvement of 5-year-olds' mathematical ability generally, but not on their measurement ability.
Responses of the Child and Therapist in Child-Centered Play Therapy Regarding the Children's Problem Type, the Therapists' Levels of Psychological Burnout and the Process of Play Therapy
Lee, Haeng-Suk ; Han, You-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 129~150
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.129
This study examined difference in the responses of children and therapists depending on children's problem type(internalization or externalization) and the therapists' levels of psychological burnout. Play therapy' cases (March 2010 ~ September 2011) were successfully concluded in more than 36 sessions, which targeting 14 children aged 4~9 who had emotional and behavioral problems and two therapists who consulted with the children. To examine the change in the play therapy stepwise process in this case, the responses in the children and the therapists were examined by dividing the stages of therapy into the early stage, the middle stage, and the late stage. The Results showed that (1) the children's response during the play therapy process were not significant different for both types of children's problems. Moreover, there were no differences with different levels psychological burnout by the therapist. (2) A change in the children's response during the play therapy process was noted in both children who had internalization problem and in those who had externalization problems. Moreover, according to the therapist's levels of psychological burnout, a change in the children's responses was indicated in the play therapy process. (3) The therapist's responses in the play therapy process did not show significant difference according to children's problem type or therapists' levels of psychological burnout. (4) A significant difference was noted in the responses between the therapists experiencing psychological burnout depending on their level.
A Study of Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation and Environmental Knowledge in the Eco-Friendly Consumption Behavior between Groups
You, Doo-Ryon ; Kim, Yeon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 151~166
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.151
The major findings are(were) as follows: 1) The Eco-friendly consumption behavior was divided into three(3) clusters, namely "The Middle Group" of eco-friendly consumption behavior(cluster I), "The Inferior group" of eco-friendly consumption behavior(cluster II), and "The Excellent Group" of eco-friendly consumption behavior(cluster III). 2) The differences in the general characteristics among the three clusters were founded on the experience of green consumption information and sources of information. 3) The characteristics of cluster I(The Middle Group) were(are) found to be eco-conscious, and aware of the consequences of behaviors, green market conditions and environmental issues. This cluster was the middle-average group. The characteristics of cluster III(The Excellent Group) were(are) found to have the willingness to pay additional costs, being aware of the social norms of the reference group, having an awareness of eco-institutional conditions, being knowledgeable about environmental policy, and finally, being personally involved in green consumption behavior. This cluster was the high-average group, whereas cluster II(The Inferior Group) was the low-average group.
An Analysis of Consumers' Problematic Complaining Behaviors and Firms' Reactions
Huh, Kyung-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 167~181
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.167
This study analyzed consumer's harsh complaining behaviors and firm's reactions toward consumers' harsh complaining behavior, and investigated the differences in the firms' reactions according to the characteristics of counselors and customer service centers. In addition, this study attempted to find a strategy and provide guidance regarding consumer's harsh complaining behaviors. The results of this study are discussed below. First, consumer's harsh complaining attitudes were expressed by crude language, violent language, threats, personal attacks, and claims of a high-ranking social position. Consumer's directive, complaining behaviors were repeated on the telephone, and threats of prosecution or disclosure to the public, exposure of habitual product returns, and requests for interviews with superiorsat the representative firm were made. Second, a firm typologies according to its reaction style toward a consumer's harsh complaining behaviors were as follows: Group 1, having a neutral attitude toward consumers and preparation thoroughly regarding their demands; Group 2, having a negative attitude toward consumers and some degree of preparation toward consumers' demands; and finally, Group 3, having a positive attitude toward consumers but offering insufficient reparation regarding consumers' demands. Third, female counselors, counselors having a certified counselor's license, and those much experience working in labor work were more likely to be in Group 3. Male counselors, part-time counselors, and those having experience of many years were more likely to be in Group 2. Group 1 were more likely to have large number of workers at customer service centers, male counselors, and to have large numbers of educational training programs related to the reactions of consumers in the form of dissatisfaction, complaints, how to offer compensation for injuries to consumers, and issues related to PL(product liability). In addition, Group 1 also had more firm level welfare policies related to hight stress levels of consumer counselors and extra types of support regarding harsh consumers. However, Group 2 members were more likely to provide excessive compensation and rewards to harsh consumers. Finally, to react to consumer's harsh complaint efficiently, it was suggested that firms should not treat consumers as harsh consumers, should react to consumers' complaints sincerely, and should take precautionary management efforts as regards consumer dissatisfaction based on better quality control of products. In addition, it was deemed necessary to formulate a management strategy to train competent consumer counselors with a high quality of counselor skill, having standardized and consistent reaction guidance toward consumer complaints and thorough knowledge of compensation rules for consumer injuries and subsequent guidance.
Characteristics of Transitional Period of Korean Family and Family Policy
Lee, Seung-Mie ; Song, Hye-Rim ; Lee, Wan-Jung ; Sung, Miai ; Chin, Mee-Jung ; Lee, Hyun-Ah ;
Journal of Korean Home Management Association, volume 30, issue 6, 2012, Pages 183~199
DOI : 10.7466/JKHMA.2012.30.6.183
Since the Framework Act on Healthy Families came into effect in 2005, family policy has become a primary field of social policy, and 'family' has emerged as an important keyword for solving Korean society's various phenomena and problems. In order to seek practical plans for reforming social policy through family policy, this thesis has analyzed the transitional characteristics of Korean families in relation to where Korean families currently stand and the situation they are facing. This thesis has also reviewed the content of family policy in the master plan of healthy families, the starting point of the actual family policy, and other related policies. It also has analyzed the key content of child care support policy. From these various analyses and discussions, this thesis has emphasized "family care" as the keyword of family policy, family effect analysis as the means of reinforcing family perspective, and family integrity for policy effectiveness.